MATSUMOTO KďSHIRď IV

Stage names:

Omegawa Ky˘jűr˘ In Japanese
Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV In Japanese
Ichikawa Komaz˘ II In Japanese
Ichikawa Somegor˘ I In Japanese
Ichikawa Takejűr˘ In Japanese
Segawa Kinji In Japanese
Segawa Kingo In Japanese

Guild: K˘raiya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry name: Kink˘

Existence: 1737 ~ 27th day of the 6th lunar month of 1802

Connections:

Masters: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I

Son: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V

Grandsons: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VI, Ichikawa Sumiz˘ II

Disciples: Ichikawa Ikuz˘, Ichikawa Tatsujűr˘, Matsumoto Sanjűr˘ (?), Ichikawa Somegor˘ II, Ichikawa Somegor˘ III, Matsumoto Shichiz˘

Career:

1737: born in Ky˘to.

1744: he goes with his family to Edo. He becomes disciple of the star Segawa Kikunojo I, who gives him the name of Segawa Kingo.

1st lunar month of 1745: Kingo makes his first appearance on stage, at the Nakamuraza, playing in the new year drama "Hagoromo Kotobuki Soga".

1751: Kingo goes back to Ky˘to.

Fall 1754: Kingo goes to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1754: Segawa Kingo takes the name of Segawa Kinji at the Ichimuraza, playing in the kaomise drama "Keisei Asakusa no Kane".

1755 ~ 1756: he stops acting and works for the tea house Ineya, managed by his elder sister in the district of Takanawa.

1756: he is back in the theater world, becoming a disciple of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Takejűr˘.

11th lunar month of 1762: he becomes disciple of the actor Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Somegor˘ I during the kaomise program "Nagi no Ha Izu no Sugatami", which is staged at the Nakamuraza.

2nd lunar month of 1763: Somegor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of H˘j˘ Gor˘, Tamaya Shinbŕ and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in Kanai Sansh˘'s new year drama "Momo Chidori ďiso Gayoi".

11th lunar month of 1763: Ichikawa Somegor˘ I takes the name of Ichikawa Komaz˘ II at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Izumi no Sabur˘ in the kaomise drama "Daij˘bu Takadachi Jikki".

5th lunar month of 1764: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Ume˘maru are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV and Ichikawa Raiz˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1766: Komaz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of ďmi no Kotota and Kawazu in the new year program "Kaid˘ Ichi Izu no Harugoma".

5th lunar month of 1766: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Danzabur˘ in the drama "Yaoya Oshichi Koi no Edozome".

8th lunar month of 1766: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Date no Yosaku and Keimasa in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

11th lunar month of 1766: Komaz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Ut˘ Bunji, disguised as a tea seller, in the kaomise drama "Kogane no Hana Kaijin Aramusha". His stage partners in the roles of the two rebels Abe no Sadat˘ and Abe no Munet˘, Bunji's wife and Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie (Abe clan ennemy) are Kirishima Gizaemon I, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1767: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the tedai Matsuwakaya Shirobŕ, Mioya, Soga Jűr˘ and Yodoya Tatsugor˘ in the new year program "Hatsu Akinai ďmise Soga". He also replaces Ichikawa Raiz˘ I, who falls suddenly ill, in the role of Honmachi no Tsunagor˘.

7th lunar month of 1767: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Sat˘ Shirobŕ Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; his stage partner in the role of Shizuka Gozen is Nakamura Matsue I.

11th lunar month of 1767: Komaz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Nitta Yoshisada and Nagahama Shinzaemon in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Shizu no Furisode".

1st lunar month of 1768: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Shigetada, Soga Jűr˘ and Minoya Kichibei in the new year program "Fude Hajime Soga no Tamazusa". His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune are Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV.

