ARASHI RAISHI I

Stage names:

Arashi Raishi I
Ky˘ya Shichihei
Arashi Sangor˘ II
Arashi Tomisabur˘ I

Other name: Mitsugen

Guild: Ky˘ya

Poetry name: Raishi

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Existence: 1732 ~ 2nd day of the 5th lunar month of 1803

Connection:

Father : Arashi Sangor˘ I

Son: Arashi Raishi II (Arashi Sangor˘ III)

Grandsons: Arashi Raishi III, Arashi Sangor˘ IV

Disciples : Arashi Bungor˘ I, Arashi Fusajir˘, Arashi Wakamatsu I, Arashi Yoichi I, Arashi Shigenoi, Arashi Isabur˘, Arashi Kashichi, Ikushima Jűjir˘, Arashi Bungor˘ II, Arashi Sennosuke, Arashi Kichiz˘, Arashi Gohachir˘, Arashi Shirogor˘, Arashi Sanjir˘, Arashi Sodesuke

Career:

7th lunar month of 1739: his father Arashi Sangor˘ I dies.

11th lunar month of 1739: Arashi Tomisabur˘ I takes the name of Arashi Sangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1748: Sangor˘ becomes zamoto and produces the drama "Toyoashihara Taihei Keizu" in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1748: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, produced by Sangor˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Sangor˘ plays the role of ďboshi Rikiya [casting].

11th lunar month of 1750: Sangor˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Yasa Heike Sakiwake Musha", which is produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1754: Sangor˘ plays the role of Yamatonosuke in the drama "Uda Genji Asahi no Menbako", which is produced by Wakayama Bunshichi at the ďnishi no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1756: Sangor˘ goes to Ky˘to and plays the roles of Mikasa Yomosaku and Kamonnosuke in the kaomise drama "Ukematsuri H˘rai Yakata", which is produced by Somematsu Matsujir˘ at the Kitagawa no Shibai for the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘.

3rd lunar month of 1757: Sangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles the monk Black Cloud and Bun'yanosuke in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danz˘ III (Narukami, Fud˘, Kumedera Danj˘), Nakamura Kumetar˘ I (Princess Taema), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Kisakata Gozen) and Somematsu Shichisabur˘ (Minbu).

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which is simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]; Sangor˘ plays in the former theater the roles of Kan˘nosuke Naonobu and Shinsaku.

11th lunar month of 1758: Sangor˘ becomes zamoto in Ky˘to and produces Sakurato Bunsaku's kaomise drama "Inari Yakata Irifune no Arashi".

11th lunar month of 1759: the play "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" is staged for the first time in Ky˘to, at the Minamigawa no Shibai. The play is produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I and Somematsu Matsujir˘ and the roles of Yoshitsune and Tadanobu are played by Sangor˘.

1st lunar month of 1760: Sangor˘ plays 2 roles in the drama "Senjin Ukisu no Iwa", which is produced in the same theater by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1760: Sangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of the courtesan Ohatsu is played by Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1761: Sangor˘ achieves a great success in Ky˘to by playing the role of Sanada Yoichi in the drama "Sugomori Hiru-ga-Kojima", which is produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1761: Sangor˘ goes back to ďsaka and plays in the kaomise drama "Miyo no Hana Yunzei Kagami", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I at the Naka no Shibai.

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Yoshitsune and Ike-no-Hata Hariemon [casting].

9th lunar month of 1762: Sangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kokingo, Yasuke and Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

12th lunar month of 1762: Sangor˘ achieves a great success in the same theater by playing the role of Ukiyonosuke in the ni-no-kawari drama "Ide no Tamagawa Sh˘hei Ori".

2nd lunar month of 1763: Sangor˘ plays the role of Shirojir˘ in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I at the Naka no Shibai. His stage partners are Mimasu Daigor˘ I (Matahei), Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I (T˘yama) and Iwata Somematsu I (Otoku).

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai is more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Ihei and Shund˘ Jihei [casting].

5th lunar month of 1766: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘", which is staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Katsuyori and Minosaku [casting].

11th lunar month of 1766: Sangor˘ performs at the Naka no Shibai in Namiki Jűsuke's kaomise drama "Yamato Uta Hikime no Yaguruma".

