NAKAYAMA NANSHI II

Stage names:

Nakayama Nanshi II In Japanese
Nakayama Yoshio III In Japanese
Nakayama Isshi I In Japanese
Nakayama Ittoku II In Japanese
Nakayama Azuma In Japanese
Nakayama Torakichi In Japanese

Guild: Daikokuya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry names: Isshi, Yoshio

Existence: 1790 ~ 23rd day of the 7th lunar month of 1858 [1]

Connection:

Master: Nakayama Yoshio I

Disciple: Nakayama Enshi

Career:

1790 ~ 1808: born in ďsaka. He started his career as a disciple of the actor Nakayama Yoshio I, who gave him the name of Nakayama Torakichi.

1808: Nakayama Torakichi took the name of Nakayama Azuma.

1815: Nakayama Azuma took the name of Nakayama Ittoku II; he performed in hama shibai.

1815 ~ 1818: Nakayama Ittoku II took the name of Nakayama Isshi I.

23rd day of the 1st lunar month of 1818 [2]: his master Nakayama Yoshio I died.

2nd ~ 3rd lunar months of 1819: tour in Nagoya; Isshi performed at the Seijuin no Shibai, sharing the stage with Kataoka Ichiz˘ I, Onoe Fujaku III and Arashi Mitsugor˘.

1st lunar month of 1826: Isshi played at the ďnishi no Shibai the role of Princess Terute in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘shi"; the role of Oguri Hangan was played by Onoe Fujaku III.

11th lunar month of 1831: Nakayama Isshi I took the name of Nakayama Nanshi II. Nanshi was a haimy˘ used by Nakayama Yoshio I, who was considered as Nakayama Nanshi I.

3rd lunar month of 1832: Nanshi played in ďsaka at the Takeda no Shibai the roles of Okaru, Oishi and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Hana no Ani Tsubomi no Yatsufusa" Nanshi played the roles of Tamazusa, Bansaku's wife and the servant Onaka [casting].

1st lunar month of 1838: Nanshi's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual]. The actors Nakayama Nanshi II and Nakayama Yoshio II respectively took the names of Nakayama Yoshio III and Nakayama Ittoku III at the Kado no Shibai, performing in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Sato no Funauta".

5th lunar month of 1841: Yoshio played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Okon [illustration] in the drama "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"; the roles of Fukuoka Mitsugi and Kisuke were played by Kataoka Gad˘ II and Nakamura Shikan III. The performance was a commercial failure and some actors moved to Ky˘to.

10th lunar month of 1843: Yoshio played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Okaru and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

10th lunar month of 1843: Yoshio played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1845: Nakayama Yoshio III took back the name of Nakayama Nanshi II at the Kado no Shibai, playing 2 roles in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Tamate Zuna".

1st lunar month of 1846: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Oritsu and Otaki in the drama "Keisei Hama no Masago", which celebrated the shűmei of Mimasu Daigor˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1846: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Okaru, Konami, Okita and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1846: Nanshi played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1849: Nanshi's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was ˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent) [Visual]. He played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the courtesan Tenmaya Ohatsu in the drama "Sonezaki Shinjű"; the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was played by Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1849: Nanshi played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Miyuki in the drama "Keisei Tsukushi no Tsumagoto"; the role of Miyagi Asojir˘ was played by Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1850: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Hinadori and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

9th lunar month of 1850: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the courtesan ďgiya Yűgiri in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of Fujiya Izaemon was played by Nakamura Utaemon IV.

5th lunar month of 1851: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Okaru in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

8th lunar month of 1851: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Chidori/Umegae [illustration] in the drama Hirakana Seisuiki.

9th lunar month of 1851: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Yae and Tonami in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

10th lunar month of 1852: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Onoe in the drama "Kagamiyama Sugata no Utsushie"; the roles of Ohatsu and Iwafuji were played by Kataoka Gad˘ II and Mimasu Daigor˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1852: Nanshi played at the Minamigawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) the role of Onoe in the drama "Tsugiawase Koshiji no Ume", which belonged to the "Kagamiyama" world; the roles of Ohatsu and Iwafuji were, just like the previous month in ďsaka, played by Kataoka Gad˘ II and Mimasu Daigor˘ IV. Nanshi also played the role of Princess Yaegaki in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

3rd lunar month of 1853: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Okaru, Okumi and Okita in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

3rd lunar month of 1854: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Osan in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Mohŕ was played by Jitsukawa Enzabur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1856: Nanshi played at the Chikugo no Shibai the role of Osan [illustration] in the drama "Hana no Kumo Sakura no Akebono".

1st lunar month of 1857: Nanshi played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Kizue in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Ch˘ja Kagami". He also played the roles of Sasao and Otane in the drama "Igagoe". Then, he did his isse ichidai peformance, playing the role of the ghost of Murakaze in "Yukihira Isonare Matsu". Nanshi retired and opened a hair pomade shop in ďsaka, close to the Ebisu Bridge.

23rd day of the 7th lunar month of 1858 [1] Nanshi died in ďsaka.

Comments:

Nakayama Nanshi II was a popular and talented 19th century ďsaka onnagata actor, who was able to perform any kind of female role. He was considered as the last great Kamigata onnagata of the Edo period.

[1] The 23rd day of the 7th lunar month of the 5th year of the Ansei era was the 31st of August 1858 in the western calendar.

[2] The 23rd day of the 1st lunar month of the 15th year of the Bunka era was the 27th of February 1818 in the western calendar.

Nakayama Nanshi II in a print made by Utagawa Kunishige in 1849

Prints & Illustrations

The Nakayama Ittoku line of actors

The Nakayama Isshi line of actors

The Nakayama Yoshio line of actors

 
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