4th lunar month of 1768: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Karigane Bunshichi in the otokodate drama "Otokodate Itsutsu Karigane". His stage partners are Nakamura Sukegor˘ II (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘), Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III (Gokuin Sen'emon), Arashi Otohachi I (Hotei Ichiemon) and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (An no Heibei). He also plays the roles of Ono no T˘fű, Sakuramaru and Monogusa Tar˘ in the dramas "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri", "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" and "Monogusa Tar˘".

8th lunar month of 1768: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hosokawa Katsumoto in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Koky˘ no Torikaji", whose plot and characters belong to the "Tenjiku Tokubŕ" world. His stage partners in the roles of Tokubŕ, Tokubŕ's wife and Harimanosuke are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1768: Komaz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of the shamisen player Kichiroku and Suruga Hachir˘ in the kaomise drama "Ima o Sakari Suehiro Genji", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the Kamigata star Nakamura Utaemon I and the shűmei of Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

1st lunar month of 1769: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shigetada in the new year program "Soga Moy˘ Aigo no Wakamatsu".

2nd lunar month of 1769: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the dance drama "Sugatami Asama-ga-Dake".

7th lunar month of 1769: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Chihara Sakon, Shinoda Saemon and Sasaya Jűbŕ in the drama "Nenriki Yuzuriha no Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1769: Komaz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Sano Genzaemon in the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hana Sakae Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1770: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year sogamono "Kagamigaike Omokage Soga". His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) are Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Nakamura Matsue I. His son makes his first appearance on stage, receiving the name of Ichikawa Sumiz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1770: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV takes back the name of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III becomes Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II takes the name of Nakamura Sh˘ch˘ and Ichikawa Benz˘ I received the name of Ichikawa Monnosuke II. Komaz˘ plays the roles of Minamoto Yorimasa and Hanamori Kisuke in the kaomise drama "Nue no Mori Ichiy˘ no Mato".

1st lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Sukebei and Mionoya in the new year sogamono "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki". His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hanbei in the Miyakoji-based dance-drama "Oborozuki Tsui no Someginu", which puts in the same michiyuki the couples of lovers Tokubŕ/Ohatsu ("Sonezaki Shinjű"), Ochiyo/Hanbei ("Shinjű Yoi K˘shin") and Osome/Hisamatsu; the role of Hanbei's lover Ochiyo is played by Yamashita Kinsaku II.

4th lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". His stage partners in the role of En'ya Hangan, K˘ no Moron˘, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Okaru are Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Nakamura Matsue I.

7th lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hamanari in the drama "Tamura Maro Nanae Gasane".

11th lunar month of 1771: Komaz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Ariwara no Yukihira in the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana Ono no Itsumoji". His stage partners in the roles of Matsukaze and Murasame, two pearl-diving sisters in love with Yukihira, are Nakamura Nakaz˘ I and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1772: Komaz˘ plays for the first time, in the same theater, the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono "Haru Soga Akebono no Z˘shi". His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1772: the Nakamuraza is completely burned in a big fire. There is no performance up to the 8th lunar month.

8th lunar month of 1772: the new Nakamuraza reopens. Komaz˘ plays the roles of Nan Yohŕ and the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki". His stage partners are Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (Ch˘kichi's rival, the sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Ch˘kichi's sister Oseki) and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Yohei's spouse Ohaya)

11th lunar month of 1772: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza. Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Komaz˘ II and Matsumoto Sumiz˘ I respectively take the names of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III. K˘shir˘ plays the roles of Yoshigorohachi and Sagami Jir˘ in the kaomise drama "ďyoroi Ebid˘ Shinozuka".

1st lunar month of 1773: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, the priest Seigen and Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year sogamono "Wada Sakamori Eiga Kagami". His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) are Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Nakamura Denkur˘ II and Sanogawa Ichimatsu II.

5th lunar month of 1773: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Katsukawa Harumoto in the drama "Dainippon Ise no Kamikaze".

7th lunar month of 1773: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Asama Saemon in the drama "Keisei Kataokayama".

