ONOE KIKUGORď I

Stage names:

Onoe Kikugor˘ I
Onoe Taketar˘

Other name: Onoe Baik˘ I

Guild: Otowaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Baik˘ (1)

Existence: 1717 ~ 29th day of the 12th lunar month of 1783

Connections:

Master: Onoe Samon (a disciple of Onoe Taganoj˘ I's disciple Onoe Ukon I)

Fathers-in-law: ďtani Hiroji I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I

Son: Onoe Kikugor˘ II

Disciples: Onoe Sh˘roku I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Onoe Tamiz˘ I, Onoe Koisabur˘ I, Onoe Montar˘, Onoe Kumesuke, Onoe Kikusabur˘ II

Career:

1717 ~ 1730: born in Ky˘to. His father Otowaya Hanbei works as a dekata in Miyako Mandayű's theater. He starts his career as a disciple of the onnagata actor Onoe Samon, who gives him the name of Onoe Taketar˘ at an unknown date.

11th lunar month of 1730: Onoe Taketar˘ takes the name of Onoe Kikugor˘ I and makes his first stage appearance, in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater, playing a wakashugata iroko role in the kaomise drama "Eiraku Shiki no Kogane", which is produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1735: Kikugor˘ becomes wakaonnagata and plays in the kaomise drama "Shin-yakata Banzei no Ishizue", which is produced in Ky˘to by Arashi Koroku I.

11th lunar month of 1737: Kikugor˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Hachiman Tar˘ Denju no Tsuzumi", which is staged at Ebisuya Kichir˘bŕ's theater and celebrates the shűmei of Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II.

1st lunar month of 1738: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

11th lunar month of 1739: Kikugor˘ plays the role of Enju in the drama "Muromachi Dono Ch˘h˘ Denki", which is produced by Sanogawa Ichimatsu I at the nadai Miyako Mandayű's theater; his stage partners are Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I (Nikki Danj˘), ďtani Hiroji I (Ise no Sabur˘) and Sawamura Otoemon I (ďuchi Kamon).

Fall 1740: Kikugor˘ goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1741: Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Oky˘ and Sammi no Tsubone in the kaomise drama "Bankoku Taiheiki", which is produced by Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai and celebrates the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III.

12th lunar month of 1741: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover) in the drama "Yamato Ikioi Soga"; the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune is played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II. The performance, which started the 11th, is not a success and stops the 22nd.

1st lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura" [casting]. The performance is a triumphant success and is extended up to the beginning of 7th lunar month of 1742.

7th lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Princess Kinugasa in the drama "Nanatsu Men", which is staged under the title "Hoshiai Sakae Kagekiyo".

Fall 1742: Kikugor˘ received the patronage of Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II to perform in Edo. they travel together to the Eastern city. Kikugor˘ joins Ichimuraza and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II goes to the Kawarazakiza.

11th lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of the shiraby˘shi Naniwazu and Kuzu-no-Ha in the kaomise program "Furisode Shinoda no Zuma"; his stage partners are Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Band˘ Matatar˘ III, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Sanogawa Senz˘, Tamazawa Saijir˘ I, Sawamura Utagiku and Ichimura Manz˘.

1st lunar month of 1744: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

1st lunar month of 1748: Kikugor˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Soga Gor˘ in the drama "Kazari Ebi Yoroi Soga".

5th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Suke-no-Tsubone [casting].

11th lunar month of 1752: following Ichimura Uzaemon VIII's pieces of advice, Kikugor˘ becomes tachiyaku and plays in Tsuuchi Jihŕ II's kaomise drama "Ume Sakura Ninin Semimaru".

7th lunar month of 1753: the play "Hirakana Seisuiki" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Kikugor˘ plays the role of Shigetada [casting].

Fall 1762: Onoe Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Hayano Kanpei in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". His stage partner in the role of Okaru is Segawa Kikunoj˘ II.

29th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1766: a fire breaks out in the district of Sakai-ch˘, in the cosmetics shop owned and managed by Kikugor˘. It destroys both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. This fire is nicknamed "Kikugor˘ Aburamise Kaji" ("Kikugor˘'s cosmetics shop fire").

9th lunar month of 1766: Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1766: Kikugor˘ goes back to Kamigata after 25 seasons spent in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1766: Kikugor˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Tawara Mushanosuke in the kaomise drama "Yuki no Asa Daimonjitsu Miyako no Fuku", which is produced by Yamashita Ky˘nosuke and Ichiyama Sukegor˘.

1st lunar month of 1767: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1768: Kikugor˘ plays in Ky˘to the roles of the fox Genkur˘, Tadabobu and Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Onoe Montar˘ and Onoe Kumesuke.

9th lunar month of 1769: Kikugor˘ plays in Ky˘to the role of Motome in the drama "Migawari Hana no Bugaku", his farewell performance before going to Edo.

