YOSHIZAWA AYAME III

Stage names:

Yoshizawa Ayame III In Japanese
Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II In Japanese
Yoshizawa Man'yo I In Japanese

Other name:

Yoshizawa Ayame In Japanese

Guild: Tachibanaya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry name: Ipp˘

Existence: 1720 ~ 18th day of the 11th lunar month of 1774 [1]

Connections:

Father: Yoshizawa Ayame I

Brothers: Yoshizawa Ayame II, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Yamashita Matatar˘ I

Son: Yoshizawa Ayame V

Grandson: Yoshizawa Iroha II

Family map: the Yoshizawa Clan

Career:

1720 ~ 1729: born in ďsaka. He was the fourth son of the star Yoshizawa Ayame I, who gave him the name of Yoshizawa Man'yo I.

15th day of the 7th lunar month of 1729 [2]: his father Yoshizawa Ayame I died.

11th lunar month of 1732: Man'yo became wakaonnagata and played in the kaomise drama "Mitsu no Hama Kogane no Irie", which was produced in ďsaka by Arashi San'emon III.

11th lunar month of 1733: Man'yo played the role of Omune in the kaomise drama "Shigeri Matsu Kogane no Takaragura", which was produced in ďsaka at the ďnishi no Shibai by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1735: Man'yo played the role of Yatayű's daugther Takiya in Sadoshima Sabur˘zaemon's kaomise drama "ďyamato Kane no Kinzan", which was produced in ďsaka by Nakayama Shinkur˘ I.

Fall 1737: Man'yo went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1737: Yoshizawa Man'yo I took the name of Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II in Ky˘to at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater, playing the role of Kotoura in the drama "Hachiman Tar˘ Denju no Tsuzumi".

Fall 1738: Sakinosuke went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1738: Sakinosuke played the role of Kiyosabur˘'s wife Oteru in Matsuya Raisuke I's drama "Sanpukutsui Kogane no Ichigura", which was produced in ďsaka by Nakamura Jűz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1743: Sakinosuke played the role of Osan in the drama "Kurofune Isse Ichidai Otoko", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai [casting].

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city; Sakinosuke played the role of Okaji at the Kado no Shibai [casting].

8th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, at the Naka no Shibai; Sakinosuke played the role of Shizuka Gozen [casting].

12th lunar month of 1748: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1748 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Sakinosuke played the role of Oishi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1752: Sakinosuke played at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Nagoya Ori Hinatsuru no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

18th day of the 7th lunar month of 1754 [3]: his brother Yoshizawa Ayame II died.

11th lunar month of 1756: second stay in Ky˘to; Sakinosuke played the role of Ojű in the drama "Uke Matsuri H˘rai Yakata", which was produced par Somematsu Matsujir˘ at the Kitagawa no Shibai for the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘.

3rd lunar month of 1757: Sakinosuke played the role of Kisakata Gozen in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura", which was produced by Somematsu Matsujir˘ at the Kitagawa no Shibai; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danz˘ III (Narukami, the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ and Kumedera Danj˘), Nakamura Kumetar˘ I (Princess Taema) and Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I (Minbu).

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which was simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]; Sakinosuke played in the latter theater the roles of Osono and Miyoshi's wife.

Fall 1758: Sakinosuke went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1758: Sakinosuke achieved a great success in his hometown, playing at the Naka no Shibai the role of Gennai's wife Tamiya in the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Chikara Kurabe", which was produced by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1759: Sakinosuke played the role of Otatsu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was produced in ďsaka by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I. His stage partners were Yamamoto Ky˘shir˘ I (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Issun Tokubŕ) and Kiriyama Monji I (Tsuribune Sabu).

11th lunar month of 1760: third stay in Ky˘to; Sakinosuke played the role of Yosenami in the drama "Kiku Nagashi Kokka Taiheiki", which was produced by Nakamura Senz˘.

Fall 1761: Sakinosuke went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1761: Sakinosuke achieved a great success by playing the role of Shizuka Gozen in the kaomise drama "Sotsui H˘shi Kamakura Kagami", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I at the Kado no Shibai for the nadai Fukunaga Tazaemon.

