ARASHI KOROKU I

Stage names:

Arashi Koroku In Japanese
Arashi Koshichi I In Japanese
Arashi San'emon V In Japanese
Arashi Koroku I In Japanese
Yoshida Koroku In Japanese

Other name: Zeshin

Guild: Yoshidaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Koroku, Minshi, Suj˘, Shich˘, Sugidori (?)

Existence: 1710 ~ 26th day of the 7th lunar month of 1786 [1]

Connection:

Master: Arashi San'emon III

Son: Arashi Koroku III (Hinasuke I)

Grandsons: Arashi Hinasuke II, Arashi Koroku IV, Arashi Hinasuke III, Arashi Koroku V

Son-in-law: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III

Great-grandsons: Arashi Hinasuke IV, Sawamura Tanosuke II

Disciples: Arashi Koshichi II, Arashi Konomatsu, Arashi Hinaji, Arashi Hachibei, Arashi Toyonoj˘, Arashi Toyomatsu, Arashi Kichiji, Arashi Kakichi

Career:

1710 ~ 1727: he started his career at an early age in kodomo shibai, playing under the name of Yoshida Koroku.

11th lunar month of 1727: he became disciple of Arashi San'emon III, received the name of Arashi Koroku I and plays as a wakashugata the role of a yakko in Azuma Sanpachi's kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘", which was produced by Sanogawa Mangiku at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater; he achieved a great success by performing the ropp˘ technique.

11th lunar month of 1729: Koroku became zamoto and produced in Ky˘to at Daikokuya Takenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Yomeiri Shichigosan".

11th lunar month of 1731: Koroku became wakaonnagata and produced in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater Sawamura Bunji's kaomise drama "Asahi no Ichikura Eig˘ Seki".

11th lunar month of 1733: Koroku played at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater (Ky˘to) the role of Shinobu in the kaomise drama "Ch˘seiden Kogane no Shikigawara", which was produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1735: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Koroku played the role of Sakaki-no-Mae [casting].

8th lunar month of 1741: the play "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater; Koroku played the roles of Ume-no-Kata and Kojor˘ [casting].

5th lunar month of 1742: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's play "Shinshű Kawanakajima Kassen" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Koroku played the role of Danj˘'s sister [more details].

11th lunar month of 1742: Koroku played at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Konrei Nagoya".

1st lunar month of 1743: Koroku's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1743: Koroku went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1743: Koroku played at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Shiki Samba ďgi Ikusa", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Shinozuka Jirozaemon II.

1st lunar month of 1744: Koroku's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1745: Koroku moved to the ďnishi no Shibai and played in the kaomise drama "T˘nai Tar˘ Danjiri Ropp˘", which celebrated the shűmei of Arashi Shinpei I and Arashi San'emon IV.

12th lunar month of 1745: the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, simultaneously in the three major theaters of the city, which started a competition for the best performance and line-up; Koroku played the roles of Otatsu and Okaji at the ďnishi no Shibai [casting].

Fall 1746: Koroku went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1746: Koroku played at the Nakamuraza the role of the superheroine in the first version of "Onna Shibaraku", which was staged in the kaomise drama "Tenchi Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1747: Koroku's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1747: the play "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" was produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time; Koroku played the roles of Sakuramaru and Chiyo [casting].

11th lunar month of 1750: Koroku played in Ky˘to at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater the role of Hama no Oteru in Fujikawa Sakoku's kaomise drama "Taira no Miyako Onna Ez˘shi", which was produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1751: Koroku played in the same theater the role of Shichirobei's daughter Oriyo in Fujikawa Sakoku's ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Kane-ga-Fuchi".

11th lunar month of 1752: Koroku played at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Nagoya Ori Hinatsuru no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

10th day of the 7th lunar month of 1754 [2]: his master Arashi San'emon III died.

22nd day of the 4th lunar month of 1756 [3]: his master's adopted son Arashi San'emon IV died.

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai; Koroku played the role of Owasa [casting].

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Koroku played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Jir˘emon's ny˘b˘ Oharu [casting].

12th lunar month of 1766: Koroku played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Enju in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was produced by Arashi Hinasuke I; his stage partners were Arashi Hinasuke I (Umegae), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Gonshir˘), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Oyoshi, Tomoe Gozen), Nakayama Raisuke I (Shigetada) and Arashi Shichigor˘ II (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka).

11th lunar month of 1768: he became tachiyaku and took the name of Arashi San'emon V at the Kado no Shibai, playing the role of T˘nai Tar˘ in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Banzei no Kotobuki"; he achieved a great success by performing the ropp˘ technique in the tanzen style.

12th lunar month of 1768: San'emon played in the same theater the roles of Oseki and Yogor˘ in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

3rd lunar month of 1769: San'emon's rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent).

Fall 1769 ~ Fall 1775: no record of Kabuki performances on stage.

10th lunar month of 1775: he was back on stage, in Ky˘to, where he temporarily took back the name of Arashi Koroku I and did his isse ichidai performance by playing the role of Yamanba in the drama "Futaba Genji Komochi Yamanba", which was produced by Fujikawa Sango.

11th lunar month of 1775: Anegawa Kikuhachi, a disciple of his son, took the name of Arashi Koroku II in Ky˘to; Arashi Koroku I retired under the name of Arashi Koshichi I.

5th lunar month of 1776: he was back on stage, in ďsaka, where he temporarily took the name of Arashi Koroku (using the haimy˘ Koroku instead of the stage name Koroku, which was used by his disciple Arashi Koroku II) and did his isse ichidai performance by playing the role of Yamanba in the drama "Komochi Yamanba Iohata Nishiki". He definitively retired and took the tonsure to become a Buddhist priest named Zeshin.

26th day of the 8th lunar month of 1785 [4]: his son's disciple Arashi San'emon VI died.

26th day of the 7th lunar month of 1786 [1]: he died in ďsaka [5].

Comments:

Arashi Koroku I was a Kamigata wakaonnagata actors, who excelled in nuregoto and bud˘goto roles. He decided to become tachiyaku at the end of his career. He was equally at home in sewamono and jidaimono dramas. He was also able to play some music instruments.

[1] The 26th day of the 7th lunar month of the 6th year of the Tenmei era was the 19th of August 1786 in the western calendar.

[2] The 10th day of the 7th lunar month of the 4th year of the H˘reki era was the 27th of August 1754 in the western calendar.

[3] The 22nd of the 4th lunar month of the 6th year of the H˘reki era was the 20th of May 1756 in the western calendar.

[4] The 26th day of the 8th lunar month of the 5th year of the Tenmei era was the 29th of September 1785 in the western calendar.

[5] His tombstone was located in the precinct of H˘my˘ji Temple.

Arashi Koroku I (left) and Kasaya Matakur˘ I (right) in an illustration illustration from the book "Sanga no Tsu Yakusha Meijin Furue" (1750~1752)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu in 1747

The Arashi Koroku line of actors

The Arashi San'emon line of actors

The Arashi Koshichi line of actors

 
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