MORITAZA - SHINTOMIZA
   
Names Shintomiza
Miyakoza
Shintomiza
Fukanoza
Shintomiza
Moritaza
City Edo
History

1st lunar month of 1660: Morita Tarobŕ I and his adopted son Morita Tashichi opened a new theater in the district of Kobiki-ch˘; they named it Moritaza.

14th day of the 1st lunar month of 1660: a fire broke out in the district of Yushima. It spread and burnt the Ichimuraza, the Nakamuraza and the newly-constructed Moritaza.

5th lunar month of 1660: opening of the rebuilt Moritaza in the district of Kobiki-ch˘.

27th day of the 1st lunar month of 1661: a fire broke out in the residence of Kusakabe Gonzaemon in the district of Takaj˘-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Moritaza.

3rd lunar month of 1668: Morita Tarobŕ I retired.

5th lunar month of 1668: Morita Tashichi took the name of Morita Kan'ya I.

9th lunar month of 1668: Morita Kan'ya I and Kawarazaki Gonnosuke I became business partners.

10th lunar month of 1670: the number of Kabuki theaters in the city of Edo was set to 4 by the authorities. The authorized theaters were the Nakamuraza (in the district of Sakai-ch˘), the Ichimura-Takenoj˘za (Fukiya-ch˘), Moritaza (Kobiki-ch˘) and the Yamamuraza (Kobiki-ch˘).

25th day of the 6th lunar month of 1677: Morita Tarobŕ I, the first zamoto of the Moritaza, died in Edo.

25th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1679: Morita Kan'ya I, the second zamoto of the Moritaza, died in Edo.

Spring 1679: Band˘ Fukutar˘ took the name of Morita Kan'ya II and became the new zamoto of the Moritaza.

26th day of the 12th lunar month of 1695: a fire broke out in the district of Sukiyabashi. It spread and burnt both the Moritaza and the Yamamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1699: Morita Kan'ya II and Band˘ Matajir˘ II respectively took the names of Band˘ Matazaemon II and Morita Kan'ya III.

1700: Band˘ Matazaemon II took the name of Band˘ Matakur˘ II.

29 november 1703: an earthquake hit Edo and the resulting fires destroyed the city. The 4 main theaters, the Nakamuraza, the Ichimuraza, the Moritaza and the Yamamuraza, were burnt to ashes. This catastrophe was nicknamed "Genroku Jishin Kaji" ("Genroku Earthquake and Fire").

1st lunar month of 1709: the 4 Edo theaters, the Nakamuraza, the Ichimuraza, the Moritaza and the Yamamuraza, produced simultaneously a sogamono new year drama [2].

11th lunar month of 1709: Band˘ Nabetar˘ became wakashugata and took the name of Band˘ Matajir˘ IV at the Moritaza.

Spring 1712: Morita Kan'ya III, Band˘ Matajir˘ IV and Band˘ Matakur˘ II respectively took the names of Band˘ Matakur˘ III, Morita Kan'ya IV and Band˘ Matazaemon II.

7th day of the 1st lunar month of 1717: a fire broke out in the district of Owari-ch˘ and spread to others sections of Edo, destroying the Moritaza.

5th lunar month of 1717: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Kokusen'ya Gassen" was produced simultaneously in the 3 Edo Kabuki theaters. This was the first Kabuki adaptation of a puppet theater play in Edo. It was produced at the Moritaza under the title "Kokusen'ya Gojitsu Gassen" and staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Wat˘nai Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I
Kinsh˘jo, Komutsu Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II
Kanki Ogawa Zengor˘ I
Gosankei Hayakawa Dengor˘

1st lunar month of 1718: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II played at the Moritaza the leading role in the "Uir˘ Uri" scene (Kabuki Jűhachiban), which was performed in the second part (nibanme) of the new year sogamono "Wakamidori Ikioi Soga". The performance was a successful long run (from January to the 7th lunar month of 1718).

1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater shinjűmono "Shinjű Kasane Izutsu", which was written in 1707. The same play was simultaneously produced in the 3 Edo theaters and commemorated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the suicide of the couple Tokubŕ and Ofusa, whose roles were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II and Sanj˘ Kantar˘ II at the Moritaza.

5th lunar month of 1721: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima", which was originally written for the puppet theater in the 12th lunar month of 1720, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time and staged in Edo at the Moritaza. The roles of Kamiya Jihŕ and Koharu were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II and Sodesaki Miwano I.

24th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1722: Band˘ Matakur˘ III, who held the name of Morita Kan'ya III from 1699 to 1712, died.

Spring 1722: Band˘ Matazaemon II took back the name of Band˘ Matakur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1734: the Moritaza went bankrupt. The hikae yagura system was authorized by the Shogunate. Morita Kan'ya IV gave his right of Kabuki performance to Kawarazaki Gonnosuke III, who opened his theater in the 3rd lunar month of 1735.

19th day of the 6th lunar month of 1734: Band˘ Matakur˘ II, who held the name of Morita Kan'ya II from 1679 to 1699, died.

