Names H˘raiza
Shinboriza
Kawarazakiza
City Edo
History

1656: opening of the Kawarazakiza by Kawarazaki Gonnosuke I.

10th lunar month of 1670: the number of Kabuki theaters in the city of Edo is set to 4 by the authorities. The authorized theaters are the Nakamuraza (in the district of Sakai-ch˘), the Ichimura-Takenoj˘za (Fukiya-ch˘), Moritaza (Kobiki-ch˘) and the Yamamuraza (Kobiki-ch˘).

22nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1690: the zamoto Kawarazaki Gonnosuke I (1596~1690) dies.

1735 ~ 1744: first period of production for the Kawarazakiza since the implementation of the rule limitating the number of theaters in Edo, which receives the license for Kabuki performances from the bankrupt Moritaza.

11th lunar month of 1737: the play "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Kawarazakiza, as a kaomise drama entitled "Uruoizuki Ninin Kagekiyo". It is produced with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Kagekiyo lover's Akoya Sodesaki Kikutar˘
Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II
Kagekiyo Ichikawa Danz˘ I
Iba-no-Jűz˘ Kazuyoshi Sakata Sadashir˘
Yat˘ta Nakamura Kichibei I

4th day of the 8th lunar month of 1738: the zamoto Kawarazaki Gonnosuke II dies.

24th day of the 1st lunar month of 1775: the zamoto Kawarazaki Gonnosuke III dies.

1790 ~ 1797: second period of production for the Kawarazakiza, which receives the license for Kabuki performances from the bankrupt Moritaza.

4th lunar month of 1792: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the dance "Tenaraiko", which is performed by the star Iwai Hanshir˘ IV as part of a seven-role hengemono entitled "Kakitsubata Nanae no Someginu".

5th lunar month of 1794: the drama "Yoshitsune Sembon Zakura" is staged for the first time at the Kawarazakiza (only the 4th act) with the following casting: Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III (Minamoto Yoshitsune), Osagawa Tsuneyo II (Shizuka Gozen), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Tadanobu, the fox Genkur˘) and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ (Noritsune).

1796: Kawarazaki Ch˘jűr˘ II takes the name of Kawarazaki Gonnosuke V and manages the Kawarazakiza up to his death in 1830.

1800 ~ 1808: third period of production for the Kawarazakiza, which receives the license for Kabuki performances from the bankrupt Moritaza.

11th lunar month of 1801: Morita Kan'ya VIII and his son Morita Matakichi respectively take the names of Band˘ Yasosuke I and Morita Kan'ya IX at the Kawarazakiza, playing in the drama "Ume ni Suisen Iro no Udezuku".

6th lunar month of 1802: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" is produced at the Kawarazakiza for the first time, staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Danshichi Kurobei Ichikawa Omez˘ I
Issun Tokubei Ichikawa Iwagor˘
Tsuribune Sabu ďtani Tokuji I
Otatsu Iwai Kumesabur˘ I
Mikawaya Giheiji Kirishima Giemon I
Okaji Osagawa Shichiz˘ II

7th lunar month of 1804: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Namboku IV's natsu ky˘gen "Tenjiku Tokubei Ikoku Banashi"; Onoe Matsusuke I achieves a great success playing the role of Tenjiku Tokubei (which will become an important one for the best tachiyaku roles for the Otowaya guild) in this drama, which is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The send˘ Tenjiku Tokubei, Dainichimaru, the zat˘ Tokuichi, Tsukiwakamaru's wet nurse Iohata Onoe Matsusuke I
The send˘ Tenjiku Tokubei (in reality Ogata Jűr˘), Konomura ďinosuke, Mashiba Hisayoshi Iwai Kiyotar˘ II
The send˘ Sakudayű, the ashigaru Saruta Hikozaemon Band˘ Hikozaemon I
The woman diver Moshio Osagawa Shichiz˘ II
The yakko Isohei Ichikawa Raiz˘ III
Takigawa Saky˘ Masakatsu Ichikawa Monz˘
Yoshioka S˘kan, Moku S˘kan, Yatahachi Fujikawa Kanosuke
H˘j˘ Tokigor˘ Ujitsura, Gotahachi Band˘ Zenji II
ďtomo Sagajir˘ Arashi Hinaz˘
Tsukiwakamaru Iwai Iwatar˘
Takigawa Saky˘'s younger sister Princess Orie Iwai Kamejir˘
Princess Orie's wet nurse Sodegaki, Tokubei's wife Otsuta Nakayama Tsunejir˘
S˘kan's wife Yűgiri, Katsura Gengo Kunitsugu Sakata Sajűr˘
Tokubei's daughter Oshio Sakata Tomikichi
Ushioda Hanroku, the sh˘ya Okiemon Onoe Onoz˘
The priest Sainen Nakamura N˘z˘
Kawakami Gumpei Nakamura Isojűr˘

1815 ~ 1817: fourth period of production for the Kawarazakiza, which receives the license for Kabuki performances from the bankrupt Moritaza.

