|ONOE KIKUGORď I|
Onoe Kikugor˘ I
Other name: Onoe Baik˘ I
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry name: Baik˘ (1)
Existence: 1717 ~ 29th day of the 12th lunar month of 1783
Son: Onoe Kikugor˘ II
1717 ~ 1730: born in Ky˘to. His father Otowaya Hanbei works as a dekata in Miyako Mandayű's theater. He starts his career as a disciple of the onnagata actor Onoe Samon, who gives him the name of Onoe Taketar˘ at an unknown date.
11th lunar month of 1730: Onoe Taketar˘ takes the name of Onoe Kikugor˘ I and makes his first stage appearance, in Ky˘to at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater, playing a wakashugata iroko role in the kaomise drama "Eiraku Shiki no Kogane", which is produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ I.
11th lunar month of 1739: Kikugor˘ plays the role of Enju in the drama "Muromachi Dono Ch˘h˘ Denki", which is produced by Sanogawa Ichimatsu I at the nadai Miyako Mandayű's theater; his stage partners are Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I (Nikki Danj˘), ďtani Hiroji I (Ise no Sabur˘) and Sawamura Otoemon I (ďuchi Kamon).
Fall 1740: Kikugor˘ goes to ďsaka.
11th lunar month of 1741: Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Oky˘ and Sammi no Tsubone in the kaomise drama "Bankoku Taiheiki", which is produced by Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I at the ďnishi no Shibai and celebrates the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo actors Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ III.
12th lunar month of 1741: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover) in the drama "Yamato Ikioi Soga"; the role of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune is played by Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II. The performance, which started the 11th, is not a success and stops the 22nd.
1st lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura" [casting]. The performance is a triumphant success and is extended up to the beginning of 7th lunar month of 1742.
7th lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the role of Princess Kinugasa in the drama "Nanatsu Men", which is staged under the title "Hoshiai Sakae Kagekiyo".
11th lunar month of 1742: Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of the shiraby˘shi Naniwazu and Kuzu-no-Ha in the kaomise program "Furisode Shinoda no Zuma"; his stage partners are Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I, Segawa Kikunoj˘ I, Ichimura Uzaemon VIII, Band˘ Matatar˘ III, Nakajima Mihoemon I, Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I, Sanogawa Senz˘, Tamazawa Saijir˘ I, Sawamura Utagiku and Ichimura Manz˘.
29th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1766: a fire breaks out in the district of Sakai-ch˘, in the cosmetics shop owned and managed by Kikugor˘. It destroys both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. This fire is nicknamed "Kikugor˘ Aburamise Kaji" ("Kikugor˘'s cosmetics shop fire").
Fall 1766: Kikugor˘ goes back to Kamigata after 25 seasons spent in Edo.
11th lunar month of 1766: Kikugor˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Tawara Mushanosuke in the kaomise drama "Yuki no Asa Daimonjitsu Miyako no Fuku", which is produced by Yamashita Ky˘nosuke and Ichiyama Sukegor˘.
8th lunar month of 1768: Kikugor˘ plays in Ky˘to the roles of the fox Genkur˘, Tadabobu and Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Onoe Montar˘ and Onoe Kumesuke.
9th lunar month of 1769: Kikugor˘ plays in Ky˘to the role of Motome in the drama "Migawari Hana no Bugaku", his farewell performance before going to Edo.
9th lunar month of 1773: Kikugor˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", his farewell performance before going to Kamigata in Fall. The role of Okaru is played by Nakamura Rik˘ I.
8th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Suganuma Yoemon and Tsukimoto Mushanosuke in the drama "Katakiuchi Ganryűjima".
9th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".
11th lunar month of 1774: Kikugor˘ goes to Ky˘to and plays in the kaomise program "Akanesasu Kogane no Maruyama", which is produced by Fujikawa Sango at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű and Hoteiya Umenoj˘ theater. His stage partners are Arashi Hinasuke I, Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Onoe Matsusuke I (who arrives from Edo), Onoe Shinshichi I, Arashi Shichigor˘ II and Yoshizawa Iroha I.
3rd lunar month of 1775: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Nan Yohŕ and Oseki in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".
4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Tatsuoka Mansaku, which is staged at the Kado no Shibai; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Sugawara Michizane [casting].
11th lunar month of 1777: Kikugor˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Gorosaku, in reality Onchi Sakon, in the kaomise drama "ďiri Kabuki no Tsuitachi", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and celebrates the shűmei of Shibazaki Rinzaemon II.
4th lunar month of 1778: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's play "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of Konomura ďinosuke (in reality S˘ Sokei) and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].
Fall 1778: Kikugor˘ goes to Edo
8th lunar month of 1779: Kikugor˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Sonobe Hy˘e and Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".
5th lunar month of 1780: Kikugor˘ leaves the Ichimuraza after a terrible quarrel with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and some serious management troubles at the Ichimuraza (the theater can't pay the actors). He takes the decision to leave Edo.
9th lunar month of 1780: last performance in Edo, at the Nakamuraza, where he joins Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V, an enemy of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, and plays the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".
Fall 1780: Kikugor˘ goes to Kamigata.
9th lunar month of 1781: Kikugor˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles Enju and Shigetada in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; his stage partners are Arashi Hinasuke I (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Arashi Sangor˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Chidori), Shibazaki Rinzaemon II (Takatsuna, Gonshir˘), Arashi San'emon VI (Ofude) and Anegawa Minato II (Oyoshi).
9th lunar month of 1783: the play "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kikugor˘ plays the roles of the dry goods merchant Jűbŕ and Yamada K˘bŕ [casting].
12th lunar month of 1783: Kikugor˘ appears on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; he plays the roles of Enju and Shigetada in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki". He suddenly falls ill and quickly dies
Onoe Kikugor˘ I was an outstanding actor and the founder of one of the most prestigious lines of actors in Kabuki history. He started his career as a wakaonnagata but became an amazing tachiyaku. He was trained in Kamigata but spent two thirds of his 54 years long career in the Edo theaters, becoming one of the most popular actor this city.
Onoe Kikugor˘ I's best roles: ďboshi Yuranosuke/Hayano Kanpei/Tonase ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Kan Sh˘j˘/Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Sonobe Hy˘e ("Shin Usuyuki Monogatari"), Enju/Shigetada ("Hirakana Seisuiki").
Onoe Kikugor˘ I was the owner of a cosmetics shop located in the district of Sakai-ch˘. He managed it under the name of Onoe Kichiemon. After the destruction of the shop in the 1766 fire, he rebuilt it in the district of Setomono-ch˘.
Onoe Kikugor˘ I playing the role of Yuranosuke in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura" (print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1780)
The Onoe Kikugor˘ line of actors
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