BANDď HIKOSABURď III

Stage names:

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III
Ichimura Kichigor˘ I

Others names:

Hans˘an Rakuzen
Band˘ Shinsui III
Rakuzenb˘

Guild: Otowaya, Yorozuya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: Shinsui (3), Rakuzen, Kisshi

Existence: 1754 ~ 18th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1828

Connection:

Father: Ichimura Uzaemon VIII

Brothers: Ichimura Uzaemon IX, Ichimura Zenz˘

Master: Onoe Kikugor˘ I

Adopted son: Band˘ Kamez˘ I (Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV)

Career:

1754: born in Edo. He is the third son of the actor and zamoto Ichimura Uzaemon VIII.

3rd lunar month of 1759: he makes his first stage appearance, at the Ichimuraza where he receives the name of Ichimura Kichigor˘ I and plays a child role in the drama in the drama "Hiru-ga-Kojima Buyű Mond˘".

5th lunar month of 1760: his father Ichimura Uzaemon VIII dies.

8th lunar month of 1768: Kichigor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Prince Tokiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1770: he becomes disciple of the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I, who allows him to take the name of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III and to use his yag˘ Otowaya; The new Hikosabur˘ achieves a great success at the Ichimuraza by playing in the kaomise drama "Meoto Giku Izu no Kisewata", which welcomes in Edo the Kamigata star Arashi Sangor˘ II and celebrates also the shűmei of Band˘ Sanpachi II and Segawa Kichiji III.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakashugata section, is j˘-j˘ (superior - superior).

9th lunar month of 1773: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of ďboshi Rikiya in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of Rikiya's father Yuranosuke is played by Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

8th lunar month of 1774: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Ise no Sabur˘ in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1777: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Mondo and Momonoi Wakasanosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

3rd lunar month of 1781: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Moritaza the role of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1782: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

Fall 1782: Hikosabur˘ and ďtani Tokuji I go together to Kamigata.

12th lunar month of 1783: his master Onoe Kikugor˘ I dies.

1st lunar month of 1788: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

8th lunar month of 1790: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1790: the play "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; it celebrates the onagori ky˘gen of the Kamigata star Asao Tamejűr˘ I; Hikosabur˘ plays the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune [more details].

6th lunar month of 1791: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

5th lunar month of 1793: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Hayano Kanpei and Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of Okaru is played by Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1794: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Kawarazakiza the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune in the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

9th lunar month of 1794: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the roles of En'ya Hangan and Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and Yuranosuke are played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘.

10th lunar month of 1794: due to some financial difficulties, the salaries of all the actors are drastically reduced. Hikosabur˘'s yearly salary for the coming season is set to 520 ry˘ after a reduction of 40 ry˘.

11th lunar month of 1794: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Miyakoza and plays the role of Godai Sabur˘ in Namiki Gohei I's kaomise drama "Uru˘ Tosshi Meika no Homare", which celebrates the shűmei of Nakamura Nakaz˘ II and welcomes in Edo the actors Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakamura Noshio II and the ďsaka playwright Namiki Gohei I.

4th lunar month of 1795: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of En'ya Hangan and Yuranosuke's wife Oishi are played by Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III and Segawa Kikunoj˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1795: Hikosabur˘ plays the role of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue in the Miyakoza kaomise drama "Kaeribana Yuki no Yoshitsune".

7th lunar month of 1796: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Miyakoza the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1796: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Kiriza and plays 3 roles in the kaomise drama "Ginsekai Matsu ni Yukihira".

9th lunar month of 1797: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Kiriza the roles of Kakuju and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Matsu˘maru are played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ III and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1797: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Kaikei Koky˘ no Nishikigi".

1st lunar month of 1798: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

4th lunar month of 1798: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Daihanji no Kiyosumi in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1798: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Mitsugi no Funauta", which celebrates the shűmei of Ichikawa Aragor˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1799: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Moritaza the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kakuju are played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

9th lunar month of 1799: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Moritaza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of Okaru is played by Nakamura Noshio II.

11th lunar month of 1799: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Utsukushiki Yuki no Sekai", which celebrates the shűmei of Ogino Izabur˘ II.

2nd lunar month of 1800: Namiki Gohei's drama "Gosan no Kiri" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza in a somewhat different version titled "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri" instead of "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Hikosabur˘ plays the roles of Konomura ďinosuke (in reality S˘ Sokei) and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

7th lunar month of 1800: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of En'ya Hangan and Okaru are played by Ogino Izabur˘ II and Segawa Kikusabur˘ II.