7th lunar month of 1815: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Namboku IV's drama "Haji Momiji Ase no Kaomise" (commonly called "Date no Jűyaku", in English the ten roles of Date), whose plot and characters belong to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world. Ten hayagawari roles are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII. It is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Watanabe Gekizaemon, Nikki Danj˘, Dote no D˘tetsu, Ashikaga Yorikane, Takao, Yoemon, Kasane, Masaoka, Arajishi Otokonosuke, Hosokawa Katsumoto Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII
Watanabe Mimbunosuke Onoe Matsusuke III
Yamana Mochitoyo Sawamura Shirogor˘ II

11th lunar month of 1815: Segawa Tamon I takes the name of Segawa Kikunoj˘ V at the Kawarazakiza, playing in the drama "Yamato Meisho Sembon Zakura".

3rd lunar month of 1817: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Namboku IV's drama "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", which is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The priest Seigen, Tsurigane Gonsuke (in reality Shinobu no S˘ta), Inanoya Hanbei Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII
Princess Sakura, Fűrin Ohime, Awazu Toshikane's wife Yabase, the okugata of the Yoshida clan Hanjo Gozen Iwai Hanshir˘ V
Gunjibei's daughter Kohina, Katsushika no Ojű Segawa Kikunoj˘ V
Yamada Gunjibei, Awazu Rokurosaemon Toshikane Ogino Izabur˘ II
Iruma Akugor˘ ďtani Oniji IV
Zangetsu ďtani Bajű II
Nagaura, Sanukiya Kinbei S˘ry˘ Jinroku II
Inanoya Hanjűr˘ Iwai Matsunosuke I
The yakko Gunsuke Asao Yűjir˘ I
Yoshida no Matsuwakamaru Ichikawa Momotar˘ I
Matsui Gengo Band˘ Matajűr˘ III
Awazu Shichir˘, Sentar˘ Ogino Senka

1819 ~ 1822: fifth period of production for the Kawarazakiza, which receives the license for Kabuki performances from the bankrupt Moritaza.

9th lunar month of 1821: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Namboku IV's drama "Kiku no En Tsuki no Shiranami". The main role is played by Onoe Kikugor˘ III (Sadakur˘).

11th lunar month of 1821: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Namboku IV's drama "Imoseyama Hitome Sembon", which mixes the "Yoshitsune Sembon Zakura" and "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" worlds. This play is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Taira no Tomomori, Kenmotsu Tar˘, Kawagoe Tar˘ Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V
Shizuka Gozen, Ky˘ no Kimi, Osato Ichikawa Monnosuke III
Sat˘ Tadanobu, Igami no Gonta, Kajiwara Genta Kagesue, Nasu no Yoichi, the farmer Fukashichi Onoe Kikugor˘ III
Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Yazaemon, Irie Tanz˘ Seki Sanjűr˘ II
Kawatsura H˘gen Nakajima Mihoemon IV
Medo no Kata, Kawagoe Tar˘'s wife Nishikigi, Onami Nakamura Daikichi I

1823~1833: sixth period of production for the Kawarazakiza, which receives the license for Kabuki performances from the bankrupt Moritaza.

