|SEGAWA JOKď III|
Poetry name: Tobun
Existence: 1806 ~ 28 June 1881
Master: Tsuruya Nanboku V
Disciple: Hama Hikosuke
1806: born in Edo. His name is Rokur˘. He keeps a gofukuya (drapery shop) in Edo.
11th lunar month of 1843: he becomes disciple of Tsuruya Nanboku V and receives the name of Uba J˘suke III ; he works, along with the tatesakusha Kawatake Shinshichi II, at the Kawarazakiza on the drama "Osana Gunp˘ Jűroku Musashi", which celebrates the shűmei of Arashi Koroku V. others main actors are Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Seki Sanjűr˘ III, Nakamura Utaemon IV, Onoe Eizabur˘ III, Segawa Kikusabur˘ III and Nakamura Shibajűr˘.
1845: he takes the name of Fujimoto Kichibŕ.
11th lunar month of 1848: he becomes tatesakusha and works at the Nakamuraza on the drama "Kin no Zai Ch˘ja no Yumitori", which celebrates the shűmei of Sawamura Ch˘jűr˘ V. Kichibŕ is assisted by the sakusha Ichioka Wasuke, Teshima Shinz˘ and Umemori Harusuke.
11th lunar month of 1850: he takes the name of Segawa Jok˘ III, working at the Nakamuraza on the drama "Kigoto no Hana Homare no Kisoyama". He also works on the dance-drama "Yuki Furu Hana no Yoshino no Jűi".
4th lunar month of 1851: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Jok˘'s Tokiwazu-based dance "Kioi Jishi Kabuki no Hanakago", commonly called "Kioi Jishi", starring Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Band˘ Takesabur˘ I, Onoe Kikujir˘ II and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III.
5th lunar month of 1856: premiere at the Moritaza of the first version of "Matsuura no Taiko", as 3 extended acts of the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura". This program, which is written by Ky˘gend˘ Sak˘ II and Jok˘, celebrates the reopening of the Moritaza and is entitled "Shin Butai Iroha no Kakizome".
3rd lunar month of 1870: premiere at the Nakamuraza of "Ume Goyomi Tatsumi no Sono", an adaptation to Kabuki by Kawatake Shinshichi II and Jok˘ of Tamenaga Shunsui's 1833 novel "Shunshoku Ume Goyomi" [casting].
28 June 1881: Jok˘ dies in T˘ky˘; his tombstone is located in the K˘fukuji temple in Muk˘jima.
Segawa Jok˘ III was an Edo/T˘ky˘ sakusha, who worked from the end of the 1830s to the end of the beginning of the 1880s. His two most famous dramas, which are still regularly staged nowadays in Japan, are "Kirare Yosa" and "Sakura Giminden".
"Segawa Jok˘ kept a gofukuya, or drapery shop, in Edo, and wrote plays because he felt an inclination to do so. Finally he was persuaded to give up his business, and he became a tatesakusha, or chief playwriter. He sinned in verbosity, and the actors tired of his long speeches. It might have been better for Jok˘'s peace of mind had he continued to deal in kimono and obi. His specialty consisted in dramatising the stories related in the yose, or places of amusement where the professional story-teller held forth. The eighth Danjűr˘ was successful in some of these pieces, and they are still favourites with playgoers." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
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