NAKAMURAZA
   
Names Nakamuraza
Saruwakaza
Torigoeza
City Edo
History

15th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1624: Saruwaka Kanzabur˘ obtained a licence issued by the Shogounal authorities, granting him with the right to produce theater shows. The theater was built in the district of Nakahashi, at the current location of the Maruzen Department Store (Nihonbashi).

3rd lunar month of 1624: first performance at the Saruwakaza.

4th lunar month of 1632: Saruwaka Kanzabur˘ received the order to move his theater. He moved to the district of Negi-ch˘ (corresponding grosso modo to the current district of Ningy˘-ch˘).

29th day of the 1st lunar month of 1641: both the Murayamaza and the Nakamuraza were burnt in a big fire.

5th lunar month of 1651: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I received one more time the order to move his theater. He moved to the district of Sakai-ch˘.

18th day of the 1st lunar month of 1657: a fire broke out in the Honmy˘ji temple in the district of Hong˘ and devastated Edo. All the Kabuki theaters were destroyed by the flames. This fire was nicknamed "furisode kaji" (the "long-sleeve fire").

9th day of the 6th lunar month of 1658: the zamoto Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I (1598~1658) died.

14th day of the 1st lunar month of 1660: a fire broke out in the district of Yushima. It spread and burnt the Ichimuraza, the Nakamuraza and the newly-constructed Moritaza.

28th day of the 10th lunar month of 1661: both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza were burnt in a big fire.

10th lunar month of 1670: the number of Kabuki theaters in the city of Edo was set to 4 by the authorities. The authorized theaters were the Nakamuraza (in the district of Sakai-ch˘), the Ichimura-Takenoj˘za (Fukiya-ch˘), Moritaza (Kobiki-ch˘) and the Yamamuraza (Kobiki-ch˘).

26th day of the 8th lunar month of 1674: the zamoto Nakamura Kanzabur˘ II (1647~1674) died.

26th day of the 12th lunar month of 1676: a fire broke out in the district of Hama-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

11th day of the 8th lunar month of 1678: the zamoto Nakamura Kanzabur˘ III (1649~1678) died.

29th day of the 5th lunar month of 1679: a fire broke out in the puppets theater ďsaka Shichidayűza in the district of Sakai-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

28th day of the 12th lunar month of 1682: a fire started by Yaoya Oshichi broke out in the Daienji Temple in the district of Komagome. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. This fire was nicknamed "Oshichi Kaji" (the "Oshichi fire").

16th day of the 12th lunar month of 1683: a fire broke out in the Nakamuraza in the district of Sakai-ch˘. It spread and burnt also the Ichimuraza.

3rd lunar month of 1684: the star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played for the first time the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Kadomatsu Shitenn˘", which was staged at the Nakamuraza. He was the author of the play and his stage partner in the role of Princess Taema was the onnagata actor It˘ Kodayű II.

11th lunar month of 1696: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the first version of "Onna Narukami", which was entitled "Neko no Koneko"; it starred Ogino Sawanoj˘ in the role of the nun Narukami. Others actors were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I, Sodeoka Masanosuke II, Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I, Nakamura Denkur˘ I, Nakajima Kanzaemon I, ďtani Hiroemon I and Murayama Jűheiji.

1st lunar month of 1697: premiere of the bombastic "Shibaraku" scene (Kabuki Jűhachiban), at the Nakamuraza, performed within the drama "Daifukuch˘ Sankai Nagoya". Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I played the role of the superhero and his stage partners were the onnagata Ogino Sawanoj˘ and the katakiyaku Yamanaka Heikur˘ I.

10th day of the 12th lunar month of 1698: a fire broke out in the district of Nihonbashi Hongoku-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

1st lunar month of 1701: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the bombastic play "Z˘hiki" (Kabuki Jűhachiban), included in the drama "Keisei ďsh˘kun". The hero and the villain were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ I and Yamanaka Heikur˘ I.

29 november 1703: an earthquake hit Edo and the resulting fires destroyed the city. The 4 main theaters, the Nakamuraza, the Ichimuraza, the Moritaza and the Yamamuraza, were burnt to ashes. This catastrophe was nicknamed "Genroku Jishin Kaji" ("Genroku Earthquake and Fire").

14th day of the 1st lunar month of 1706: a fire broke out in the district of Kanda Renjaku-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

20th day of the 11th lunar month of 1706: a fire broke out in the district of Izumi-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

8th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1707: a fire broke out in the district of Kodenma-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

1st lunar month of 1709: the 4 Edo theaters, the Nakamuraza, the Ichimuraza, the Moritaza and the Yamamuraza, produced simultaneously a sogamono new year drama. This was the beginning of a custom which is still somehow observed nowadays.

3rd lunar month of 1710: Tsuuchi Jihŕ II worked at the Nakamuraza on the revival of the seigen-sakurahimemono "Isshin Niga Byakud˘", which was staged for the first time in the 7th lunar month of 1695 at the Yamamuraza. The roles of Seigen and Princess Sakura were played by Nakajima Kanzaemon I and Tsutsui Kichijűr˘ I. For the first time, Tsuuchi Jihŕ II mixed jidaimono and sewamono elements in the same drama. This was the first jidai-sewamono in Kabuki history.

18th day of the 12th lunar month of 1710: a fire broke out in the somptuous palace of the daimy˘ Sanada, located in the district of Kanda Koyanagi-ch˘. It spread and destroyed both the Nakamuraza and the Ichimuraza.

23rd day of the 2nd lunar month of 1712: a fire broke out in the district of Horie-Ch˘. It spread and destroyed both the Nakamuraza and the Ichimuraza.