6th lunar month of 1827: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Namboku IV's drama "Hitori Tabi Gojűsan Tsugi", which is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The umakata Sankichi (in reality Date no Yohachir˘, later Nippon Daemon using the name of Kuwanaya Tokuz˘), Akibayama no Sanjakub˘, the carpenter Konishi no Hachi, Hirai Gompachi, Takemura Sadanoshin Onoe Kikugor˘ III
Teranishi Kanshin (in reality Date no Yosaku, later Nippon Daemon), Honj˘ Sukeichi, the fisherman Mihoshichi, Hokke Ch˘bei Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III
Nakano T˘suke (in reality Yui Minbunosuke), Botan Jishi no Hachi, Edobei (in reality Fujikawa Mizuemon), Mamushi no Jirokichi, Banzui Ch˘bei Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII
Fujikawa Kandayű Kataoka Nizaemon VII
ďe's daughter Princess Shigenoi (later the hinin Koman), the keisei Komurasaki, Minbunosuke's wife Onobu Iwai Kumesabur˘ II
Ishii Hanjir˘, Omatsu's sister Osode, the taiko mochi Kisaku Onoe Matsusuke III
The anma Keimasa, later the traveller Yajirobei Band˘ Hikozaemon II
The courtesan Iroha, Shinanoya Ohan Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I
Ishii Sanai, Osaragi Sakusuke Naritaya S˘bei
The yakko ďtsu Matahei, Yurugi Shirabenosuke Ogino Izabur˘ III
The pilgrim Gorokichi Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ V
Hy˘zaemon's daughter Yaeume Nakamura Daikichi II
The evil bonze Gantetsu, Obiya Ch˘emon (later the traveller Kitahachi) Kiriyama Monji III
Akazuka Gengo, Yatsuhashi-mura Sajibei ďtani Monz˘ II
ďno Budayű Band˘ Zenji III
Kurihara Tanz˘ Ichikawa Danshir˘ III
Akabaneya Gorosaku Ichikawa Monzabur˘ II
Yamagataya Gihei Sawamura Kawaz˘ I
Yurugi Umanosuke Kataoka Gajűr˘

11th lunar month of 1827: the Kamigata star Nakamura Karoku I arrives at the Kawarazakiza.

9th lunar month of 1829: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the 4-role hengemono "Hana ni Ch˘ Magaki no Ukareme"; all the roles are performed by Segawa Kikunoj˘ V; the 2nd role, "Komori", is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire and is performed independently under the title "Mitsumen Komori".

Dance Musical Ensemble
Kashima Odori Nagauta
Komori Nagauta/Tomimoto
Onna Date Nagauta
Shakky˘ Nagauta

11th lunar month of 1831: Sawamura Gennosuke II takes the name of Sawamura Tossh˘ I at the Kawarazakiza, playing in the drama "Matsu o Chikara Tomoe no Fujinami".

1837~1855: seventh period of production for the Kawarazakiza, which receives the license for Kabuki performances from the bankrupt Moritaza.

3rd lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the dances "Kaminari Send˘", "Yashiki Musume" and "Yuki no Shakky˘". They are part of a 4-dance program, which is entitled "Shiki no Nagame Maru-ni-I no Toshi" [JPN] and which stars the actor Sawamura Tossh˘ I, supported by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII. This program is about the four seasons, one dance for each season:

Season Title/Music Actors Current title
Spring ďuchi no Hana no En
The festival of the cherry blossoms at the imperial palace
Nagauta
Sawamura Tossh˘ I (Ariwara no Yukihira), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII (a palace attendant) ???
Summer Yűdachi no Choki
The chokibune under a sudden afternoon rain shower (yűdachi)
Tokiwazu
Sawamura Tossh˘ I (send˘), Sawamura Tsukunosuke (kaminari) Send˘
Fall Rangiku no Koch˘
The butterfly (koch˘) on the spreading chrysanthemums (rangiku)
Nagauta/Tokiwazu
Sawamura Tossh˘ I (shiraby˘shi) Yashiki Musume
Winter Shakky˘ no Yuki-geishiki
The legendary stone bridge (shakky˘) in a snowy landscape
Nagauta
Sawamura Tossh˘ I (Hanabusa Tar˘, in reality a shishi), Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V (Fűki Sabur˘, in reality a shishi) Yuki no Shakky˘

9th lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the Kiyomoto-based dance "Shimero Yare Iro no Kakegoe", which is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire under the title "Kanda Matsuri". It stars Sawamura Tossh˘ I, Onoe Eizabur˘ III and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1840: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the dance-drama "Kanjinch˘", staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Benkei Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V
Togashi Ichikawa Kuz˘ II
Yoshitsune Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII

19th day of the 12th lunar month of 1841: the Nakamuraza, Ichimuraza and Kawarazakiza are ordered to move to the remote district of Asakusa Saruwaka-ch˘.

11th lunar month of 1846: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VI takes the name of Matsumoto Kinsh˘ at the Kawarazakiza, playing in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Yukimi no Takadono".

