SANOGAWA ICHIMATSU I

Stage name:

Sanogawa Ichimatsu I In Japanese

Guilds: Yoshiya, Shinman'ya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Seifu

Existence: 1722 ~ 12th day of the 11th lunar month of 1762 [1]

Connections:

Master: Sanogawa Jűkichi I (Mangiku)

Disciples: Sanogawa Ichimatsu II, Sanogawa Shinkur˘

Career:

1722~1733: born in a family of samurai in Fushimi (Yamashiro Province). He was adopted by Jinz˘, a dekata working at the Minamigawa no Shibai in Ky˘to. His first name was Jinnosuke. Later on, he became a disciple of the actor Sanogawa Mangiku, who gave him the name of Sanogawa Ichimatsu I.

11th lunar month of 1733: Ichimatsu performed as a koyaku in the kaomise drama "Meotogura Kogane no Masugata", which was produced in Ky˘to by Anegawa Chiyosabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1734: Ichimatsu performed at Miyako Mandayű's theater (Ky˘to) in the kaomise drama "Tomi Yakata Kogane no Yaguruma", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1735: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater; Ichimatsu played the role of Kuzu-no-Ha's child [casting].

11th lunar month of 1735: Ichimatsu played the role of Takashima Inamaru in the kaomise drama "Bankoku ďshimadai", which was staged at Miyako Mandayű's theater.

Summer or Fall 1736: first (partial) Kabuki adaptation of the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru", which was produced at Miyako Mandayű's theater by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and was entitled "Hangaku Mon Yaburi" ('The Destruction of the Gate by Hangaku' in English); it starred Sanogawa Mangiku (Hangaku) and Ichimatsu (Ichiwakamaru).

11th lunar month of 1737: Ichimatsu achieved a great success at Miyako Mandayű's theater by playing the role of Sanada Yoichi in the drama "Koatsumori Chishio no Kesa", which was produced by Iwai Hanshir˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1738: Ichimatsu played in Ky˘to a wakashugata role in the kaomise drama "Ichi no Tomi H˘rai Yakata", which was produced by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I for the nadai Kameya Kumenoj˘.

1st lunar month of 1739: Ichimatsu played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Oshima in the drama "Keisei Arashiyama".

11th lunar month of 1739: Ichimatsu became zamoto in Ky˘to, working for the nadai Miyako Mandayű; he produced the kaomise drama "Muromachi-dono Ch˘h˘ Denki" with the following line-up: ďtani Hiroji I (Ise no Sabur˘), Yamanaka Heijűr˘ I (Nikki Danj˘), Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Enju) and Sawamura Otoemon I (ďuchi Kamon).

2nd lunar month of 1741: first stay in Edo; Ichimatsu played at the Nakamuraza the role of Kumenosuke in the drama "K˘ya Shinjű". He started a successful fashion with his obi pattern, which is still used nowadays and is called 'Ichimatsu Moy˘'.

5th lunar month of 1741: Ichimatsu suddenly fell ill and had to rest for a few months.

11th lunar month of 1741: Ichimatsu performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "En'ya Hangan Koky˘ no Nishiki", which welcomed in Edo the actors Sanogawa Mangiku, Nakamura Shingor˘ I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ I and Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1742: Ichimatsu played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sankichi and Tokihira in the new year sogamono drama "Musume Soga Gaijin Yashima".

5th lunar month of 1743: Ichimatsu performed at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Yamato Morokoshi Aish˘ Kagami".

7th lunar month of 1744: Ichimatsu went back to Kamigata; he performed in Ky˘to in the drama "Keisei Hyoku no Kabuto", which was produced by Nakamura Kumetar˘ I.

Fall 1744: Ichimatsu went for the second time to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1744: Ichimatsu played at the Nakamuraza the role of Wada Gor˘ in the kaomise drama "Kach˘ Taiheiki".

3rd lunar month of 1747: the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Ichimatsu played the role of Ume˘maru [casting].

19th day of the 7th lunar month of 1747 [2]: his master Sanogawa Jűkichi I died in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1747: Ichimatsu played at the Ichimuraza the role of Yorimasa in the kaomise drama "Shusse Momijigari".

11th lunar month of 1749: Ichimatsu played at the Nakamuraza the role of Wakiya Gisuke in the kaomise drama "Onn˘ Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1753: Ichimatsu became wakaonnagata and played at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Otoko Date Hatsugai Soga".

11th lunar month of 1754: Ichimatsu played at the Moritaza the role of Ushiwakamaru in the kaomise drama "Kiichi H˘gen Shinan-guruma".

11th lunar month of 1762: Ichimatsu was about to perform at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "T˘zai T˘zai Wagakuni no Umeyashiki" but he seriously fell ill.

12th day of the 11th lunar month of 1762 [1]: Ichimatsu died in Edo.

Comments:

Sanogawa Ichimatsu I was a talented and popular wakashugata and wakaonnagata actor, equally at home in sewamono or jidaimono dramas. Trained by Sanogawa Mangiku in Kamigata theaters, he definitively settled in Edo in the 11th lunar month of 1744, where he stayed and won fame for himself up to his death in the 11th lunar month of 1862.

Sanogawa Ichimatsu I's mon was the paulownia.

"What have come to be called Ichimatsu dolls were first produced in the Kanp˘ and H˘reki eras (1741 - 1764), the faces designed to resemble Sanogawa Ichimatsu, a Kabuki actor who was famous for his portrayal of young men. There may have been similar kinds of dolls before then, but those with the face of Ichimatsu became extremely popular, and eventually all dolls of this kind came to be called Ichimatsu dolls." (Yamada Tokubŕ in "The History of Japanese Dolls")

[1] The 12th day of the 11th lunar month of the 12th year of the H˘reki era was the 26th of December 1762 in the western calendar.

[2] The 19th day of the 7th lunar month of the 4th year of the Enky˘ era was the 24th of August 1747 in the western calendar.

The Actor Sanogawa Ichimatsu I performing the spear dance
Artist: Torii Kiyohiro
Date: 1751ľ1761
The Art Institute of Chicago (print in the public domain)

Prints & Illustrations

The Sanogawa Ichimatsu line of actors

 
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