9th ~ 10th lunar months of 1800: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Sakuramaru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". His stage partners are Ichikawa Danz˘ IV (Shihei, Genz˘, Shiratayű, Kakuju), Arashi Hinasuke II (Matsu˘maru), Segawa Kikunoj˘ III (Sakuramaru's wife Yae) and Ogino Izabur˘ II (Ume˘maru)

11th lunar month of 1800: Hikosabur˘ moves to the reopening Kawarazakiza and plays in the kaomise drama "Modoribashi Tsuna-ga-Kaomise".

7th lunar month of 1801: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi, Kamatari and Fujiwara Tankai in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

9th lunar month of 1801: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Kawarazakiza the roles of En'ya Hangan, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Horibe Yajibŕ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1801: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays several roles in the kaomise drama "Date D˘gutsui no ďtori", which celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Hikozaemon I.

3rd lunar month of 1802: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Shiratayű and Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

6th lunar month of 1802: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the yakko Ippei, Takemura Sadanoshin and Sanai in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

8th lunar month of 1802: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sasaki Tan'emon, Ishidome Busuke and Honda Dainaiki in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa".

11th lunar month of 1802: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Kawarazakiza and plays the roles of Kawagoe Shigeyori, Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori, Taira no Koremori, Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan, the fox Genkur˘, Sat˘ Shiroby˘e Tadanobu and Minamoto no Yoritomo in the "Shi-no-Kiri" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

2nd lunar month of 1803: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Shunkan and Fukuoka Mitsugi in the dramas "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba". Hikosabur˘ and Nakamura Daikichi I, who plan to go together to Kamigata, leave suddenly the Kawarazakiza, which has to close its doors up to the 8th lunar month because of the lack of stars in its troupe.

9th lunar month of 1803: Hikosabur˘ moves temporarily to the Ichimuraza and plays the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1803: Hikosabur˘ and Nakamura Daikichi I go to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1803: Hikosabur˘ takes part in the kaomise drama "S˘zoku Ishibashiyama", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai and celebrates the shűmei of Asao Tamejűr˘ II. He also performs in duo with Nakamura Daikichi I in the shosagoto "Saiwai Narukana Iro no Yumitori".

12th lunar month of 1803: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1804: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). He plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

6th lunar month of 1804: tour in Nagoya with Nakamura Daikichi I, Onoe Shinshichi II and Mimasu Daigor˘ III; Hikosabur˘ plays the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged at the Miyawaka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1804: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

12th lunar month of 1804: Hikosabur˘ plays the roles of the fox Genkur˘ and Sat˘ Shiroby˘e Tadanobu in the "Yoshinoyama" and "Shi-no-Kiri" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is staged in ďsaka at the Horie Shibai. The roles of Yoshitsune and Shizuka Gozen are played by Seki Sanjűr˘ I and Nakamura Daikichi I.

1st lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘ plays the roles of the fox Genkur˘ and Sat˘ Shiroby˘e Tadanobu in the "Yoshinoyama" and "Shi-no-Kiri" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Yoshizawa Enjir˘ in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai. The roles of Yoshitsune and Shizuka Gozen are played by Arashi Sangor˘ III and Nakamura Daikichi I. Hikosabur˘ also plays the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke and ďboshi Yuranosuke in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

4th lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘ plays the roles of the fox Genkur˘ and Sat˘ Shiroby˘e Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is staged in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai. Hikosabur˘ also plays the role of Momonoi Wakasanosuke in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘ plays the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei and Taira no Tomomori in the "Tokaiya" and "Daimotsu no Ura" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is staged in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1805: Hikosabur˘ plays the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei and Taira no Tomomori in the "Tokaiya" and "Daimotsu no Ura" scenes of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Yamashita Tokujir˘ in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai.

3rd lunar month of 1806: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Kanki and Fukuoka Mitsugi in the dramas "Kokusen'ya Gassen" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"; the roles of Wat˘nai and Kinsh˘jo are played by Nakamura Utaemon III and Yoshizawa Iroha I. This is the last performance in ďsaka for Hikosabur˘, who plans to go back to Edo. He performs at the end of the program a great 7-roles hengemono called "Yuiyanagi Kumo no Ito Asobi".