5th lunar month of 1762: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Koi Hakke Hashira Goyomi", which was a revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Sakinosuke played the role of Otama [more details].

7th lunar month of 1763: Sakinosuke played the roles of Chiyo and Tatsuta in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced at the Kado no Shibai by Nakayama Bunshichi I; his stage partners were Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Kakuju, Shihei), Arashi Hinasuke I (Haru), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Genz˘, Sukune Tar˘), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Sakuramaru), Asao Tamejűr˘ I (Hy˘ei, Shund˘ Genba) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of the star Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play was staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Sakinosuke played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Sahei's ny˘b˘ Onui and Jir˘emon's ny˘b˘ Oharu [casting].

1st lunar month of 1764: Sakinosuke's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1764: Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II took the name of Yoshizawa Ayame III in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai, playing the role of Koch˘, in reality Usui no Arawarawa, in the drama "Momotar˘ Obako Banashi", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

4th lunar month of 1766: Ayame played the role of Okaji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was produced in ďsaka by Anegawa Kikuhachi; his stage partners are Nakayama Bunshichi I (Danshichi Kurobŕ), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Issun Tokubŕ), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Tsuribune Sabu) and Asao Tamejűr˘ I (Mikawaya Giheiji).

12th lunar month of 1766: Ayame played the roles of Oyoshi and Tomoe Gozen in the epic drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was produced by Arashi Hinasuke I at the Kado no Shibai; his stage partners were Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Gonshir˘), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Arashi Hinasuke I (Umegae), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Nakayama Raisuke I (Shigetada), Arashi Koroku I (Enju) and Arashi Shichigor˘ II (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka).

7th lunar month of 1767: Ayame plays for the last time the role of Okaji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was staged at the Kado no Shibai to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Fujikawa Heikur˘ [casting].

12th lunar month of 1767: Ayame played the roles of Suke-no-Tsubone and Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was staged for the first time at the Kado no Shibai [casting].

11th lunar month of 1770: fourth stay in Ky˘to; Ayame played the role of Kagekiyo's wife in the kaomise drama "Sakigake Yashima no Kachidoki", which was produced by Onoe Kumesuke for the nadai Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ and Kameya Kumenoj˘.

1st lunar month of 1771: Ayame's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1771: Ayame played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Koch˘, in reality Shinoda no Sh˘ji's daughter Sakaki-no-Mae, in the kaomise drama "Bandai Isaoshi Genji", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Ayame played in the same theater the role of Hosokawa Katsumoto's k˘shitsu Yosenami in the ni-no-kawari "Keisei Sakura Goten".

11th lunar month of 1773: Ayame played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Kumagai wife's Osaga in the kaomise drama "Medetai Uchimash˘", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1774: Ayame appeared on stage for the last time, playing at the Kado no Shibai the role of Okeru Iki no To in the drama "Kume no Sennin Yoshino Zakura".

18th day of the 11th lunar month of 1774 [1]: Ayame died.

Comments:

Yoshizawa Ayame III was an excellent onnagata actors, able to play any kind of role in either jidaimono or sewamono dramas. He won a fame for himself only in the Kamigata cities of ďsaka and Ky˘to and did not to travel to perform in Edo.

[1] The 18th day of the 11th lunar month of the 3rd year of the An'ei era was the 20th of December 1774 in the western calendar.

[2] The 15th day of the 7th lunar month of the 14th year of the Ky˘h˘ era was the 9th of August 1729 in the western calendar.

[3] The 18th day of the 7th lunar month of the 4th year of the H˘reki era was the 4th of September 1754 in the western calendar.

The actors Yoshizawa Ayame III and Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I playing the roles of Ch˘jir˘'s wife and Shio no Ch˘jir˘ in the drama "ďsaka Nikki Shio no Ch˘jir˘", which was staged in the 8th lunar month of 1767 at the Kado no Shibai

The Yoshizawa Sakinosuke line of actors

The Yoshizawa Ayame line of actors

 
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