ďTANI HIROJI III

Stage names:

ďtani Hiroji III
ďtani Oniji II
ďtani Haruji I
Yoneyama Tokusabur˘

Nickname: Maruya Jicch˘

Guild: Maruya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: T˘shű, Jicch˘

Existence: 1746 ~ 11th day of the 5th lunar month of 1802

Connections:

Master: ďtani Hiroji II

Adopted sons: ďtani Tokugor˘, ďtani Oniji IV

Disciples: ďtani Oniji III, ďtani Tokuji I, ďtani Hirohachi II, ďtani Hiroemon IV (?), ďtani Haruji III

Career:

1746 ~ 1755: born in Edo. He starts his career very early, performing under the name of Yoneyama Tokugor˘ in Edo koshibai theaters.

Fall 1755: Tokugor˘ becomes disciple of the actor ďtani Hiroji II, who gives him the name of ďtani Haruji I.

6th lunar month of 1757: his master ďtani Hiroji II dies.

11th lunar month of 1758: ďtani Haruji I takes the name of ďtani Oniji II at the Ichimuraza, during the kaomise program "Kaomise Sajikigadake".

9th lunar month of 1759: Oniji plays in the same theater the aragoto role of the yakko Yokanpei in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which celebrates the departure of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I to the Kamigata.

1st lunar month of 1762: Oniji's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘ (superior - superior).

11th lunar month of 1762: ďtani Oniji II takes the name of ďtani Hiroji III at the Ichimuraza, playing in the kaomise drama "Kisoe Uta Sakae Komachi".

9th lunar month of 1766: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of En'ya Hangan and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of ďboshi Yuranosuke is played by Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1766: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Watanabe Minbu in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi".

1st lunar month of 1767: Hiroji plays in the same theater the roles of Kurofune Chűemon and Danzabur˘ in the new year drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1767: first Kabuki adaptation, at the Ichimuraza, of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"; Hiroji plays the role of Yazama Jűtar˘ [casting].

7th lunar month of 1767: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Kokingo in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1768: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

5th lunar month of 1769: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Hayano Kanpei and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Okaru and Yuranosuke are played by Nakamura Matsue I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Ume˘maru, Sakuramaru and Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo are played by Band˘ Matatar˘ IV, Arashi Sangor˘ II and Azuma T˘z˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1773: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of En'ya Hangan, Okaru and Yuranosuke are played by Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III, Nakamura Rik˘ I and Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1774: Hiroji plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke [print] and Takebe Genz˘ in the dramas "Kanadehon Chűshingura" and "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ("About actors prying") is published in Edo. It gives some private information on actors. Edo readers learn that Hiroji lives with his spouse Orise and his adopted sons in the district of Yoshi-Ch˘ and his annual salary is 700 ry˘.

8th lunar month of 1777: Hiroji plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Igami no Gonta in the "Sushiya" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the roles of Yazaemon, Yasuke and Osato are played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Arashi Sangor˘ II and Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1780: tour in the Echigo province with the actors Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III.

6th lunar month of 1783: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Teraoka Heiemon and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Okaru, Yuranosuke and Gihei's wife Osono are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Nakamura Rik˘ I and Azuma T˘z˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1784: Hiroji plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Yazaemon in the "Sushiya" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the roles of Yasuke and Osato are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1787: Hiroji plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1788: Hiroji plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Sannigorobŕ in Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise drama "T˘zum˘ Hana no Edokata", which celebrates the return in Edo of the actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1789: Hiroji's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1790: Hiroji plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘ and Amagawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Yuranosuke, Honz˘'s wife Tonase and Gihei's wife Osono are played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I and Iwai Kiyotar˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1794: Hiroji plays at the Miyakoza the role of Kawagoe Shigeyori in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

1st lunar month of 1795: Namiki Gohei I's drama "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Miyakoza; Hiroji plays the role of Izushi Takuzaemon [casting].

4th lunar month of 1795: Hiroji plays at the Miyakoza the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Horibe Yajibŕ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1796: the play "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" is staged for the first time in Edo, simultaneously at the Kiriza and the Miyakoza; Hiroji plays the role of Yoshioka Ichimisai in the former theater [casting].

5th lunar month of 1797: Hiroji plays at the Kiriza the role of Yamakawaya Gon'emon in Namiki Gohei's drama "Aigiky˘ Karigane Komon", a revival of "Aigiky˘ Karigane Gomon", written by the same playwright and staged for the first time in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai in the 7th lunar month of 1774. Tomoemon's stage partners are Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III (Karigane Bunshichi), Segawa Kikunoj˘ III (Bunshichi's wife Otsuta, Heibei's wife Otsugi), Arashi Ryűz˘ II (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘), Ichikawa Omez˘ I (Hotei Ichiemon), ďtani Tomoemon II (Gokuin Sen'emon) and Nakamura Denkur˘ IV (Yamakawaya Gonroku).

7th lunar month of 1798: Hiroji appears on stage for the last time, at Moritaza, playing in the drama "Katsura Otoko Yaiba no ďdachi".

Comments:

ďtani Hiroji III was a talented tachiyaku, who made his career mainly in Edo theaters during the second half of the eighteenth century. "His best roles were faithful old servants and strong otokodate" (Samuel Leiter in "New Kabuki Encyclopedia").

ďtani Hiroji III playing the role of the rebel Abe no Munet˘ in the drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe", which was staged at the Ichimuraza in the 11th lunar month of 1768 (print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Torii Kiyomitsu in 1760

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1768

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1773

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1774

Caricature made in 1780

The ďtani Haruji line of actors

The ďtani Oniji line of actors

The ďtani Hiroji line of actors

 
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