SEVENTEENTH CENTURY 1601~1700
1603 (Keich˘ 8)
 

Okuni and her troupe danced the first "Kabuki Odori" (eccentric dances) on the banks of the Kamo river in Ky˘to, close to the famous Shij˘ avenue.

1607 (Keich˘ 12)
 

Okuni and her troupe performed at the Sh˘gun palace in Edo.

1610 (Keich˘ 15)
 

Lord Date Masamune invited an Onna Kabuki (Woman Kabuki) troupe to perform in his castle in Sendai.

1629 (Kan'ei 6)
 

Onna Kabuki (Woman Kabuki) performances were forbidden by the Shogunal authorities.

1634 (Kan'ei 11)
 

Foundation of the Murayamaza.

1641 (Kan'ei 18)
 

29th day of the 1st lunar month: both the Murayamaza and the Nakamuraza were burnt in a big fire.

1642 (Kan'ei 19)
 

Foundation of the Yamamuraza.

1648 (Sh˘h˘ 5 / Keian 1)
 

The use of silk to make Kabuki costums was forbidden by the Shogunal authorities.

1652 (Keian 5 / J˘˘ 1)
 

6th day of the 3rd lunar month: the zamoto Murayama Matasabur˘ I (1605~1652) died.

7th lunar month: Wakashű Kabuki (Boy Kabuki) performances were forbidden by the Shogunal authorities.

2nd day of the 8th lunar month: the zamoto Murata Kuroemon died.

1653 (J˘˘ 2 )
 

3rd lunar month: Yar˘ Kabuki (Adult Kabuki) performances were authorized by the Shogunal authorities.

1657 (Meireki 3)
 

18th day of the 1st lunar month: a fire broke out in the Honmy˘ji temple in the district of Hong˘ and devastated Edo. All the Kabuki theaters were destroyed by the flames. This fire was nicknamed "furisode kaji" (the "long-sleeve fire").

1658 (Meireki 4 / Manji 1)
 

9th day of the 6th lunar month: the actor and zamoto Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I (1598~1658) died.

1660 (Manji 3)
 

14th day of the 1st lunar month: a fire broke out in the district of Yushima. It spread and burnt the Ichimuraza, the Nakamuraza and the newly-constructed Moritaza.

5th lunar month: opening of the rebuilt Moritaza.

1661 (Manji 4 / Kanbun 1)
 

27th day of the 1st lunar month: a fire broke out in the residence of Kusakabe Gonzaemon in the district of Takaj˘-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Moritaza.

28th day of the 10th lunar month: both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza were burnt in a big fire.

1664 (Kanbun 4)
 

The shimabara ky˘gen (dramas using the pleasures quarter of Shimabara as the scene of the play) were forbidden by the Shogunal authorities.

The first play divided into several acts of Kabuki history was performed in ďsaka. The drama's title was "Hinin no Adauchi", narrating the tribulations of a young man who had to disguise himself as a beggar in order to look for the murderer of his father. The author of the drama was Fukui Yagozaemon.

1670 (Kanbun 10)
 

10th lunar month: the number of Kabuki theaters in the city of Edo was set to 4 by the authorities. The authorized theaters were the Nakamuraza (in the district of Sakai-ch˘), the Ichimuraza (Fukiya-ch˘), Moritaza (Kobiki-ch˘) and the Yamamuraza (Kobiki-ch˘).

1671 (Kanbun 11)
 

14th day of the 5th lunar month: the actor Tamagawa Sennoj˘ II died.

1673 (Kanbun 13 / Enp˘ 1)
 

1673: Ichikawa Ebiz˘ I played the role of Sakata Kintoki in the drama "Shitenn˘ Ochigodachi", which was staged at the Nakamuraza. This was the first time in Kabuki history that an actor used a kumadori make-up, made up of black and red lines. The aragoto style originated from this performance, which was a triumphant success.

1674 (Enp˘ 2)
 

26th day of the 8th lunar month: the zamoto Nakamura Kanzabur˘ II (1647~1674) died.

1676 (Enp˘ 4)
 

26th day of the 12th lunar month: a fire broke out in the district of Hama-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

1678 (Enp˘ 6)
 

11th day of the 8th lunar month: the zamoto Nakamura Kanzabur˘ III (1649~1678) died.

1679 (Enp˘ 7)
 

25th day of the 2nd lunar month: the zamoto Morita Kan'ya I died.

29th day of the 5th lunar month: a fire broke out in the puppets theater ďsaka Shichidayűza in the district of Sakai-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

1680 (Enp˘ 8)
 

3rd lunar month: the very first sayaate scene in Kabuki history was staged at the Ichimuraza [more details].

1682 (Tenna 2)
 

28th day of the 12th lunar month: a fire started by Yaoya Oshichi breaks out in the Daienji Temple in the district of Komagome. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. This fire was nicknamed "Oshichi Kaji" (the "Oshichi fire").

1683 (Tenna 3)
 

17th day of the 5th lunar month: the courtesan Yamatoya Ichinoj˘ and her lover Goze no Ch˘emon committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and three ďsaka theaters decided to capitalize on the situation by simultaneously producing the first shinjűmono of Kabuki history:

Nadai Ichinoj˘ Ch˘emon
Arashi San'emon I Uemura Kichiya II Arashi San'emon I
Araki Yojibŕ I Yoshikawa Tamon Nakagawa Kinnoj˘
Yamatoya Jinbŕ II Murakami Ichinoj˘ Yamashita Hanzaemon I

16th day of the 12th lunar month: a fire broke out in the Nakamuraza in the district of Sakai-ch˘. It spread and burnt also the Ichimuraza.