22nd day of the 12th lunar month of 1713: a fire broke out in the district of Shitaya By˘busaka and spread to others sections of Edo, destroying both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

11th day of the 1st lunar month of 1716: a fire broke out in the district of Shitaya Ike-no-Hata and spread to others sections of Edo, destroying both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

22nd day of the 1st lunar month of 1717: a fire broke out in the district of Koishikawa and spread to others sections of Edo, destroying both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

5th lunar month of 1717: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Kokusen'ya Gassen" was produced simultaneously in the 3 Edo Kabuki theaters. This was the first Kabuki adaptation of a puppet theater play in Edo. It was produced at the Nakamuraza under the title "Kokusen'ya Takarabune" and performed with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Wat˘nai Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II
Kinsh˘jo Nakamura Sen'ya I
Kanki Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ I
Komutsu Nakamura Takesabur˘ I

1st lunar month of 1719: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's play "Sonezaki Shinjű" was performed for the first time at the Nakamuraza, starring Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II and Sanogawa Mangiku in the roles of Hiranoya Tokubŕ and the courtesan Ohatsu (Tokubŕ's lover).

1st lunar month of 1720: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's puppet theater shinjűmono "Shinjű Kasane Izutsu", which was written in 1707. The same play was simultaneously produced in the 3 Edo theaters and commemorated the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the suicide of the couple Tokubŕ and Ofusa, whose roles were played by ďtani Hiroji I and Sanogawa Mangiku at the Nakamuraza.

13th day of the 1st lunar month of 1720: a fire broke out in the district of Sakai-ch˘; the Nakamuraza was half-burnt.

10th day of the 12th lunar month of 1721: a fire broke out in the district of Kanda Tominaga-ch˘ and spread to others sections of Edo, destroying the Nakamuraza and the Ichimuraza.

27th day of the 11th lunar month of 1726: a fire broke out in the shibai jaya Maruya, located in the district of Fukiya-ch˘, and spread to others sections of Edo, destroying both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1727: for the first time in Kabuki history, a trap door was used on a Kabuki stage for actors stage entrances (seri dashi) during the kaomise drama "Yatsumune Taiheiki", which was produced at the Nakamuraza. This program also celebrated the return of ďtani Hiroji I (along with the Kamigata actor Kirinami Onoe) in Edo after 5 years spent in Ky˘to and the first stage appearance of Ichikawa Masugor˘. Here was the casting:

Roles Actors
ďt˘ no Miya Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II
Hatake Rokur˘ Saemon Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I
ďmori Hikoshichi ďtani Hiroji I
Sait˘ Tar˘ Saemon Matsumoto K˘shir˘ I
Takatoki Nyűd˘ Ogawa Zengor˘ I

Fall 1730: the play "Meigetsu Gonin Otoko" ("Five men under the August moon") is performed at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Kaminari Sh˘kur˘ Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II
Gokuin Sen'emon Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I
Hotei Ichiemon ďtani Hiroji I
An no Heibei Band˘ Hikosabur˘ I
Karigane Bunshichi Ogino Izabur˘ I

1st lunar month of 1731: for the first time in Kabuki history, the hikinuki technique was used on stage, during the performance of the drama the "Keisei Fukubiki Nagoya", which was staged at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Fuwa Banzaemon Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II
Nagoya Sanza Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I
The courtesan Katsuragi Segawa Kikunoj˘ I
Nagoya Saburozaemon ďtani Hiroji I
Umezu Kamon Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II
The courtesan Takama Ogino Izabur˘ I
Nikki Danj˘ Saemon Nakajima Mihoemon I

3rd lunar month of 1731: Segawa Kikunoj˘ I played at the Nakamuraza the leading role of the first d˘j˘jimono of Kabuki history, called "Mugen no Kane Shind˘j˘ji".

9th lunar month of 1732: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Kagekiyo", which was produced under the title "ďich˘ Sakae Kagekiyo" and performed with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Taira no Kagekiyo Ichikawa Danjűr˘ II
Chichibu no Sh˘ji Shigetada Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I
Gorobei Tadamitsu Ichikawa Danz˘ I
Akoya's daughter Princess Hitomaru Ichikawa Masugor˘

11th lunar month of 1740: Ichikawa Danzabur˘ II and Tomizawa Tatsunosuke took the respective names of Ichikawa Danz˘ III and Tomizawa Tatsujűr˘ at the Nakamuraza, performing in the kaomise drama "Miya Bashira Taiheiki".

7th lunar month of 1742: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's "Keisei Hangonk˘" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Matahei ďtani Hiroji I
Fuwa Banzaemon Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II
Katsuragi Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I
Nagoya Sanza Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I

7~9th day of the 8th lunar month of 1742: a violent typhoon hit Edo, causing floods in the city; the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza had to stop their performances for a while.

2nd lunar month of 1744: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based d˘j˘jimono "Momo Chidori Musume D˘j˘ji". The leading female role was played by Segawa Kikunoj˘ I and his two stage partners were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and ďtani Hiroji I.

February (end of month) 1746: a fire broke out in the district of Tsukiji, in the mansion of Tsubouchi Gonzaemon. It spread and destroyed the Nakamuraza, the Ichimuraza and the Moritaza.

5th lunar month of 1747: the play "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami" was produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time, with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Matsu˘maru ďtani Oniji I
Ume˘maru Nakamura Denkur˘ II
Sakuramaru, Chiyo Arashi Koroku I
Kan Sh˘j˘ Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II
Shihei, Sukune Tar˘ Nakajima Kanzaemon II
Shiratayű Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I
Yae Sawamura Kodenji II
Haru Tamazawa Saijir˘ I
Genz˘ Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II
Kakuju Sawamura Genjir˘
Tonami Yoshizawa Ayame II

5th lunar month of 1748: the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Yazaemon, Taira no Noritsune Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II
Taira no Tomomori Nakamura Denkur˘ II
Benkei Nakajima Mihoemon I
Kokingo Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I
Yoshitsune Utagawa Shirogor˘
Zentar˘ Nakamura Nakaz˘ I
Suke-no-Tsubone Onoe Kikugor˘ I
Shizuka Gozen Sawamura Kodenji II
Igami no Gonta, Tadanobu, the fox Genkur˘ Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ III
Yasuke Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II
Kawatsura H˘gen Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I

