JITSUKAWA GAKUJ█Rď II

Stage names:

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II
Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I
Asao Enzabur˘
Asao Mankichi

Nickname: Mekura no Gakujűr˘ (Gakujűr˘ the blind)

Guild: Izutsuya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Enjaku

Existence: 1813 ~ 22nd day of the 2nd lunar month of 1867

Connections:

Master: Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I

Son: Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ II

Disciples: Jitsukawa Enjaku I, Jitsukawa Yaoz˘ I, Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ III, Jitsukawa Kikuo, Jitsukawa Enji

Family map: the Jitsukawa Clan

Career:

1813 ~ 1821: born in Ky˘to. He starts his career at an early age, becoming a disciple of the actor Asao Yűjir˘ I, who gives him the name of Asao Mankichi. He is adopted by his master in 1817 and takes the name of Asao Enzabur˘ at an early age.

1st lunar month of 1822: his adoptive father takes the name of Asao Gakujűr˘.

1st lunar month of 1833: Asao Gakujűr˘ and Asao Enzabur˘ take the respective names of Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I and Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I. This is the foundation of the Jitsukawa clan.

6th lunar month of 1835: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji", which was originally written for the puppet theater and staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1773, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Enzabur˘ plays the role of the yakko Irihei [casting].

1st lunar month of 1846: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of T˘manoj˘, Gengor˘ and Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Keisei Hama no Masago", which is produced by the zamoto Ichikawa Yonez˘ and celebrates the shűmei of Mimasu Daigor˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1847: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Hachiman Tar˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara"; his stage partners are Mimasu Daigor˘ IV (Abe no Sadat˘), Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (Abe no Munet˘), Arashi Rikan III (Sodehagi) and Arashi Wasabur˘ II (Okimi).

1st lunar month of 1848: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, Hanagata Sampukutsui section ("A trio of young stars"), is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent). The two others actors in this trio are Arashi Rikan III and Kataoka Gad˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1849: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu is played by Nakayama Nanshi II.

5th lunar month of 1850: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners are Nakamura Utaemon IV (Danshichi Kurobŕ) and Mimasu Daigor˘ IV (Issun Tokubŕ).

11th lunar month of 1851: Enzabur˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Hachiman Tar˘ in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara"; his stage partners are Nakamura Tomijűr˘ II (Sodehagi), Kataoka Ichiz˘ I (Abe no Sadat˘) and Arashi Rikaku II (Abe no Munet˘).

1st lunar month of 1853: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, Tokokazari Sampukutsui section ("A trio of perfect decorations for a Toko no Ma"), is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent). The two others actors in this trio are Kataoka Gad˘ II and Arashi Rikaku II.

3rd lunar month of 1853: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of En'ya Hangan, Teraoka Heiemon, Hayano Kanpei and Yomoshichi in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

3rd lunar month of 1854: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Mohei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Osan is played by Nakayama Nanshi II.

11th lunar month of 1854: Enzabur˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Mohei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Osan is played by Arashi San'emon IX. He also plays the role of Moritsuna in the drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata".

1st lunar month of 1859: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1860: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Amakawaya Gihei, Tashiro Yasubŕ, Yashichi and Takubei in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

4th lunar month of 1860: Enzabur˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Yorikane in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; the role of Yorikane's lover Takao is played by Onoe Kikujir˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1860: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Tsukimoto Enshű and Tamashima K˘bŕ in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi"; the role of Nippon Daemon is played by Arashi Kichisabur˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1861: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

9th lunar month of 1864: Enzabur˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Momonoi Wakasanosuke, Ichimonjiya Osai and ďboshi Yuranosuke in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; his stage partners are Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Nakamura Jakuemon I, Ogino Senjo and Arashi Hinasuke VII.

1st lunar month of 1865: Enzabur˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hakugoku-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1865: Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I takes the name of Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II at the Naka no Shibai, playing in the drama "Keisei Koi no Sekifuda".

1st lunar month of 1866: Gakujűr˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1866: Gakujűr˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners in the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Issun Tokubŕ are Jitsukawa Enjaku I and Nakamura Komanosuke V.

11th lunar month of 1866: Gakujűr˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai in ďsaka. He loses his eyesight and has to retire.

22nd day of the 2nd lunar month of 1867: Gakujűr˘ dies in ďsaka. His tombstone is located in the precinct of the Honsh˘ji Temple in the district of Tanimachi.

Comments:

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II was a talented Kamigata tachiyaku and the worthy heir of Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ I, excelling in wagotoshi and jitsugotoshi roles.

"In the early 1840s he became ill and went on a temple-visiting pilgrimage to pray for recovery, which is said to have resulted in sudden convalescence." (Samuel Leiter in "New Kabuki Encyclopedia")

Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ II playing the role of Oda Sanshichir˘ Nobutaka in the drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which was staged in the 5th lunar month of 1865 at the Naka no Shibai (print made by Sadahiro)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Hirosada in the 5th lunar month of 1850

Print made by Utagawa Hirosada in the 8th lunar month of 1851

Print made by Nakai Yoshitaki in 1866

The Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ line of actors

The Jitsukawa Gakujűr˘ line of actors

 
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