4th lunar month of 1847: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the dance-drama "Shiki no Hina Asakusa Hakkei" (commonly called "Ky˘ Ningy˘"), which is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The carver Hidari Jingor˘ Nakamura Utaemon IV
The spirit of the doll Onoe Baik˘ IV
Jingor˘'s wife Otoku Matsumoto Kinsh˘

11th lunar month of 1848: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the dance-drama "Takigi˘ Yukima no Ichikawa". The leading roles are played by Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII. This dance is still part of the current repertoire and is staged under the title "Shin Yamamba".

1851: Iwai Kumesabur˘ III becomes tateonnagata at the Kawarazakiza. His main stage partner is the young star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII.

7th lunar month of 1852: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jiraiya G˘ketsu Monogatari", which is staged with the following asting:

Roles Actors
Jiraiya Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII
Orochimaru, Takasago Yűminosuke Arashi Rikan III
Princess Tagoto, Asazawaya Kishigawa, Princess Teruta Iwai Kumesabur˘ III
Fűki Tar˘, Yashagor˘, Senso D˘jin Ichikawa Kuz˘ II
Kumadeya Yokushir˘, Yakama Shikaroku Asao Okuyama IV

2nd lunar month of 1853: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the dance "Yanagi no Ito Hikuya Gohiiki"; the role of Sambas˘ is performed by Arashi Rikaku II.

3rd lunar month of 1854: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Miyakodori Nagare no Shiranami", which is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Shinobu no S˘ta (in reality Yamada Rokur˘, a retainer of the Yoshida clan), Minez˘ Ichikawa Kodanji IV
The keisei Hanako, in reality the thief Tengű Koz˘ Kiritar˘, in reality Yoshida Matsuwakamaru Band˘ Shűka I
Katsushika Jűemon Arashi Rikan III
The evil masseur Ushiichi ďtani Tomoemon IV
Hannyo-no-Mae, S˘ta's wife Okaji Ichikawa Dannosuke V
Yoshida Umewakamaru Sawamura Yoshijir˘ I
The yakko Gunsuke Nakamura Kan'emon I

6th lunar month of 1854: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Shinoda Sasuke's drama "Kumo no Uwasa Onna Narukami", which is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The ama Narukami Band˘ Shűka I
Kumo no Taemanosuke Band˘ Takesabur˘ I
The ama Hakuun (the "white cloud nun") Ichikawa Dannosuke V
The ama Kokuun (the "black cloud nun") Asao Okuyama IV
The ama Sekiun (the "red cloud nun") ďtani Tomomatsu

2nd day of the 10th lunar month of 1855: the Kawarazakiza is destroyed by the Ansei earthquake (Ansei Daijishin).

July 1874: reopening of the Kawarazakiza in the district of Shiba Shinbori-ch˘; Kawarazaki Sansh˘ and Kawarazaki Fukujir˘ respectively take the names of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX (not holden for 20 years) and Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VIII. The new Gonnosuke produces in his rebuilt family theater the drama "Shinbutai Iwao no Kusunoki".

October 1874: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kumo no Ueno San'e no Sakumae", which is staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
K˘chiyama S˘shun Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
Sakurai Shinnoj˘ Ichikawa Gonjűr˘
Kaneko Ichinoj˘ Sawamura Tossh˘ II
Matsue Izumo-no-Kami Band˘ Kakitsu I
Kataoka Naojir˘, Sakurai Shinnoj˘ (in reality Kataoka Naojir˘), Katagi Kozaemon Seki Sanjűr˘ IV
The koshimoto Namiji, Michitose Kawarazaki Kunitar˘ II
The courtesan Matsugae, Naojir˘'s wife Omatsu Ichikawa Shinsha
Kurayami no Ushimatsu, Izumiya Seibei Kawarazaki Dansh˘
Izumiya's k˘shitsu Omaki Onoe Eizabur˘
Kitamura Daizen Ichikawa Dan'emon I
Miyazaki Kazuma Katsukawa Matakichi

May 1875: final performance under the name of Kawarazakiza. The theater is sold by Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VIII to investors not related to the Kabuki world. They decide to rename it Shinboriza.

1877: the Shinboriza goes bankrupt.

Within the Kawarazakiza in the 3rd lunar month of 1817
 
Search this site powered by FreeFind
  Site map | Disclaimer
Contact | Main | Top | Updates | Actors | Plays | Playwrights | Programs | Links | FAQ | Glossary | Chronology | Illustrations | Prints | Characters | Derivatives | Theaters | Coming soon | News