MORITA KAN'YA XI

Stage names:

Morita Kan'ya XI In Japanese | In Japanese
Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV In Japanese
Band˘ Minosuke II In Japanese

Other name:

Morita Zek˘ In Japanese | In Japanese

Nickname: Yoi Mitsu (Mitsu the Drunkard)

Guilds: Kinojiya, Yamatoya

Line number: J█ICHIDAIME (XI)

Existence: 1802 ~ 18th day of the 11th lunar month of 1863 [1]

Connections:

Adoptive father: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III

Son: Band˘ Mitahachi

Adopted sons: Morita Kan'ya XII, Morita Entar˘

Disciple: Band˘ Kak˘

Career:

11th lunar month of 1803: he made his first appearance on stage (hatsu butai), at the Nakamuraza, where he received the name of Band˘ Minosuke II in the kaomise drama "Kareki-ni Hana Gorish˘ Hachinoki".

11th lunar month of 1828: Minosuke played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Kumasaka Ch˘han, Ise no Sabur˘, a boatman, Iwate Sakingo and Akugenta Yoshihira in the kaomise drama "Mitsugi no Yuki Genji Hiiki"; his yearly salary was 550 ry˘.

1st lunar month of 1830: Minosuke's rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

27th day of the 12th lunar month of 1831 [2]: his adoptive father Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III died.

3rd lunar month of 1832: Band˘ Minosuke II took the name of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV at the Nakamuraza, playing 3 roles in the drama "Sakura Doki Onna Gy˘retsu". He also performed one of the 2 leading roles in the premiere of the 3-part Kiyomoto/Tokiwazu/Nagauta-based dance "Yayoi no Hana Asakusa Matsuri" [3], sharing the stage with Nakamura Shikan II.

9th lunar month of 1832: Mitsugor˘ and Nakamura Utaemon IV alternately played the roles of Fujiya Izaemon and the courtesan Yűgiri in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘", which was staged at the Nakamuraza.

11th lunar month of 1832: Mitsugor˘ became zagashira at the Ichimuraza, playing 2 roles in the drama "Band˘ Musha Tsunagate Hajime".

1833: Mitsugor˘ became the assistant of the zamoto Morita Kan'ya X for the management of the Moritaza.

4th lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Moritaza of the drama "Hakkenden Uwasa no Takadono"; Mitsugor˘ played the roles of Satomi Yoshizane and Higashiyama Yoshimasa [casting].

Fall 1837: the Moritaza went bankrupt and gave its license to the Kawarazakiza.

1838 ~ 1843: Mitsugor˘ went on tour in almost all the provinces of Japan.

11th day of the 7th lunar month of 1838 [4]: the zamoto Morita Kan'ya X died.

12th lunar month of 1838: Mitsugor˘ played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shunkan in the drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi".

1st lunar month of 1839: Mitsugor˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki was hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent). Premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Keisei Hama no Masago"; Mitsugor˘ played the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1843: Mitsugor˘ was back in Edo and performed at the Ichimuraza in the drama "Wakatonobara Sharin no ďyose", which commemorated the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the death of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III. He also played at the end of the program the role of Shunkan in the drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi".

1st lunar month of 1848: Mitsugor˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1850: Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV took the name of Morita Kan'ya XI at the Ichimuraza, performing in the drama "Go Taiheiki Date no Masugata".

22nd day of the 5th lunar month of 1851 [5]: the actor and zamoto Band˘ Yasosuke, who was Morita Kan'ya IX from the 11th lunar month of 1801 to the 4th lunar month of 1830, died.

8th lunar month of 1851: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Segawa Jok˘ III's drama "Higashiyama Sakura S˘shi" (commonly called "Sakura Giminden"); Kan'ya played the roles of Asakura T˘zaemon, ďsawa Hayato and Takaoka Kazue [casting].

5th lunar month of 1856: Kan'ya reopened the Moritaza, which was closed since 1837.

9th day of the 1st lunar month of 1858: a fire broke out in the third floor of the Moritaza and burned the theater to ashes.

11th lunar month of 1858: the newly-rebuilt Moritaza reopened; Kan'ya changed the ideogram for Mori in both his name and his theater name. The old ideogram for mori meant forest and was made up of 3 ideograms meaning wood, a highly-inflammable ideogram. The new ideogram for Mori meant protection, a better meaning for a theater.

Old writing for Moritaza New writing
森田座 守田座

You need a Japanese Language Kit installed within your system in order to be able to read the characters

10th lunar month of 1863: Kan'ya produced "Sangoku Y˘buden", his last Kabuki production at the Moritaza.

18th of the 11th lunar month of 1863 [1]: Kan'ya died.

Comments:

Morita Kan'ya XI was both a tachiyaku actor and the zamoto of the Moritaza (from 1856 to 1863). He was tall, handsome and, as an actor, excelled in sewamono dramas. He was also a talented jitsuaku and an outstanding dancer.

In his Mitsugor˘ years, he was both a stage partner and a rival (for the title of Edo best tachiyaku) for Nakamura Shikan II, imitating the glorious rivalry of Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III and Nakamura Utaemon III.

[1] The 18th of the 11th lunar month of the 3rd year of the Bunkyű era was the 28th of December 1863 in the western calendar.

[2] The 27th day of the 12th lunar month of the 2nd year of the Tenp˘ era was the 29th of January 1832 in the western calendar.

[3] This dance is still sometimes performed in its entirety but the second part, "Sanja Matsuri", is frequently staged independently.

[4] The 11th day of the 7th lunar month of the 9th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 30th of August 1838 in the western calendar.

[5] The 22nd day of the 5th lunar month of the 4th year of the Kaei era was the 21st of June 1851 in the western calendar.

Morita Kan'ya XI playing the role of Sait˘ Tarozaemon Toshiyuki in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi" (print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III in 1860)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyasu in 1829

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1833

Print made by Utagawa Kuniyoshi in 1834

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1835

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1860

The Band˘ Minosuke line of actors

The Band˘ Mitsugor˘ line of actors

The Morita Kan'ya line of actors and theater managers

 
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