17th day of the 9th lunar month of 1743: the zamoto Morita Kan'ya IV died.

1744: Morita Kinz˘, disciple of Morita Kan'ya IV, took the name of Morita Kan'ya V.

2nd lunar month (end of month) 1746: a fire broke out in the district of Tsukiji, in the mansion of Tsubouchi Gonzaemon. It spread and destroyed the Nakamuraza, the Ichimuraza and the Moritaza.

4th lunar month of 1750: the play "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" was produced at the Moritaza for the first time, with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Matsu˘maru ???
Ume˘maru Arashi Otohachi I
Sakuramaru Azuma T˘z˘ II
Kan Sh˘j˘ Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘
Shihei, Shiratayű Nakajima Mihoemon I
Chiyo Arashi Kichiya
Yae Yamamoto Iwanoj˘
Haru, Tonami Tamazawa Saijir˘ I
Takebe Genz˘ Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I
Princess Kariya Sanj˘ Kantar˘ III
Sukune Tar˘ ďigawa Mataz˘
Kakuju Tsuuchi Monjűr˘

11th lunar month of 1751: Morita Kan'ya V retired, taking the name of Band˘ Matazaemon. He entrusted the management of the Moritaza to his son-in-law Sawamura Kodenji II, who took the name of Morita Kan'ya VI.

4th lunar month of 1752: the play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki", originally written for the Puppets Theater, was adapted for the very first time to Kabuki, at the Moritaza, and staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane, the yakko Tagohei Nakamura Denkur˘ II
Fuji-no-Kata Morita Kan'ya VI
Midaroku, Taira no Tsunemori, Hayashi Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I
Okabe Rokuyata, Minamoto no Yoshitsune Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II
Sagami (Kumagai's wife), Sugawaradayű Yoshizawa Ayame II
Taira no Atsumori, Kojir˘, Kiku-no-Mae Ogino Yaegiri II
Princess Tamaori Sawamura Utagiku
Hirayama no Mushadokoro Miyazaki Jűshir˘ II
Satsuma-no-Kami Tadanori Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘
Kajiwara Kagetoki Nakajima Mihoz˘ I

23rd day of the 11th lunar month of 1756: a fire broke out in the district of K˘jimachi. It spread and destroyed the Moritaza.

1st lunar month of 1757: the play "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Yoshioka Kiichi H˘gen Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘
The yakko Chienai, Yoshioka Kisanta Matsuyama Sanjűr˘
Kasahara Tankai Sanogawa Sajűr˘
The yakko Toraz˘, Ushiwakamaru Sodesaki Miwano II
Princess Minazuru Yoshizawa Hannosuke

5th lunar month of 1758: the play "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza, with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Princess Yuki Agemaki Rin'ya
T˘kichi Nakamura Denkur˘ II
Matsunaga Daizen Sawamura Otoemon II

2nd lunar month of 1763: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", which was staged at the Moritaza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Sodehagi, Bunji's wife Osagawa Tsuneyo I
Abe no Munet˘, Iwate Nakamura Sukegor˘ I
Abe no Sadat˘ Sawamura Kijűr˘ I
Hachiman Tar˘ Nakamura Nakaz˘ I
Bunji Band˘ Sanpachi I
Shigasaki Ikomanosuke Nakamura Denz˘ I
The keisei Koiginu Sanj˘ Kametar˘
Taira no Kenj˘ Naokata Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘
The hinin Dobu Roku Sengoku Sukeji
Kenj˘'s wife Hamayű Morita Kan'ya VI
ďe Koretoki Sakata Sajűr˘ I
The diver Ch˘ta Sawamura Ujűr˘ I
Shikitae Sawamura Kodenji III

2nd lunar month of 1769: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was staged at the Moritaza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The sum˘tori Tetsugadake, Senbagawa Kichibei Sakata Hangor˘ II
Iwagawa's wife Otowa Iwai Hanshir˘ IV
The sum˘tori Iwagawa, Tsuda Ry˘suke Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I
Senbagawa's wife Oyotsu, the courtesan Fujie Onoe Matsusuke I
Tsuruya Reizabur˘ Arashi Koshikibu
A sum˘ referee Nakajima Kanzaemon III
Sawada Banryű ďtani Hiroemon III

9th lunar month of 1770: Chikamatsu Hanji's 1759 puppet theater drama "Hidakagawa Iriai Zakura" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Princess Kiyo Iwai Hanshir˘ IV
Manago no Sh˘ji Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘
A bonze Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I
A storyteller ďtani Hiroemon III
A highway messenger Sawamura Ujűr˘ II
A boatman Ichikawa Sh˘emon

8th lunar month of 1771: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I achieved a great success at the Moritaza by performing in an amazing seven roles Nagauta-based dance called "Kiku ha Yae Shichinin Gesh˘". The seven sections were "Kanjo" (kanjo, the court lady), "Harukoma" (harukoma, a dance using a horse head look-alike puppet), "Wakashű Tanzen" (a boy in Tanzen style), "Keisei" (keisei, a high-ranking courtesan), "Yamagatsu" (the mountaineer), "Nuno-zarashi" (nuno-zarashi, the bleached cotton dance) and "Yari Odori" (yari odori, the spear dance).

