NAKAMURA NOSHIO I

Stage names:

Nakamura Noshio I In Japanese | In Japanese
Kamogawa Noshio II In Japanese

Guild: Tenn˘jiya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Shűka (?)

Existence: 1752 ~ 19th day of the 11th lunar month of 1777 [1]

Connection:

Grandfather: Kamogawa Noshio I

Father: Kasaya Matakur˘ I

Adoptive father: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I

Brother: Kasaya Matakur˘ II

Career:

1752: born in Ky˘to. He started his career in kodomo shibai, performing under the name of Kamogawa Noshio II.

18th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1767 [2]: his father Kasaya Matakur˘ I died.

Fall 1767: Noshio went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1767: he became wakaonnagata and played at the Naka no Shibai in Tenmaya Kyűshichi's kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Maizuru ďgi"; his stage partners were Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Mimasu Daigor˘ I, Nakamura Kichiemon I, Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I, Arashi Kichisabur˘ I, Fujimatsu Sanjűr˘, Band˘ Iwagor˘, Somegawa Konobŕ I, Anegawa Daikichi I and Nakamura Senz˘.

Fall 1768: Noshio became disciple of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I; the two actors went together to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1768: Kamogawa Noshio II took the name of Nakamura Noshio I at the Minamigawa no Shibai, performing in the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Misao Taiheiki"; his stage partners were Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Nakamura Jűz˘ II, Ogawa Kichitar˘ I, Onoe Shinshichi I, Sakurayama Shirosabur˘ II, Kirishima Gizaemon I and Matsuya Shinjűr˘.

9th lunar month of 1770: premiere at the Kitagawa no Shibai of the drama "Keisei Awa no Naruto", a revision of Chikamatsu Hanji's 1768 puppet drama "Keisei Awa no Naruto"; Noshio played the role of ďgiya Yűgiri [more details].

Fall 1770: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Kasaya Matakur˘ II and Noshio went together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1770: Noshio performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Miyako Zome Gi˘ Katsugi".

5th lunar month of 1771: Noshio played in the same theater the role of Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1771: Noshio performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Fukikaete Tsuki no Yoshiwara"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Sukegor˘ II, Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘, Yamashita Kinsaku II, ďtani Hiroemon III, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I and Nakamura Jűz˘ II (who came from Kamigata).

8th lunar month of 1772: Noshio played in the same theater the roles of the courtesan Takao and her ghost in the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Sono Utsushie Matsu ni Kaide"; his stage partners in the roles of the ghost of Seigen and Lord Ashikaga Yorikane were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1772: Noshio performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Izu Goyomi Shibai no Ganjitsu", which celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1773: Noshio played in the same theater the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year drama "Iro Makie Soga no Sakazuki"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1774: Noshio performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi Tsuki no Kaomise", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Shingor˘ II.

5th lunar month of 1775: Noshio played in the same theater the role of Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V (Matsu˘maru's master Fujiwara no Shihei, Kan Sh˘j˘), Iwai Hanshir˘ IV (Sakuramaru), Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I (Ume˘maru, Genz˘), Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV (Matsu˘maru, Kakuju), Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű), Azuma T˘z˘ II (Tatsuta no Mae) and Sakata K˘nosuke (Princess Kariya).

11th lunar month of 1775: Noshio moved with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and Iwai Hanshir˘ IV to the Ichimuraza and performed in the kaomise drama "Oyafune Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1776: Noshio's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

7th lunar month of 1776: Noshio played in the same theater the role of Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; his stage partners were Ichimura Uzaemon IX (Ume˘maru), Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III (Matsu˘maru, Kan Sh˘j˘), Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (Sakuramaru), Sakata Hangor˘ II (Matsu˘maru's father Shiratayű) and Nakajima Mihoemon II (Fujiwara no Shihei).

11th lunar month of 1776: Noshio moved to the Moritaza and performed in the kaomise drama "Hikitsurete Yagoe Taiheiki".

Summer 1777: the book "Yakusha Sensakuron" ("About actors prying") was published in Edo. It gave some private information on actors. Edo readers learnt that Noshio lived with his father-in-law Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I in the district of Kobiki-ch˘ and his yearly salary was 500 ry˘.

7th lunar month of 1777: Noshio appeared on stage for the last time, at the Moritaza, performing in the drama "H˘n˘ Nitta Daimy˘jin".

19th day of the 11th lunar month of 1777 [1]: Noshio and Nakamura Shingor˘ II, the other adopted son of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, died the same day.

Comments:

Nakamura Noshio I was a promising wakaonnagata actor, trained in Kamigata and who started to gain fame in Edo in the 1770s. He was an outstanding dancer. He could have become the worthy heir of his adoptive father Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I but he unfortunately died in his prime.

[1] The 19th day of the 11th lunar month of the 6th year of the An'ei era was the 18th of December 1777 in the western calendar.

[2] The 18th day of the 3rd lunar month of the 4th year of the Meiwa era was the 16th of April 1767 in the western calendar.

Nakamura Noshio I playing in the kaomise drama "Fukikaete Tsuki no Yoshiwara", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1771 at the Moritaza (print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘)

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1770

The Kamogawa Noshio line of actors

The Nakamura Noshio line of actors

 
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