Fall 1769: Kikugor˘ goes to Edo, travelling with the actors ďtani Tomoemon I, Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I and Onoe Tamiz˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1769: Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Izumi no Sabur˘ and Sat˘ Shir˘ Tadanobu in the kaomise drama "Mutsu no Hana Ume no Kaomise", which is staged at the Ichimuraza.

9th lunar month of 1773: Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", his farewell performance before going to Kamigata in Fall. The role of Okaru is played by Nakamura Rik˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1773: Kikugor˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Itari Yaitari Mukadeyama", which is produced by Arashi Matsujir˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hanpakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sasaki Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

8th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Suganuma Yoemon and Tsukimoto Mushanosuke in the drama "Katakiuchi Ganryűjima".

9th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ goes to Ky˘to and plays in the kaomise program "Akanesasu Kogane no Maruyama", which is produced by Fujikawa Sango at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű and Hoteiya Umenoj˘ theater. His stage partners are Arashi Hinasuke I, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke I (who arrives from Edo), Onoe Shinshichi I, Arashi Shichigor˘ II and Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1st lunar month of 1775: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hanpakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1775: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Nan Yohŕ and Oseki in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

11th lunar month of 1776: Kikugor˘ goes to ďsaka and plays at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Eh˘gura Sankai Meisho", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1776: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Rai Kuniyuki, Sonobe Hy˘e and Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Tatsuoka Mansaku, which is staged at the Kado no Shibai; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Sugawara Michizane [casting].

9th lunar month of 1777: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Minamoto no Yoshitsune and Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1777: Kikugor˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Gorosaku, in reality Onchi Sakon, in the kaomise drama "ďiri Kabuki no Tsuitachi", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and celebrates the shűmei of Shibazaki Rinzaemon II.

4th lunar month of 1778: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's play "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Konomura ďinosuke (in reality S˘ Sokei) and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

9th lunar month of 1778: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of the wicked priest Narukami, deity Fud˘ My˘˘ and Kumedera Danj˘ in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura".

Fall 1778: Kikugor˘ goes to Edo

11th lunar month of 1778: Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Adachi Saemon and Noto-no-Kami Noritsune in the kaomise drama "Sakimasuya Ume no Kachidoki".

1st lunar month of 1779: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hanpakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1779: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Sonobe Hy˘e and Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

5th lunar month of 1780: Kikugor˘ leaves the Ichimuraza after a terrible quarrel with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and some serious management troubles at the Ichimuraza (the theater can't pay the actors). He takes the decision to leave Edo.

9th lunar month of 1780: last performance in Edo, at the Nakamuraza, where he joins Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, an enemy of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, and plays the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Fall 1780: Kikugor˘ goes to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1780: Kikugor˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Sono Uwasa Kiku no Hataage", which is produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai

1st lunar month of 1781: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1781: Kikugor˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles Enju and Shigetada in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; his stage partners are Arashi Hinasuke I (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Arashi Sangor˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Chidori), Shibazaki Rinzaemon II (Takatsuna, Gonshir˘), Arashi San'emon VI (Ofude) and Anegawa Minato II (Oyoshi).

1st lunar month of 1782: the play "Tengajaya-mura" is staged for the first time in Ky˘to, at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Kikugor˘ plays the role of K˘emon [casting].

11th lunar month of 1782: Kikugor˘ goes to ďsaka and plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Zu ni Notta Bankoku Tokai", which celebrates the shűmei of Kagaya Kashichi.

1st lunar month of 1783: Kikugor˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1783: the play "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of the dry goods merchant Jűbŕ and Yamada K˘bŕ [casting].

12th lunar month of 1783: Kikugor˘ appears on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; he plays the roles of Enju and Shigetada in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki". He suddenly falls ill and quickly dies

Comments:

Onoe Kikugor˘ I was an outstanding actor and the founder of one of the most prestigious lines of actors in Kabuki history. He started his career as a wakaonnagata but became an amazing tachiyaku. He was trained in Kamigata but spent two thirds of his 54 years long career in the Edo theaters, becoming one of the most popular actor this city.

Onoe Kikugor˘ I's best roles: ďboshi Yuranosuke/Hayano Kanpei/Tonase ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Kan Sh˘j˘/Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Sonobe Hy˘e ("Shin Usuyuki Monogatari"), Enju/Shigetada ("Hirakana Seisuiki").

Onoe Kikugor˘ I was the owner of a cosmetics shop located in the district of Sakai-ch˘. He managed it under the name of Onoe Kichiemon. After the destruction of the shop in the 1766 fire, he rebuilt it in the district of Setomono-ch˘.

Onoe Kikugor˘ I playing the role of Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura" (print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1780)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ishikawa Toyonobu in 1751

Print made by Torii Kiyoshige (1752~1755)

Print made by Torii Kiyotsune in 1761

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ in 1770

Caricature 1780

The Onoe Kikugor˘ line of actors

 
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