6th lunar month of 1749: the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura" was produced at the Nakamuraza for the first time, with the following casting:

Roles Actors
ďboshi Yuranosuke Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ III
Amakawaya Gihei, ďdachi Kumanosuke Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II
En'ya Hangan Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I
K˘ no Moron˘ Nakajima Mihoemon I
Hayano Kanpei Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II
Okaru Nakamura Kumetar˘ I
Oishi Yoshizawa Ayame II
Gihei's wife Osono Segawa Kikujir˘ I
Teraoka Heiemon Nakamura Denkur˘ II
Momonoi Wakasanosuke Utagawa Shirogor˘
Kakogawa Honz˘, Hara Goemon Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ I
Kakogawa Honz˘'s wife Tonase Sawamura Kodenji II
Kaoyo Gozen Iwai Kiyotar˘ I
Ono Kudayű Nakajima Kanzaemon II
Ono Sadakur˘ Sawamura Kijűr˘ I
ďboshi Rikiya Kikugawa Daikichi
Konami Takinaka Tomitaki
Yoichibŕ's wife Osawa Sawamura Genjir˘
Sagisaka Bannai Nakamura Heijűr˘

8th lunar month of 1750: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VI and his son Nakamura Akashi III respectively took the names of Nakamura Kankur˘ II and Nakamura Kanzabur˘ VII. Nakamura Kankur˘ II was no more the official head of the Nakamuraza but he unofficially kept on working as a zamoto up to 1751.

7th lunar month of 1751: the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Takemura Sadanoshin's wife Yoshizawa Ayame II
Date no Yosaku Nakamura Shichisabur˘ II
Edohei, Hachiz˘ Narumi Goroshir˘ I
Shigenoi Segawa Kikujir˘ I
Sankichi Segawa Kichiji II
Sagisaka Sanai Ichikawa Yaoz˘ I
Yurugi no Saemon Nakamura Denkur˘ II
Hachiz˘'s mother Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ III
The yakko Ippei Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II
Umanoj˘ Arashi Otohachi I

3rd ~ 6th lunar months of 1753: the Kamigata star Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I achieved a huge success for several months by playing the main role of the dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji", which was performed for the first time in Kabuki history, at the Nakamuraza [print].

3rd lunar month of 1754: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the dance "Hanabusa Shűjaku no Shishi"; the leading role of this dance was played by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1754: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza; Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II and Matsumoto K˘z˘ respectively took the names of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III during the kaomise program "Miura no ďsuke Bumon no Kotobuki".

14th day of the 1st lunar month of 1756: a fire broke out in the district of Shinzaimoku-ch˘. It spread and destroyed both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

2nd lunar month of 1760: a fire broke out in the district of Kanda and spread to Susaki in the district of Fukagawa. It destroyed both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. It was called "Akashiya no Kaji" ("the Akashiya fire"), based on the name of the shop where it started.

17th day of the 9th lunar month of 1761: a fire broke out in the Gekiza theater. It destroyed the Ichimuraza and damaged the Nakamuraza.

29th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1766: a fire broke out in the district of Sakai-ch˘, in the cosmetics shop owned and managed by the actor Onoe Kikugor˘ I. It destroyed both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza. This fire was nicknamed "Kikugor˘ Aburamise Kaji" ("Kikugor˘'s cosmetics shop fire").

7th lunar month of 1768: the play "Otokodate Itsutsu Karigane" was performed at the Nakamura with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Kaminari Sh˘kur˘ Nakamura Sukegor˘ II
Gokuin Sen'emon Matsumoto K˘shir˘ III
Hotei Ichiemon Arashi Otohachi I
An no Heibei Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II
Karigane Bunshichi Ichikawa Komaz˘ II

7th lunar month of 1768: the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" was produced for the first time at the Nakamuraza, with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Danshichi Kurobŕ Nakamura Sukegor˘ II
Tsuribune Sabu Sawamura Kijűr˘ I
Otatsu Segawa Kikunoj˘ II
Mikawaya Giheiji Nakamura Nakaz˘ I

1st lunar month of 1771: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ II achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the deity Aizen My˘˘ and the seven roles of Kagekiyo in the new year drama "Sakaich˘ Soga no Nendaiki".

11th lunar month of 1773: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise drama "Gohiiki Kanjinch˘". This 46-days long performance, which also celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Rik˘ I, was a tremendous success. Casting:

Roles Actors
Benkei, Anewa no Heiji, Shigetada Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III
Kumai Tar˘, Kashima no Kotofure, Kisanta, the Deity Fud˘ My˘˘, Togashi Saemon Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V
Minamoto Yoshitsune, Izumi Sabur˘ Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV
Naoe Saemon, Motoyoshi Shir˘ ďtani Hiroji III
Kawagoe Shigeyori Nakamura Sh˘ch˘
Princess Shinobu, Motoyoshi Shir˘'s wife Iwai Hanshir˘ IV
Koreaki Shinn˘, Date Jir˘ Nakamura Nakaz˘ I
The spirit of a rooster, the courtesan Wakamatsu Nakamura Rik˘ I
The money broker Ch˘bŕ, Minamoto no Yukiie ďtani Tomoemon I
Ch˘bŕ's wife Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III
Inage Nyűd˘ Tomizawa Hanzabur˘ II

3rd lunar month of 1775: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi I's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Shinobu-gusa Koi no Utsushie", in which Nakamura Nakaz˘ I played the role of the woman selling shinobu, in reality the evil monk Dainichib˘. "Nakaz˘ wanted to dance "Musume D˘j˘ji" (Maiden at D˘j˘ji), the story of a young woman's consuming, unrequited passion for a young monk of the temple D˘j˘ji, but this was the special preserve of the two [..] female impersonators, Kikunoj˘ I and Tomijűr˘ I. So the playwright Kawatake Shinshichi devised an ingenious alternative version of "D˘j˘ji", in which the evil monk Dainichib˘ appeared disguised as a woman selling hare's-foot fern (shinobu), and Nakaz˘ I first performed the Shinobu Uri (Seller of the Hare's-foot Fern), including a dance sequence, to great acclaim at the New Year of 1775" (from "The Actor's Image").

