ICHIMURA UZAEMON IX

Stage names:

Ichimura Uzaemon IX
Ichimura Kamez˘ I
Ichimura Manz˘

Other name: Ichimura Kakitsu I

Guilds: Tachibanaya, Kikuya

Line number: KUDAIME (IX)

Poetry name: Kakitsu (1)

Existence: 1725 ~ 25th day of the 8th lunar month of 1785

Connections:

Father: Ichimura Uzaemon VIII

Brothers: Ichimura Zenz˘, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III

Son: Ichimura Uzaemon X

Disciples: Band˘ Matatar˘ IV, Ikushima Koisa

Career:

7th lunar month of 1731: he makes his first appearance on stage, at the Ichimuraza, where he receives the name of Ichimura Manz˘ a play a child role in the drama "ďzum˘ Fujito Genji".

2nd lunar month of 1745: he is forced to change his first name because it is like the first name of the Sh˘gun's new son; Ichimura Manz˘ takes the name of Ichimura Kamez˘ I at the Ichimuraza, playing in the drama "Sato Gayoi Fujimi Saigy˘".

3rd lunar month of 1747: premiere in Edo at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Kamez˘ plays the role of Sakuramaru [casting].

7th lunar month of 1753: premiere in Edo at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; Kamez˘ plays the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue [casting].

11th lunar month of 1760: Kamez˘ achieves a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing the role of Tachibanaya Hikomune in the kaomise drama "Ume Momiji Date no ďkido".

1761: short tour in Ise and in Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1761: Kamez˘ is back in Edo and achieves a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing in the drama "Wakamusha Koky˘ no Nishiki".

7th day of the 5th lunar month of 1762: his father Ichimura Uzaemon VIII dies.

8th lunar month of 1762: Ichimura Kamez˘ I takes the name of Ichimura Uzaemon IX and becomes the new zamoto of the Ichimuraza.

11th lunar month of 1762: Uzaemon produces his first kaomise drama, which is entitled "Kisoe Uta Sakae Komachi" (in which he plays the role of Narihira) and celebrates the shűmei of ďtani Hiroji III.

2nd lunar month of 1763: Uzaemon plays in the same theater the roles of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari and Soga Gor˘ Tokimune in the new year sogamono "Fűjibumi Sakae Soga"; the roles of the courtesans ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover) and Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover) are played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1764: Uzaemon plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Minamoto Yoshitsune and Taira Tadanori in the kaomise drama "Wakaki no Hana Suma no Hatsuyuki".

11th lunar month of 1766: Uzaemon plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Nagoya Sanza in the kaomise drama "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Tsuitachi".

1st lunar month of 1767: Uzaemon plays in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari in the new year drama "Soga Yawaragi Soga".

2nd lunar month of 1767: first Kabuki adaptation, at the Ichimuraza, of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"; Uzaemon plays the role of Ishid˘ Nuinosuke [casting].

8th lunar month of 1768: Uzaemon plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1768: Uzaemon plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Minamoto Yoshiie in the kaomise drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe". This is also the premiere of the dance "Oshiegusa Yoshiwara Suzume", the first version of "Yoshiwara Suzume" [more details].

11th lunar month of 1772: Uzaemon plays at the Ichimuraza 4 roles, including Minamoto Yorimitsu, in the kaomise drama "Edo Katagi Hikeya Tsunazaka", which celebrates the shűmei of Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1777: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the Tomimoto-based dance-drama "Meotozake Kawaranu Nakanaka" (commonly called "Kurama Jishi"); Uzaemon plays the role of the male fox [casting].

11th lunar month of 1777: Uzaemon finances the erection of a stone lantern decorated with the mon (the mandarin orange tree) of the Ichimuraza in the precinct of the Enoshima shrine.

11th lunar month of 1781: Uzaemon plays the role of the yakko Matahei in the kaomise drama "Mukashi Otoko Yuki no Hinagata".

1st lunar month of 1784: last program produced by Uzaemon at the Ichimuraza; the debt of the theater is huge (around 164,400 ry˘) and the Ichimuraza goes bankrupt. Uzaemon transfers his license for Kabuki performances to his hikae yagura, the Kiriza.

11th lunar month of 1784: Uzaemon moves to the Moritaza and plays 4 roles in the kaomise drama "Sakura-ga-Mine Tennyo no Yomeiri".

2nd ~ 4th lunar months of 1785: Uzaemon appears on stage for the last time, at the Nakamuraza, playing in the drama "Mitsu Ningy˘ Yayoi no Hinagata". He dies a few months later, the 25th of the 8th lunar month of 1785.

Comments:

Ichimura Uzaemon IX was a talented tachiyaku actor, excelling in hengemono and sogamono. He was also the zamoto of the Ichimuraza for 22 years. He inherited a huge debt from his father and did not hesitate to get deeper into debt in order to engage the best Edo actors. Crippled by this heavy burden, he suffered great hardship during his latter years and could not avoid to go bankrupt.

Ichimura Uzaemon playing the role of Hachiman Tar˘ Yoshiie in the drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1768 at the Ichimuraza (print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘)

Print made by Torii Kiyomasu in the 1750s

Print made by Torii Kiyomitsu in 1759

Print made by Torii Kiyotsune in 1761

Print made by Torii Kiyotsune in 1763

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1768

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1776

Caricature 1780

The Ichimura Kamez˘ line of actors

The Ichimura Uzaemon line of actors and theater managers

 
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