ICHIKAWA DANZď III

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danz˘ III
Ichikawa Danzabur˘ II
Ichikawa Jir˘za
Band˘ Jirosabur˘

Other name: Matsutar˘

Guild: Mikawaya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry name: Shik˘

Existence: 1719 ~ 24th day of the 6th lunar month of 1772

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danz˘ I

Adopted sons: Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Ichikawa Marukame

Disciples: Ichikawa Onoe, Ichikawa Jinnosuke, Ichikawa Sh˘z˘, Ichikawa Shunz˘, Ichikawa Otokichi, Ichikawa Monz˘, Ichikawa Ryűz˘

Career:

1719: born in Edo. His father, Band˘ Matabei, is an employee of the Moritaza.

1730~1739: he becomes disciple of the playwright Band˘ Tasuke, who gives him the name of Band˘ Jirosabur˘. Later on, he joins Band˘ Matakur˘ II and leaves the Band˘ clan afterwhile to become a disciple of the actor Ichikawa Danz˘ I, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Jir˘za.

11th lunar month of 1739: Ichikawa Jir˘za is adopted by Ichikawa Danz˘ I and takes the name of Ichikawa Danzabur˘ II.

4th lunar month of 1740: his adoptive father Ichikawa Danz˘ I dies.

10th lunar month of 1740: his adoptive father's son Ichikawa Danz˘ II dies.

11th lunar month of 1740: Ichikawa Danzabur˘ II takes the name of Ichikawa Danz˘ III at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Murayama Hikoshir˘ in the drama "Miyabashira Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1741: Danz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Nabari no Hachir˘ in the kaomise program "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki", which welcomes in Edo the actors Sanogawa Mangiku, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1742: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year drama "Musume Soga Gaijin Yashima".

11th lunar month of 1742: Danz˘ moves to the Kawarazakiza and plays in the kaomise drama "Gaijin Taiheiki", which celebrates the return and the arrival in Edo of the actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1743: Danz˘ moves with Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II to the Nakamuraza and plays the role of Murakami Hikoshir˘ in the kaomise drama "Funayosooi Mitsugi Taiheiki".

Fall 1744: Danz˘ and Tatsuoka Hisagiku go together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1744: Danz˘ plays the role of Danzabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Azuma Soga Fujimi no Sato", which is produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1745: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘ (superior - superior).

9th lunar month of 1745: Danz˘ plays the role of Sakon Tar˘ in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami" , which is produced by Nakamura Jűz˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai; his stage partners are Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Abe no Yasuna), Nakamura Jűz˘ I (D˘man), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Yokanpei), Arashi Shichigor˘ I (Yakanpei, Sh˘gen) and Yoshizawa Ayame II (Kuzu-no-Ha).

11th lunar month of 1745: Danz˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai the roles of the yakko Kunisuke and Yojűr˘ in the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘", which is produced by Arashi San'emon IV.

11th lunar month of 1746: Danz˘ moves to the Naka no Shibai and plays the role of Musashib˘ Benkei in the kaomise drama "Genji Musha Hinode ďgi", which is produced by Danz˘'s disciple Ichikawa Ryűz˘.

11th lunar month of 1747: Danz˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Nejigane Kimbei in the kaomise drama "Kogane Hana Michinoku Jikki".

8th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" is performed for the first time in ďsaka, at the Naka no Shibai; Danz˘ plays the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Kawatsura H˘gen [casting].

11th lunar month of 1748: Danz˘ moves to Ky˘to and plays the roles of Kuramigawa Mansaku and Murakami Hikoshir˘ in the kaomise drama "Mitsu Uroko Asahi no Ume", which is produced at the nadai Miyako Handayű's theater by the zamoto Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I. His stage partners are Fujioka Daikichi, Iwata Somematsu I, Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I, Mihogi Shichitar˘ and ďtani Hirohachi I.

1st lunar month of 1749: Danz˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

11th lunar month of 1749: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Nambu Tatewaki in the kaomise drama "Imosegura Kogane no Ishizue".

11th lunar month of 1750: Danz˘ goes back to ďsaka and plays 3 roles in the kaomise drama "Tachibana Gojűyongun", which is produced at the Kado no Shibai by Iwata Somematsu I. His stage partners are Arashi Shichigor˘ I, Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II and Kirishima Gizaemon I.

2nd lunar month of 1751: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the wicked priest Narukami and Kumedera Danj˘ in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema is played by Iwata Somematsu I.