3rd lunar month of 1776: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsu Kanshi I's puppet theater drama "Koi Musume Mukashi Hachij˘", which was written in 1775. The play was performed in Edo at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Shirokiya Okoma Segawa Kikunoj˘ III
Obana Saizabur˘ Arashi Sangor˘ II
Shirokiya Sh˘bei Ichikawa Danz˘ IV
Akizuki Ikkaku Nakamura Nakaz˘ I
Tsukudaya Kiz˘ Nakamura Sukegor˘ II
The tedai J˘hachi ďtani Tomoemon I
Okoma's mother Yamashita Kinsaku II

11th lunar month of 1775: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kanai Sansh˘'s Tomimoto-based dance-drama "Shijűhatte Koi no Showake", the first version of "Oshidori", which was staged within the kaomise drama "Hana Zum˘ Genji Biiki". The music was written by Namisaki Tokuji I and the singer was Tomimoto Toyoshidayű II. It was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The keisei Kisegawa, the spirit of the female mandarin duck Segawa Kikunoj˘ III
Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukeyasu, the spirit of the male mandarin duck Arashi Sangor˘ II
Matano Gor˘ Kagehisa Nakamura Nakaz˘ I

5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" was performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Jihiz˘ Ichikawa Danz˘ IV
Princesse Yaegaki Segawa Kikunoj˘ III
Katsuyori and Minosaku Arashi Sangor˘ II
Otane Yamashita Kinsaku II
Takasaka Danj˘ and Yokoz˘ Nakamura Nakaz˘ I

7th lunar month of 1778: premiere of the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki", which is performed at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Arajishi Otokonosuke, Hosokawa Katsumoto, the Sh˘zuka hag, Saichi, Fuwa Banzaemon Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V
Hanyűmura Yoemon, Kizu no Kansuke, Nagoya Sanza, the sum˘ wrestler Kinugawa Taniz˘, Watanabe Minbunosuke Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV
Takao's sister Kasane, Narutaki, Kasaya Sankatsu Iwai Hanshir˘ IV
Ashikaga Sakingo Yorikane, the Nanzenji t˘fu maker Saburobei, Imagawa Tar˘, Akaneya Hanshichi, Dote no D˘tetsu, Tosa no Matahei Mitsuoki Band˘ Mitsugor˘ I
Nikki Danj˘'s wife Urafuji, Kisakata Gozen, Saichi's wife Nayotake, Yarite Omiya, Izumo no Okuni Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III
Watanabe Rinzaemon, Kurosawa Kanz˘ ďtani Tomoemon I
Yamana Nyűd˘ S˘zen, the statue of Enma Dai˘ Nakajima Mihoemon II
Fuwa no Bansaku Ichikawa Komaz˘ III
The courtesan Takao Nakamura Kumejir˘
Yamanaka Shikanosuke, Izutsu Onnanosuke Ichikawa Monnosuke II
Nikki Danj˘, Hanyűmura Kingor˘ ďtani Hiroemon III
Nagoya Kosanza Haruyuki Nakamura Kanzabur˘ IX
Umezu no Kamon Tomoyuki Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ IV

11th lunar month of 1778: Yoshizawa Sakinosuke III took the name of Yoshizawa Ayame IV at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Onoe in the kaomise drama "Motomishi Yuki Sakae Hachinoki".

11th lunar month of 1781: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the dance-drama "Waga Sekogakoi no Aizuchi" (commonly called "Kumo no Hy˘shimai"), which was performed within the kaomise program "Shitenn˘ Tonoi no Kisewata" with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Sakata Kintoki Ichikawa Danjűr˘ V
The shiraby˘shi Tsumagiku, in reality the spirit of a ground spider Segawa Kikunoj˘ III
Minamoto Raik˘ Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III
Usui Sadamitsu Onoe Matsusuke I
Watanabe no Tsuna Nakamura Nakaz˘ I
Urabe Suetake Ichikawa Monnosuke II

28th day of the 10th lunar month of 1783: a fire broke out in Edo in the district of Kodenma-ch˘, which spread and burns the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1788: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Modori Kago Iro ni Aikata", which was staged within Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise program "T˘zum˘ Hana no Edokata" with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Naniwa no Jirosaku, in reality Ishikawa Goemon Nakamura Nakaz˘ I
Azuma no Yoshir˘, in reality Mashiba Hisayoshi Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV
The kamuro Matsumoto Yonesabur˘ I

1st lunar month of 1791: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based dance "Taimen Hana no Harukoma", which was performed at the end of the new year program "Haru no Sekai Nigiwai Soga" with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Soga Gor˘ Tokimune Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III
A courtesan Segawa Kikunoj˘ III
A courtesan Iwai Hanshir˘ IV

Fall 1793: the Nakamuraza went out of business and gave its license to the Miyakoza.

11th lunar month of 1797: the Nakamuraza reopened.

4th day of the 11th lunar month of 1802: a fire broke out in Edo in the district of Naniwa-ch˘ and destroyed both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

8th lunar month of 1803: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Banzui Ch˘bŕ Sh˘jin Manaita", which commemorated the 1st anniversary of the passing away of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV and was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Banzui Ch˘bŕ Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V
Shirai Gonpachi Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III
Komurasaki Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I
Shirai Kanzaemon Ogino Izabur˘ II
The yakko Matahei Onoe Eizabur˘ I
Sukehachi Morita Kan'ya IX
Matahei's wife Ohama Segawa Michisabur˘ I
Sonohara Samon Ichikawa Monzabur˘ II

13th day of the 11th lunar month of 1806: a fire broke out from the shop of the hair-dresser Tomokur˘ in the district of Nihonbashi Fukiya-ch˘. It spread and burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza, killing many spectators.

