SAWAMURA TANOSUKE II

Stage names:

Sawamura Tanosuke II In Japanese
Sawamura Tetsunosuke I In Japanese

Guild: Kinokuniya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Shozan

Existence: 1788 ~ 28th day of the 1st lunar month of 1817 [1]

Connections:

Grandfathers: Arashi Hinasuke I, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II

Father: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III

Half-brother: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ IV

Career:

1788: born in Ky˘to. He was the third son of the Edo star Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III and his mother was the sister of the Kamigata star Arashi Hinasuke I.

1st lunar month of 1793: he made his first appearance on stage, at the Nakamuraza, where he received the name of Sawamura Tetsunosuke I and performed as a koyaku in the drama "Saikai Soga Nakamura".

29th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1801 [2]: his father Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III dies; Tetsunosuke went back to his native Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1801: Sawamura Tetsunosuke I took the name of Sawamura Tanosuke II in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, performing in the kaomise drama "Furuki o Motte Aratama no Kaomise".

1802 ~ 1806: He spent most of his early years performing in Kamigata koshibai.

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1806: tour in Nagoya with Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Arashi Sangor˘ III and Nakayama Bungor˘ I; they performed at the Tachibana no Shibai in dramas like "Keisei Sakura no Shima", "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", "Hirakana Seisuiki", "Sarumawashi Kadode no Hitofushi" or "Komochi Yamanba".

7th lunar month of 1806: Tanosuke achieved a great success in ďsaka at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai, playing the roles of Princess Toki and the koshimoto Sumie in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which was produced by Arashi Gonnosuke.

3rd lunar month of 1808: "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Tanosuke played the role of Hinaginu [casting].

Fall 1808: Tanosuke went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1808: Tanosuke played at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Irosoyuru Nidai Genji", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I and Sakurada Jisuke II kaomise drama "Misao no Hana Toba no Koizuka", which celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Sh˘roku I and Onoe Matsusuke II; Tanosuke played the roles of Matsuyoi no Jijű, the female kani Koiso, Munekiyo's mekake Shiratae and the shinrei of the goddess Benzaiten [more details].

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Kokoro no Nazo Toketa Iroito"; Tanosuke played the role of the courtesan Koito [casting].

9th lunar month of 1813: Tanosuke played at the Nakamuraza the role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which was staged as Tanosuke's onagori ky˘gen.

Fall 1813: Tanosuke went back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1813: Tanosuke performed in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri". He also performed all the roles of a 7-role hengemono entitled "Sawamurasaki Hatsunanatan". He finally played the role of Yűshide in the drama "Karukaya D˘shin Tsukushi no Iezuto"; the role of Tatara Shind˘zaemon was played by Asao Kuzaemon I.

1st lunar month of 1814: Tanosuke played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Miyuki and Princess Harusame in the drama "Keisei Tsukushi no Tsumagoto". This was the first performance in Kabuki history of a play based on the "Asagao Nikki" world [casting].

4th lunar month of 1814: "Keisei Tsukushi no Tsumagoto" was staged with the same casting in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

Fall 1815: Tanosuke went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1815: Tanosuke played at the Nakamuraza in Fukumori Kyűsuke I's kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Oedo no Kaburaya", which celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Kikugor˘ III and Kataoka Gach˘. His yearly salary was 900 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1816: Tanosuke appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Nakamuraza, where he performed in the kaomise drama "Fuwa Nagoya Yuki no Dategasa".

1st lunar month of 1817: Tanosuke's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

28th day of the 1st lunar month of 1817 [1]: Tanosuke died in Edo.

Comments:

Sawamura Tanosuke II was a talented onnagata actor, endowed with delicate features and a beautiful voice, who achieved fame for himself in both Edo and Kamigata. He was able to play any role, excelling in keisei roles, but unfortunately died too young.

[1] The 28th day of the 1st lunar month of the 14th year of the Bunka era was the 15th of March 1817 in the western calendar.

[2] The 29th day of the 3rd lunar month of the 1st year of the Ky˘wa era was the 11th of May 1801 in the western calendar.

Memorial Portrait of the Actor Sawamura Tanosuke II
Artist: Utagawa Kunisada I
Date: 1817
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1798

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada (1811~1813)

Print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű in the 1st lunar month of 1815

Print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű in the 9th lunar month of 1815

The Sawamura Tetsunosuke line of actors

The Sawamura Tanosuke line of actors

 
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