NAKAYAMA YOSHIO I

Stage names:

Nakayama Yoshio I In Japanese
Nakayama Ittoku I In Japanese

Other name:

Nakayama Nanshi I In Japanese

Nickname: Daiya

Guild: Daikokuya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Nanshi (1), Yoshio, Rik˘, Risei

Existence: 1776 ~ 23rd day of the 1st lunar month of 1818

Connection:

Master: Nakayama Bunshichi II

Son: Nakayama Ittoku III

Disciple: Nakayama Nanshi II

Career:

1776 ~ 1790: born in ďsaka. He starts his career at an early age, as a disciple of Nakayama Raisuke II, performing in kodomo shibai under the name of Nakayama Ittoku I.

2nd lunar month of 1790: Ittoku becomes zamoto and produces at the Kado no Shibai the new year drama "Keisei Fuki no Shimadai".

19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1798: his master Nakayama Bunshichi II dies.

11th lunar month of 1799: Ittoku plays in the kaomise drama "Yunzei T˘ri Yaguruma", which is produced by Fujikawa Katsujir˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai. He also plays the role of Hanamachi in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami"; his stage partners are Asao Tamejűr˘ I, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Nakamura Noshio II and Seki Sanjűr˘ I. The troupe moves in the 12th lunar month from the Kado no Shibai to the Kitagawa no Shibai in Ky˘to to perform almost the same program.

8th lunar month of 1804: Nakayama Ittoku I takes the name of Nakayama Yoshio I at the Kado no Shibai, performing in the drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari", which is produced by Nakamura Noshio III; his main stage partners are Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Onoe Koisabur˘ I, Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III, Fujikawa Tomokichi I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III and Asao Tamejűr˘ II.

10th lunar month of 1809: Yoshio plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of the courtesan Miyagino in the drama "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi"; the roles of Shinobu and S˘roku are played by Kan˘ Minshi I and Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Namiki Miyosuke ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Sato no Funauta"; Yoshio plays the roles of the keisei Higaki and Ry˘suke's ny˘b˘ Oyuki [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1810: tour in Ise with Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakayama Hyakka; Yoshio plays among others the roles of Otane et Nureginu in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

9th lunar month of 1810: Yoshio plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Shizuka Gozen, Oryű/Suke-no-Tsubone and Gonta's wife Kosen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; his stage partners are Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Gimpei/Tomomori, Gonta), Arashi Sangor˘ III (Tadanobu/the fox Genkur˘) and Nakayama Hyakka (Yoshitsune).

3rd lunar month of 1812: Yoshio plays at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of the courtesans Umegawa and Okon in the dramas "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"; the roles of Umegawa's lover Chűbŕ and Okon's lover Mitsugi are played by Arashi Sangor˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1812: Yoshio plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the courtesan Umegawa in the drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa's lover Chűbŕ is played by Onoe Shinshichi II.

11th lunar month of 1812: Yoshio plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Ohaya in the drama "Hirugaesu Nishiki no Tamoto", which welcomes in ďsaka the Edo star Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III. Yoshio also plays the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Okaru and Oishi in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1813: Yoshio's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1813: Yoshio plays in the same theater the roles of Kiku-no-Mae and the courtesan Okon in the dramas "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba"; the role of Mitsugi (Okon's lover) in the latter drama is played by Nakamura Daikichi I.

8th lunar month of 1813: Yoshio plays in the same theater the roles of Chidori and Oyoshi in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; the role of Genta is played by Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III.

2nd day of the 9th lunar month of 1813: a fire breaks out in ďsaka in a chaya near the Naka no Shibai; it partially destroys this theater. The troupe moves to the Kado no Shibai.

9th lunar month of 1813: Yoshio plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Yae and Tonami in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the roles of Sakuramaru (Yae's husband) and Genz˘ (Tonami's husband) are played by Ogawa Kichitar˘ III and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III (who does his isse ichidai performance in ďsaka).

11th lunar month of 1813: Yoshio plays in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Okaru and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which celebrates the isse ichidai performance of Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III.

2nd lunar month of 1816: Yoshio plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of the courtesan Umegawa in the drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa's lover Chűbŕ is played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

5th lunar month of 1816: Yoshio plays in the same theater the role of Princess Yuki in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki"; the roles of Matsunaga Daizen and Konoshita T˘kichi are played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakamura Utaemon III. He also plays the role of ďgiya Yűgiri in "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of Yűgiri's lover Fujiya Izaemon is played by Nakamura Utaemon III.

11th lunar month of 1816: Yoshio plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai kaomise program "H˘j˘ Jiraiki".

1st lunar month of 1817: Yoshio plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Yodomachi Gozen and Oritsu in the new year drama "Keisei Chikugo-ga-Fuchi".

5th lunar month of 1817: Yoshio plays in the same theater the roles of Koshina Danj˘'s wife Irie and Otane in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

8th lunar month of 1817: Yoshio plays at the Tenma Tenjin no Shibai (ďsaka) the roles of Chidori and ďgiya Yűgiri in "Hirakana Seisuiki" and "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role Fujiya Izaemon is played by Arashi Sangor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1817: Yoshio plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Sadaka and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin"; the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Fukashichi are played by Arashi Sangor˘ III and Band˘ Jűtar˘. He also plays the role of Shiratae in the drama "Onna Hachinoki".

1st lunar month of 1818: Yoshio's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is hakushi-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost unique - superior - superior - excellent). He is the kanjiku for all the Kamigata onnagata actors. Yoshio makes his last stage apperance, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, playing the roles of Tatsuta-no-Mae and Kan Sh˘j˘ in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami". He suddenly falls ill in his inn on the Kamogawa river the 21st of January and dies in the Imperial City the 23rd of January.

Comments:

Nakayama Yoshio I was a talented and popular ďsaka onnagata actor, who achieved fame for himself in Kamigata during the 1810s. He was able to perform any kind of female role, in sewamono or jidaimono. His field of excellence was said to be nuregoto. His stage partners were the stars of the Bunka era (Nakamura Utaemon III, Arashi Sangor˘ III or Kataoka Nizaemon VII to name a few). It is also interesteing to note that he never try to tour in Edo and that his final rank (hakushi-j˘-j˘-kichi) was the same as his master's one and both actors received it the year of their death.

Nakayama Yoshio I playing the role of the courtesan Umegawa in the drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai", which was staged in the 2nd lunar month of 1816 at the Kado no Shibai
(print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű)

Print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű in 1816

The Nakayama Ittoku line of actors

The Nakayama Yoshio line of actors

 
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