Fall 1767: Sangor˘ goes to Ky˘to.

8th lunar month of 1767: Sangor˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Kan˘ Shirojir˘ in the kaomise drama "Daikokuten", which is produced by Onoe Montar˘ and Onoe Kumesuke and celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Yasuke and Band˘ Sukesabur˘ II.

8th lunar month of 1768: Sangor˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Kokingo, Yasuke, Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

3rd lunar month of 1770: Sangor˘ plays the roles of Yogor˘ and Sukeichi in the drama "Ranjatai Nitta Keizu", which is produced in Ky˘to by Onoe Kumesuke.

Spring 1770: tour in Miyajima with Arashi Hinasuke I.

9th lunar month of 1770: premiere at the Kitagawa no Shibai of the drama "Keisei Awa no Naruto", a revision of Chikamatsu Hanji's 1768 puppet drama "Keisei Awa no Naruto"; Sangor˘ plays the role of Fujiya Izaemon [more details].

Fall 1770: Sangor˘ goes to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1770: Sangor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Meoto Giku Izu no Kisewata", which celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Band˘ Sanpachi II and Segawa Kichiji III.

5th lunar month of 1774: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" is staged for the first time at the Ichimuraza; Sangor˘ plays the role of Issun Tokubŕ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1774: Sangor˘ performs at the Ichimuraza in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s kaomise drama "Chigo Sakura Jűsangane".

2nd lunar month of 1775: Sangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s new year sogamono "Sakae Soga Kagura no Taiko"; the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune is played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1775: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kanai Sansh˘'s Tomimoto-based dance-drama "Shijűhatte Koi no Showake", the first version of "Oshidori", which is staged within the kaomise drama "Hana Zum˘ Genji Biiki"; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukeyasu and the spirit of the male mandarin duck [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1776: Sangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1776: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsu Kanshi I's puppet theater drama "Koi Musume Mukashi Hachij˘", which is staged at the Nakamuraza; Sangor˘ plays the role of Obana Saizabur˘ [casting].

5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Katsuyori and Minosaku [casting].

9th lunar month of 1777: Sangor˘ celebrates his coming departure from Edo by playing at the Nakamuraza the role of Shirojir˘ in the dance "Hangonk˘ Nagori no Nishikie"; the role of the courtesan T˘yama is played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

Fall 1777: Sangor˘ goes back to ďsaka after 7 seasons spent in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1777: Sangor˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Daijizai Kaminari no Kodakara", which is produced by the zamoto Ichiyama Tajir˘, celebrates the shűmei of Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV and welcomes back in ďsaka Sangor˘ after 3 and 7 seasons spent in Ky˘to and Edo.

1st lunar month of 1778: Sangor˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1778: Sangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partners are Nakamura Utaemon I (Matsu˘maru), Arashi Kichisabur˘ I (Shiratayű, Genz˘, Terukuni), Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV (Tatsuta, Haru), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Tonami, Kakuju, Yae), Arashi Shichisabur˘ II (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Iwagor˘ (Shihei, Shund˘ Genba), Mimasu Tokujir˘ I (Kan Sh˘j˘, Chiyo) and Nakamura Jiroza II (Hy˘ei, Mareyo).

11th lunar month of 1778: Sangor˘ goes to Ky˘to and plays in the kaomise drama "Ume no Nazorae Azuma Hyakkan", which is produced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ II at the Kitagawa no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1778: Sangor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Summer 1780: Sangor˘ plays the role of the blindman Hy˘suke in the drama "Gokusaishiki Musume ďgi", which is produced by Nakayama Ihachi in Ky˘to. The role of Gambei is played by Asao Tamejűr˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1781: tour in Ise; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Yasuke and Tadanobu ("Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"), T˘kichi ("Gion Sairei Shink˘ki") and Hy˘suke ("Gokusaishiki Musume ďgi").

6th lunar month of 1781: Sangor˘ goes back to Ky˘to and plays the roles of Yasuke, Tokaiya Gimpei, Taira no Tomomori and Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai. The roles of Osato, Shizuka Gozen and Suke-no-Tsubone are played by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1781: Sangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki". His stage partners are Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Enju, Shigetada), Shibazaki Rinzaemon II (Takatsuna, Gonshir˘), Arashi Hinasuke I (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Chidori), Arashi San'emon VI (Ofude) and Anegawa Minato II (Oyoshi).

