BANDď MITSUGORď I

Stage names:

Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I
Takeda Minosuke

Guild: Yamatoya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Zegy˘

Existence: 1745 ~ 10th day of the 4th lunar month of 1782

Connection:

Adoptive father: Band˘ Sanpachi I

Father-in-law: Morita Kan'ya VI

Sons: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, Band˘ Mitahachi

Disciples: Ogino Izabur˘ II (Band˘ Mitsugor˘ II), Band˘ Kijűr˘

Career:

1745 ~ 1766: born in ďsaka. He starts his career at the Takeda no Shibai, a hama shibai theater, playing under the name of Takeda Minosuke. Band˘ Sanpachi I decides to adopt and train him in 1766.

Fall 1766: Band˘ Sanpachi I and Minosuke go together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1766: Takeda Minosuke takes the name of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I at the Moritaza, playing 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Tsuno Moji Izu no Irifune".

Fall 1767: Mitsugor˘ achieves a great success at the Moritaza by playing the role of the yakko Yokambei in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1767: Mitsugor˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Nue Shiged˘ Sakiwake Yűsha".

8th lunar month of 1768: Mitsugor˘ achieves a great success by playing at the Ichimuraza the role of Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Matsu˘maru and Genz˘'s wife Tonami are played by Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II and Sanogawa Ichimatsu II.

11th lunar month of 1768: Mitsugor˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays the role of Minamoto no Yoshiie in the kaomise drama "Mutsuchidori Meika no Yumitori".

2nd lunar month of 1769: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged for the first time in the 8th lunar month of 1767 in ďsaka at the Takemotoza, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Edo at the Moritaza; Mitsugor˘ plays the roles of the sum˘tori Iwagawa and Tsuda Ry˘suke [casting].

4th ~ 6th lunar months of 1769: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Moritaza the role of Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The roles of Okaru and Yuranosuke are played by Iwai Hanshir˘ IV and Sakata Hangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1769: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Moritaza 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Na mo Takashi Kumoi no Yumihari".

1st lunar month of 1770: his adoptive father Band˘ Sanpachi I dies; Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kobayashi no Asahina in the new year drama "Kurikaesu Soga no Odamaki". He also plays the role of Hanbei in a shinjűmono, which is staged as the second part (nibanme) of this program. The role of Hanbei's lover Ochiyo is played by Yamashita Kinsaku II.

6th lunar month of 1770: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami". The roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ, Tsuribune Sabu and Otatsu are played by Kasaya Matakur˘, Sawamura Kijűr˘ I and Yamashita Kinsaku II.

9th lunar month of 1770: Chikamatsu Hanji's 1759 puppet theater drama "Hidakagawa Iriai Zakura" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza; Mitsugor˘ plays the role of a bonze [casting]. He also plays the role of Sh˘ji's wife in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1770: Mitsugor˘ plays the role of Nagata no Tar˘ in the Moritaza kaomise drama "Miyako Zome Gi˘ Katsugi", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the actor Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1771: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Moritaza the role of Kud˘ Suketsune in the drama "Eh˘ Soga Nennen Goyomi".

5th lunar month of 1771: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Moritaza the roles of Kokingo and Yasuke in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1771: Mitsugor˘ plays the role of Kashiwagi Emonnosuke in the Moritaza kaomise drama "Fukikaete Tsuki no Yoshiwara". His stage partners are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Yamashita Kinsaku II, Nakamura Sukegor˘ II, ďtani Hiroemon III and Nakamura Jűz˘ II (who came from Kamigata).

8th lunar month of 1772: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Moritaza the role of Lord Ashikaga Yorikane in the Tokiwazu dance-drama "Sono Utsushie Matsu ni Kaide". His stage partners in the roles of the courtesan Takao (and the ghost of Takao) and the ghost of Seigen are Nakamura Noshio I and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

11th lunar month of 1772: Mitsugor˘ plays in the Moritaza kaomise drama "Izu Goyomi Shibai no Ganjitsu", which celebrates the shűmei of Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1773: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year drama "Iro Makie Soga no Sakazuki"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune are played by Nakamura Noshio I and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

11th lunar month of 1773: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Onna Aruji Hatsuyuki no Sekai".

1st lunar month of 1774: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in Horikoshi Saiy˘'s new year sogamono "Kite Hajime Hatsugai Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Gor˘ Tokimune are played by Nakamura Jűz˘ II and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II.

