|ONOE SHďROKU I|
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry names: Jusen, Sanch˘, Sh˘roku
Existence: 1744 ~ 16th day of the 10th lunar month of 1815 
Master: Onoe Kikugor˘ I
Adopted son: Onoe Kikugor˘ III
1744: born in Edo. He became a disciple of the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I at an unknown date.
11th lunar month of 1755: he made his first appearance on stage, in Edo at the Ichimuraza, where he received the name of Onoe Tokuz˘.
2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Matsusuke played the roles of Senbagawa's wife Oyotsu and the courtesan Fujie [casting].
11th lunar month of 1770: Matsusuke became tachiyaku at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Yawata no Sabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Meoto Giku Izu no Kisewata", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata star Arashi Sangor˘ II and celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Band˘ Sanpachi II and Segawa Kichiji III.
Fall 1774 ~ Summer 1778: long stay in Kamigata; Matsusuke fell ill when he was back in Edo and had to rest for several months.
2nd lunar month of 1779: Matsusuke played at the Moritaza the role of Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; the roles of Iwanaga Saemon and Shigetada were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.
11th lunar month of 1781: premiere of the dance-drama "Waga Sekogakoi no Aizuchi" (commonly called "Kumo no Hy˘shimai") at the Nakamuraza, which was performed within the kaomise program "Shitenn˘ Tonoi no Kisewata"; the roles of the spirit of the spider, Minamoto no Raik˘, Sadamitsu and Sakata Kintoki were played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Matsusuke and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.
7th lunar month of 1804: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi"; Matsusuke played the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Dainichimaru, the zat˘ Tokuichi and Tsukiwakamaru's wet nurse Iohata [casting].
11th lunar month of 1804: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Momiji no Edoguma"; Matsusuke played the roles of Tatsuyasha Gozen, the Mount Katsuragi tsuchi-gumo and S˘ma Tar˘ Yoshikado [casting].
11th lunar month of 1806: Matsusuke performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Wakazakari Heike Monogatari", which welcomed in Edo the actors Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III and Ichikawa Dannosuke III. The performance was interrupted the 13th day of the 11th lunar month by a sudden fire, which burned the theater to ashes and killed many members of the audience.
4th lunar month of 1808: Matsusuke played in the same theater the roles of Ono no Kudayű and Kanpei's mother in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".
6th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Iroeiri Otogi Z˘shi" ; Matsusuke played the roles of Kohata Koheiji, Koheiji's wife Otowa (in reality Tetsuzan's sister Asaka), Asayama Sh˘gen Tetsuzan, Mihara's sister K˘saki, the sonja Rakan Nakatara, the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubŕ (in reality Dainichimaru) and the k˘guya Yahŕ [casting].
11th lunar month of 1808: Matsusuke performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Irosoyuru Nidai Genji", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Sawamura Tanosuke II and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ II.
6th lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Okuni Gozen Kesh˘ no Sugatami"; Matsusuke played the roles of Okuni Gozen, Tosa Sh˘gen Mitsunobu, Ukiyo Matahei, Chikuj˘ Ged˘ and Jűroku Rakan [casting].
11th lunar month of 1809: great shűmei at the Ichimuraza for the Otowaya guild; Onoe Matsusuke I and Onoe Eizabur˘ I respectively took the names of Onoe Sh˘roku I and Onoe Matsusuke II, performing in Katsu Hy˘z˘ I and Sakurada Jisuke II kaomise drama "Misao no Hana Toba no Koizuka"; Sh˘roku played the roles of the azusa miko Mayumi, the ghost of Minamoto no Yoshitomo and Kazusa Gorobŕ Tadamitsu [more details].
1st lunar month of 1811: Sh˘roku played at the Nakamuraza the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Sakaich˘ Maizuru Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Onoe Matsusuke II and Sawamura Gennosuke I.
7th lunar month of 1811: Sh˘roku played in the same theater the role of Fujiwara no Shihei in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He also played the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and Ono no Kudayű in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".
16th day of the 10th lunar month of 1815 : Sh˘roku died in Edo.
Onoe Sh˘roku I started his brilliant career as an onnagata but became famous as an amazing tachiyaku. He was a great jitsuaku in his latter years. His forte were ghosts plays and hayagawari techniques. He was also a talented musician and the owner of a cosmetics shop in the district of Fukiya-ch˘ in Edo.
 The 16th day of the 10th lunar month of the 12th year of the Bunka era was the 16th of November 1815 in the western calendar.
 Another possible reading for the title was "Eiri Otogi Z˘shi".
The actors Onoe Sh˘roku I (front) and Sawamura T˘z˘ II (at the window) playing the roles of the female fox Kuzu-no-Ha and Abe no Yasuna's son in the kaomise drama "Gohiiki Tsunagi Uma", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1813 at the Moritaza (print made by Utagawa Kunisada I)
The Onoe Matsusuke line of actors
The Onoe Sh˘roku line of actors
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