9th lunar month of 1773: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partners are Nakamura Sh˘ch˘ (Kan Sh˘j˘), Ichikawa Monnosuke II (Sakuramaru), Band˘ Matatar˘ IV (Ume˘maru), ďtani Tomoemon I (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű), Nakajima Mihoemon II (Matsu˘maru's master Fujiwara no Shihei) and Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III (Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo).

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘", performed as a kaomise drama. K˘shir˘ plays the roles of Minamoto Yoshitsune and Izumi Sabur˘ [casting]. This 46-days long performance, which is also the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ I, is a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1774: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Shigetada in the new year sogamono "Oatsuraezome Soga Hinagata". His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and the courtesan ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) are Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Nakamura Rik˘ I. A "meeting in the darkness" scene, which is played by Nakamura Nakaz˘ I, ďtani Hiroji III, Nakamura Rik˘ I and K˘shir˘, is particularly well received by the audience.

3rd lunar month of 1774: K˘shir˘ and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV perform together the roles of Onatsu and Seijűr˘ in the same theater in the michiyuki "Nushiyatare Koi no Yamabuki".

5th lunar month of 1774: several actors, including Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and K˘shir˘ leave the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1774: K˘shir˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays the roles of Matsuura Saemon and Sat˘ Tadanobu in the kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi Tsuki no Kaomise". His stage partners in the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Minamoto Yoshitsune are Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I. It is said that K˘shir˘, portraying Matsuura Saemon, makes his stage appearance from a trapdoor riding a horse.

1st lunar month of 1775: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Chihara Sakon, Kashima Sabur˘, Umegaya Yoshibei and Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year program "Shida Yuzuriha H˘rai Soga".

5th lunar month of 1775: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V (Matsu˘maru's master Fujiwara no Shihei, Kan Sh˘j˘), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Sakuramaru), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I (Ume˘maru, Genz˘), Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű), Azuma T˘z˘ II (Tatsuta no Mae), Nakamura Noshio I (Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo) and Sakata K˘nosuke (Princess Kariya).

8th lunar month of 1775: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yamana Saemon and Nagoya Sanzabur˘ in the drama "Keisei Tsuki no Miyako".

11th lunar month of 1775: K˘shir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Oyafune Taiheiki". His stage partners are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Nakamura Noshio I. This kaomise is a huge success, starting the 1st day of the 11th lunar month and ending the 15th day of the 12th lunar month.

1st lunar month of 1776: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the roles of Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year drama "Kamuri Kotoba Soga no Yukari"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1776: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Hatsuzakura". The roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and the villain Ikyű are played by Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Sakata Hangor˘ II. The performance is a huge success and a long run.

11th lunar month of 1776: K˘shir˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays the roles of Hakata Rozaemon, Masanari and Tamaya Shinbŕ in the kaomise drama "Hikitsurete Yagoe Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1777: K˘shir˘ is in the Edo hy˘banki the kanjiku for tachiyaku actors.

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ("About actors prying") is published in Edo. It gives some private information on actors. Edo readers learn that K˘shir˘ lives in the district of Sakai-ch˘ and his annual salary is 800 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1777: K˘shir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Masakado Kanmuri no Hatsuyuki". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1778: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada, Takemura Sadanoshin and Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the new year program "Kaid˘ Iro Yawaragi Soga".

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki"; K˘shir˘ plays the roles of Hanyűmura Yoemon, Kizu no Kansuke, Nagoya Sanza, the sum˘ wrestler Kinugawa Taniz˘ and Watanabe Minbunosuke [casting].

8th lunar month of 1778: the "K˘shir˘ Impeachment affair" shakes the Kabuki world. The growing influence of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V in the patrons organizations or the shibai jaya circles created some enmities and a group of people plotted in the shadows to get him accused of misappropriation of funds. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V is ordered to leave the stage for a while, give his name to Ichikawa K˘shir˘ and take the name of Ichikawa Ebiz˘. The widow of late Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II, who is also the lover of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, leads him to think that both Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and K˘shir˘ are responsible for this dirty and complicated plot. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V lets his anger explode twice on stage in front of the audience: the 27th of August he accuses K˘shir˘ and the 28th it is the turn of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV. As a consequence, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V decides to leave the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1778: K˘shir˘ becomes zagashira at the Nakamuraza and plays the roles of Sano Genzaemon Tsuneyo and Aoto Magosabur˘ Fujitsuna in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrates the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Band˘ Mitahachi I.