11th lunar month of 1807: grand shűmei for the Hamamuraya guild, at the Nakamuraza, where Segawa Rok˘ III and Segawa Michinosuke respectively took the names of Segawa Senjo and Segawa Rok˘ IV. They performed together in the kaomise drama "Kaikei Yuki no Konoshita"; their main stage partners were Ichikawa Omez˘ I, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Arashi Otohachi II and ďtani Oniji IV.

7th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Segawa Jok˘ II's drama "Z˘ho Izari no Adauchi", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Iinuma Sanzaemon, Iinuma Katsugor˘ Nakamura Utaemon III
Tsukumo Shinzaemon Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III
Fudesuke Ichikawa Omez˘ I
Katsugor˘'s wife Hatsuhana Segawa Rok˘ IV
Sat˘ G˘suke, the sh˘ya Tokuemon Asao Kuzaemon I
Iinuma Sanzabur˘ Ichikawa Danzabur˘ IV
Fudesuke's wife Oyumi, Shinzaemon's wife Shigemachi Segawa Senjo
Iinuma Sanpei Seki Sanjűr˘ II

10th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘", performed with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Fujiya Izaemon Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III
The courtesan ďgiya Yűgiri Segawa Senjo
Yoshidaya Kizaemon Ichikawa Omez˘ I

1st day of the 1st lunar month of 1809: a fire broke out in the district of Nihonbashi Sanai-ch˘ and destroyed both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

4th lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 7-role Nagauta-based dance-drama "Kantan Sono no Kikuch˘", which was staged to commemorate the 36th anniversary (37th memorial service) of the passing away of Segawa Kikunoj˘ II. The dancers were:

Roles Actors
onna date [1], yamanba Segawa Senjo
keisei, komori, kintar˘, shiraby˘shi Segawa Rok˘ IV
kamuro Segawa Tamon I

3rd day of the 5th lunar month of 1810: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ X, who managed the theater from the 6th lunar month of 1786 to the 4th lunar month of 1787 and ran away because of the debts, died.

9th lunar month of 1810: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Oginoya Yaegiri Nakamura Utaemon III
Tabakoya Genshichi (in reality Sakata Kurando Tokiyuki), Kaid˘maru Seki Sanjűr˘ II
Shiragiku Ichikawa Onoe
Princess Omodaka Fujikawa Tomokichi II
Minamoto no Yorimitsu Onoe Monzabur˘ II
The koshimoto Ozasa Nakamura T˘z˘ II
ďta Jűr˘ Kirishima Giemon I

3rd lunar month of 1811: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 7-role Nagauta-based hengemono "Osozakura Teniha no Nana Moji" [2]; the seven roles were performed by Nakamura Utaemon III.

9th lunar month of 1812: the actor Nakamura Utaemon III, who was about to travel back to his native Kamigata after more than 4 years spent in Edo, performed his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which included the premiere of a sanbas˘ entitled "Mata Kuru Haru Suzuna no Tanemaki". The roles of Sanbas˘, Senzai and Okina were performed by Nakamura Utaemon III, Nakamura Akashi IV and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 12-role hengemono "Shiki no Nagame Yosete Mitsudaiji" [3], made up of twelve dances, one for each month of the lunar calendar. All the roles were played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

29th day of the 11th lunar month of 1813: a fire broke out in the district of Takasago-ch˘ and destroyed both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

12th day of the 1st lunar month of 1817: a fire broke out in the district of Norimono-ch˘ and destroyed both the Nakamuraza and the Kiriza.

2nd lunar month of 1818: the play "Kamakura Sandaiki" was staged for the first time in in Edo, at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Princess Toki Segawa Kikunoj˘ V
Miuranosuke Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII
Sasaki Takatsuna Nakamura Shikan I

9th lunar month of 1819: the actor Nakamura Shikan I, who was about to travel back to his native Kamigata, performed his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which included a spectacular 9-role hengemono which was entitled "Onagori Oshie no Mazebari" [4]. This was also the first adaptation to Kabuki (in ˘shibai!) of the drama "Seishű Akogi-ga-Ura", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Hiragawara no Jiroz˘ Nakamura Shikan I
Akogi no Heiji Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III
Heiji's wife Oharu Iwai Kumesabur˘ II
Heiji's son Tomoishi Ichikawa Komaz˘ V
The sh˘ya Hikosaku Asao Tamejűr˘ III

9th lunar month of 1820: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 7-role hengemono "Setsugekka Nagori no Bundai". All the seven dances were played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III. Three dances ("Asazuma Bune", "Makasho" and "Tama Usagi") are still part of the current Kabuki repertoire.

7th lunar month of 1825: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's ghost play "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Iemon's wife Oiwa, Kobotoke Kohei, Sat˘ Yomoshichi Onoe Kikugor˘ III
Naosuke Gonbŕ Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V
Tamiya Iemon Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII
Osode Iwai Kumesabur˘ II
Takuetsu ďtani Monz˘ II
Oshioda Matanoj˘ Mimasu Gennosuke I
Okuda Sh˘zabur˘ Onoe Matsusuke III
It˘'s widow Oyumi Azuma T˘z˘ IV
Kohei's wife Ohana Onoe Kikujir˘ I

9th lunar month of 1825: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kamikakete Sango Taisetsu", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Satsuma Gengobŕ (in reality Fuwa Kazuemon), Yasuke Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V
Sasanoya Sangor˘ (in reality Tokuemon's son Sentar˘), It˘ Genshin (in reality Senzaki Yagor˘) Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII
Dakki no Koman, Oroku, Moron˘'s mistress Ran-no-Kata, Kanpei's widow Okaru Iwai Kumesabur˘ II
Teraoka Heiemon, Muna Hachiemon Mimasu Gennosuke I
Kikuno Azuma T˘z˘ IV
Tomimori Sukeemon Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ IV

11th lunar month of 1825: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Oniwaka Kongen Butai". The main roles were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, Iwai Shijaku I (Osome) and Iwai Kumesabur˘ II (Hisamatsu). The michiyuki entitled "Ukine no Tomodori" is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire.

