NAKAMURA KUMETARď I

Guild: Tanbaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Rich˘

Existence: 1724 ~ 15th day of the 7th lunar month of 1777

Connection:

Father: Nakamura Kichisabur˘ II

Disciples: Nakamura Kumejir˘, Nakamura Kichijűr˘ I, Nakamura Kichinosuke

Career:

1724: born in Ky˘to. His father is the actor Nakamura Kichisabur˘ II. He receives the name of Nakamura Kumetar˘ I and performs in miyaji shibai at the beginning of the 1730s.

11th lunar month of 1739: Kumetar˘ becomes zamoto and produces in Ky˘to the kaomise drama "Oiwai N˘ Nishiki no Manmaku". He also changes the writing of his first name:

Previous writing New writing
久米太郎 粂太郎

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1st lunar month of 1740: Kumetar˘ produces in Ky˘to at Nakamura Wakadayű's theater the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Ujimiyama".

11th lunar month of 1740: Kumetar˘ produces in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater the kaomise drama "Asuka Miyako Jindai no Maki" and the kiri ky˘gen "Hayazaki Taiheiki". The latter drama welcomes in Ky˘to the actor Ogino Izabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1742: Kumetar˘ produces in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai the kaomise drama "Kaeribana Konrei Nagoya".

11th lunar month of 1743: Kumetar˘ produces in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the kaomise program "Yomeiri ďshimadai", which celebrates the shűmei of Sanj˘ Mankatsu.

11th lunar month of 1744: Kumetar˘ produces in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Tanba Yosaku Kameyama Kayoi".

11th lunar month of 1745: Kumetar˘ produces in Ky˘to Namiki Eisuke's kaomise program "Toragoyomi Hoteibukuro".

11th lunar month of 1746: Kumetar˘ produces in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater the kaomise drama "Tomi Yakata ďmu Kotoba"; his stage partners are Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I, Anegawa Shinshir˘ I, Sanogawa Jűkichi (final performance before his death), Nakamura Utaemon I, Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I, Nakamura Shingor˘ I (final performance before his death), Tamiya Jűzabur˘ I (final performance before his death) and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1747: Kumetar˘ produces in Ky˘to the kaomise program "Meiken Kogane Zukuri".

Fall 1748: Kumetar˘ goes to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1748: Kumetar˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Onna Moji Heike Monogatari". He achieves a great success by performing the 5 roles of a hengemono entitled "Ky˘ Ningy˘ Gohenge", made up of a dance in the tanzen style, a flower-adorned hat dance, a courtesan dance, a spear dance and a sh˘j˘ dance.

6th lunar month of 1749: the play "Kanadehon Chűshingura" is produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time; Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the role of Hayano Kanpei is played by Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II [casting].

11th lunar month of 1749: Kumetar˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of K˘t˘-no-Naishi in the kaomise program "Onn˘ Taiheiki".

1st lunar month of 1750: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year drama "ďkazari Saiwai Soga".

11th lunar month of 1750: Kumetar˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in Tsuuchi Jihŕ II's kaomise drama "Wakaki no Ume Taira no Kiyomori".

11th lunar month of 1751: Kumetar˘ moves to the Ichimuraza and plays in the kaomise drama "Kamimukae Nigiwai Genji", which celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ II and welcomes in Edo the Kamigata actor Arashi Shichigor˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1752: Kumetar˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - almost excellent). He shares the same rank with Sanogawa Hanazuma II.

11th lunar month of 1752: Kumetar˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Semimaru in the kaomise drama "Ume Sakura Ninin Semimaru".

7th lunar month of 1753: the play "Hirakana Seisuiki" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Kumetar˘ plays the roles of Chidori and Umegae [casting].

11th lunar month of 1753: Kumetar˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Komachi in the kaomise program "Kamuri Kurabe Yatsushi Kuronushi", which celebrates the arrival in Edo of the actor Kasaya Matakur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1754: Kumetar˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Princess Tamayo in the kaomise program "Keisei Asakusa no Kane".

1st lunar month of 1755: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of ďiso no Tora in the new year drama "Kodakara Aigo Soga"; the role of Tora's lover Soga Jűr˘ is played by Ichimura Kamez˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1755: Kumetar˘ performs his onagori ky˘gen at the Ichimuraza, playing the role of the courtesan Yűgiri in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Awa no Naruto". He also performs one more time the hengemono "Ky˘ Ningy˘ Gohenge", which was staged for the first time in the 11th lunar month of 1748 at the Nakamuraza; the program is made up of a dance in the tanzen style, a flower-adorned hat dance, a courtesan dance, a spear dance and a sh˘j˘ dance.

Fall 1755: Kumetar˘ goes back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1755: Kumetar˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Azuma no Omuku in the kaomise drama "Onna Monji Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1756: Kumetar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent).

11th lunar month of 1756: Kumetar˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the courtesan Kurenai in the kaomise drama "Ukematsuri H˘rai Yakata", which is produced by Somematsu Matsujir˘.

3rd lunar month of 1757: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Princess Taema in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura"; the role of the wicked priest Narukami is played by Ichikawa Danz˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1757: Kumetar˘ becomes zamoto and produces at the Kitagawa no Shibai Sakurato Bunsaku's kaomise drama "Tsunomoji Keman no Yurai".

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which is simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]; Kumetar˘ produces this drama in the latter theater and plays the roles of Princess Yuki and Kich˘-no-Mae.