1st lunar month of 1779: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Gunsuke in the new year program "Gohiiki Nennen Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1779: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Sato no Yozakura". The roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and the villain Ikyű are played by Ichikawa Monnosuke II, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and ďtani Hiroemon III.

5th lunar month of 1779: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Ume˘maru and Sakuramaru are played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I and Ichikawa Monnosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1779: as a consequence of his troubles with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, K˘shir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of Kanesuki in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Mori Sakae Kusunoki", which celebrates the shűmei of Azuma T˘z˘ III and Segawa Otome.

1st lunar month of 1780: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ky˘ no Jir˘, Yawata no Sabur˘ and Kaminari Tsurunosuke in the new year drama "Ume Goyomi Akebono Soga".

5th ~ 6th lunar months of 1780: big troubles at the Ichimuraza! Onoe Kikugor˘ I leaves the theater after a terrible quarrel with K˘shir˘ and there are some serious management troubles (the theater can't pay the actors).

11th lunar month of 1780: K˘shir˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Mure Takamatsu Yuki no Shirahata".

3rd lunar month of 1781: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Obiya Ch˘emon in the Tomimoto-based dance "Michiyuki Segawa no Adanami"; the role of Ch˘emon's lover Ohan is played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1781: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Magoemon in the drama "Keisei Koi Bikyaku".

11th lunar month of 1781: K˘shir˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Mukashi Otoko Yuki no Hinagata", which celebrates the shűmei of Matsumoto Sanjűr˘ and Ichiyama Sukejűr˘. The management of the theater has to struggle hard to find the money to pay the actors. K˘shir˘'s stage partners are Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Yoshizawa Ayame IV, Nakamura Sukegor˘ II, Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I, Sakata Hangor˘ II, Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV and Onoe Monzabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Ume˘maru and Sakuramaru are played by Onoe Monzabur˘ I and Ichiyama Sukejűr˘.

2nd lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the sum˘ wrestler Kinugawa Taniz˘ and the yakko Gunsuke in the drama "Sumidagawa Yanagi no Dateginu".

5th lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura". His stage partners are Ichimura Uzaemon IX (Sukeroku), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Agemaki) and Sakata Hangor˘ II (Ikyű).

6th lunar month of 1782: casting change in "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; K˘shir˘ replaces Ichimura Uzaemon IX in the prestigious role of Sukeroku and his son Ichikawa Komaz˘ III plays the role of Shinbŕ.

9th lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the t˘fu maker Goroemon and the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Hama no Masago Otogi Z˘shi".

11th lunar month of 1782: K˘shir˘ plays at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Eika Goyomi".

6th lunar month of 1783: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1783: K˘shir˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays in the kaomise program "Ono no Terusaki Yuki no Akebono".

1st lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Haru no Yo Sh˘ji no Ume"; the role of Izaemon's lover Yűgiri is played by the Kamigata actor Mimasu Tokujir˘ I.

2nd lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, the warrior Taira no Kagekiyo and Oni˘ Shinzaemon in the drama "Haru Goyomi Nigiwai Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the drama "Keisei Koi Bikyaku"; the role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa is played by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I. He also plays the role of Mohei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Mohei's lover Osan is played by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the yakko Gunsuke in the drama "Sumidagawa no Meishoki".

7th lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Sagisaka Sanai and the yakko Ippei in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

9th lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ celebrates his coming departure from Edo by playing in the same theater the role of Obiya Ch˘emon in the drama "Tagasode Futatsu Nishikie"; the role of Ch˘emon's lover Ohan is played by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I.