11th lunar month of 1751: Danz˘ moves to Ky˘to and plays the roles of Hashidate Ikkaku and the kannushi Uky˘ in the kaomise drama "Ky˘ganoko Asahi no Nishiki", which is produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai by the zamoto Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II; his stage partners are Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II, Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I, Anegawa Daikichi I, Sasao Otojűr˘ II, Someyama S˘jűr˘, Takenaka Hy˘kichi, Yamamoto Koheiji, Hanakawa Ichinoj˘ and Arashi Ugenta.

9th lunar month of 1752: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners are Yamamoto Koheiji (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Sakakiyama Koshir˘ II (Tsuribune Sabu), Sakakiyama Danshir˘ I I (Mikawaya Giheiji, Sagaemon), Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II (Otatsu) and Arashi Ugenta (Okaji).

11th lunar month of 1752: the play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" is staged for the first time in ďsaka, as a kaomise drama, at the Naka no Shibai; Danz˘ plays the role of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane [casting].

11th lunar month of 1753: Danz˘ moves to the Kado no Shibai and plays the role of Ogata Umanoj˘ in the kaomise drama "Kashű Narihira Ishi".

1st lunar month of 1754: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1754: Danz˘ moves to the ďnishi no Shibai and plays the role of Odagiri Jűnai in the kaomise drama "Uda Genji Asahi no Menbako", which is produced by Wakayama Bunshichi.

12th lunar month of 1754: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kikuchi Higonosuke in the drama "Keisei Imagawaj˘".

11th lunar month of 1755: Danz˘ plays the role of Kamata Hy˘e in the kaomise drama "Genpei ďgi Awase", which is produced at the ďnishi no Shibai by Anegawa Shinshir˘ II.

12th lunar month of 1755: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kusunoki Masatsura in the drama "Kayou Kami Kuruwa Nikki".

8th lunar month of 1756: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of Princess Taema is played by Sanj˘ Namie I.

11th lunar month of 1756: Danz˘ moves to Ky˘to and plays the role of Yamazumi Shinanosuke in the kaomise drama "Ukematsuri H˘rai Yakata", which is produced by Somematsu Matsujir˘ at the Kitagawa no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1757: Danz˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1757: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the wicked priest Narukami, the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ and Kumedera Danj˘ in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura". His stage partners are Nakamura Kumetar˘ I (Princess Taema), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Kisakata Gozen), Arashi Sangor˘ II (the priest Kokuun ("black cloud"), Bun'yanosuke) and Somematsu Shichisabur˘ (Minbu).

1st lunar month of 1758: Danz˘ goes back to ďsaka and plays the role of the warrior Taira no Kagekiyo in the new year drama "Genpei Chitose no Matsu", which is produced by Kirinoya Hidematsu at the ďnishi no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1758: Danz˘ moves to the Naka no Shibai and plays the role of Watanabe no Tsuna in the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Chikara Kurabe", which is produced by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1759: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, "Kurokichi Shitenn˘" section ("the big four with the excellent character written in black"), is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). The 3 others actors, who belong to this "big four" section, are Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Yamashita Matatar˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1759: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of the yakko Rampei in the drama "Yamatogana Ariwara Keizu".

12th lunar month of 1759: Danz˘ moves to Ky˘to and plays the role of the yakko Goippei in the drama "Bandai Fueki H˘rai Yakata", which is produced at the Kitagawa no Shibai by Arashi Hinasuke I.

2nd lunar month of 1760: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kikuchi Samanosuke, the boatman Gimpei, Yoshimi Hikojiro and the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ in the drama "Keisei Sajiki-ga-Dake".

11th lunar month of 1760: Danz˘ plays in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Kiku Nagashi Kokka Taiheiki", which is produced by Nakamura Senz˘ and celebrates the shűmei of Nakamura Manbŕ.

Fall 1761: Danz˘ goes back to Edo after 17 seasons spent in Kamigata. He travels with the actor ďtani Hiroemon I and Nakamura Matsue I.

11th lunar month of 1761: Danz˘ achieves a great success at the Moritaza by playing the role of Aoto Saemon, the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene, in the kaomise drama "Kamisono Ubanzei Hachinoki". His stage partners are Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘, Sanogawa Ichimatsu I, Sawamura Otoemon II, Sawamura Kijűr˘ I, Anegawa Daikichi I, ďtani Hirohachi I and Morita Kan'ya VI.

