ARASHI RAISHI I

Stage names:

Arashi Raishi I In Japanese
Arashi Sangor˘ II In Japanese
Arashi Tomisabur˘ I In Japanese

Other name:

Ky˘ya Shichihŕ In Japanese

Guild: Ky˘ya

Poetry name: Raishi

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Existence: 1732 ~ 2nd day of the 5th lunar month of 1803 [1]

Connection:

Father : Arashi Sangor˘ I

Son: Arashi Raishi II (Arashi Sangor˘ III)

Grandsons: Arashi Raishi III, Arashi Sangor˘ IV

Disciples : Arashi Bungor˘ I, Arashi Fusajir˘, Arashi Wakamatsu I, Arashi Yoichi I, Arashi Shigenoi, Arashi Isabur˘, Arashi Kashichi, Ikushima Jűjir˘, Arashi Bungor˘ II, Arashi Sennosuke, Arashi Kichiz˘, Arashi Gohachir˘, Arashi Shirogor˘, Arashi Sanjir˘, Arashi Sodesuke

Career:

Before 1739: son of Arashi Sangor˘ I, his first stage name was Arashi Tomisabur˘ I.

12th day of the 7th lunar month of 1739 [2]: his father Arashi Sangor˘ I died.

11th lunar month of 1739: Arashi Tomisabur˘ I took the name of Arashi Sangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1748: Sangor˘ became zamoto and produced in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai the kaomise drama "Toyoashihara Taihei Keizu".

12th lunar month of 1748: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, produced by Sangor˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Sangor˘ played the role of ďboshi Rikiya [casting].

11th lunar month of 1750: Sangor˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Yasa Heike Sakiwake Musha", which was produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1754: Sangor˘ played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Yamatonosuke in the kaomise drama "Uda Genji Asahi no Menbako", which was produced by Wakayama Bunshichi.

Fall 1756: Sangor˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1756: Sangor˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Mikasa Yomosaku and Kamonnosuke in the kaomise drama "Ukematsuri H˘rai Yakata", which was produced by Somematsu Matsujir˘ for the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘.

3rd lunar month of 1757: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the roles the monk Kokuunb˘ [3] and Bun'yanosuke in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ III (Narukami, Fud˘, Kumedera Danj˘), Nakamura Kumetar˘ I (Princess Taema), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Kisakata Gozen) and Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I (Minbu).

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which was simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]; Sangor˘ played in the former theater the roles of Kan˘nosuke Naonobu and Shinsaku.

11th lunar month of 1758: Sangor˘ became zamoto in Ky˘to and produced Sakurato Bunsaku's kaomise drama "Inari Yakata Irifune no Arashi".

11th lunar month of 1759: the play "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" was staged for the first time in Ky˘to, at the Minamigawa no Shibai. The play was produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I and Somematsu Matsujir˘ and the roles of Yoshitsune and Tadanobu were played by Sangor˘.

1st lunar month of 1760: Sangor˘ plays 2 roles in the drama "Senjin Ukisu no Iwa", which was produced in the same theater by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1760: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of the courtesan Ohatsu was played by Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1761: Sangor˘ achieved a great success in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai by playing the role of Sanada Yoichi in the drama "Sugomori Hiru-ga-Kojima", which was produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1761: Sangor˘ went back to ďsaka and performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Miyo no Hana Yunzei Kagami", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ played the roles of Yoshitsune and Ike-no-Hata Hariemon [casting].

9th lunar month of 1762: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kokingo, Yasuke and Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

12th lunar month of 1762: Sangor˘ achieved a great success in the same theater by playing the role of Ukiyonosuke in the ni-no-kawari drama "Ide no Tamagawa Sh˘hei Ori".

2nd lunar month of 1763: Sangor˘ played the role of Shirojir˘ in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I at the Naka no Shibai; his stage partners were Mimasu Daigor˘ I (Matahei), Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I (T˘yama) and Iwata Somematsu I (Otoku).

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Ihei and Shund˘ Jihei [casting].

5th lunar month of 1766: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘", which was staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ played the roles of Katsuyori and Minosaku [casting].

11th lunar month of 1766: Sangor˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in Namiki Jűsuke's kaomise drama "Yamato Uta Hikime no Yaguruma".

Fall 1767: Sangor˘ went to Ky˘to.

8th lunar month of 1767: Sangor˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Kan˘ Shirojir˘ in the kaomise drama "Daikokuten", which was produced by Onoe Montar˘ and Onoe Kumesuke and celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Yasuke and Band˘ Sukesabur˘ II.