Fall 1784: K˘shir˘ and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV go together to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1784: K˘shir˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Naka ni M˘keru Otogo Kaomise", which is produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ II at the Naka no Shibai. K˘shir˘ is not very well welcomed by the ďsaka audience and Onoe Kikugor˘ I's son Onoe Ushinosuke I, who works at the Kado no Shibai as a zamoto, makes a scornful speech on stage against K˘shir˘, the "frightening uncle from Edo in the little hut next door".

1st lunar month of 1785: K˘shir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

4th lunar month of 1785: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Sasaki Rokkaku, Ukiyo Watahei and Watari Kanpei in the drama "Zen'aku Onna no Tsutsushimigusa". He also plays the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the drama "Kurikaeshi Koi Bikyaku"; the role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa is played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1785: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "Na ni ďsaka K˘raiya Bashi". He also plays the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the michiyuki "Meido no Wakarezato"; the role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa is played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

Summer ~ Fall 1785: K˘shir˘ plays at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Obiya Ch˘emon in the drama "Katsuragawa Renri no Shigarami". He also plays the roles of Genta and Shigetada in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

Winter 1785: K˘shir˘ plays in Ky˘to. It seems he is not very well welcomed by the audience.

1st lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

1st lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ plays at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Nagai Uma-no-Kami Nobuaki in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

2nd lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Tsukimoto Enshű in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi". He also plays the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Yukari no Tsuki"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri (Izaemon's lover) is played by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I.

Spring 1786: K˘shir˘ goes back to Edo.

5th lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ joins the Kiriza and becomes reconciled with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, ending a nine years long quarrel.

8th lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Nagoya Sanza in the drama "Muromachi Onna Bunsh˘". His stage partners in the roles of Fuwa Banzaemon and the courtesan Katsuragi are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1786: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the tedai Yodoya Shinshichi in "K˘rai Giku Ukina no Irozashi", the second part (nibanme) of "Muromachi Onna Bunsh˘".

11th lunar month of 1787: K˘shir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Yukimizuki Eiga Hana no Hachinoki", which celebrates the shűmei of ďtani Oniji III.

2nd lunar month of 1788: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Banzui Ch˘bŕ in the drama "Keisei Azuma Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1788: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Danshichi in the drama "Tsuki no Tomo Yoi no Miya Gohyakuzaki", whose plot and character belong to the "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" world. His stage partners are Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III (Tokubŕ) and ďtani Hiroji III (Sabu).

11th lunar month of 1788: K˘shir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sen no Rikyű and Mashiba Hisayoshi in Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise drama "T˘zum˘ Hana no Edokata", which celebrates the return in Edo of the actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ I. Premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Modori Kago Iro ni Aikata" (commonly called "Modori Kago"); K˘shir˘ plays the role of Azuma no Yoshir˘ (in reality Mashiba Hisayoshi) [casting].

1st lunar month of 1789: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year drama "Edo Fuji Wakayagi Soga". His stage partners are Nakamura Nakaz˘ I (Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune), Ichikawa Monnosuke II (Soga Gor˘ Tokimune) and ďtani Hiroji III (Asaina). He also plays in duo with Osagawa Tsuneyo II in the dance "Ukina no Irochimaki". From the 11th, K˘shir˘ plays the role of An no Heibei in the drama "Otokodate Itsutsu Karigane", sharing the stage with Nakamura Nakaz˘ I (Kaminari Sh˘kur˘), Ichikawa Monnosuke II (Gokuin Sen'emon), ďtani Hiroji III (Hotei Ichiemon) and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III (Karigane Bunshichi). The performance is successful but the audience drops when Nakamura Nakaz˘ I falls ill and has to be replaced.

6th lunar month of 1789: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ono no T˘fű in the drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri".