8th day of the 12th lunar month of 1825: a fire broke out in the puppet theater Yűkiza, district of Fukiya-ch˘, and destroyed both the Nakamuraza and the Ichimuraza.

3rd day of the 1st lunar month of 1827: a fire broke out from the third floor of the Ichimuraza and destroyed the Ichimuraza, the Nakamuraza and 2 puppet theaters.

1st lunar month of 1828: revival at the Nakamuraza of the dance-drama "Oshidori" by Segawa Jok˘ II in a 2-part dance-drama, the Tomimoto-based "Shijűhatte Koi no Showake" (the "Sum˘" part) and the Tokiwazu-based "Imosedori Sugata no Masayume" (the "Oshidori" part). It was staged within the new year drama "Suikoden Soga no Fűryű". The lead singer for the Tomimoto music was Tomimoto Umanosuke II; the Tokiwazu music was written by Kishizawa Shikisa V and the singer was Tokiwazu Komojidayű I. It was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
The keisei Kisegawa, the spirit of the female mandarin duck Segawa Kikunoj˘ V
Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukeyasu, the spirit of the male mandarin duck Nakamura Shikan II
Matano Gor˘ Kagehisa Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V

3rd lunar month of 1828: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 7-role hengemono "Nijirigaki Nanatsu Iroha", which was performed by Nakamura Shikan II. Two of the roles, "Keisei" and "Tomo Yakko", are still part of the current Kabuki repertoire.

9th lunar month of 1828: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Nochi no Tsuki Shuen no Shimadai". The main roles were played by Nakamura Shikan II and Segawa Kikunoj˘ V.

21st day of the 3rd lunar month of 1829: a fire broke out from the shop of Owariya Tokuemon, in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Edo theaters district. The Moritaza, the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza were burnt to ashes.

4th day of the 8th lunar month of 1829: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XI died. Nakamura Denkur˘ V most likely took the name of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII and became the new official zamoto of the Nakamuraza in the 8th lunar month of 1829 but he kept on performing under the name of Nakamura Denkur˘ V up to the 8th lunar month of 1830.

11th lunar month of 1829: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Tawara no T˘ta, Fujiwara Iyo-no-J˘ Sumitomo, Band˘ Tar˘, Kazusanosuke, the shiraby˘shi Hanako (in reality the ghost of Princess Kiyo), the ky˘genshi Masuroku (in reality the ghost of Fujiwara Tadabumi) Nakamura Shikan II
S˘ma Masakado (in reality Mitsunaka's daughter Princess Takiyasha), the female thieve Ikazuchi-ga-Hora no Todoroki, Manago no Sh˘ji's daughter Princess Kiyo, the shiraby˘shi Sakurako Segawa Kikunoj˘ V
Iga Jutar˘'s son Kong˘maru, Rokujűrokubu H˘kai, Minamoto no Mitsunaka Mimasu Gennosuke I
Yasaka no J˘z˘, the send˘ Yotsuzuka Daisaku, Iga Jutar˘, ďashi Harashir˘ Arashi Kanjűr˘ I
Muraoka Gor˘, Usui Arat˘ta Sakata Hangor˘ IV
Kitashirakawa no Anchin, Nose Gengo Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V
Usui Arad˘ji, the hinin Tsunagor˘ Ichikawa Komaz˘ V
Narukawa Gunz˘ Nakayama Bungor˘ II
Izawa Yakur˘ Nakamura Shibaz˘ I
Gengo's wife Kohata, the female samurai Sakurai Azuma T˘z˘ IV
Ikuta Shichir˘ Ichikawa Monzabur˘ II
Inugami Hy˘go Arashi Kankur˘ II
Oshima Sabur˘ Matsumoto Somez˘
Ikeda Tosanosuke Matsumoto Mitsunosuke
Iwaz˘ Asao Utashir˘
Iyo no Tar˘ Nakamura Denkur˘ V

3rd lunar month of 1830: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 9-role hengemono "Minokoshite Haru no Kokonoe"; Nakamura Shikan II played all the roles, including the Yashima Court Lady, which is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire ("Kanjo").

23rd day of the 12th lunar month of 1830: a fire broke out in the district of Nihonbashi Kodenma-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

3rd lunar month of 1831: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the five-role hengemono "Rokkasen Sugata no Irodori". It starred Nakamura Shikan II in the five roles of S˘j˘ Henj˘, Ariwara no Narihira, Bun'ya no Yasuhide, Kisen and ďtomo no Kuronushi. His stage partner in the role of Ono no Komachi was Iwai Kumesabur˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1832: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 3-part Kiyomoto-based dance "Yayoi no Hana Asakusa Matsuri", starring Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV and Nakamura Shikan II in the leading roles. This dance is still sometimes performed in its entirety but the first part, "Sanja Matsuri" is frequently staged independently.

11th lunar month of 1832: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza for the Iwai clan; Iwai Hanshir˘ V, Iwai Kumesabur˘ II and Iwai Hisajir˘ II respectively took the names of Iwai Tojaku, Iwai Hanshir˘ VI and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III. They played together in Segawa Jok˘ II's drama "Goban Tadanobu Yuki no Kuroshiro".

7th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1834: a fire broke out in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1837: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Tokiwazu-based hengemono "Kube Kiyoi Kumo no Itosuji", which was staged at the end of the kaomise drama "Kanzen Ch˘aku Tsuwamono no Kao Kagami". It starred Sawamura Tossh˘ I and Iwai Shijaku I.

3rd lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 8-role hengemono "Hana Goyomi Iro no Showake", which was performed by Nakamura Utaemon IV. One of the role, "Toshima", is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire. Nakamura Komasabur˘ took the name of Nakamura Fukusuke I during this performance.