11th lunar month of 1774: Morita Kan'ya VI retired, taking the name of Morita Yasosuke. He entrusted the management of the Moritaza to his son Morita Tarobŕ II, who took the name of Morita Kan'ya VII.

5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Maki Kaesu Mikari Soga", which originally mixed the "Gonin Otoko" world world with others characters, was performed at the Moritaza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
An no Heibei, Iba Jűz˘ Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V
Gokuin Sen'emon, Shume no Kokingo Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I
Hotei Ichiemon, Oni˘ ďtani Hiroji III
Kaminari Sh˘kur˘, Naniwa Shir˘ ďtani Hiroemon III
Karigane Bunshichi, Soga Gor˘ Ichikawa Monnosuke II

11th lunar month of 1776: Morita Matajir˘ took the name of Band˘ Matakur˘ IV at the Moritaza.

1st lunar month of 1778: the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza, with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Daihanji, Iruka Ichikawa Danz˘ IV
Okishi, Medo-no-Kata Osagawa Tsuneyo II
Tachibanahime Nakamura Kumetar˘ II
Shibaroku, Motome, Koganosuke Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III
Hinadori Yoshizawa Iroha I
Fukashichi, Emiji Nakamura Sukegor˘ II
Omiwa, Sadaka Yamashita Kinsaku II

4th lunar month of 1780: first Kabuki adaptation of Utei Emba, Kij˘ Tar˘ and Y˘ Y˘dai puppet theater drama "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi", which was written in the 1st lunar month of 1780. The play was produced in Edo at the Moritaza, with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Yomosaku's wife Osayo, the keisei Miyagino, J˘etsu's sister Osagawa Tsuneyo II
The yakko Datesuke, Shinobu Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III
The sh˘ya Shichirobei, Daifukuya S˘roku, in reality Shimada Sabur˘bei Ichikawa Danz˘ IV
Uji Hy˘bunosuke J˘etsu, in reality Kusunoki Masayuki Nakamura Nakaz˘ I
Igaya Daishichi, Kumiya Yazaemon Nakajima Kanzaemon III
Marigase Shűya, Doj˘ Band˘ Matatar˘ IV
Yamabuki Gozen Nakamura Rik˘ I
Kanae Tanigor˘ Band˘ Matakur˘ IV
Kusunoki Masashige, Kusuhara Fuden Yamashina Shirojűr˘

3rd lunar month of 1781: Ichikawa Danz˘ IV plays 7 roles (nanayaku) in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was staged at the Moritaza. Here was the list of roles: En'ya Hangan, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Honz˘'s wife Tonase, Amakawaya Gihei, Yoichibŕ, Ono no Sadakur˘ and ďwashi Bungo. This was the first time in Kabuki history that an actor played seven roles in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

4th lunar month of 1783: first Kabuki adaptation of Y˘ Y˘dai's puppet theater drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie", which was written in 1782. The play was performed in Edo at the Moritaza, with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Onoe Nakamura Kumejir˘
Iwafuji Mikuni Fujigor˘
Ohatsu Osagawa Tsuneyo II

8th lunar month of 1783: the zamoto Morita Kan'ya VII dies; Band˘ Matakur˘ IV took the name of Morita Kan'ya VIII at the Moritaza and became the new manager of this theater.

11th lunar month of 1783: Band˘ Kumajűr˘ I took the name of Sakata Hangor˘ III at the Moritaza.

26th day of the 12th lunar month of 1784: a fire broke out in the palace of a daimy˘ and destroyed the Moritaza.

1789 ~ 1797: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.

2nd lunar month of 1798: the Moritaza reopened with a program called "Ichikawa Danz˘ Machiuke Banashi" and starring Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

9th lunar month of 1798: premiere at the Moritaza of the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Futa Omote Tsuki no Sugatae", which was based on the older dance "Shinobu-gusa Koi no Utsushie", which was originally staged in the 3rd lunar month of 1775 at the Nakamuraza [more details]. It starred Ichikawa Danz˘ IV in the role of the woman selling shinobu, who was in reality the ghost of both the evil H˘kaib˘ and Princess Nowake. This dance-drama ended the drama "Furisode Sumidagawa", which was a revival of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage".

1800 ~ 1808: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.

11th lunar month of 1801: Morita Kan'ya VIII and Morita Matakichi respectively took the names of Band˘ Yasosuke I and Morita Kan'ya IX at the Kawarazakiza.

5th lunar month of 1808: the Moritaza reopened.