1st lunar month of 1762: Danz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

4th lunar month of 1762: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1762: Danz˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Kisoe Uta Sakae Komachi", which celebrates the shűmei of ďtani Hiroji III.

11th lunar month of 1763: Danz˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of the superhero in the "Shibaraku" scene of the kaomise drama "Shikai Nami Yawaragi Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ suddenly quits the Ichimuraza and moves to the Nakamuraza. He is welcomed by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV. Both actors perform together for the first time, Danjűr˘ in the role of Kagekiyo and Danz˘ in the role of Kumagai Tar˘. The performance is a big success.

5th lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". The production is a big success and is extended up to the middle of the 6th lunar month.

6th lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Nagai Uma-no-Kami Nobuaki in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

8th lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ohara no Manbŕ in the "Kenuki" scene, which is included in the "Heike Nyogo no Shima" drama, staged to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II. He also plays the role of Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima".

11th lunar month of 1764: Danz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Watanabe no Tsuna and Sakata Kintoki in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Hana S˘ma no Dairi".

5th lunar month of 1765: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1765: Danz˘ goes to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1765: Danz˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Asahi no ďgi", which is produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II and Yamashita Ky˘nosuke at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1766: Danz˘ plays in the same theater in the new year drama "Keisei Shinonome Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1766: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Katagiri Tatewaki and Sarushima S˘ta in the drama "Keisei Sumidagawa".

Fall 1766: Danz˘ goes back to Edo, travelling with the actors Kirishima Gizaemon I, Band˘ Sanpachi I and Takeda Minosuke.

11th lunar month of 1766: Danz˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Arajishi Iwaonosuke and Fuwa Banzaemon in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi". The roles of Nagoya Sanza (Banzaemon's rival in love) and the courtesan Katsuragi are played by Ichimura Uzaemon IX and Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1767: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Oni˘ Shinzaemon, Sat˘ Shir˘ Tadanobu and the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ in the new year drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1767: first Kabuki adaptation, at the Ichimuraza, of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"; Danz˘ plays the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke [casting].

7th lunar month of 1767: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He also plays the role of Kumedera Danj˘ in the bombastic drama "Kenuki".

11th lunar month of 1767: Danz˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays the roles of Sanada Yoichi and Sanada Bunz˘ in the kaomise drama "Sanada no Yoichi Banjaku no Iezuto", which celebrates the shűmei of Sanogawa Ichimatsu II and welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Yamashita Ky˘nosuke.

4th lunar month of 1768: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Harunaga and Hisayoshi in the drama "Shusse Taiheiki".

11th lunar month of 1768: Danz˘, following the advices of the playwright Sakurada Jisuke, moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the roles of Kamakura Gongor˘ Kagemasa (the superhero of the "Shibaraku" scene), Miura Heitayű and Ch˘ry˘ in the kaomise "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe".

1st lunar month of 1769: Danz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). He is the kanjiku of the tachiyaku actors.

5th lunar month of 1769: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

7th lunar month of 1769: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Watanabe no Tsuna and Urashima Rokur˘ in the drama "Ichi no Tomi Seiwa Nendaiki".

Fall 1769 ~ Fall 1770: Danz˘'s name does not appear on the Edo theaters banzuke. He may be either sick or on tour.

11th lunar month of 1770: Danz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Hayata and Munekiyo in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato", which celebrates the shűmei of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Sh˘ch˘, Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ III and Band˘ Sanpachi II.

1st lunar month of 1771: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year drama "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki".

4th lunar month of 1771: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

7th lunar month of 1771: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yoemon in the drama "Tamura Maro Nanae Gasane".

11th lunar month of 1771: Danz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Han'ya Gor˘, a thief and Iwato Saemon in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji".

1st lunar month of 1772: Danz˘ appears on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Monban Shigoemon, in reality Yamada no Sabur˘, in Nakamura Jűsuke II's new year drama "Haru ha Soga Akebono Z˘shi".

Comments:

Ichikawa Danz˘ III was an outstanding tachiyaku, who won fame for himself in both Edo and Kamigata, excelling in bud˘goto, aragotoshi or jitsugotoshi roles. He was also able to occasionally play katakiyaku roles and was equally at home in jidaimono or sewamono dramas. It was said that his acting skills and favourite roles (for example Narukami) were similar to the ones of late Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II.

Ichikawa Danz˘ III in a print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1769

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni (1862~1863)

The Ichikawa Danzabur˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danz˘ line of actors

 
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