KIOI JISHI
   
Dance titles Kioi Jishi Kabuki no Hanakago  In Japanese
Kioi Jishi Otowa no Hanakago  In Japanese
Common title Kioi Jishi  In Japanese
Authors Segawa Jok˘ III (lyrics)
Kishizawa Shikisa V (music)
Hanayagi Jusuke I (choreography)
History

The Tokiwazu-based dance "Kioi Jishi Kabuki no Hanakago", commonly called "Kioi Jishi", was staged for the first time in the 4th lunar month of 1851 at the Nakamuraza, starring Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Band˘ Takesabur˘ I, Onoe Kikujir˘ II and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III. This dance was the main item of the soga matsuri, which was held the 28th of May.

Key words Shosagoto
Tokiwazu
Soga Matsuri
Kiyari Ondo
Tekomai
Summary

The dance Kioi Jishi takes place during the Sann˘ Matsuri, held once a year in and around the Hie Shrine in the district of Akasaka Sann˘. A lively crowd gathered for the festival. There are geisha dressed in a special festival costum named tekomai, a group of young firemen and their two bosses called Tsurukichi and Kamekichi. "Kioi Jishi" is series of short and festive dances. The geisha start with their festive kiyari ondo. Then, it is the turn of Tsurukichi and Kamekichi, who start their show with a dance about the revenge of the famous Soga brothers, first highlight of "Kioi Jishi". The two men plays the roles of Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari. Two geisha play the roles of the courtesans Kewaizaka no Sh˘sh˘ (Gor˘'s lover) and ďiso no Tora (Jűr˘'s lover). The next dance is about the pleasure quarter. The following one is a slow-paced dance called b˘fura odori (literally "the mosquito larva dance"). Then 4 young firemen perform a dance about sake. The second highlight, and last item of "Kioi Jishi", is a new year lion dance done by Tsurukichi and Kamekichi*. One animates the lion mask and the other the lion tail. The geisha use their fan to symbolize the butterflies which excite the lion. The two bosses suddenly go out of the lion puppet, wearing each a mask, the faces of Hyottoko and Okame, a comical couple of many popular dances. "Kioi Jishi" ends with the lion puppet pose and the flapping of the geisha' fans.

(*) For the new year celebration, it was a custom for 2 men to animate a lion puppet and to visit all the neighborhood's homes in order to bring good luck.

The actors Onoe Kikujir˘ II and Ichikawa Kodanji IV playing a geisha and a fireman in the dance "Kioi Jishi Kabuki no Hanakago", which was staged in the 4th lunar month of 1851 at the Nakamuraza (print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III)

 
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