|MORITAZA - SHINTOMIZA|
1st lunar month of 1660: Morita Tarobŕ I and his adopted son Morita Tashichi opened a new theater in the district of Kobiki-ch˘; they named it Moritaza.
5th lunar month of 1660: opening of the rebuilt Moritaza in the district of Kobiki-ch˘.
27th day of the 1st lunar month of 1661: a fire broke out in the residence of Kusakabe Gonzaemon in the district of Takaj˘-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Moritaza.
3rd lunar month of 1668: Morita Tarobŕ I retired.
10th lunar month of 1670: the number of Kabuki theaters in the city of Edo was set to 4 by the authorities. The authorized theaters were the Nakamuraza (in the district of Sakai-ch˘), the Ichimura-Takenoj˘za (Fukiya-ch˘), Moritaza (Kobiki-ch˘) and the Yamamuraza (Kobiki-ch˘).
25th day of the 6th lunar month of 1677: Morita Tarobŕ I, the first zamoto of the Moritaza, died in Edo.
29 november 1703: an earthquake hit Edo and the resulting fires destroyed the city. The 4 main theaters, the Nakamuraza, the Ichimuraza, the Moritaza and the Yamamuraza, were burnt to ashes. This catastrophe was nicknamed "Genroku Jishin Kaji" ("Genroku Earthquake and Fire").
7th day of the 1st lunar month of 1717: a fire broke out in the district of Owari-ch˘ and spread to others sections of Edo, destroying the Moritaza.
5th lunar month of 1717: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Kokusen'ya Gassen" was produced simultaneously in the 3 Edo Kabuki theaters. This was the first Kabuki adaptation of a puppet theater play in Edo. It was produced at the Moritaza under the title "Kokusen'ya Gojitsu Gassen" and staged with the following casting:
1st lunar month of 1718: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II played at the Moritaza the leading role in the "Uir˘ Uri" scene (Kabuki Jűhachiban), which was performed in the second part (nibanme) of the new year sogamono "Wakamidori Ikioi Soga". The performance was a successful long run (from January to the 7th lunar month of 1718).
1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater shinjűmono "Shinjű Kasane Izutsu", which was written in 1707. The same play was simultaneously produced in the 3 Edo theaters and commemorated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the suicide of the couple Tokubŕ and Ofusa, whose roles were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II and Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II at the Moritaza.
5th lunar month of 1721: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima", which was originally written for the puppet theater in the 12th lunar month of 1720, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time and staged in Edo at the Moritaza. The roles of Kamiya Jihŕ and Koharu were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II and Sodesaki Miwano I.
1st lunar month of 1734: the Moritaza went bankrupt. The hikae yagura system was authorized by the Shogunate. Morita Kan'ya IV gave his right of Kabuki performance to Kawarazaki Gonnosuke III, who opened his theater in the 3rd lunar month of 1735.
4th lunar month of 1750: the play "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" was produced at the Moritaza for the first time, with the following casting:
11th lunar month of 1751: Morita Kan'ya V retired, taking the name of Band˘ Matazaemon. He entrusted the management of the Moritaza to his son-in-law Sawamura Kodenji II, who took the name of Morita Kan'ya VI.
4th lunar month of 1752: the play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki", originally written for the Puppets Theater, was adapted for the very first time to Kabuki, at the Moritaza, and staged with the following casting:
23rd day of the 11th lunar month of 1756: a fire broke out in the district of K˘jimachi. It spread and destroyed the Moritaza.
1st lunar month of 1757: the play "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza with the following casting:
5th lunar month of 1758: the play "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza, with the following casting:
2nd lunar month of 1763: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which was staged at the Moritaza with the following casting:
2nd lunar month of 1769: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was staged at the Moritaza with the following casting:
8th lunar month of 1771: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I achieved a great success at the Moritaza by performing in an amazing seven roles Nagauta-based dance called "Kiku ha Yae Shichinin Gesh˘". The seven sections were "Kanjo" (kanjo, the court lady), "Harukoma" (harukoma, a dance using a horse head look-alike puppet), "Wakashű Tanzen" (a boy in Tanzen style), "Keisei" (keisei, a high-ranking courtesan), "Yamagatsu" (the mountaineer), "Nuno-zarashi" (nuno-zarashi, the bleached cotton dance) and "Yari Odori" (yari odori, the spear dance).
11th lunar month of 1774: Morita Kan'ya VI retired, taking the name of Morita Yasosuke. He entrusted the management of the Moritaza to his son Morita Tarobŕ II, who took the name of Morita Kan'ya VII.
5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Maki Kaesu Mikari Soga", which originally mixed the "Gonin Otoko" world world with others characters, was performed at the Moritaza with the following casting:
11th lunar month of 1776: Morita Matajir˘ took the name of Band˘ Matakur˘ IV at the Moritaza.