7th lunar month of 1789: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Awa Minbu, Akaneya Jiroz˘ and Tanzaemon in the drama "Heike Hy˘banki", which celebrates the 77th, 13th, 37th, 37th, 60th and 7th memorial services of late Nakamura Denkur˘ I, Nakamura Denkur˘ II, Kineya Kisabur˘ VI, Nakayama Kojur˘ V, Nakamura Denjir˘ I and Nakamura Denjir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1789: K˘shir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Komachi-mura Shibai no Sh˘gatsu".

1st lunar month of 1790: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater in the new year drama "Haru no Nishiki Datezome Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1790: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Obiya Ch˘emon in the drama "Ohan Ch˘emon"; the role of Ohan is played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1790: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yoemon and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Chűk˘ Ry˘goku Ori".

2nd lunar month of 1791: K˘shir˘, Ichikawa Komaz˘ III, Matsumoto Yonesabur˘ I and Matsumoto Kojir˘ join the Kawarazakiza; K˘shir˘ plays the roles of Ume no Yoshibei and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year drama "Hatsu Midori Saiwai Soga".

5th lunar month of 1791: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tsuribune Sabu, Nan Yohŕ and Hosokawa Katsumoto in Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Onna Date K˘raiya Shima", which mixes the "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" and "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" worlds.

11th lunar month of 1791: K˘shir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays the roles of Hirai no Yasumasa and Banzui Ch˘bŕ in the kaomise drama "Nidai Genji Oshi no G˘kyű".

1st lunar month of 1792: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Dozaemon Denkichi, a D˘j˘ji temple priest, the sum˘ wrestler Matsukaze Sehei and Awazu Rokur˘ Saemon in the new year drama "Sumidagawa Shibai no Ennichi".

1st lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Hazuna no Gengor˘ in the new year drama "Mitsugi Soga Fuji no Kisewata".

3rd lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Asagao Sempei in the drama "Sukeroku".

5th lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Amakawaya Gihei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1793: the Ichimuraza goes out of business and gives its license to the Kiriza.

11th lunar month of 1793: K˘shir˘ plays at the Kiriza the roles of the t˘fu maker Saburobei, Watanabe Minbu and Hosokawa Katsumoto in the kaomise drama "Matsu no Tayű Yuki no Datezome", whose plot and characters belong to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

11th lunar month of 1794: K˘shir˘ moves to the Kawarazakiza and plays the roles of Bingo no Sabur˘, Hata Rokur˘ Saemon, Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon and Kusunoki Hangan in the kaomise drama "Matsu no Misao Onna Kusunoki".

1st lunar month of 1795: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Banzui Ch˘bŕ in the new year drama "Shimekazari Kichirei Soga".

5th lunar month of 1795: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kakogawa Honz˘ and Horibe Yajibŕ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which commemorates the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of late Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1795: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Kamatari in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1795: K˘shir˘ plays at the Kawarazakiza the role of Tawara no T˘ta in the kaomise program "Fuku Botan Azuma Dairi". The actor Ichikawa Ebiz˘ shares the top of the bill with K˘shir˘.

1st lunar month of 1796: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1796: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Yuranosuke in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

8th lunar month of 1796: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tsukimoto, the boatman Yojir˘, Rikyű and Konoshita T˘kichi in the drama "Keisei Suikoden".

11th lunar month of 1796: K˘shir˘ plays at the Kawarazakiza the roles of Ishikiri no Gorota and Komatsu no Shigemori in the kaomise drama "Itsukushima Yuki no Kaomise".

1st lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent). He plays the roles of Oni˘ Shinzaemon, Kamaya Takehei and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year drama "Fuji Miru Sato Yawaragi Soga". The roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ III and Band˘ Minosuke I.

3rd lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the shirozake seller Shinbŕ in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Sakurabito". His stage partners are Ichikawa Komaz˘ III (Sukeroku), Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I (Agemaki) and Onoe Matsusuke I (Ikyű).

5th lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Nan Yohŕ in the drama "Sekitori Sh˘bu no Katabira", which is similar to "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

9th lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hosokawa Katsumoto in the drama "Mitsugimono Shiga no Irifune".