8th lunar month of 1840: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi", a revised version of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Hakata Kojor˘ Nami Makura", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Kezori Kuemon Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V
Komatsuya S˘shichi Sawamura Tossh˘ I
Kojor˘ Iwai Tojaku

7th lunar month of 1841: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the dance "Ame no Gor˘", which was performed by Onoe Tamiz˘ II as part of a nine-role hengemono entitled "Yae Kokonoe Hana no Sugatae".

6th day of the 10th lunar month of 1841: a fire broke out from the backstages of the Nakamuraza in the district of Kanda Sakai-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

20th day of the 10th lunar month of 1841: the Edo authorities forbade the reconstruction of the destroyed theaters in Sakai-ch˘.

19th day of the 12th lunar month of 1841: the Nakamuraza, Ichimuraza and Kawarazakiza were ordered to move to the remote district of Asakusa Saruwaka-ch˘.

7th lunar month of 1842: the construction of the new Nakamuraza was completed.

10th lunar month of 1842: opening ceremony for the new Nakamuraza; Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII produced the drama "Kinryűzan Chikai no Ishizue" with the actors Iwai Tojaku, Sawamura Tossh˘ II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Onoe Eizabur˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Arashi Izabur˘ II and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ V.

1843: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII was condemned by the Edo Authorities for falsification of documents related to the number of shibai jaya in his theater. As a punishment, he was handcuffed at home and his theater was temporarily closed (no kaomise in the 11th lunar month).

3rd lunar month of 1844: end of punishment for Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII, who had to pay a heavy fine in order to get his handcuffs removed. He produced the drama "Sugata no Hana Yayoi no Kagamiyama", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ VII, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VI and Ichikawa Komaz˘ VII.

1st lunar month of 1845: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's dance-drama "Awa Mochi", which was staged under the title "Hana no Hoka Niwaka no Kyokuzuki" in the new year program "Tama Tsubaki Genpei Soga". The roles of the awa mochi makers were played by Nakamura Utaemon IV and Ichikawa Kuz˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1846: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kagura Uta Kumoi no Kyokumari", which was commonly called "Dontsuku". The music was written by Kishizawa Shikisa V and it was performed by the Tokiwazu musical ensemble led by Tokiwazu Mojidayű IV. The leading dancer was Nakamura Utaemon IV. Others main dancers were Band˘ Shűka I, Ichimura Uzaemon XII and Seki Sanjűr˘ III.

4th lunar month of 1850: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII gave his name to his son Nakamura Denz˘ III (who became Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII) and retired, taking the name of Nakamura Kankur˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1850: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Minoriyoshi Kogane no Kikuzuki", a revision by Fujimoto Kichibŕ of the ghost play "Banshű Sarayashiki", which starred Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII, Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Band˘ Shűka I and Nakayama Ichiz˘ in the roles of Asayama Tetsuzan, the koshimoto Okiku and Iwabuchi Chűta.

4th lunar month of 1851: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Tokiwazu-based dance "Kioi Jishi Kabuki no Hanakago", commonly called "Kioi Jishi", starring Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Band˘ Takesabur˘ I, Onoe Kikujir˘ II and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III.

8th lunar month of 1851: premiere of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Higashiyama Sakura Z˘shi" (commonly called "Sakura Giminden"), which was staged at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Asakura T˘go, Sumahei, Shinonome Ichikawa Kodanji IV
Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Orikoshi Masatomo, the boatman Jinbei, Maboroshi no Ch˘kichi, Nikki Kiyonosuke Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV
The shiraby˘shi Katsuragi, Ashikaga Mitsuuji Iwai Kumesabur˘ III
Fuji-no-Kata, T˘go's wife Omine Onoe Kikujir˘ II
Asakura T˘zaemon, ďsawa Hayato, Takaoka Kazue Morita Kan'ya XI
Hosokawa Katsumoto Sawamura Gennosuke III
Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Ishid˘ Unemenosuke, Ogata Nagatonosuke Band˘ Takesabur˘ I
Sugish˘ Azuma Ichinoj˘ I
Yamana S˘zen Nakayama Ichiz˘
T˘go's son T˘tar˘ Ichikawa Tsutanosuke I
T˘go's son T˘kichi Ichikawa Kumejir˘

11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1851: the actor and zamoto Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII (1800~1851) died.

3rd lunar month of 1853: premiere of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi" (commonly called "Kirare Yosa"), which was staged at the Nakamuraza with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Yosabur˘ Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII
Otomi Onoe Baik˘ IV
K˘mori Yasu Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I

5th day of the 11th lunar month of 1854: a big fire breaks out in the district of Seiten-ch˘ and reduced to ashes the Ichimuraza, the Nakamuraza and the Moritaza.

2nd day of the 10th lunar month of 1855: the Ansei earthquake (Ansei Daijishin) destroyed the Nakamuraza.

7th lunar month of 1857: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's drama "Sanzes˘ Nishiki Bunsh˘", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Rokusabur˘ Sawamura Tossh˘ II
Osono Kataoka Gat˘ II
Fukushimaya Seibŕ Ichikawa Enzabur˘
Seibŕ's wife Okaji Arashi Koroku V
Ch˘an Seki Utasuke I (?)
Shichir˘suke Sawamura Itar˘ (?)
Enma Dai˘ Kataoka Toragor˘

1st lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the Nagauta-based sanbas˘mono "Kotobuki Shiki Sanba", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Okina Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V
Senzai Onoe Kikugor˘ IV
Sanbas˘ Nakamura Fukusuke I

22nd 4th lunar month of 1864: a fire broke out in a Moritaza's shibai jaya; it quickly spread and burnt the Moritaza, the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza.

