SEKI SANJ█Rď III

Stage names:

Seki Sanjűr˘ III In Japanese
Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V In Japanese
Ichikawa Datejűr˘ In Japanese
Ichikawa Dankichi I In Japanese

Others names:

Ichikawa Chűsha V In Japanese
Fujima Kangor˘ In Japanese

Nickname: Hana no Sanjűr˘ [1]

Guilds: Owariya [2], Tachibanaya [3]

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: Chűsha (5), Kijaku, Kazan

Existence: 1805 ~ 18th day of the 12th lunar month of 1870 [4]

Connections:

Father: Fujima Kanbei III (dance master)

Brother-in-law: Nakamura Utaemon IV

Master: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII

Adopted son: Seki Sanjűr˘ IV

Career:

1805~1827: born in Edo. His father was the choreographer Fujima Kanbei III. He started his career as a disciple of the star Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, who gave him the name of Ichikawa Dankichi I. The, during the Bunsei era, he became Ichikawa Datejűr˘.

11th lunar month of 1827: he took the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V [5] at the Nakamuraza, playing the roles of the gold trader Kichiji and Motoyoshi Shir˘ Tadahira in the kaomise drama "Kinbusen Yosooi Genji".

3rd lunar month of 1828: Yaoz˘ played in the same theater the roles of Taira no Atsumori and Kumagai Kojir˘ in the epic drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane was played by Nakamura Shikan II.

11th lunar month of 1828: his yearly salary for the new season at the Nakamuraza was 250 ry˘.

3rd lunar month of 1829: Yaoz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Kokingo and Suruga Jir˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1829: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's kaomise drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi"; Yaoz˘ played the roles of Kitashirakawa no Anchin and Nose Gengo [more details].

8th lunar month of 1830: Yaoz˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Koganosuke in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

6th lunar month of 1834: Yaoz˘ achieved a great success at the Nakamuraza by playing the roles of Tamiya Oiwa, Kobotoke Kohei and Yomoshichi in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "T˘kaid˘ Yotsuya Kaidan".

9th lunar month of 1834: Yaoz˘ played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Sakuramaru and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

5th lunar month of 1835: Yaoz˘ went on tour with Seki Sanjűr˘ II in Ise and Kamigata. This was an excellent opportunity for Yaoz˘ to learn the art and techniques of such a great star.

28th day of the 9th lunar month of 1839 [6]: the actor Seki Sanjűr˘ II died.

4th lunar month of 1840: Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V took the name of Seki Sanjűr˘ III at the Ichimuraza, playing the roles of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka and Chichibu Sh˘ji Shigetada in the jidaimono "Hirakana Seisuiki" and the role of Umakata Hachiz˘ in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna". The k˘j˘ celebrating this shűmei was led by the star Nakamura Utaemon IV.

1st lunar month of 1843: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari" (commonly called "Noriaibune"), which was staged within the new year sogamono drama "Kioi Uta Soga no Hanadashi"; Sanjűr˘ was one of the seven dancers [more details].

1st lunar month of 1846: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kagura Uta Kumoi no Kyokumari", which was commonly called "Dontsuku"; Sanjűr˘ danced in it [more details].

1st lunar month of 1852: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's drama "Satomi Hakkenden"; Sanjűr˘ played the roles of ďtsuka Bansaku Kazunari, Inukawa S˘suke, Kanamari Daisuke Takanori, Komiyama Kageyu Saemon, Inukai Genpachi Nobumichi and Inugawa Gakuz˘ [casting].

9th lunar month of 1852: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; Sanjűr˘ played the role of Gapp˘ D˘shin [casting].

1853: Sanjűr˘ went on tour in Kamigata.

1st lunar month of 1854: Sanjűr˘ went back to Edo and performed as as a jitsuaku at the Nakamuraza in the new year sogamono drama "Matsu Ich˘ Tsurukame Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1858: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Edo Zakura Kiyomizu Seigen"; the nibanme of this drama was now entitled "Kurotegumi Kuruwa no Tatehiki" in the Kabuki repertoire (commonly called "Kurotegumi Sukeroku"); Sanjűr˘ played the roles of Torii Shinzaemon and the shirozake seller Shinbŕ [more details].

2nd lunar month of 1859: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kosode Soga Azami no Ironui" (commonly called "Izayoi Seishin"); Sanjűr˘ played the role of the poet Tsukioka Hakuren, in reality the thief ďdera Sh˘bŕ [casting].

1st lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Sannin Kichisa Kuruwa no Hatsugai"; Sanjűr˘ played the roles of Dozaemon Denkichi and Ch˘jiya Ch˘bŕ [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Kagamiyama Gonichi no Iwafuji"; Sanjűr˘ played the role of Mochizuki Danj˘ [casting].