Fall 1758: Kumetar˘ goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1758: Kumetar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Oky˘ in the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Chikara Kurabe", which is produced by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I and celebrates the shűmei of Fujikawa Hanzabur˘ III.

7th lunar month of 1759: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Onaka in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1759: Kumetar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Mibae Soga Azuma Tanzen", which is produced by Arashi Kichisabur˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1760: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Chidori and Umegae in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

Fall 1760: Kumetar˘ goes back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1760: Kumetar˘ plays the role of the courtesan Tamagawa in the kaomise drama "Kiku Nagashi Kokka Taiheiki", which is produced in Ky˘to by Nakamura Senz˘.

Fall 1761: Kumetar˘ goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1761: Kumetar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Miyo no Hana Yunzei Kagami", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai; Kumetar˘ plays the role of Shizuka Gozen [casting].

9th lunar month of 1762: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1762: Kumetar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Uraha in the kaomise drama "Uchide no Kozuchi Tezuma Urakata", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1763: Kumetar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

7th lunar month of 1763: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Chiyo and Tatsuta-no-Mae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1763: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kurofune's wife in the drama "Kurofune Deiri Minato"; the role of Kurofune is played by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1763: Kumetar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Fuyu Gomori K˘bai no Iezuto", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1764: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Princess Tamaori in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai is more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Kumetar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Sahei's ny˘b˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1764: Kumetar˘ moves to the Kado no Shibai and plays in the kaomise drama "Momotar˘ Obako Banashi", which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrates the shűmei of Yoshizawa Ayame III.

2nd lunar month of 1765: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

Fall 1765: Kumetar˘ goes back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1765: Kumetar˘ plays the role of Yoichi's wife (in reality a fox) in the kaomise drama "Kachidoki Asahi no ďgi", which is produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II and Yamashita Ky˘nosuke at the Minamigawa no Shibai and welcomes in Ky˘to the Edo actor Ichikawa Danz˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1766: Kumetar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

7th lunar month of 1766: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Hanjo in the drama "Keisei Sumidagawa".

11th lunar month of 1766: Kumetar˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Yuki no Asa Daimonjitsu Miyako no Fuku", which is produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ II and Yamashita Ky˘nosuke.

11th lunar month of 1767: Kumetar˘ moves to the Kitagawa no Shibai and plays the role of Omiya in the kaomise drama "Daikokuten", which is produced by Onoe Montar˘ and Onoe Kumesuke and celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Yasuke and Band˘ Sukesabur˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1768: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Osono and Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

6th lunar month of 1768: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Chidori and Umegae in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

11th lunar month of 1768: Kumetar˘ plays in Ky˘to the role of Princess Sakura (in reality a fox) in the kaomise drama "Enmusubi Asahi no Shimadai", which is produced by Onoe Kumesuke.

11th lunar month of 1769: Kumetar˘ moves to the Minamigawa no Shibai.

3rd lunar month of 1770: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Owasa and Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi".

Fall 1770: Kumetar˘ goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1770: Kumetar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Tamasasa and the fox Otaki in the kaomise drama "Ma'ichimonjiya Sakigake Hy˘ban", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1771: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari"; Kumetar˘ plays the role of the keisei Higaki [casting]. Kumetar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

8th lunar month of 1771: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Hinadori and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1771: Kumetar˘ goes to the Kado no Shibai and plays the role of the courtesan Konohana (in reality Nikaid˘'s daughter) in the kaomise drama "Ganjitsu Eiga no Toshikoshi", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1772: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shigenoi in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna".

7th lunar month of 1772: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Shizuka Gozen and Osato in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1772: Kumetar˘ goes to the Naka no Shibai and plays the role of the koshimoto Shikinami and Shizuka Gozen in the kaomise drama "Onoe Kikugor˘ no Baranu Banashi", which is produced by Nakamura Utaemon I.

4th lunar month of 1773: Kumetar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Okaji in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".

Fall 1773: Kumetar˘ goes back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1773: Kumetar˘ plays in Ky˘to the role of Tamasasa in the kaomise drama "Etari ya Etari Tsuwamono Majiwari", which is produced by Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1st lunar month of 1774: Kumetar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

10th lunar month of 1774: Kumetar˘ performs in the same theater the dance "Shakky˘".

1st lunar month of 1775: Kumetar˘ appears on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the role of Ofusa in the drama "Kumetono Aiaigasa". The first ideogram of this title is the same as the first one in Kumetar˘; the second ideogram is the first one in the first name of Kumetar˘'s stage partner Nakamura Jűz˘ II, who plays the role of Ofusa's lover Tokubŕ. Kumetar˘ decides to retire and becomes a priest. He calls himself Kaiin and settles in ďsaka, near the famous Tenn˘ji temple.

15th day of the 7th lunar month of 1777: Kumetar˘ dies.

Comments:

Nakamura Kumetar˘ I was talented and popular Ky˘to onnagata actor. He was able to play almost any kind of female roles, excelling in musume, hime and keisei roles. He was nicknamed wakaonnagata no meika, "the celebrated flower of wakaonnagata".

Nakamura Kumetar˘ I playing the role of the courtesan Umegae in the "Kanzaki Ageya" scene of the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was staged in the 6th lunar month of 1768 at the Kitagawa no Shibai

Print made by Torii Kiyoshige (1752~1755)

The Nakamura Kumetar˘ line of actors

 
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