1st lunar month of 1778: the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza, with the following casting:
4th lunar month of 1780: first Kabuki adaptation of Utei Emba, Kij˘ Tar˘ and Y˘ Y˘dai puppet theater drama "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi", which was written in the 1st lunar month of 1780. The play was produced in Edo at the Moritaza, with the following casting:
3rd lunar month of 1781: Ichikawa Danz˘ IV plays 7 roles (nanayaku) in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was staged at the Moritaza. Here was the list of roles: En'ya Hangan, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Honz˘'s wife Tonase, Amakawaya Gihei, Yoichibŕ, Ono no Sadakur˘ and ďwashi Bungo. This was the first time in Kabuki history that an actor played seven roles in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".
4th lunar month of 1783: first Kabuki adaptation of Y˘ Y˘dai's puppet theater drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie", which was written in 1782. The play was performed in Edo at the Moritaza, with the following casting:
1789 ~ 1797: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.
2nd lunar month of 1798: the Moritaza reopened with a program called "Ichikawa Danz˘ Machiuke Banashi" and starring Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.
9th lunar month of 1798: premiere at the Moritaza of the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Futa Omote Tsuki no Sugatae", which was based on the older dance "Shinobu-gusa Koi no Utsushie", which was originally staged in the 3rd lunar month of 1775 at the Nakamuraza [more details]. It starred Ichikawa Danz˘ IV in the role of the woman selling shinobu, who was in reality the ghost of both the evil H˘kaib˘ and Princess Nowake. This dance-drama ended the drama "Furisode Sumidagawa", which was a revival of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage".
1800 ~ 1808: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.
5th lunar month of 1808: the Moritaza reopened.
3rd lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Moritaza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's play "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri" (commonly called "Osome no Nanayaku", in English "The seven roles of Osome"), which was staged with the following casting:
6th lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Moritaza of the 8-role hengemono "Mata Koko-ni Sugata Hakkei"; the 8 roles were performed by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII. One of them, the one for the view "wild goose swooping down upon Katata in Autumn" ("Katata no Rakugan" in Japanese), has survived and became an independent popular dance item in the Kabuki repertoire, known under the titles of "ďmi no Okane", "Danjűr˘ Musume" (the Danjűr˘ Girl) or "Sarashima" (the Cloth-bleaching Girl). Another dance, less popular than "ďmi no Okane", which has survived as a Nagauta dance, was "Shin'en".
11th lunar month of 1814 ~ 10th lunar month of 1817: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.
11th lunar month of 1817: the Moritaza reopened; the opening program including the great dance-drama "Tsumoru Koi Yuki no Seki no To", starring Ichikawa Omez˘ I, Band˘ Matajűr˘, Morita Kan'ya IX and Azuma T˘z˘ IV in the roles of Kuronushi, Munesada, Komachi and the spirit of the cherry tree.
7th lunar month of 1818 ~ 10th lunar month of 1822: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.
5th lunar month of 1823 ~ 10th lunar month of 1833: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.
21st day of the 3rd lunar month of 1829: a fire broke out from the shop of Owariya Tokuemon, in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Edo theaters district. The Moritaza, the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza were burnt to ashes.
11th lunar month of 1833: the Moritaza reopened; the opening program "Shitenn˘ Kabuki no Yorizome" starred Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, Iwai Tojaku, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Iwai Hanshir˘ VI, Sawamura Tossh˘ I, Iwai Kumesabur˘ III, Band˘ Minosuke II, Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I and ďtani Tomoemon IV.
4th lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Moritaza of the drama "Hakkenden Uwasa no Takadono", which was written by Takarada Jusuke and Mimasuya Shir˘, included the "Narukami" scene, and was staged with the following casting:
11th lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Moritaza of the Kiyomoto-based dance-drama "Kurama Jishi Oshie no Hinagata", which was staged within in the kaomise drama "Kioi Genji Mitsugi no Tamamono". It starred Sawamura Tossh˘ I, Onoe Kikujir˘ II and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.
10th lunar month of 1837 ~ 4th lunar month of 1856: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.
22 May 7th lunar month of 1851: Morita Kan'ya X died.
5th lunar month of 1856: the Moritaza reopened.
9th day of the 1st lunar month of 1858: a fire broke out in the third floor of the Moritaza and burnt the theater to ashes. It also destroyed the Ichimuraza.