4th lunar month of 1806: last performance in Ky˘to; Hikosabur˘ plays the role of Ishioka Sazen in the drama "Akatsuki Garasu Gion Bayashi". He also performs at the end of the program the great 7-roles hengemono "Yuiyanagi Kumo no Ito Asobi".

11th lunar month of 1806: Hikosabur˘ is back in Edo and plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Kajiwara Genta Kagesue, Okazaki Akushir˘ and Taira no Shigemori in the kaomise drama "Wakazakari Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1807: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

10th lunar month of 1807: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘". The role of Matahei's wife Otoku is played by Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

11th lunar month of 1807: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Kaikei Yuki no Konoshita", which celebrates the shűmei of Segawa Senjo and Segawa Rok˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1808: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi, Soga no Iruka and Fujiwara Tankai in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

5th lunar month of 1808: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of Minamoto no Yoshitsune in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

7th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Segawa Jok˘ II's drama "Z˘ho Izari no Adauchi"; Hikosabur˘ plays the role of Tsukumo Shinzaemon [casting].

8th lunar month of 1808: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" [print].

10th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; Hikosabur˘ plays the role of Fujiya Izaemon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1808: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Irosoyuru Nidai Genji", which celebrates the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1809: the Ichimuraza is destroyed by a fire.

4th lunar month of 1809: the theater is rebuilt and Hikosabur˘ plays the role of Kobayashi no Asahina in the drama "Reigen Soga no Kamigaki".

5th lunar month of 1809: Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of Futami Jűzaemon in the drama "Kameyama no Adauchi"; the performance is a big success.

8th lunar month of 1809: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Moritaza and plays the roles of Minamoto no Yoshitsune and Yazaemon ("Sushiya") in "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura". He also plays the role of Matahei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Otoku is played by Ichikawa Dannosuke III.

11th lunar month of 1809: Hikosabur˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and performs in the kaomise drama "ďshű Dachiyuki no Kurogoma".

1st lunar month of 1810: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent). Hikosabur˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune in the new year sogamono "Edo no Haru Gohiiki Soga"; the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari are played by Ichikawa Omez˘ I and Sawamura Gennosuke I.

3rd lunar month of 1810: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri". The role of Ishikawa Goemon is played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

7th lunar month of 1811: Hikosabur˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke, ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei's mother in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The roles of En'ya Hangan, Okaru, Heiemon and Kanpei are played by Sawamura Gennosuke II, Sawamura Tanosuke II,Nakamura Utaemon III and Onoe Eizabur˘ I. Hikosabur˘ also plays the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1812: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1812: Hikosabur˘ goes to ďsaka and plays the role of Sekihara Yoichi in the drama "Hirugaesu Nishiki no Tamoto", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai. He also plays the roles of En'ya Hangan and Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". The role of ďboshi Yuranosuke is played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

1st lunar month of 1813: Hikosabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

9th ~ 10th lunar months of 1813: Hikosabur˘ plays for the last time (isse ichidai) the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘, Takebe Genz˘ and Shiratayű in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is staged in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1813: Hikosabur˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Kitagawa no Shibai in Ky˘to, playing the role of ďboshi Yuranosuke in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1813 ~ 1828: Hikosabur˘ retires and takes the tonsure in a Temple located in Kurodani (Ky˘to). He goes back to Edo and lives a hermit life in a small hut called Hans˘an and located in Muk˘jima.

Comments:

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III was an outstanding tachiyaku and dancer, who excelled in wajitsu and bud˘goto roles. He was one of the first actors to promote realism in Kabuki.

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III's 2 best roles were ďboshi Yuranosuke ("Kanadehon Chűshingura") and Kan Sh˘j˘ ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami").

"the star of Yedo during the corresponding period of Bunka and Bunsei was the third Band˘ Hikosabur˘, youngest son of the eighth Ichimura Uzaemon. In later years he shaved his head, retired from the world, and lived in Honjo, a Yedo ward, where he posted up a notice on the gate to the effect that waste-paper dealers and actors were not allowed in. He was handsome and gifted, and died at the age of 75." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III in a print made by T˘shűsai Sharaku

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1796

Print made by Utagawa Kunimasa in 1796

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1798

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1808

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni (1862~1863)

The Band˘ Shinsui line of actors

The Band˘ Hikosabur˘ line of actors

 
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