|NAKAMURA UTAEMON IV|
Nakamura Utaemon IV
Nakamura Kanjaku I
Poetry names: Kanjaku (1), Shijaku
Line number: YODAIME (IV)
Existence: 1796 ~ 15th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1852
Adoptive father: Nakamura Utaemon III
Father-in-law: Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV
1796: born in Edo in the family of the owner of a tea house located in the district of Shitaya. His name is Hirano Kichitar˘.
1807: he is adopted by the dance master Fujima Kanjűr˘ I, who is none other than his uncle (the husband of his mother's sister). He receives the name of Fujima Kamesabur˘.
1811: he becomes disciple of Nakamura Utaemon III, who gives him the name of Nakamura T˘tar˘.
1812: T˘tar˘ and his master go together to Kamigata.
3rd lunar month of 1813: Nakamura T˘tar˘ takes the name of Nakamura Tsurusuke I in ďsaka.
11th lunar month of 1825: Nakamura Tsurusuke I takes the name of Nakamura Shikan II in Ky˘to.
10th lunar month of 1827: Shikan performs his onagori ky˘gen in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai, playing the roles of Kuzu-no-Ha and the yakko Yokanpei in the drama "Yomeiri Shinoda Zuma". He also performs all the roles of a 5-role hengemono called "Rangiku Tsuyu no Adamakura".
Winter 1827: Shikan goes to Edo.
1st lunar month of 1828: revival at the Nakamuraza of the dance-drama "Oshidori" by Segawa Jok˘ II; Shikan plays the roles of Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukenari and the spirit of the male mandarin duck [more details].
3rd lunar month of 1828: Shikan plays in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". He also performs all the roles of a 7-role hengemono called "Nijirigaki Nanatsu Iroha". Two of the roles, "Keisei" and "Tomo Yakko", are still part of the current Kabuki repertoire.
5th lunar month of 1828: Shikan plays in the same theater the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke, K˘ no Moron˘, Yazama Jűtar˘, Ichimonjiya Saibŕ, the taiko mochi Ichihachi, Yasaku and Horibe Yajibŕ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".
10th lunar month of 1828: the Kabuki world is targeted by the authorities, which implements some sumptuary laws. Shikan and others actors are punished because of their ostentatious luxurious way of life. Shikan is placed for a little while under house arrest in a shop located in the district of Sakai-ch˘.
11th lunar month of 1829: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kin no Zai Sarushima Dairi"; Shikan plays the roles of Tawara no T˘ta, Fujiwara Iyo-no-J˘ Sumitomo, Band˘ Tar˘, Kazusanosuke, the shiraby˘shi Hanako (in reality the ghost of Princess Kiyo) and the ky˘genshi Masuroku (in reality the ghost of Fujiwara Tadabumi) [more details].
3rd lunar month of 1830: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 9-role hengemono "Minokoshite Haru no Kokonoe"; Shikan plays all the roles, including the Yashima Court Lady, which is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire under the title "Kanjo".
3rd lunar month of 1831: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the five-role hengemono "Rokkasen Sugata no Irodori"; Shikan plays the five roles of S˘j˘ Henj˘, Ariwara no Narihira, Bun'ya no Yasuhide, Kisen and ďtomo no Kuronushi [more details].
3rd lunar month of 1832: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 3-part Kiyomoto-based dance "Yayoi no Hana Asakusa Matsuri", starring Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV and Nakamura Shikan II in the leading roles. This dance is still sometimes performed in its entirety but the first part, "Sanja Matsuri" is frequently staged independently.
7th lunar month of 1832: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 4-role Kiyomoto/Nagauta hengemono "Odoke Niwaka Shabon no Tamatori"; Shikan plays all the roles, including a tamaya, which is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire under the title "Tamaya".
9th lunar month of 1833: Shikan performs his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which is entitled "Tamukeyama Momiji no Mitegura". He also dances in duo with Ichikawa Komaz˘ V in the Kiyomoto-based dance "Mata Kuru Haru Suzuna no Tanemaki". He also plays in the d˘j˘jimono "Ranby˘shi Oni-mo Furisode".
