NAMIKI SHďZď I

Playwright names:

Namiki Sh˘z˘ I In Japanese
Izumiya Sh˘z˘ In Japanese
ďnishi Sh˘z˘ In Japanese
Izumiya Sh˘z˘ In Japanese

Guild: Izumiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Existence: 1730 ~ 17th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1773

Connection:

Master: Namiki S˘suke

Disciples: Namiki Gohei I, Nagawa Kamesuke I, Namiki Sh˘z˘ II, Namiki Kitasuke, Namiki T˘nan, Namiki Nanboku, Namiki S˘ji

Career:

1730: born in ďsaka in the district of D˘tonbori; his name is Kyűta and his father Izumiya Sh˘bei manages a shibai jaya.

8th lunar month of 1748: he takes the name of Izumiya Sh˘z˘ and works as a sakusha at the ďnishi no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1748: Sh˘z˘ becomes tatesakusha at the Naka no Shibai, where he writes the kaomise drama "Fuyugomori Tsumagoi Ikusa", which is produced by Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1749: he takes the name of ďnishi Sh˘z˘ to write with Takagi Richű the drama "Otokodate Y˘r˘ no Taki", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1749: he takes back the name of Izumiya Sh˘z˘ and works at the ďnishi no Shibai on the kaomise drama "Kotobuki Kogane no Kachi Ikusa", which is produced by the zamoto Mimasu Daigor˘ I, celebrates the shűmei of Murayama Heijűr˘ V and stars the actors Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I, Arashi Sanjűr˘ II, Iwai Hanshir˘ III, Sanj˘ Namie I, Iwata Somematsu I, Mimasu Daigor˘ I (the zamoto) and Nakamura Utaemon I.

1751: he becomes a disciple of the puppet theater playwright Namiki S˘suke; he takes the name of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I.

7th day of the 9th lunar month of 1751: his master Namiki S˘suke dies.

12th lunar month of 1751: premiere in ďsaka at the Toyotakeza of the puppet play "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; Sh˘z˘ was one of the sakusha who worked under the supervision of Namiki S˘suke to write this drama.

11th lunar month of 1752: Sh˘z˘ goes back to the Kabuki world, becoming tatesakusha at the Kado no Shibai, where he writes the kaomise drama "Nagoya Ori Hinatsuru no Nishiki", which stars Fujikawa Heikur˘, Sakata T˘jűr˘ III, Arashi Koroku I, Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I, Mimasu Daigor˘ I (the zamoto) and Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1758: Sh˘z˘ is tatesakusha at the Kado no Shibai, where he writes the kaomise drama "Arigatashi Fujiwara Keizu", which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I.

12th lunar month of 1758: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Sh˘z˘'s drama "Sanjukkoku Yobune no Hajimari"; for the very first time in Kabuki history, a mawaributai, invented by Sh˘z˘, is built and used on the stage of a theater [more details].

1st lunar month of 1764: Sh˘z˘'s ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Hana no Shiroyama" is produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai by Arashi Matsunoj˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1764: Sh˘z˘ is tatesakusha at the Kitagawa no Shibai, supervising the writing of the kaomise drama "Genpei Tsűrikimaru".

9th lunar month of 1767: premiere in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai of Sh˘z˘'s drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" (casting unknown).

7th lunar month of 1768: Sh˘z˘'s drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" is staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Takeda no Shibai, a koshibai venue [casting].

Summer 1769: Sh˘z˘ and the actor Arashi Hinasuke I tour together in the Awa province on Shikoku island.

6th lunar month of 1770: Sh˘z˘'s drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" is staged for the first time in ďsaka ˘shibai, at the Kado no Shibai [casting].

1st lunar month of 1771: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Sh˘z˘'s drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari" [casting].

11th lunar month of 1772: Sh˘z˘ is tatesakusha at the Naka no Shibai, where he writes the kaomise drama "Onoe Kikugor˘ no Baranu Banashi".

2nd lunar month of 1773: Sh˘z˘'s drama "Nippon Daiichi Mekari no Shinji" is staged in the same theater; this is his final creation.

17th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1773: Sh˘z˘ dies in ďsaka.

Comments:

Namiki Sh˘z˘ I was one of the most notable 18th century Kamigata playwrights. He wrote more than 90 plays and was also as the inventor of the revolving stage mawaributai in 1758.

"Namiki Sh˘z˘ (1730~1773) was one of the most prominent sakusha in Ky˘to, during the middle decades of the eighteenth century. He studied under one of the best ningy˘ shibai playwrights, Namiki S˘suke, and wrote for the dolls as well as for the actors. In his time the vogue for the Doll-theatre had already begun to wane, and allured by the superior attractions of Kabuki he wrote more for the latter than for the dolls. His plays were full of complicated situations that tested the actor's ability, a technique he had acquired as a result of his apprenticeship to the ningy˘ school, which demanded many situations to keep the movements of the marionettes full of significance, for otherwise their dollships would have become all too apparent."
(ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Namiki Sh˘z˘ I

 
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