3rd lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Fukumori Kyűsuke I's drama "Sono Mukashi Koi no Edo-zome", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Yaoya Oshichi Iwai Hanshir˘ V
Dozaemon Denkichi, the white sake seller Kisuke Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III
Nitta Shir˘ Tadatsune Ogino Izabur˘ II
Kichisabur˘, Goshaku Somegor˘ Onoe Eizabur˘ I
Ebina Gunz˘ Arashi Kanjűr˘ I
Beniya Ch˘bŕ, Arai Genz˘ Shigekuni Sawamura Shirogor˘ II
Akazawa Jűnai Onoe Monzabur˘ II
Kamaya Buhŕ Arashi Shinpei IV
Osugi Ichikawa Dannosuke III
Arai T˘ta Shigemune Hanai Saizabur˘ IV
Oshichi's mother Otake Ichikawa Monzabur˘ II

6th lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Okuni Gozen Kesh˘ no Sugatami", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Dainichimaru, Tokuichi, Iwakura Yashamaru, Tosa Matahei Shigeoki, Fuwa Banzaemon, Kizugawa Yoemon, Kasane, Nagoya Sanza Motoharu Onoe Eizabur˘ I
Okuni Gozen, Tosa Sh˘gen Mitsunobu, Ukiyo Matahei, Chikuj˘ Ged˘, Jűroku Rakan Onoe Matsusuke I
Yotsugi Sehei, T˘roku Band˘ Hikozaemon I
Suruga Zenji Hisakuni, Kasane's mother My˘rin, the waiting maid Takekawa Matsumoto Kojir˘
Nagoya Kosanza, Kanaya no Kingor˘, Ashikaga Yoshimasa Morita Kan'ya IX
Oguri S˘tan, Hanyűya Sukeshir˘ Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ IV
Sasaki Toyowakamaru Onoe Ch˘tar˘
Kan˘ Shir˘jir˘ Motonobu, Yabase Ry˘suke Hanai Saizabur˘ IV

3rd lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Moritaza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's play "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri" (commonly called "Osome no Nanayaku", in English "The seven roles of Osome"), which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Osome, Hisamatsu, Osaku, Takekawa, Osome's mother, Omitsu, Oroku Iwai Hanshir˘ V
Kimon no Kihŕ, Matsumotoya Sashir˘ Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V
Kyűsaku, the sarumawashi Sajibei Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII
Yamagaya Seibŕ Onoe Shinshichi II
The tedai Zenroku Sawamura Shirogor˘ II
Suzuki Yachűta Kiriyama Monji III
Aburaya Taroshichi Ichikawa Monzabur˘ II

6th lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Moritaza of the 8-role hengemono "Mata Koko-ni Sugata Hakkei"; the 8 roles were performed by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII. One of them, the one for the view "wild goose swooping down upon Katata in Autumn" ("Katata no Rakugan" in Japanese), has survived and became an independent popular dance item in the Kabuki repertoire, known under the titles of "ďmi no Okane", "Danjűr˘ Musume" (the Danjűr˘ Girl) or "Sarashima" (the Cloth-bleaching Girl). Another dance, less popular than "ďmi no Okane", which has survived as a Nagauta dance, was "Shin'en".

1st lunar month of 1814: premiere at the Moritaza of the Nagauta-based dance "Sh˘fudatsuki Kongen Kusazuri", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Soga Gor˘ Tokimune Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII
Kobayashi no Asahina Ichikawa Omez˘ I

11th lunar month of 1814: Morita Kan'ya IX produced at the Moritaza the kaomise drama "Fuyu Botan Yuki no Jinmaku". The theater went bankrupt and the performances stopped.

11th lunar month of 1814 ~ 10th lunar month of 1817: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.

11th lunar month of 1817: the Moritaza reopened; the opening program including the great dance-drama "Tsumoru Koi Yuki no Seki no To", starring Ichikawa Omez˘ I, Band˘ Matajűr˘, Morita Kan'ya IX and Azuma T˘z˘ IV in the roles of Kuronushi, Munesada, Komachi and the spirit of the cherry tree.

7th lunar month of 1818 ~ 10th lunar month of 1822: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.

11th lunar month of 1822: the Moritaza reopened; the opening program celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Shijaku I.

3rd lunar month of 1823: premiere at the Moritaza of the 5-role hengemono "Yamato Gana Tamuke no Itsumoji" [3]. The five roles were performed by Iwai Shijaku I.

Title Role Music
Ne-no-Hi no Komatsu-hiki Kanjo Nagauta
J˘mi no Hina no Sakuragari ??? Tokiwazu
Tango no Kazari Ningy˘ Ushiwaka ďzatsuma
Tanabata no Hoshi Matsuri Komori Kiyomoto
Ch˘y˘ Kiku no Hanagasa Furisode Musume Nagauta

5th lunar month of 1823 ~ 10th lunar month of 1833: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.

21st day of the 3rd lunar month of 1829: a fire broke out from the shop of Owariya Tokuemon, in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Edo theaters district. The Moritaza, the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza were burnt to ashes.

5th lunar month of 1830: Morita Kan'ya IX and Band˘ Sanpachi III respectively took the names of Band˘ Yasosuke and Morita Kan'ya X.

11th lunar month of 1833: the Moritaza reopened; the opening program "Shitenn˘ Kabuki no Yorizome" starred Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, Iwai Tojaku, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Iwai Hanshir˘ VI, Sawamura Tossh˘ I, Iwai Kumesabur˘ III, Band˘ Minosuke II, Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I and ďtani Tomoemon IV.

