ONOE SHďROKU I

Stage names:

Onoe Sh˘roku I
Onoe Matsusuke I
Onoe Tokuz˘

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Jusen, Sanch˘, Sh˘roku

Existence: 1744 ~ 16th day of the 10th lunar month of 1815

Connections:

Master: Onoe Kikugor˘ I

Adopted son: Onoe Kikugor˘ III

Career:

1744: born in Edo. He becomes a disciple of the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I at an unknown date.

11th lunar month of 1755: he makes his first appearance on stage at the Ichimuraza, where he receives the name of Onoe Tokuz˘.

11th lunar month of 1764: Onoe Tokuz˘ becomes wakaonnagata and takes the name of Onoe Matsusuke I at the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1766: Matsusuke becomes tateonnagata at the Moritaza.

11th lunar month of 1768: Matsusuke plays at the Moritaza the role of Tsutaya no Omatsu in the kaomise drama "Mutsuchidori Meika no Yumitori".

2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Matsusuke plays the roles of Senbagawa's wife Oyotsu and the courtesan Fujie [casting].

11th lunar month of 1770: Matsusuke becomes tachiyaku at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Yawata no Sabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Meoto Giku Izu no Kisewata", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata star Arashi Sangor˘ II and celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Band˘ Sanpachi II and Segawa Kichiji III.

Fall 1774 ~ Summer 1778: long stay in Kamigata; Matsusuke falls ill when he is back in Edo and has to rest for several months.

2nd lunar month of 1779: Matsusuke plays at the Moritaza the role of Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; the roles of Iwanaga Saemon and Shigetada are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1781: premiere of the dance-drama "Waga Sekogakoi no Aizuchi" (commonly called "Kumo no Hy˘shimai") at the Nakamuraza, which is performed within the kaomise program "Shitenn˘ Tonoi no Kisewata"; the roles of the spirit of the spider, Minamoto no Raik˘, Sadamitsu and Sakata Kintoki are played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Matsusuke and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

7th lunar month of 1804: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi"; Matsusuke plays the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Dainichimaru, the zat˘ Tokuichi and Tsukiwakamaru's wet nurse Iohata [casting].

11th lunar month of 1809: great shűmei at the Ichimuraza for the Otowaya guild; Onoe Matsusuke I and Onoe Eizabur˘ I take the respective names of Onoe Sh˘roku I and Onoe Matsusuke II.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Kokoro no Nazo Toketa Iroito"; Sh˘roku plays the role of Kaze-no-Kami Kizaemon [casting].

5th lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; Sh˘roku plays the roles of the widow Satomi and Bungozaemon [casting].

1st lunar month of 1811: Sh˘roku plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono "Sakaich˘ Maizuru Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Onoe Matsusuke II and Sawamura Gennosuke I.

16th day of the 10th lunar month of 1815: Sh˘roku dies in Edo.

Comments:

Onoe Sh˘roku I started his brilliant career as an onnagata but became famous as an amazing tachiyaku. He was a great jitsuaku in his latter years. His forte were ghosts plays and hayagawari techniques.

Onoe Sh˘roku I was also a talented musician and the owner of a cosmetics shop in the district of Fukiya-Ch˘ in Edo.

Onoe Sh˘roku I playing the role of Fox Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Gohiiki Tsunagi Uma", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1813 at the Moritaza (print made by Utagawa Kunisada I)
The role of the child is played by Sawamura T˘z˘ II

Prints & Illustrations

Caricature 1780

Print made by Katsukawa Shunj˘ in 1781

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1808

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1811

The Onoe Matsusuke line of actors

The Onoe Sh˘roku line of actors

 
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