|ARAKI YOJIBEI I|
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Existence: 1637 ~ 16th day of the 12th lunar month of 1700
Father: Sait˘ Yogor˘
Adopted son: Araki Ichinoj˘
Disciples: Araki Buhei, Araki Yojibei II
1648~1651: he takes the name of Araki Yojibei I, opens a theater, the "ancestor" of the Kado no Shibai, in the district of the D˘tombori and becomes zamoto in ďsaka. Thanks to Yojibei's efforts, this district becomes the theaters quarter in ďsaka.
1664: Yojibei plays in the first play divided into several acts of Kabuki history, which is staged in ďsaka. The author of the drama is Fukui Yagozaemon and the title is "Hinin no Adauchi". It narrates the tribulations of a young man who has to disguise himself as a beggar in order to look for the murderer of his father. Yojibei's others stage partners are Nakagawa Kinnoj˘ and Kaneko Rokuemon.
1679: Yojibei produces in ďsaka the drama "Yűgiri Isshűki", which commemorates the 1st anniversary (2nd memorial service) of Yűgiri, who was the most famous courtesan in the Shinmachi pleasure quarter in ďsaka and died the 6th of the 1st lunar month of 1678.
17th day of the 5th lunar month of 1683: the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon commit suicide together in ďsaka. This event causes quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decide to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history [more details]. Yojibei produces this shinjűmono, starring the actors Yoshikawa Tamon and Nakagawa Kinnoj˘ in the roles of the courtesan and her lover.
11th lunar month of 1686: Yojibei becomes zamoto for the nadai ďsaka Tazaemon in ďsaka. His actors are Yamashita Hanzaemon, Iwai Hanshir˘ I, Yamamura Kanzabur˘, Sakurayama Rinnosuke I, Sodeoka Masanosuke II, Sakata T˘kur˘, Takenaka Hanzabur˘, Matsushima Han'ya, Kozakura Kodayű, Takigawa Kiyosabur˘, Yoshikawa Genzabur˘, Mihara Jűdayű I, Wakabayashi Shiroemon and Sadoshima Dempachi.
1st lunar month of 1687: Yojibei's rank in "Yar˘ Tachiyaku Butai ďkagami", the first hy˘banki in Kabuki history, is j˘ (superior). He shares this ranking with Yamashita Hanzaemon, Uemura Kichiya II, Takeshima K˘zaemon I, Suzuki Heizaemon I, Nakamura Kazuma I, Takenaka Kichisabur˘, Fujita Koheiji I and Karamatsu Kasen.
1689: Yojibei produces in ďsaka the drama "Keisei Sayo no Nakayama"; the leading role of the courtesan is played by Tanishima Mondo. It includes the first dance in Kabuki history related to the famous mugen no kane theme.
1690: Yojibei produces in ďsaka the drama "Yűgiri Jűsankaiki", which commemorates the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the courtesan Yűgiri. The roles of Yűgiri and her lover Fujiya Izaemon are played by Tanishima Mondo and Sakata T˘jűr˘ I.
1693: Yojibei goes to Edo.
11th lunar month of 1697: Yojibei produces in ďsaka the kaomise drama "Yamato no Kuni Chigo no Monju", which welcomes in ďsaka the Edo actor Saruwaka Sanzaemon I; Yojibei's others stage partners are Onoyama Ujiemon, Kanazawa Goheiji, Takioka Hikoemon, Kamogawa Noshio I, Hattori Jiroemon, Dekishima Kosabur˘ and Kawakami Saburozaemon.
3rd lunar month of 1698: Yojibei produces in ďsaka the drama "Taema Chűj˘hime Mandara no Yurai", in which he plays the role of Kume no Hachir˘.
1st lunar month of 1700: Yojibei produces in ďsaka the new year drama "Onna Ch˘teki Sangoku Denraiki", in which he plays the role of Hada no Kawakatsu; his stage partners are Sodesaki Karyű, Asao Jűjir˘, Sugiyama Heihachi, Murayama Heijűr˘ I, Sugiyama Kantar˘ and Band˘ Matagor˘.
16th day of the 12th lunar month of 1700: Yojibei dies in ďsaka.
"Yojibei was versatile; he was praised as clever in stage fighting and excellent when impersonating a wounded man, so that he was an early advocate of realism in acting." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
Araki Yojibei I
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