11th lunar month of 1835: Ichikawa Hakuz˘ I took the name of Ichikawa Kuz˘ II at the Moritaza.

4th lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Moritaza of the drama "Hakkenden Uwasa no Takadono", which was written by Takarada Jusuke and Mimasuya Shir˘, included the "Narukami" scene, and was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
ďtsuka Shinjir˘, Fukami Katsugor˘, Inuta Kobungo, Inuyama D˘setsu, Inuzuka Shino, Inumura Kakutar˘, Aboshi Samojir˘, Tsuchida Dotar˘, the wicked priest Narukami Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V
Inue Shinbŕ, the monk Shakuunb˘ Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII
Inukai Genpachi, Inusaka Keno, Horiuchi Kurando Sadayuki, Yamabayashi Fusahachi, the monk Hakuunb˘ Ichikawa Kuz˘ II
Yamashita Sakuzaemon Sadakane, Yokobori Arimura, ďnuma hachir˘, Hikiroku, Inukawa S˘suke, Akaiwa Ikkaku, Inugawa S˘suke, Ikkaku's wife Funamushi, the monk Kokuunb˘ Ichikawa Sumiz˘ III
Makuwari Taiki Tsunetake, the sh˘ya Hikiroku, Konaya Bungobei ďtani Tomoemon IV
Princess Fuse, the ghost of Princess Fuse, Hamaji, Ohina, Fusahachi's wife Onui, Kakutar˘'s wife Hinaginu, Princess Taema Onoe Kikujir˘ II
Satomi Yoshizane, Higashiyama Yoshimasa Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV

11th lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Moritaza of the Kiyomoto-based dance-drama "Kurama Jishi Oshie no Hinagata", which was staged within in the kaomise drama "Kioi Genji Mitsugi no Tamamono". It starred Sawamura Tossh˘ I, Onoe Kikujir˘ II and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

10th lunar month of 1837 ~ 4th lunar month of 1856: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.

11th lunar month of 1850: Morita Kan'ya X retired and gave his name and the management of the closed Moritaza to Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV, who took the name of Morita Kan'ya XI at the Ichimuraza.

22 May 7th lunar month of 1851: Morita Kan'ya X died.

5th lunar month of 1856: the Moritaza reopened.

9th day of the 1st lunar month of 1858: a fire broke out in the third floor of the Moritaza and burnt the theater to ashes. It also destroyed the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1858: the Moritaza reopened; the ideogram for Mori was changed:

Old writing for Moritaza New writing
森田座 守田座

You need a Japanese Language Kit installed within your system in order to be able to read the characters

1st lunar month of 1860: the 1762 puppet drama "Kishi no Himematsu Kutsuwa Kagami" was adapted for the first time to Kabuki. It was integrated within the new year sogamono "Momo Chidori Nigiwai Soga" and the casting for the "Kishi Hime" part was :

Roles Actors
Iihara Hy˘e Suekage Ichikawa Danz˘ VI
Yomosaku's musume Osoyo, Princess Yosooi Sawamura Tanosuke III
Asaina Sabur˘ Yoshihide Ichikawa Ichiz˘ III
Yomosaku Asao Yoroku II
Iihara Hy˘e's wife Fujimaki Ichikawa Shinsha I
Iihara Hayatonosuke Ichikawa Kuz˘ III

8th lunar month of 1861: premiere of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sakura S˘shi Gonichi no Bundan", a revised version of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Higashiyama Sakura S˘shi", which was staged at the Moritaza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Asakura T˘go, Katagiri Saiz˘, K˘zen Ichikawa Kodanji IV
The boatman Jinbei, Maboroshi no Ch˘kichi, Yamana S˘zen Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I
Orikoshi Masatomo, Ogata Nagatonosuke Ichikawa Kuz˘ III
Oshizu-no-Kata, T˘go's wife Omine Onoe Kikujir˘ II
Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Kamimura Hayato Arashi Hinasuke VII
Yamanaka Shikanosuke, Hozumi Shinjűr˘ Ichikawa Ichiz˘ III
Princess Kaoru Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI
Asakura T˘zaemon, Sakubŕ Ichikawa Yonejűr˘ II
Izutsu Onnanosuke, Umezu Kamon Nakamura Fukusuke II

10th lunar month of 1861: premiere at the Moritaza of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Z˘ho Futatsu Domoe", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The farmer Yonesaku, Ishikawa Goemon Ichikawa Kodanji IV
Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Katanaya Hanshichi Nakamura Fukusuke II
Mashiba Hisayoshi, Iwaki T˘manoj˘ Ichikawa Ichiz˘ III
Gion no Oritsu, the keisei Fuy˘, Goemon's wife Otaki, Kawashima no Omitsu Onoe Kikujir˘ II
Oda Harunaga, Urabe Suetake, Junrei Tanesaku, Gunsuke Arashi Hinasuke VII
Tatara Gy˘budayű Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I
Saeda Inukiyo Ichikawa Kuz˘ III
The keisei Usugumo, Katanaya daughter Ohana Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI
Sanigorobei, Onishi Yukinaga Ichikawa Yonejűr˘ II

