SAWAMURA SďJ█Rď II

Stage names:

Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II In Japanese
Utagawa Shirogor˘ In Japanese
Takinaka Utagawa In Japanese
Takenaka Utagawa In Japanese
Tomizawa Ch˘nosuke In Japanese

Other name:

Sawamura Tosshi II In Japanese

Guild: Kinokuniya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Kion, Tosshi (2), Shozan

Blazon: the syllabic ideogram "i" in a circle [in Japanese: ]

Existence: 1713 ~ 30th day of the 8th lunar month of 1770 [1]

Connections:

Master: Tomizawa Montar˘ I

Adoptive father: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I

Sons: Suketakaya Takasuke II, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III

Disciples: Sawamura Yodogor˘ II, Sawamura Tsuruz˘, Sawamura Fukumatsu

Career:

1713 ~ 1733: born in Ky˘to. He started his career as a disciple of Tomizawa Montar˘ I, who gave him the name of Tomizawa Ch˘nosuke.

Fall 1733: he went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1733: he took the name of Takenaka Utagawa at the Nakamuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Nagi no Hana Asahi Genji".

1737: Takenaka Utagawa took the name of Takinaka Utagawa.

11th lunar month of 1740: Utagawa played at the Ichimuraza the role of Izumo no Okuni in the kaomise drama "Kichirei Imagawaj˘", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Matsushima Moheiji.

11th lunar month of 1742: Takinaka Utagawa took the name of Utagawa Shirogor˘ at the Nakamuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Keisei Akazawayama".

11th lunar month of 1744: Shirogor˘ performed at the Moritaza, a theater which was closed since Spring 1734, in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Bandai no Watamashi".

11th lunar month of 1746: Shirogor˘ played at the Moritaza the role of the Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie (the enemy of the Abe brothers) in the kaomise drama "ďtorii Gojűshigun"; the roles of the rebels Abe no Sadat˘ and Abe no Munet˘ were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II and Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1747: Shirogor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1748: Shirogor˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Nitta Shir˘ Tadatsune in the drama "Kazari Ebi Yoroi Soga".

5th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Shirogor˘ played the role of Yoshitsune [casting].

1749: Shirogor˘ was adopted by Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ III.

6th lunar month of 1749: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" was produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time; Shirogor˘ played the role of Momonoi Wakasanosuke [casting].

11th lunar month of 1749: Utagawa Shirogor˘ took the name of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II at the Moritaza, performing in Tsuuchi Jihŕ II's kaomise drama "Bijo Kurabe Kiso no Kakehashi".

7th lunar month of 1753: the play "Hirakana Seisuiki" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza [casting]. S˘jűr˘ played the role of Yoshitsune.

3rd day of the 1st lunar month of 1756 [2]: his adoptive father Suketakaya Takasuke I died.

4th lunar month of 1756: S˘jűr˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of the villain Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku", sharing the stage with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV (Sukeroku) and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I (Agemaki).

11th lunar month of 1756: S˘jűr˘ played 5 roles at the Moritaza, including Taira no Kiyomori, in the kaomise drama "Manazuru Heike Monogatari".

3rd lunar month of 1761: S˘jűr˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of the villain Ikyű in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; his stage partners were Ichimura Kamez˘ I (Sukeroku), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV (the shirozake seller Shinbŕ) and Segawa Kikunoj˘ II (the courtesan Agemaki).

1st lunar month of 1763: S˘jűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1763: S˘jűr˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Shikai Nami Yawaragi Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1764: S˘jűr˘ played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono drama "Edo-zome Soga no Hinagata".

11th lunar month of 1764: S˘jűr˘ played at the Moritaza the role of Suketakaya Takasuke [3] in the kaomise drama "Gyosei Kanatami no Megumi", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1765: S˘jűr˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari [4] in the new year sogamono drama "Bunjin Omokage Soga".

11th lunar month of 1765: S˘jűr˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Sakae Genji".

1st lunar month of 1766: S˘jűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1766: S˘jűr˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Tsuno Moji Izu no Irifune", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I, Ichikawa Somegor˘ and Sawamura Yodogor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1767: S˘jűr˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Nue Shiged˘ Sakiwake Yűsha", which celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura Shirogor˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1768: S˘jűr˘ played in the same theater the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners in the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Ume˘maru, Sakuramaru and Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo were Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Band˘ Matatar˘ IV, Sanogawa Ichimatsu II and Azuma T˘z˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1768: S˘jűr˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Abe no Sadat˘ in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I and Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ II; the roles of Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie and Abe no Munet˘ were played by Ichimura Uzaemon IX and ďtani Hiroji III.

3rd lunar month of 1769: S˘jűr˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

Fall 1769: S˘jűr˘ went to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1769: S˘jűr˘ performed in Ky˘to in the kaomise drama "Asahimaru Genji Kagami", which was produced by Onoe Kumesuke and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Shingor˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1770: S˘jűr˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to, performing in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Kayoi Chidori", which was produced by the zamoto Onoe Kumesuke.

3rd lunar month of 1770: S˘jűr˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), was itaru-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual].

30th day of the 8th lunar month of 1770 [1]: S˘jűr˘ died in Ky˘to [5].

Comments:

Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II, who started and ended his career in Kamigata, was a talented tachiyaku and katakiyaku of the H˘reki and Meiwa eras. He was able to play in both jidaimono and sewamono, excelling in bud˘goto and jitsuaku roles.

[1] The 30th day of the 8th lunar month of the 7th year of the Meiwa era was the 18th of October 1770 in the western calendar.

[2] The 3rd day of the 1st lunar month of the 6th year of the H˘reki era was the 2nd of February 1756 in the western calendar.

[3] It is worth noting that this role is none other than the last stage name of his late adoptive father Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I.

[4] It was a rare feature for the same actor to play the 3 main roles in a sogamono!

[5] Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II's tombstone was located in the Sh˘jukuan subtemple of the famous Chion'in Temple.

The Actor Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II as an Outlaw
Artist: Katsukawa Shunsh˘
Date: c. 1769
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Print made by Kitao Shigemasa at the end of the 1760s

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1769

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1770

The Sawamura Tosshi line of actors

The Sawamura S˘jűr˘ line of actors

 
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