8th lunar month of 1768: Sangor˘ played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Kokingo, Yasuke, Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

3rd lunar month of 1770: Sangor˘ played the roles of Yogor˘ and Sukeichi in the drama "Ranjatai Nitta Keizu", which was produced in Ky˘to by Onoe Kumesuke.

Spring 1770: tour in Miyajima with Arashi Hinasuke I.

9th lunar month of 1770: premiere at the Kitagawa no Shibai of the drama "Keisei Awa no Naruto", a revision of Chikamatsu Hanji's 1768 puppet drama "Keisei Awa no Naruto"; Sangor˘ played the role of Fujiya Izaemon [more details].

Fall 1770: Sangor˘ went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1770: Sangor˘ played at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Meoto Giku Izu no Kisewata", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Band˘ Sanpachi II and Segawa Kichiji III.

5th lunar month of 1774: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was staged for the first time at the Ichimuraza; Sangor˘ played the role of Issun Tokubŕ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1774: Sangor˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s kaomise drama "Chigo Sakura Jűsangane".

2nd lunar month of 1775: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s new year sogamono "Sakae Soga Kagura no Taiko"; the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune was played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1775: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kanai Sansh˘'s Tomimoto-based dance-drama "Shijűhatte Koi no Showake", the first version of "Oshidori", which was staged within the kaomise drama "Hana Zum˘ Genji Biiki"; Sangor˘ played the roles of Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukeyasu and the spirit of the male mandarin duck [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1776: Sangor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1776: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsu Kanshi I's puppet theater drama "Koi Musume Mukashi Hachij˘", which was staged at the Nakamuraza; Sangor˘ played the role of Obana Saizabur˘ [casting].

5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Sangor˘ played the roles of Katsuyori and Minosaku [casting].

9th lunar month of 1777: Sangor˘ celebrated his coming departure from Edo (onagori ky˘gen) by playing at the Nakamuraza the role of Shirojir˘ in the dance "Hangonk˘ Nagori no Nishikie"; the role of the courtesan T˘yama was played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

Fall 1777: Sangor˘ went back to ďsaka after 3 and 7 seasons spent in Ky˘to and Edo.

11th lunar month of 1777: Sangor˘ played at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Daijizai Kaminari no Kodakara", which was produced by the zamoto Ichiyama Tajir˘ and celebrated the shűmei of Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV.

12th lunar month of 1777: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Sue Yadorinosuke in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Su˘ no Dairi".

1st lunar month of 1778: Sangor˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1778: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Nakamura Utaemon I (Matsu˘maru), Arashi Kichisabur˘ I (Shiratayű, Genz˘, Terukuni), Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV (Tatsuta, Haru), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Tonami, Kakuju, Yae), Arashi Shichisabur˘ II (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Iwagor˘ (Shihei, Shund˘ Genba), Mimasu Tokujir˘ I (Kan Sh˘j˘, Chiyo) and Nakamura Jiroza II (Hy˘ei, Mareyo).

Fall 1778: Sangor˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1778: Sangor˘ performed at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Ume no Nazorae Azuma Hyakkan", which was produced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1778: Sangor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Summer 1780: Sangor˘ played the role of the blindman Hy˘suke in the drama "Gokusaishiki Musume ďgi", which was produced by Nakayama Ihachi I in Ky˘to.

3rd lunar month of 1781: tour in Ise; Sangor˘ played the roles of Yasuke and Tadanobu ("Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"), T˘kichi ("Gion Sairei Shink˘ki") and Hy˘suke ("Gokusaishiki Musume ďgi").

6th lunar month of 1781: Sangor˘ went back to Ky˘to and played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Yasuke, Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I; the roles of Osato, Shizuka Gozen and Suke-no-Tsubone were played by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1781: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki". His stage partners were Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Enju, Shigetada), Shibazaki Rinzaemon II (Takatsuna, Gonshir˘), Arashi Hinasuke I (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Chidori), Arashi San'emon VI (Ofude) and Anegawa Minato II (Oyoshi).

Fall 1782: Sangor˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1782: Sangor˘ played at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise program.

1st lunar month of 1783: Sangor˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). He played the roles of En'ya Hangan and Okaya in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was produced by Arashi Tanin at the Naka no Shibai.

9th lunar month of 1783: the play "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ played the roles of Sasaki Tan'emon, Honda Dainaiki and Ikezoe Magohachi [casting].

12th lunar month of 1783: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki". The sudden death of the star Onoe Kikugor˘ I casted a pall over the performance.