8th lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kanzen Ch˘aku Nozoki Garakuri", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Murai Ch˘an, the Iseya bant˘ Kyűhachi Ichikawa Kodanji IV
Iseya Sentar˘ Nakamura Fukusuke II
Fujikake D˘jűr˘, ďdate Samanosuke Arashi Hinasuke VII
Jűbŕ's wife Osoyo Azuma Ichinoj˘ I
Hayanori Sanji Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I
D˘jűr˘'s wife Oriyo Onoe Kikujir˘ II
The courtesan Sayoginu Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI
Kaisaka no Chűz˘ Ichikawa Ichiz˘ III
The farmer Jűbŕ Nakamura Tsurusuke IV

8th lunar month of 1862: revival at the Moritaza of the drama "Miyajima no Danmari", with a new script written by Kawatake Mokuami and starring Ichikawa Kodanji IV in the leading roles of the courtesan Ukifune and the thief Kesatar˘.

18th day of the 11th lunar month of 1863: Morita Kan'ya XI died.

21st 4th lunar month of 1864: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Wakaba no Ume Ukina no Yokogushi", commonly called "Kirare Otomi" ("Scarface Otomi"). The drama ended with a Kiyomoto-based dance-drama, which was entitled "Inu Tsubasa Otomi Yosabur˘". Both drama and dance-drama were staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Kirare Otomi Sawamura Tanosuke III
Izutsu Yosabur˘ Sawamura Tossh˘ II
Akama Genzaemon Nakamura Shikan IV
K˘mori Yasu Ichikawa Kuz˘ III
Izutsu Yozaemon Seki Sanjűr˘ III
Genzaemon's wife Otaki Nakamura Kamenoj˘ I
Mirukui no Matsu Nakamura Kantar˘
Funaho K˘jűr˘ Nakamura Nakatar˘

22nd 4th lunar month of 1864: the following day after the premiere of "Wakaba no Ume Ukina no Yokogushi", a fire broke out in a Moritaza's shibai jaya; it quickly spread and burnt the Moritaza, the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

9th lunar month of 1864: the rebuilt Moritaza reopened with a program which was entitled "Chigusa Hana Masago no Shinbutai". Kawatake Shinshichi II's "Kirare Otomi" was staged with the same casting within this program, in a slightly revised version which was entitled "Musume Gonomi Ukina no Yokogushi". The Kiyomoto-based dance-drama was entitled "Aki no Iro Otomi Yosabur˘".

11th lunar month of 1864: Morita Kanjir˘ III took the name of Morita Kan'ya XII.

3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Keian Taiheiki". The leading role of Marubashi Chűya was played by Ichikawa Sadanji I.

2nd lunar month of 1872: Iwai Shijaku II took the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII at the Moritaza.

9th lunar month of 1872: the Moritaza left the district of Saruwaka-Ch˘ and was rebuilt in the district of Shintomi-ch˘. The building architecture was traditional but Morita Kan'ya XII made many changes:

  • The new theater was bigger than the old one

  • Toilets within the theater
  • It had some seats for foreigners
  • ...
  • 10th lunar month of 1872: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's zangirimono "Tsuki no En Masu no Igaguri", which was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Yosabur˘ Kawarazaki Gonnosuke VII
    Otomi, Seikichi's wife Onaka Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII
    Seikichi Nakamura Kanjaku III
    Tajimaya Tazaemon Nakamura Nakaz˘ III
    K˘mori no Yasuz˘ Ichikawa Nedanji I

    February 1875: Morita Kan'ya XII created a stock company to manage his theater, which was renamed Shintomiza for this occasion.

    June 1876: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hototogisu Date no Kikigaki", which was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Katagiri Kojűr˘, Sad˘ Chinga, Kannami Sanzaemon (in reality Narukami Mineemon) Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    Hosokawa Naizen-no-Kami, Shiozawa Tanzabur˘, Isshiki Saky˘nosuke, the menoto Masaoka Sawamura Tossh˘ II
    Matsugae Tetsunosuke, Kido Kahei, ďe Hiromoto Nakamura Shikan IV
    Taishu Yoshimune, Serada Kai, the fish merchant Goheiji, Dairy˘ K˘mon Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V
    Asahino Yagor˘, Karagi Wasuke, Aranami Kajinosuke Ichikawa Sadanji I
    Goheiji's musume Otsuru, the tsubone Kuretake, Yamana's okugata Sakasai Band˘ Shűch˘
    Kamura Tsuboki-no-Kami, Kurata Jingobei, Kond˘ Tatewaki Ichikawa Nedanji I
    Omura, the koshimoto Wakaba Sawamura Seijűr˘ II
    Watanabe Gimpei, Matsuura Shume Nakamura Arajir˘
    Yoshimune's mekake Otaka-no-Kata, the Miuraya keisei Takao, the tsubone Sawada Arashi San'emon X
    Tada Gy˘bu, Yamana Hida-no-Kami ďtani Monz˘ III
    Kahei's ny˘b˘ Otoyo, the old woman Sawanoi, Katagiri's okugata Mayumi Arashi Daizabur˘ IV
    The tsubone Nishikigi, Kahei's musume Oume, Och˘ Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ IV
    Masaoka's son Chiyomatsu Sawamura Genpei III
    Tsuruchiyo Onoe Kikunosuke II
    Kamewakamaru Nakamura Kotar˘ I

    28 November 1876: a fire broke out in the district of Sukiya-ch˘ and destroyed both the Nakabashiza and the Shintomiza.

    June 1878: the Shintomiza reopened, more modern than the first one.