4th lunar month of 1774: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Moritaza the role of En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1774: Mitsugor˘ plays in the Moritaza kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi Tsuki no Kaomise", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Shingor˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1775: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari, Umezawa Yoshibei and Mionoya Shir˘ in the new year program "Shida Yuzuriha H˘rai Soga". The roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune are played by Band˘ Matatar˘ IV and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

5th lunar month of 1775: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Moritaza the roles of Ume˘maru and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V (Kan Sh˘j˘), Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV (Matsu˘maru, Kakuju), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Sakuramaru, Genz˘'s wife Tonami, Ume˘maru's wife Haru).

11th lunar month of 1775: Mitsugor˘ plays in the Moritaza kaomise drama "Kikujid˘ Shuen no Iwaya".

3rd lunar month of 1776: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue Kagetaka in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; the roles of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Chidori and Enju are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Yoshizawa Iroha I and Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV.

6th lunar month of 1776: tour in K˘fu; Mitsugor˘ plays in the precinct of the Ky˘anji Temple the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami". The roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ, Tsuribune Sabu and Otatsu are played by Yamashina Shirojűr˘, Arashi Otohachi II and Yamashita Kinsaku II.

11th lunar month of 1776: Mitsugor˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Sakuya Kono Hana no Kaomise".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ("About actors prying") is published in Edo. It gives some private information on actors. Edo readers learn that Mitsugor˘ lives with his spouse and his young son in the district of Kobiki-Ch˘ and his annual salary is 650 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1777: Mitsugor˘ plays in the Nakamuraza kaomise drama "Masakado Kanmuri no Hatsuyuki". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, Iwai Hanshir˘ IV, Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III.

2nd lunar month of 1778: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Ky˘ no Jir˘ in the new year program "Kaid˘ Iro Yawaragi Soga. His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune are Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki"; Mitsugor˘ plays the roles of Ashikaga Sakingo Yorikane, the Nanzenji t˘fu maker Saburobei, Imagawa Tar˘, Akaneya Hanshichi, Dote no D˘tetsu and Tosa no Matahei Mitsuoki [casting].

11th lunar month of 1778: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Nakamuraza 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki", which celebrates the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame IV and the first stage appearance of Mitsugor˘'s son Band˘ Mitahachi I.

1st lunar month of 1779: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Kobayashi no Asahina in the new year program "Gohiiki Nennen Soga". His stage partners in the roles of Jűr˘'s lover ďiso no Tora and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune are Nakamura Rik˘ I and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1779: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Ume˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Sakuramaru are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Ichikawa Monnosuke II.

11th lunar month of 1779: Mitsugor˘ plays at Nakamuraza the roles of Nitta Yoshisada and Oyamada Tar˘ in the kaomise program "Kaeribana Eiyű Taiheiki". The performance is a tremendous success.

1st lunar month of 1780: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Fuji Mibu in the new year program "Hatsumonbi Kuruwa Soga". His stage partners in the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune are Ichikawa Monnosuke II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V.

5th lunar month of 1780: tour in Sendai.

11th lunar month of 1780: Mitsugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Mure Takamatsu Yuki no Shirahata".

9th lunar month of 1781: Mitsugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kameya Chűbŕ in the shinjűmono "Keisei Koi Bikyaku". The role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa is played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1782: Mitsugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is just one rank below j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Spring 1782: Mitsugor˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Moritaza, playing the role of Soga Jűr˘ in the drama "Haru no Kotobuki Tokiwa Soga".

4th lunar month of 1782: Mitsugor˘ collapses and dies in the backstages of the Moritaza.

Comments:

Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I was a talented tachiyaku and dancer, who won fame for himself during the Meiwa and An'ei eras.

His forte were nimaime roles, like Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the sogamono. He had excellent personal appearance and techniques but it is said that his diction was not very good because and he did not really get rid of the bad influence of the years spent in hama shibai. He occassionnally performed onnagata roles.

Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I was also the manager of a cosmetics store in the district of Kobiki-ch˘.

Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I as depicted in an illustration from the book "Santo Yakusha Omokage Zukushi" (1784)

Prints & Illustrations

Caricature 1780

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘

Print made by Katsukawa Shunk˘

The Band˘ Mitsugor˘ line of actors

 
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