11th lunar month of 1797: K˘shir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays the roles of Yahei and Miura Heitayű Kunitae in the kaomise drama "Kaikei Koky˘ no Nishikigi", sharing the stage with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VI, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Komaz˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke I, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Nakamura Noshio II, Band˘ Minosuke I, Iwai Kumesabur˘ I and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V. This kaomise program, which celebrates the reopening of the Nakamuraza, is a huge success.

3rd lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yawata no Sabur˘ and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada in the drama "Wakakoma Norizome Soga".

5th lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Hachiz˘ and Date no Yosaku in the drama "Katakiuchi Somewake Tazuna".

8th lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yonetsuki Hachirobŕ, Oyamada Tamon and Ukishima Danj˘ Saemon in the drama "Irifune Shinoda no Dekiaki".

9th lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Yuranosuke and Shinoda Sh˘ji in the dramas "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku" and "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1798: K˘shir˘ does not take part in the Nakamuraza kaomise.

3rd lunar month of 1799: K˘shir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Ito Kur˘ Sukekiyo in the drama "Sukeroku Kuruwa no Hanami Doki", which commemorates the 22nd anniversary (23rd memorial service) of late Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III. The roles of Sukeroku, Agemaki and Ikyű are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VI, Iwai Kumesabur˘ I and Ichikawa Komaz˘ III.

4th lunar month of 1799: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘, Amakawaya Gihei and En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and Yuranosuke are played by Ichikawa Komaz˘ III. Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VI, who plays the roles of Teraoka Heiemon, ďwashi Bungo and Momonoi Wakasanosuke, falls ill the 18th April and dies the 13th day of the 5th lunar month. The management of the Nakamuraza decides to stop the productions up to the 11th lunar month kaomise.

11th lunar month of 1799: K˘shir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Tametomo Yumiya no Oyafune", which celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1800: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ky˘ no Jir˘ and Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada in the new year drama "Fuji o Mimasu Saiwai Soga". This production is the last stage appearance of Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, a long time stage partner of K˘shir˘.

5th lunar month of 1800: K˘shir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1800: K˘shir˘ does not take part in any kaomise program.

11th lunar month of 1801: great shűmei at the Ichimuraza for the K˘raiya guild; Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, his son Ichikawa Komaz˘ III and Ichikawa Santar˘ respectively take the names of Omegawa Ky˘jűr˘, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V and Ichikawa Komaz˘ IV. They play together in the kaomise drama "Otoko Narikeri Onna Masakado".

5th lunar month of 1802: Ky˘jűr˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of Tadayoshi in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

Comments:

Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV was one of the best tachiyaku actors of the second half of the eighteenth century, excelling as wagotoshi or jitsugotoshi. He was also a great jitsuaku (in the latter years of his life) and outstanding in sum˘ wrestlers or otokodate roles. He made a great career but was in trouble many times, especially after the terrible quarrels with Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V or Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

"The fourth Danjűr˘ took him under his patronage. He was not on friendly terms with the fifth Danjűr˘, which caused a good deal of Edo gossip. The Ichimuraza could scarcely maintain itself, and the salaries of the actors were not paid. K˘shir˘ went to ďsaka by ship, taking with him the Edo onnagata, Iwai Hanshir˘, and someone thirsting for revenge because K˘shir˘ had insulted another actor, threw stones at him as he was departing. In Ky˘to, where he acted, feeling was stirred up against him and he was not popular." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV's best roles: Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada, Fujiya Izaemon, Kameya Chűbŕ, Obiya Ch˘emon, Banzui Ch˘bŕ, Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Kinugawa Taniz˘ and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune.

Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV in a print made by Katsukawa Bunch˘

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1769

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1771

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ (1782~1783)

Print made by Torii Kiyonaga in 1788

The Ichikawa Somegor˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Komaz˘ line of actors

The Matsumoto K˘shir˘ line of actors

 
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