    October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan", which was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    The travelling actor Miyagawa Ushinosuke (later the priest Enmeiin Nitt˘), the hinin Oguri no Umakichi Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    Sasagawa K˘jűr˘, Nomura Kuranoshin (in reality thief Akatsuki Hoshiemon), ďzakaya Kihachi (in reality the thief Akatsuki Hoshiemon) Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
    The tobi Tsukimi no Bunji Ichikawa Sadanji I
    Rokubŕ's daughter Okoro, Aoi Gozen, Kihachi's ny˘b˘ Omaki Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII
    Akisaka Awaji-no-Kami Nakamura S˘jűr˘
    Naniwaya S˘emon, ďmu no Ryűz˘ (later the priest Ryűzen) Nakamura Nakaz˘ III
    Arakuma no Kuroz˘ Onoe Umegor˘
    Hoshiemon's henchman Senta, ďzakaya Senkichi Ichikawa Kodanji V
    The travelling actor Miyagawa Ushiz˘, the hinin Shichibŕ, the hikite jaya k˘shitsu Okise Nakamura Tsuruz˘ II
    The okujochű Kumemura Iwai Ch˘ji
    The daughter of the Naniwaya Oai Onoe Kikunosuke II
    The okujochű Miyuki Sawamura Seijűr˘ II
    ďmiya Tsunesabur˘ Band˘ Kakitsu I
    The okujochű Katsuragi Iwai Kumesabur˘ IV
    The okujochű Takekawa, in reality K˘jűr˘'s sister Omura, Shichibŕ's daughter Otake Iwai Komurasaki III
    The Naniwaya bant˘ Zenroku, Amazake no Osute Band˘ Kichiroku
    The ďmiya ny˘b˘ Omisa Iwai Shigematsu

    16 July 1879: gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant, who ended his world tour with a stop in Japan. The theater was decorated with American flags and the main item in the program was a drama, which was specially written by Kawatake Mokuami to celebrate the victor of the American Civil War. This war was transposed to the Japanese 11th century, Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee becoming Minamoto no Yoshiie and Kiyohara no Takehira, two enemy warriors of the gosannen. This drama was entitled "Gosannen ďshű Gunki" and had a 5-star casting: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX (Minamoto no Yoshiie), Nakamura S˘jűr˘ (Kiyohara no Takehira), Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII, Ichikawa Sadanji I, Nakamura Nakaz˘ III, Band˘ Kakitsu I and Ichikawa Kodanji V. The program ended with a shosagoto, which starred Onoe Kikugor˘ V, Ichikawa Sadanji I and Band˘ Kakitsu I.

    September 1879: the zamoto Morita Kan'ya XII produced at the Shintomiza an original play "Hy˘ryű Kidan Seiy˘ Kabuki" ("A strange story about drifters and Western Kabuki"!), written by Kawatake Shinshichi II and staged with some Western actors. The plot was about the adventures of a group of Japanese in Europe and in the USA. The play included several Italian-style operettas, which disconcerted the audience [1].

    March 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's masterpiece "Kumo ni Magou Ueno no Hatsuhana", performed with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    K˘chiyama S˘shun Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
    Kataoka Naojir˘ Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    Namiji, Michitose Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII
    Kaneko Ichinoj˘ Ichikawa Sadanji I
    Katagi Kozaemon Nakamura S˘jűr˘
    Lord Matsue Band˘ Kakitsu I
    Kurayami no Ushimatsu, Miyazaki Kazuma Ichikawa Kodanji V
    J˘ga Onoe Umegor˘
    Izumiya Seibŕ Nakamura Tsurusuke V
    Kitamura Daizen, J˘shűya's bant˘ Den'emon, ďguchi's bant˘ Kyűbŕ Ichikawa Dan'emon I

    June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's jidaimono "Youchi Soga Kariba no Akebono", which was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
    Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Minamoto no Yoritomo Nakamura S˘jűr˘
    Oni˘ Shinzaemon (Jűr˘'s retainer) Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    Danzabur˘ (Gor˘'s retainer) Ichikawa Sadanji I
    Wada no Yoshimori Nakamura Shikan IV
    Gosho no Gor˘maru Ichikawa Kodanji V
    Kisegawa no Kamezuru Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII

