NAKAMURA NAKAZď III

Stage names:

Nakamura Nakaz˘ III In Japanese
Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I In Japanese

Other name:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIV In Japanese

Nickname: Waniguchi (the crocodile mouth)

Guilds: Maizuruya, Narijakuya, Sakaeya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: Jakushi, Shűjaku, Shűkaku, Maizuru

Existence: 1809 ~ 24 December 1886

Connections:

Father-in-law: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII

Master: Nakamura Utaemon IV

Disciples: Nakamura Nakaz˘ IV, Nakamura Tsuruz˘ II

Career:

1809: born in Edo in the district of Nihonbashi Sumiyoshi-ch˘. His father, Murata Ichihei, who was originally a low-ranking samurai in the province of T˘yama, was bant˘ in an inn in Asakusa. His mother was a dance master of the Shigayama School.

1814: he became disciple of Nakamura Denkur˘ V.

11th lunar month of 1818: he made his first appearance on stage, at the Nakamuraza, where he received the name of Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I and performed in the drama "Ise Heiji Hiiki no Kaomise".

1829 ~ 1837: Tsuruz˘ settled in Kamigata and became disciple of Nakamura Shikan II.

Winter 1837~1838: Nakamura Shikan II, Tsuruz˘ and the actors Arashi San'emon IX, Nakamura Kan'emon, Nakamura Tsurugor˘, Nakamura Komasuke, Nakamura Kaei and Asao Okuyama went together to Edo.

12th lunar month of 1849: Nakamura Utaemon IV, Nakamura Fukusuke I and Tsuruz˘ went back together to ďsaka.

11th day of the 10th lunar month of 1851 [1]: his father-in-law Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII died in Edo.

17th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1852 [2]: his master Nakamura Utaemon IV died in ďsaka; Tsuruz˘ decided to go back to Edo.

3rd lunar month of 1853: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi" (commonly called "Kirare Yosa"); Tsuruz˘ played the role of K˘mori Yasu [casting]. This performance was a huge success.

8th lunar month of 1861: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sakura S˘shi Gonichi no Bundan", a revised version of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Higashiyama Sakura S˘shi"; Tsuruz˘ played the roles of the boatman Jinbŕ, Maboroshi no Ch˘kichi and Yamana S˘zen [casting].

10th lunar month of 1861: premiere at the Moritaza of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Z˘ho Futatsu Domoe"; Tsuruz˘ played the role of Tatara Gy˘budayű [casting].

8th lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kanzen Ch˘aku Nozoki Garakuri"; Tsuruz˘ played the role of Hayanori Sanji [casting].

9th lunar month of 1865: Nakamura Tsuruz˘ I took the name of Nakamura Nakaz˘ III at the Nakamuraza, performing in the dances "Kadomatsu" [print], "Tsuri Gitsune", "Saruwaka" and "Shinbochi Taiko".

10th lunar month of 1865: Nakaz˘ celebrated his shűmei at the Ichimuraza, playing the roles of Iwakura Saemon and Kuniyuki in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; his stage partners were Band˘ Hikosabur˘ V, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VI, Ichikawa Danz˘ VI and Ichimura Kakitsu IV.

5th lunar month of 1866: tour in the province of Niigata.

3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kusunoki-ryű Hanami no Makuhari" (commonly called "Keian Taiheiki" or "Marubashi Chűya"); Nakaz˘ played the roles of Uno Rokubŕ, Chiba Takuzaemon and the yumishi S˘shir˘ [more details].

10th lunar month of 1872: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's zangirimono "Tsuki no En Masu no Igaguri"; Nakaz˘ played the role of Tajimaya Tazaemon [casting].

June 1873: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Tsuyu Kosode Mukashi Hachij˘" (commonly called "Kamiyui Shinza"); Nakaz˘ played the roles of Ch˘bŕ and Genshichi [casting].

1875: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIII retired and entrusted the management of the Nakamuraza to Nakaz˘, who never formally took the name of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XIV but who was considered as the 14th zamoto of the Nakamuraza, a theater with more than 250 years of history.

May 1875: revival at the Kawarasakiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kusunoki-ryű Hanami no Makuhari", which was entitled "Hanamidoki Yui no Makuhari"; Nakaz˘ played the role of the yumishi T˘shir˘ [more details].

October 1875: premiere at the Nakamuraza and the Shinboriza of Takeshiba Kinsaku I's drama "Minori no Aki Seish˘ Denki"; Nakaz˘ played the role of Katagiri Miki-no-Kami [more details].

31 December 1876: a fire broke out in Edo in Asakusa, which destroyed the Nakamuraza.

Spring 1877: tour in K˘fu (Mitsuiza) and Nagoya (Tachibanaza) in the company of the stars Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX and Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII.

October 1878: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Jitsugetsusei Ky˘wa Seidan"; Nakaz˘ played the roles of Naniwaya S˘emon and ďmu no Ryűz˘ (later the priest Ryűzen) [casting].

February 1879: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Ningen Banji Kane no Yo no Naka"; Nakaz˘ played the role of Henmi Seizaemon [casting].

16 July 1879: Nakaz˘ took part in the gala night at the Shintomiza in the honor of the General Ulysses S. Grant [more details].

January 1883: premiere at the Shintomiza of Kawatake Mokuami's drama "Medeshi Yanagi Midori no Matsumae"; Nakaz˘ played the role of ďkubo Hikozaemon [casting].

June 1886: Nakaz˘ appeared on stage for the last time, in T˘ky˘ at the Nakamuraza. Then, he definitively retired.

24 December 1886: Nakaz˘ died.

Comments:

Nakamura Nakaz˘ III was an outstanding supporting actor, excelling in katakiyaku and fukeyaku roles. He was also an excellent dancer. He transmitted his amazing knowledge of Kabuki to the rising stars Onoe Kikugor˘ V and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IX. His most notable role was K˘mori Yasu in Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Yowa Nasake Ukina no Yokogushi".

[1] The 11th day of the 10th of the 4th year of the Kaei era was the 4th of November 1851 in the western calendar.

[2] The 17th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 5th year of the Kaei era was the 7th of March 1852 in the western calendar.

Nakamura Nakaz˘ III playing the role of Naosuke Gonbŕ in the drama "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan", which was staged in the 7th lunar month of 1872 at the Nakamuraza (print made by Toyohara Kunichika - the actor in the medallion was Nakamura Shikan IV in the role of Tamiya Iemon)

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1865

Print made by Sh˘sai Gink˘ in 1874

The Nakamura Tsuruz˘ line of actors

The Nakamura Nakaz˘ line of actors

 
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