Fall 1833: Shikan goes back to ďsaka.
Winter 1835~1836: Nakamura Utaemon III decides to confer his name upon Shikan but many disciples of the star, led by Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II, are righteously indignant because they do believe that this name should be given to Nakamura Utaemon III's grandson (and adopted son) Nakamura Tsurusuke II. It follows that the dispute gets hotter and hotter and Nakamura Utaemon III has to invite all his followers to his home in order to definitively settle the matter. The star ends his explanation by a famous sentence: "I will not give my name to Fujima Kichi, but I will give it to Kichi's art" (Kichi is a diminutive of Kichitar˘, the real first name of Shikan). As a consequence of the dispute, Shikan is also adopted by his master.
1st lunar month of 1836: Nakamura Utaemon III and Nakamura Shikan II respectively take the names of Nakamura Tamasuke I and Nakamura Utaemon IV at the Kado no Shibai. The two actors play together in the drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which is produced by the zamoto Nakamura Umez˘.
3rd lunar month of 1838: Utaemon plays at the Nakamuraza in the drama "Sanmon Hitome Senbon".
11th lunar month of 1838: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Nakamura Jűsuke IV's Tokiwazu-based dance "Hanabutai Kasumi no Saruhiki", commonly called "Utsubo Zaru"; Utaemon plays the role of the monkey-showman [casting].
3rd lunar month of 1839: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 8-role hengemono "Hana Goyomi Iro no Showake", which is performed by Utaemon. One of the role, "Toshima", is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire.
1st lunar month of 1843: premiere at the Ichimuraza of the dance "Kashiragaki Ise Monogatari" (commonly called "Noriaibune"), which is staged within the new year drama "Kioi Uta Soga no Hanadashi"; Utaemon is one of the seven dancers [more details].
1st lunar month of 1846: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke III's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Kagura Uta Kumoi no Kyokumari", which is commonly called "Dontsuku"; Utaemon plays the leading role [more details].
5th lunar month of 1850: Utaemon plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami". His stage partners are Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I (Tsuribune Sabu) and Mimasu Daigor˘ IV (Issun Tokubŕ).
1st lunar month of 1852: Utaemon appears on stage for the last time, at the Naka no Shibai, performing in the drama "Yotsu no Umi Taira no Yozakari" and the dance "Yosooi Rokkasen". He suddenly falls ill and dies the followng month.
"The fourth Utaemon was large of stature, had fine eyes and good features, and excelled his master, the third, in many respects. His rivals were the fourth Band˘ Mitsugor˘ and the fifth Sawamura S˘jűr˘, but he won for himself a higher place on the stage than either of these Edo actors." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
Nakamura Utaemon IV's best roles: Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane ("Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"), Matsu˘maru ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami") and Ishikawa Goemon ("Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"). He was not at ease in sewamono but he excelled in jidaimono.
Nakamura Utaemon IV was just like his adoptive father Nakamura Utaemon III a kaneru yakusha, able to perform a broad range of male or female roles. He was also an outstanding dancer. He was the first actor to use the yag˘ Narikomaya instead of the usual Kagaya. This new yag˘ was related to a present made by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV to Nakamura Utaemon I when he was on tour in Edo: the Edo star gave to the Kamigata actor a beautiful costum decorated with a Chinese chess piece pattern (koma in Japanese). The yag˘ of Ichikawa Danjűr˘ IV was Naritaya. Narikomaya was therefore created using the ideograms koma and nari, the first ideogram of Naritaya. This new yag˘ was a way for Nakamura Utaemon IV to express the fact that he felt more like an Edo actor than a Kamigata actor.
Nakamura Utaemon IV playing the role of Komakine Hachir˘ in the drama "Keisei Hime Hajime" in a print made by Utagawa Kunikazu in 1861
The Nakamura Tsurusuke line of actors
The Nakamura Shikan line of actors
The Nakamura Utaemon line of actors
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