    June 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's dance-drama "Tsuchi Gumo", which was staged to commemorate the 32nd anniversary (33rd memorial service) of the passing away of Onoe Kikugor˘ III. The dance was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    The priest Chichű, the spirit of the ground spider Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    A Ky˘gen performer, Gunnai Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
    Koch˘ Onoe Kikunosuke II
    Hirai Yasumasa Ichikawa Sadanji I
    Minamoto Raik˘ Band˘ Kakitsu I
    Usui Sadamitsu Onoe Matsusuke IV
    Watanabe Tsuna Ichikawa Kodanji V

    November 1881: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's zangirimono drama "Shima Chidori Tsuki no Shiranami", which was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Mochizuki Akira Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
    Akashi no Shimaz˘ Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    Oteru Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII
    Matsushima Senta Ichikawa Sadanji I

    January 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Medeshi Yanagi Midori no Matsumae", which was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Yagyű Matajűr˘ Ichikawa Udanji I
    Yagyű Tajima-no-Kami Ichikawa Sadanji I
    Matsumae Gorobei Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    ďkubo Hikozaemon Nakamura Nakaz˘ III

    April 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Ibaraki", which was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Mashiba, the demon of Mount Atago Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    Watanabe Genji Tsuna Ichikawa Sadanji I

    November 1885: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Funa Benkei", which was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Shizuka Gozen, the spirit of Taira no Tomomori Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
    Benkei Ichikawa Sadanji I
    The captain of the boat Mihodayű Nakamura Shikan IV
    The boatman Mondo Iwamatsu Nakamura Fukusuke IV
    Yoshitsune Ichikawa Ebiz˘ VIII

    October 1887: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's matsubamemono "Momijigari", which mixed Tokiwazu, Takemoto and Nagauta musical accompaniments and was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Princess Sarashina, in reality the ogress of Mount Togakushi Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
    Taira no Koremochi Ichikawa Sadanji I
    The Mountain God Nakamura Shikan IV

    Fall 1891: the management of the theater was transferred to Fukano Eiji, who renamed the theater Fukanoza.

    November 1891: the title "Oto ni Kiku Tenjiku Tokubŕ" was used for the first time, in T˘ky˘ at the Fukanoza, and it was staged with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    The send˘ Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Dainichimaru, Fuwa Banzaemon, the zat˘ Tokuichi Onoe Kikugor˘ V
    Yoshioka S˘kan, Moku S˘kan Onoe Matsusuke IV
    Nagoya Sanza Band˘ Kakitsu I
    Sasaki Katsuranosuke Onoe Kikunosuke II
    Sanza's wife Katsuragi Onoe Eizabur˘ V
    The yakko Isohei Onoe K˘z˘ II
    Sodegaki Onoe Fujaku VII
    Hosokawa Masamoto Band˘ Hikojűr˘ I

    January 1894: last performances at the Fukanoza.

    February 1894: the Fukanoza was renamed Shintomiza.

    August 1894: because of many financial difficulties, Morita Kan'ya XII had to hand over the management of the Shintomiza. He kept on working as a producer.

    October 1895: last performances at the Shintomiza.

    January 1896: the Shintomiza was renamed Miyakoza.

    April 1897: last performances at the Miyakoza.

    July 1897: the Miyakoza was renamed Shintomiza; last performances produced by Morita Kan'ya XII at the Shintomiza.

    August 1897: Morita Kan'ya XII (1846~1897) died.

    November 1906: took the name of Morita Kan'ya XIII at the Shintomiza.

    1909: the Shintomiza was purchased by the powerful Sh˘chiku Company.

    May 1910: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku" was staged for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the Shintomiza with the following casting:

    Roles Actors
    Kawachiya Yohŕ Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I
    Okichi Nakamura Fukunosuke V
    Osawa Arashi Rikaku IV
    Tokubŕ Onoe Usabur˘ II
    Okachi Nakamura Gand˘ I
    Moriemon Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI
    Shichizaemon Ichikawa Takijűr˘ III

    October 1914: premiere at the Shintomiza of Okamoto Kid˘'s drama "Sasaki Takatsuna". The role of Sasaki Takatsuna was played by Ichikawa Sadanji II.

    November 1918: premiere at the Shintomiza of Matsui Sh˘y˘'s drama "Yodogimi". The leading role of Lady Yodo (Yodogimi) was played by Nakamura Utaemon V.

    June 1921: premiere at the Shintomiza of Takayasu Gekk˘'s drama "Daigo no Haru". The leading role of Lady Yodo (Yodogimi) was played by Nakamura Utaemon V.

    February 1922: premiere at the Shintomiza of Yamazaki Shik˘'s drama "Hatsushiraga". The leading role of Lady Yodo (Yodogimi) was played by Nakamura Utaemon V.

    September 1923: the Shintomiza was destroyed during the powerful earthquake called Kant˘ Daijishin, which hit T˘ky˘ and killed more than 200,000 people. This theater was not rebuilt.

    Notes

    [1] This original performance was a complete commercial failure.

    [2] This was the beginning of a custom which is still somehow observed nowadays.

    [3] The 4th role, the komori, is still in the Kabuki repertoire ("Komori").

    The Moritaza backstages in the 11th lunar month of 1812
     
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