11th lunar month of 1782: Sangor˘ goes to ďsaka and plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise program.

1st lunar month of 1783: Sangor˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). He plays the roles of En'ya Hangan and Okaya in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is produced by Arashi Tanin at the Naka no Shibai.

9th lunar month of 1783: the play "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Sasaki Tan'emon, Honda Dainaiki and Ikezoe Magohachi [casting].

12th lunar month of 1783: Sangor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki". The sudden death of the star Onoe Kikugor˘ I casts a pall over the performance.

1st lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Keisei Yamato Z˘shi"; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Kitabatake Yukienosuke and Sukekuni [casting].

4th lunar month of 1784: Sangor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Gy˘ji Sh˘kur˘ and Ok˘ in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

5th lunar month of 1784: the play "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami", which was originally written in the 10th lunar month of 1776 by Suga Sensuke for the puppet theater, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time by Namiki Gohŕ, and staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ plays the role of Imadegawa Raisaku [casting].

5th lunar month of 1784: Sangor˘ and Sawamura Kunitar˘ I go together to Ky˘to.

Fall 1784: Sangor˘ and Sawamura Kunitar˘ I perform together in the dance "Ch˘ no Michiyuki", which is produced by Nakayama Raisuke II.

11th lunar month of 1784: Sangor˘ goes back to ďsaka and plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Sakuramaru and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is produced by Onoe Ushinosuke I.

5th lunar month of 1785: the Kado no Shibai is destroyed by a fire; Sangor˘ decides to go to Ky˘to.

9th lunar month of 1785: Sangor˘ plays at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the roles of Hayano Kanpei and En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which commemorates the 2nd anniversary (3rd memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

Summer 1786: tour in Miyajima.

2nd lunar month of 1788: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of the drama "Gishinden Yomikiri K˘shaku"; Sangor˘ plays the roles of En'ya Hangan and Koharuya Yashichi (in reality Senzaki Yagor˘) [more details]. It was supposed to be staged first in Ky˘to at the beginning of the month at the Nishi no Shibai but the theater was destroyed by fire the 29th day of the 1st lunar month. The troupe goes to ďsaka to perform at the ďnishi no Shibai and to celebrate the shűmei of Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

1st lunar month of 1789: Sangor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

12th lunar month of 1790: Sangor˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon is played by Arashi Hinasuke I.

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Ashikaga Yoshinori, Yodoya Tatsugor˘ and a shiokumi dancer looking like Minamoto no T˘ru (there is a shiokumi dance at the end of the play) [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1795: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba", which was originally written for the puppet theater, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Sangor˘ plays the roles of Tabakoya Genshichi (in reality Sakata Kurando Tokiyuki) and Kaid˘maru [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1797: Arashi Sangor˘ II retires and takes the name of Ky˘ya Shichihei.

11th lunar month of 1797: great shűmei for the Ky˘ya guild; Ky˘ya Shichihei takes the name of Arashi Raishi I and appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai, for his isse ichidai performance; he achieves a great success by playing 3 roles in the drama "Nanboku Yuki no Miyako". His son Arashi Matsunosuke takes the name of Arashi Sangor˘ III.

Spring 1798: Raishi definitively retires from the theater world. He shaves his head and becomes a monk called Mitsugen. He spends his latter years in Ky˘to in the district of Okazaki.

Comments:

Arashi Raishi I was an outstanding tachiyaku actor, who won a fame for himself in the three major cities (Ky˘to, ďsaka and Edo) during the second half of the eighteenth century. His fields of excellence were wagoto and bud˘goto roles in jidaimono dramas.

Arashi Raishi I playing the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was staged in the 3rd lunar month of 1798 in ďsaka at the Tenma Tenjin Shrine (print made by Ryűk˘sai Jokei)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1770

Suifutei 1782

Illustrated playbill 1796

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1862~1863

The Arashi Tomisabur˘ line of actors

The Arashi Sangor˘ line of actors

 
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