11th lunar month of 1858: the Moritaza reopened; the ideogram for Mori was changed:
You need a Japanese Language Kit installed within your system in order to be able to read the characters
1st lunar month of 1860: the 1762 puppet drama "Kishi no Himematsu Kutsuwa Kagami" was adapted for the first time to Kabuki. It was integrated within the new year sogamono "Momo Chidori Nigiwai Soga" and the casting for the "Kishi Hime" part was :
8th lunar month of 1861: premiere of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sakura S˘shi Gonichi no Bundan", a revised version of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Higashiyama Sakura S˘shi", which was staged at the Moritaza with the following casting:
8th lunar month of 1862: revival at the Moritaza of the drama "Miyajima no Danmari", with a new script written by Kawatake Mokuami and starring Ichikawa Kodanji IV in the leading roles of the courtesan Ukifune and the thief Kesatar˘.
18th day of the 11th lunar month of 1863: Morita Kan'ya XI died.
21st 4th lunar month of 1864: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Wakaba no Ume Ukina no Yokogushi", commonly called "Kirare Otomi" ("Scarface Otomi"). The drama ended with a Kiyomoto-based dance-drama, which was entitled "Inu Tsubasa Otomi Yosabur˘". Both drama and dance-drama were staged with the following casting:
22nd 4th lunar month of 1864: the following day after the premiere of "Wakaba no Ume Ukina no Yokogushi", a fire broke out in a Moritaza's shibai jaya; it quickly spread and burnt the Moritaza, the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.
9th lunar month of 1864: the rebuilt Moritaza reopened with a program which was entitled "Chigusa Hana Masago no Shinbutai". Kawatake Shinshichi II's "Kirare Otomi" was staged with the same casting within this program, in a slightly revised version which was entitled "Musume Gonomi Ukina no Yokogushi". The Kiyomoto-based dance-drama was entitled "Aki no Iro Otomi Yosabur˘".
9th lunar month of 1872: the Moritaza left the district of Saruwaka-Ch˘ and was rebuilt in the district of Shintomi-ch˘. The building architecture was traditional but Morita Kan'ya XII made many changes:
February 1875: Morita Kan'ya XII created a stock company to manage his theater, which was renamed Shintomiza for this occasion.
28 November 1876: a fire broke out in the district of Sukiya-ch˘ and destroyed both the Nakabashiza and the Shintomiza.
June 1878: the Shintomiza reopened, more modern than the first one.
16 July 1879: gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant, who ended his world tour with a stop in Japan. The theater was decorated with American flags and the main item in the program was a drama, which was specially written by Kawatake Mokuami to celebrate the victor of the American Civil War. This war was transposed to the Japanese 11th century, Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee becoming Minamoto no Yoshiie and Kiyohara no Takehira, two enemy warriors of the gosannen. This drama was entitled "Gosannen ďshű Gunki" and had a 5-star casting: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX (Minamoto no Yoshiie), Nakamura S˘jűr˘ (Kiyohara no Takehira), Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII, Ichikawa Sadanji I, Nakamura Nakaz˘ III, Band˘ Kakitsu I and Ichikawa Kodanji V. The program ended with a shosagoto, which starred Onoe Kikugor˘ V, Ichikawa Sadanji I and Band˘ Kakitsu I.
September 1879: the zamoto Morita Kan'ya XII produced at the Shintomiza an original play "Hy˘ryű Kidan Seiy˘ Kabuki" ("A strange story about drifters and Western Kabuki"!), written by Kawatake Shinshichi II and staged with some Western actors. The plot was about the adventures of a group of Japanese in Europe and in the USA. The play included several Italian-style operettas, which disconcerted the audience .
June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo", which was staged to commemorate the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of the passing away of Onoe Kikugor˘ III. The dance was staged with the following casting:
July 1890: a special 2-day gala program starring Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and entitled Mimasukai. "Kiyomasa Seichűroku", a revised version in 3 acts of Kawatake Shinshichi III's 1875 drama "Minori no Aki Seish˘ Denki", was staged with the following casting:
Fall 1891: the management of the theater was transferred to Fukano Eiji, who renamed the theater Fukanoza.
November 1891: the title "Oto ni Kiku Tenjiku Tokubŕ" was used for the first time, in T˘ky˘ at the Fukanoza, and it was staged with the following casting:
January 1894: last performances at the Fukanoza.
February 1894: the Fukanoza was renamed Shintomiza.
August 1894: because of many financial difficulties, Morita Kan'ya XII had to hand over the management of the Shintomiza. He kept on working as a producer.
October 1895: last performances at the Shintomiza.
January 1896: the Shintomiza was renamed Miyakoza.
April 1897: last performances at the Miyakoza.
July 1897: the Miyakoza was renamed Shintomiza; last performances produced by Morita Kan'ya XII at the Shintomiza.
August 1897: Morita Kan'ya XII (1846~1897) died.
1909: the Shintomiza was purchased by the powerful Sh˘chiku Company.
September 1923: the Shintomiza was destroyed during the powerful earthquake called Kant˘ Daijishin, which hit T˘ky˘ and killed more than 200,000 people. This theater was not rebuilt.
|The Moritaza backstages in the 11th lunar month of 1812|
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