|ONOE SHďROKU I|
Onoe Sh˘roku I
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry names: Jusen, Sanch˘, Sh˘roku
Existence: 1744 ~ 16th day of the 10th lunar month of 1815
Master: Onoe Kikugor˘ I
Adopted son: Onoe Kikugor˘ III
1744: born in Edo. He becomes a disciple of the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I at an unknown date.
11th lunar month of 1755: he makes his first appearance on stage at the Ichimuraza, where he receives the name of Onoe Tokuz˘.
2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Matsusuke plays the roles of Senbagawa's wife Oyotsu and the courtesan Fujie [casting].
11th lunar month of 1770: Matsusuke becomes tachiyaku at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Yawata no Sabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Meoto Giku Izu no Kisewata", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata star Arashi Sangor˘ II and celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Band˘ Sanpachi II and Segawa Kichiji III.
Fall 1774 ~ Summer 1778: long stay in Kamigata; Matsusuke falls ill when he is back in Edo and has to rest for several months.
2nd lunar month of 1779: Matsusuke plays at the Moritaza the role of Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; the roles of Iwanaga Saemon and Shigetada are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.
11th lunar month of 1781: premiere of the dance-drama "Waga Sekogakoi no Aizuchi" (commonly called "Kumo no Hy˘shimai") at the Nakamuraza, which is performed within the kaomise program "Shitenn˘ Tonoi no Kisewata"; the roles of the spirit of the spider, Minamoto no Raik˘, Sadamitsu and Sakata Kintoki are played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Matsusuke and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.
7th lunar month of 1804: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Ikoku Banashi"; Matsusuke plays the roles of the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubŕ, Dainichimaru, the zat˘ Tokuichi and Tsukiwakamaru's wet nurse Iohata [casting].
11th lunar month of 1804: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Momiji no Edoguma"; Matsusuke plays the roles of Tatsuyasha Gozen, the Mount Katsuragi tsuchi-gumo and S˘ma Tar˘ Yoshikado [casting].
6th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Iroeiri Otogi Z˘shi" ; Matsusuke plays the roles of Kohata Koheiji, Koheiji's wife Otowa (in reality Tetsuzan's sister Asaka), Asayama Sh˘gen Tetsuzan, Mihara's sister K˘saki, the sonja Rakan Nakatara, the send˘ Tenjiku Tokubŕ (in reality Dainichimaru) and the k˘guya Yahŕ [casting].
6th lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Okuni Gozen Kesh˘ no Sugatami"; Matsusuke plays the roles of Okuni Gozen, Tosa Sh˘gen Mitsunobu, Ukiyo Matahei, Chikuj˘ Ged˘ and Jűroku Rakan [casting].
11th lunar month of 1809: great shűmei at the Ichimuraza for the Otowaya guild; Onoe Matsusuke I and Onoe Eizabur˘ I take the respective names of Onoe Sh˘roku I and Onoe Matsusuke II, performing in Katsu Hy˘z˘ I and Sakurada Jisuke II kaomise drama "Misao no Hana Toba no Koizuka"; Sh˘roku plays the roles of the azusa miko Mayumi and the ghost of Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Kazusa Gorobŕ Tadamitsu [more details].
1st lunar month of 1811: Sh˘roku plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Sakaich˘ Maizuru Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Onoe Matsusuke II and Sawamura Gennosuke I.
16th day of the 10th lunar month of 1815: Sh˘roku dies in Edo.
Onoe Sh˘roku I started his brilliant career as an onnagata but became famous as an amazing tachiyaku. He was a great jitsuaku in his latter years. His forte were ghosts plays and hayagawari techniques.
Onoe Sh˘roku I was also a talented musician and the owner of a cosmetics shop in the district of Fukiya-Ch˘ in Edo.
 Another possible reading for the title was "Eiri Otogi Z˘shi".
The actors Onoe Sh˘roku I (front) and Sawamura T˘z˘ II (at the window) playing the roles of the female fox Kuzu-no-Ha and Abe no Yasuna's son in the kaomise drama "Gohiiki Tsunagi Uma", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1813 at the Moritaza (print made by Utagawa Kunisada I)
The Onoe Matsusuke line of actors
The Onoe Sh˘roku line of actors
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