1st lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Keisei Yamato Z˘shi"; Sangor˘ played the roles of Kitabatake Yukienosuke and Sukekuni [casting].

4th lunar month of 1784: Sangor˘ played in the same theater the roles of Gy˘ji Sh˘kur˘ and Ok˘ in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

5th lunar month of 1784: the play "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami", which was originally written in the 10th lunar month of 1776 by Suga Sensuke for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time by Namiki Gohŕ, and staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Sangor˘ played the role of Imadegawa Raisaku [casting].

5th lunar month of 1784: Sangor˘ and Sawamura Kunitar˘ I went together to Ky˘to.

Fall 1784: Sangor˘ and Sawamura Kunitar˘ I performed together in Ky˘to the dance "Ch˘ no Michiyuki", which was produced by Nakayama Raisuke II. Then, Sangor˘ went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1784: Sangor˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Sakuramaru and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Onoe Ushinosuke I.

5th lunar month of 1785: the Kado no Shibai was destroyed by a fire the 23rd day of the 4th lunar month of 1785 [4]; Sangor˘ decided to go to Ky˘to.

9th lunar month of 1785: Sangor˘ played at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the roles of Hayano Kanpei and En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which commemorated the 2nd anniversary (3rd memorial service) of the passing away of late Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

Summer 1786: tour in Miyajima.

2nd lunar month of 1788: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of the drama "Gishinden Yomikiri K˘shaku"; Sangor˘ played the roles of En'ya Hangan and Koharuya Yashichi (in reality Senzaki Yagor˘) [more details]. It was supposed to be staged first in Ky˘to at the beginning of the month at the Nishi no Shibai but the theater was destroyed by fire the 29th day of the 1st lunar month. The troupe went to ďsaka to perform at the ďnishi no Shibai and to celebrate the shűmei of Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

1st lunar month of 1789: Sangor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

12th lunar month of 1790: Sangor˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon was played by Arashi Hinasuke I.

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Sangor˘ played the roles of Ashikaga Yoshinori, Yodoya Tatsugor˘ and a shiokumi dancer looking like Minamoto no T˘ru (there was a shiokumi dance at the end of the play) [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1795: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Sangor˘ played the roles of Tabakoya Genshichi (in reality Sakata Kurando Tokiyuki) and Kaid˘maru [casting].

11th lunar month of 1797: great shűmei for the Ky˘ya guild; Arashi Sangor˘ II and his son Arashi Matsunosuke took the names of Arashi Raishi I (isse ichidai performance in ˘shibai) and Arashi Sangor˘ III in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai, performing together in the kaomise drama "Nanboku Yuki no Miyako".

3rd lunar month of 1798: Raishi appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Tenma Tenjin Shrine, where he performed in the dramas "Hirakana Seisuiki" [5], "Uekiya" [6], "Yűgiri" [7], "Domo Mata" [8] and "Hanagoromo Iroha Engi" [9].

Spring 1798: Raishi definitively retired from the theater world and called himself Ky˘ya Shichihŕ. He shaved his head and became a monk called Mitsugen. He spent his latter years in Ky˘to in the district of Okazaki.

2nd day of the 5th lunar month of 1803 [1]: Raishi died in Ky˘to.

Comments:

Arashi Raishi I was an outstanding tachiyaku actor, who won a fame for himself in the three major cities (Ky˘to, ďsaka and Edo) during the second half of the eighteenth century. His fields of excellence were wagoto and bud˘goto roles in jidaimono dramas.

[1] The 2nd day of the 5th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Ky˘wa era was the 20th of June 1803 in the western calendar.

[2] The 12th day of the 7th lunar month of the 4th year of the Genbun era was the 16th of August 1739 in the western calendar.

[3] Literally dark cloud bonze.

[4] The 23rd day of the 4th lunar month of the 5th year of the Tenmei era was the 31st of May 1785 in the western calendar.

[5] Raishi played the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue.

[6] Raishi played the role of Yashichi.

[7] Raishi played the role of Fujiya Izaemon; the role of ďgiya Yűgiri was played by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

[8] Raishi played the role of Matahei; the role of Otoku was played by Yamashita Kinsaku II.

[9] Raishi played the role of Yamanaka Saemon.

Arashi Raishi I playing the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was staged in the 3rd lunar month of 1798 in ďsaka at the Tenma Tenjin Shrine (print made by Ryűk˘sai Jokei)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1770

Suifutei 1782

Illustrated playbill 1796

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1862~1863

The Arashi Tomisabur˘ line of actors

The Arashi Sangor˘ line of actors

 
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