7th lunar month of 1869: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kichisama Mairu Yukari no Otozure", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Yukanba Kichisa, Tabatake Jűzabur˘, the koshimoto Osugi, Dozaemon Denkichi Onoe Kikugor˘ V
The mekake Omitsu (later Yushima no Okan), Oshichi Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI
Yoshida Chűzaemon, the kamikuzuya Ibŕ Band˘ Kamez˘ I
Nitta no Shir˘ Ichikawa Danz˘ VI
Kobori Samonnosuke, the Enj˘ji page Kamesabur˘, It˘ Kichinoshin Arashi Rikaku
Osugi's sister Otami, the servant Otama Arashi Eizabur˘
Kobori Yaheiji, Ebina Gunz˘, Ibŕ's ny˘b˘ Ohaya Band˘ Minosuke IV
Kichinoshin's ny˘b˘ Omasa Sawamura Kit˘
Chűzaemon's daughter Owaka Iwai Hisajir˘ III
Yaheiji's ny˘b˘ Okatsu Nakamura Ich˘ I
Kamaya Buhŕ Band˘ Shinzaemon
Hatashiro Ryűzaemon, the daraku b˘zu Benshű, the yaoya Kyűshir˘ Nakamura Nakatar˘

3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Nakamuraza of "Ume Goyomi Tatsumi no Sono", an adaptation to Kabuki by Kawatake Shinshichi II and Segawa Jok˘ III of Tamenaga Shunsui's 1833 novel, which was staged under the title "Ume Goyomi Tatsumi no Sono" with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Karakotoya Tanjir˘ Onoe Kikugor˘ V
The geisha Yonehachi Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI
The geisha Adahachi ďtani Hiroji V

June 1873: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachij˘" (commonly called "Kamiyui Shinza"), staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Shinza, ďka Echizen Onoe Kikugor˘ V
Ch˘bŕ, Genshichi Nakamura Nakaz˘ III
Okuma Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII
Chűshichi Band˘ Kakitsu I

1875: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII retired and entrusted the management of the Nakamuraza to the actor Nakamura Nakaz˘ III.

31 December 1876: a fire broke out in Edo in Asakusa and destroyed both the Satsumaza and the Nakamuraza.

1877: the new zamoto was Hirano Gihei, who rebuilt the theater and renamed it Miyakoza, the name of one of the hikae yagura of the Nakamuraza during the Edo period.

July 1878 ~ December 1878: the Miyakoza opened, ran business a few months and quickly went bankrupt.

July 1879: the theater reopened under the name of Saruwakaza; his new zamoto was Iwai Kumesabur˘ IV, the adopted son of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII's brother-in-law Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII.

23 May 1880: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Arimatsuzome Sum˘ Yukata", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Iba Jinzabur˘ Nakamura S˘jűr˘
The sum˘tori Onogawa Kisabur˘, Takao Jűzaemon Kataoka Gad˘ III
Okana, Asama Chikugo-no-Kami, Mizuki Mondonosuke, Takao's son S˘zabur˘ Kataoka Gat˘ III
Omichi's daughter Omaki, Takao's spouse Owaka Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII
Onogawa's disciple Hachijin Ch˘hachi, Chűz˘ Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII
The sum˘tori Raiden Tameemon Band˘ Kakitsu I
Onogawa's mother Oasa, Narusawa Gosuke Kataoka Ichiz˘ III
The mekake Oshiga Iwai Matsunosuke IV
Onogawa's disciple Hanabishi Otoz˘, the jochű Iwanami Nakamura Ginnosuke I
The Asama okugata Misao Iwai Shijaku IV
Marukame Samonnosuke Iwai Kumesabur˘ IV
Rokumaru Nakamura Akashi V
Omichi's son Yokichi Nakamura Tsurumatsu

May 1881: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "ďsakazuki Shusen no Tsuwamono", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Hara Saisuke, in reality Baba Saburobei Ichikawa Sadanji I
Lord Nait˘ Kii-no-Kami Nobumasa Nakamura Shikan IV
Lord Ii Kamon-no-Kami Naotaka Ichikawa Gonjűr˘
Hiraoka Jiemon Ichikawa Yaoz˘ VII

23 January 1882: a fire destroyed the Saruwakaza.

June 1882: Nakamura Akashi V, the new manager of the Saruwakaza, who could not rebuild the theater, rented the Shintomiza and produced the dramas "Kawanakajima Azuma Nishikie", "Kiri Kogata Ky˘ no Benisome" and the dance "Mochizuki". This program welcomed in T˘ky˘ the Kamigata actor Ichikawa Udanji I.

June 1882: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Mokuami's Nagauta-based matsubamemono "Imay˘ Mochizuki" (commonly called "Mochizuki"), which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
Ozawa Gy˘bu Tomofusa Ichikawa Udanji I
Mochizuki Saemon Akinaga Ichikawa Sadanji I
Shiragiku Iwai Shijaku IV
Hanawaka Arashi Wasabur˘ III

1883 ~ October 1884: the Saruwakaza was closed.

Fall 1884: the theater was rebuilt in the district of Asakusa Torigoe-Ch˘.

November 1884: premiere at the Saruwakaza of Kawatake Mokuami's katsureki drama "H˘j˘ Kudai Meika no Isaoshi", which was staged with the following casting:

Roles Actors
H˘j˘ Takatoki Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX
H˘j˘ Takatoki's mistress Kinugasa Nakamura Fukusuke IV
Osaragi Michinoku-no-Kami Ichikawa Gonjűr˘

23 January 1885: a fire broke out in the Saruwakaza and reduced it to ashes.

June 1886: the theater was rebuilt, renamed Nakamuraza and reopened.

Summer 1891: the Nakamuraza went bankrupt.

January 1892: the theater reopened and was renamed Torigoeza.

22 January 1893: a fire broke out in the district of Torigoe-ch˘ and reduced to ashes the Torigoeza. The Nakamura clan could not find the money to rebuild it, putting an end to a 269 years long history.

Notes

[1] "Onna Date" is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire.

[2] The 4th role is still part of the current repertoire ("Echigo Jishi").

[3] The role of the Bonito seller is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire ("Katsuo Uri").

[4] One of these roles ("Tobae") is still in the current Kabuki repertoire.

The Nakamuraza
 
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