1684 (Tenna 4 / J˘ky˘ 1)
 

3rd lunar month of 1684: the star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played for the first time the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Kadomatsu Shitenn˘", which was staged at Nakamuraza. He was the author of this first version of "Narukami" and his stage partner in the role of Princess Taema was the onnagata actor It˘ Kodayű II.

1686 (J˘ky˘ 3)
 

24th day of the 7th lunar month [4]: the zamoto Ichimura Uzaemon III (1628~1686) died.

24th day of the 11th lunar month [2]: the puppet zamoto Ichimura Takenoj˘ II (1680~1686) died.

1687 (J˘ky˘ 4)
 

1st lunar month: publication of "Yar˘ Tachiyaku Butai ďkagami", the first hy˘banki in Kabuki history.

21st day of the 9th lunar month: the actor It˘ Kodayű I (1649~1687) died.

1689 (Genroku 2)
 

The zamoto Araki Yojibŕ I produced in ďsaka the drama "Keisei Sayo no Nakayama"; the leading role of the courtesan was played by Tanishima Mondo. It included the first dance in Kabuki history related to the famous mugen no kane theme.

The actor It˘ Kodayű II died.

1690 (Genroku 3)
 

22nd day of the 7th lunar month: the zamoto Kawarazaki Gonnosuke I (1596~1690) died.

18th day of the 10th lunar month: the Kamigata star Arashi San'emon I (1635~1690) died.

1691 (Genroku 4)
 

8th day of the 8th lunar month [3]: the actor and zamoto Ichimura Uzaemon V (1654~1691) died.

1692 (Genroku 5)
 

The actor Nakayama Kiyonosuke died.

1693 (Genroku 6)
 

1st lunar month: publication of the illustrated book "Kokon Shibai Irokurabe Hyakunin Isshu".

3rd lunar month: the first drama written by the playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon for the star Sakata T˘jűr˘ I was performed in Ky˘t˘ at Miyako Mandayű's theater. The play's title was "Butsumo Mayasan Kaich˘" and the others actors in the casting were Yamashita Hanzaemon I, Yoshizawa Ayame, Kirinami Senju I, Kaneko Kichizaemon and Iwai Heijir˘.

1694 (Genroku 7)
 

Spring : the star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played for the first time in Ky˘to the role of the wicked priest Narukami. The drama's title was "Narukami Yűjoron" and it was staged at the Minamigawa no Shibai. The role of Princess Taema was played by Mizuki Tatsunosuke I.

1695 (Genroku 8)
 

7th lunar month: the actor Nanboku Sabu I died.

7th day of the 12th lunar month: Akaneya Hanshichi (son of a sake merchant) and his lover Sankatsu committed suicide together in ďsaka. This event caused quite a stir and was immediately adapted for Kabuki by the zamoto Iwai Hanshir˘ I, under the title "Akane no Iroba". The roles of Sankatsu and Hanshichi were played by Hanai Azuma and Sugiyama Kanzaemon I. This was a long run (150 days)

26th day of the 12th lunar month: a fire broke out in the district of Sukiyabashi. It spread and burnt both the Moritaza and the Yamamuraza.

1697 (Genroku 10)
 

1st lunar month: premiere of the bombastic "Shibaraku" scene (Kabuki Jűhachiban), at the Nakamuraza, performed within the drama "Daifukuch˘ Sankai Nagoya". Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played the superhero role and his stage partners were Ogino Sawanoj˘ and Yamanaka Heikur˘ I.

1698 (Genroku 11)
 

1st lunar month: Premiere at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater of the drama "Keisei Asama-ga-Dake", which was produced by Yamashita Hanzaemon I [casting]. This long run play was about the apparition of a courtesan's ghost to her unfaithful lover and became both a milestone in Kabuki history and a classic theme.

21st day of the 4th lunar month: the actor and zamoto Ichimura Takenoj˘ III (1681~1698) died.

10th day of the 12th lunar month: a fire broke out in the district of Nihonbashi Hongoku-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

1699 (Genroku 12)
 

3rd day of the 4th lunar month: the actor and zamoto Iwai Hanshir˘ I (1652~1699) died.

1700 (Genroku 13)
 

10th day of the 4th lunar month: the actor and zamoto Band˘ Matakur˘ I (1632~1700) died.

16th day of the 12th lunar month [1]: the actor Araki Yojibŕ I (1637~1700) died.

Notes
 

[1] The 16th day of the 12th lunar month of the 13th year of the Genroku era was the 24th of January 1701 in the western calendar.

[2] The 24th day of the 11th lunar month of the 3rd year of the J˘ky˘ era was the 7th of January 1787 in the western calendar.

[3] The 8th day of the 8th lunar month of the 4th year of the Genroku era was the 31st of August 1691 in the western calendar.

[4] The 24th day of the 7th lunar month of the 3rd year of the J˘ky˘ era was the 11th of September 1686 in the western calendar.

 
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