7th lunar month of 1860: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Hachiman Matsuri Yomiya no Nigiwai" (commonly called "Chijimiya Shinsuke"); Sanjűr˘ played the role of Genzaemon [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1862: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Aoto Z˘shi Hana no Nishikie" (commonly called "Shiranami Gonin Otoko"); Sanjűr˘ played the role of Nippon Daemon [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1864: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Soga Moy˘ Tateshi no Goshozome"; Sanjűr˘ played the role of Hoshikage Doemon [casting].

4th lunar month of 1864: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Wakaba no Ume Ukina no Yokogushi" (commonly called "Kirare Otomi"); Sanjűr˘ played the role of Izutsu Yozaemon [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1866: premiere at the Moritaza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's drama "Fune-he Uchikomu Hashima no Shiranami" (commonly called "Ikake Matsu"); Sanjűr˘ played the roles of Shimaya Bunz˘ (in reality Bonji no Shingor˘) and Hanaya Sagobŕ [more details].

2nd lunar month of 1867: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Kawatake Shinshichi II's new year sogamono drama "Keisei Soga Kuruwa Kagami", in which was premiered the drama "Oshizu Reiza"; Sanjűr˘ played the roles of Kobayashi no Asahina, the doctor Tsurugizawa Bakuan and the Okushűya master Yasuemon [more details].

11th lunar month of 1870: Sanjűr˘ appeared on stage for the last time, at the Nakamuraza, where he performed in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

18th day of the 12th lunar month of 1870 [4]: Sanjűr˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Seki Sanjűr˘ III was an outstanding tachiyaku actor, who excelled in katakiyaku and jitsuaku roles. He looked like Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, sharing the same facial feature: an amazing nose! The playwright Kawatake Mokuami considered that Seki Sanjűr˘ III was the best actor he ever met.

[1] Literally Sanjűr˘ the Nose.

[2] His yag˘ when he was named Seki Sanjűr˘ III.

[3] His yag˘ when he was named Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V.

[4] The 18th day of the 12th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Meiji era was the 7th of February 1871 in the western calendar.

[5] One question has to be solved: who held the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ between 1827 and 1834? One actor or two actors? It was written in the "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten" that Nakamura Datejűr˘ went back to Edo in Fall 1827, taking back the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV and playing at the Nakamuraza the roles of the gold trader Kichiji and Motoyoshi Shir˘ Tadahira in the drama "Kinbusen Yosooi Genji". The same roles were also credited in the same book to Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V, who played them to celebrate his shűmei at the Nakamuraza. The actor performing under the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ in the 11th lunar month of 1827 at the Nakamuraza was also recorded as playing the following year (in the 3rd lunar month of 1828 in the same theater) the roles of Taira no Atsumori and Kumagai Kojir˘ in the epic drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". These roles were usually performed by young actor, which logically should exclude Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV as he was in his 50s around that time, whereas Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V was at the beginning of his 20s. Another good example of this impossibility was the role of Koganosuke in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which was staged in the 8th lunar month of 1830 at the Nakamuraza. The Ritsumeikan University Actors Database, which was more coherent than the "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten", did not help us fixing this issue as it reported that Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V took this name not in the 11th lunar month of 1827 but in the 3rd lunar month of 1835 and that Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV retired from the Kabuki world in 1834. The "Kabuki Nenpy˘" reported that an actor named Ichikawa Datejűr˘ took the name of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ II (!!) in the 11th lunar month of 1827 in Edo (theater not specified - it was just a name in a list of minor actors like Segawa Ayame, Kataoka Ky˘shir˘, Onoe Sukejir˘ or Onoe Iwagor˘) and that an actor named Ichikawa Yaoz˘, who was returning from Kamigata, performed the roles of the gold trader Kichiji and Motoyoshi Shir˘ Tadahira in the drama "Kinbusen Yosooi Genji". Mixing all these pieces of data, kabuki21.com has decided to report that Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V took this name in the 11th lunar month of 1827 and that Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV kept it up to Fall 1834.

[6] The 28th day of the 9th lunar month of the 10th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 3rd of November 1839 in the western calendar.

Seki Sanjűr˘ III playing the role of Iwami Tar˘ Tomohide in the drama "Kozotte Kuruwa Mimasu no Datezome", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1853 at the Nakamuraza (print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada

Print made by Utagawa Kuniharu in 1830

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1834

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1852

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1861

The Ichikawa Chűsha line of actors

The Ichikawa Yaoz˘ line of actors

The Seki Sanjűr˘ line of actors

 
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