NAKAMURA KAZUMA I

Other name: Nakamura Kambei

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: ???

Connection:

Master (?): Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I

Son: Nakamura Kazuma II

Career:

??? ~ 1644: he most likely starts his career as a disciple of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I, who gives him the name of Nakamura Kazuma I.

1644: Kazuma performs at the Yamamuraza in "Tanzen Ropp˘".

1670: Kazuma opens a cosmetic shop in Edo in the district of Takara-ch˘.

Fall 1682: Kazuma goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1682: Kazuma performs in ďsaka for the zamoto Yamatoya Jinbŕ II as a wakashugata. Kazuma's wakashugata stage partners are Onoe Gentar˘, Ikeda Fujinoj˘, Sugimura Rinzabur˘, Iwai Hikotar˘, Hanaoka J˘nosuke, Takimoto Monnoj˘ and Yamamoto Sagenta.

11th lunar month of 1683: Kazuma performs in ďsaka for the zamoto Yamatoya Jinbŕ II as a wakashugata. Kazuma's wakashugata stage partners are Onoe Gentar˘, Takenaka Hanzabur˘, Uemura Sennosuke, Arakawa Sakon, Irie Hananoj˘ and Yamashita Itsuki.

1686: Kazuma goes to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1686: Kazuma performs in Ky˘to for the zamoto Iwamoto Gonzabur˘ as a wakashugata. Kazuma's stage partners are Sakata T˘jűr˘ I, Okada Samanosuke, Uemura Kichiya II, Shiga Kichibei and Hattori Jiroza.

1st lunar month of 1687: Kazuma's rank in "Yar˘ Tachiyaku Butai ďkagami", the first hy˘banki in Kabuki history, is (superior). He shares this ranking with Araki Yojibŕ I, Yamashita Hanzaemon, Takeshima K˘zaemon I, Suzuki Heizaemon I, Uemura Kichiya II, Takenaka Kichisabur˘, Fujita Koheiji I and Karamatsu Kasen.

1st lunar month of 1688: Kazuma's rank in an extension of the 1687 hy˘banki, wakashugata section, is naka (literally "middle"). Others actors who share the same rank as Kazuma in the wakashugata section are Nakagawa Samon and Takigawa Naiki.

1688: Kazuma goes back to Edo, becomes onnagata at the Nakamuraza and is considered as one of the shitenn˘ in this theater, literally "the big four (actors)" (this expression comes from the four Deva kings in Buddhism). He surprises everybody by taking the decision to retire in order to devote all his time to his cosmetic business.

Comments:

Nakamura Kazuma I was a talented wakashugata and an outstanding dancer. He retired at the peak of his fame in Edo and spent the rest of life managing his cosmetic shop, which was so successful that it existed in Edo for several generations.

Nakamura Kazuma I as depicted in an illustration from the book "Yakusha Hakkei" (1680)

 
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