NAGAWA ISSEN I

Playwright names:

Nagawa Issen I In Japanese
Nagawa Kamesuke II In Japanese | In Japanese | In Japanese
Nagawa Issen In Japanese
Nagawa Tokusuke I In Japanese
Nagawa Tokusuke In Japanese

Guild: Kinkid˘

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Issen

Existence: 1764 ~ 3rd day of the 2nd lunar month of 1842 [1]

Connection:

Master: Nagawa Shimesuke I

Disciples: Nagawa Motosuke, Nagawa Tokusuke II, Nagawa Harusuke I, Nagawa Tsurusuke, Nagawa Kansuke, Nagawa Rikisuke, Nagawa Kumakichi

Career:

1786: he became disciple of Nagawa Shimesuke I in ďsaka and received the name of Nagawa Tokusuke.

11th lunar month of 1792: Tokusuke worked at the Kado no Shibai, along with his master Nagawa Shimesuke I and Takemoto Saburobei III, on the kaomise drama "Hito no Kokoro-ni Kan˘ Kaomise".

1st lunar month of 1796: he changes some of the ideograms of his first name:

Old writing for Tokusuke new writing
十九助 篤助

You need a Japanese Language Kit installed within your system in order to be able to read the characters

11th lunar month of 1796: Tokusuke worked in Ky˘to at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater, along with Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, on the kaomise drama "Yama Katsura Asahi no Menbako", which celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Koisabur˘ I; the same kaomise program with the same casting was staged from the 18th day of the 11th lunar month in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1797: Tokusuke worked in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai, along with Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, on the kaomise drama "Mote Hayasu Manry˘ no Tachibana", which was produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II and welcomed back in ďsaka the actor Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

11th lunar month of 1799: Tokusuke worked in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai, along with Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, on the kaomise drama "Yunzei T˘ri Yaguruma", which was produced by Fujikawa Katsujir˘.

11th lunar month of 1800: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Yanagi's puppet theater drama "Ehon Taik˘ki", which was written in the 7th lunar month of 1799. The play was adapted for Kabuki by Tokusuke (who became tatesakusha) and produced by Nakayama Tokujir˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai [casting].

11th lunar month of 1803: Tokusuke worked in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai, along with Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, Namiki Sh˘z˘ II and Segawa Jok˘ II, on the kaomise drama "Hatsu Yagura Kogane no Manmaku", which was produced by Nakamura Noshio III. The troupe moved to the Kita no Shinchi Shibai in December to perform the same program for 10 days.

11th lunar month of 1804: Tokusuke worked in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, along with Tatsuoka Mansaku, on the kaomise drama "Minoriyoshi Kane no Naruki".

3rd lunar month of 1808: the drama "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘", which was originally written for the puppet theater and premiered in the 9th lunar month of 1807 in ďsaka, was adapted for Kabuki by the sakusha Nagawa Kunisuke, Ichioka Washichi I and Tokusuke and staged in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting].

Summer 1810: Tokusuke went to Edo.

Fall 1812: Tokusuke went back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1812: he took the name of Nagawa Issen and works at the Naka no Shibai, along with Namiki Miyosuke, on the kaomise drama "Hirugaesu Nishiki no Tamoto", which welcomed in ďsaka the Edo star Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III.

Fall 1813: Issen went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1813: Issen worked as a tatesakusha at the Nakamuraza, along with Fukumori Kyűsuke I and Segawa Jok˘ II, on the kaomise drama "Okud˘sha Band˘ Junrei", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Matsue III and in which Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III was zagashira for the first time.

Winter 1815: he took the name of Nagawa Kamesuke II in Edo.

3rd lunar month of 1817: Kamesuke worked at the Kiriza on the dramas "Shinbutai Megumi no Ishizue", "Azuma Kagami Soga Sewagoto" and "Asa Zakura Sumida no Hakkei", which starred Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Suketakaya Takasuke II, Ichikawa Dannosuke III and Iwai Kumesabur˘ II.

Summer of Fall 1817 [2]: he went back to ďsaka. He took the name of Nagawa Issen at at an unknown date.

Fall 1820: Issen went to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1820: Issen worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Segawa Jok˘ II and Sakurada Jisuke II, on the kaomise drama "Saruwaka Hisago no Gunbai", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Arashi Tokusabur˘ II, Nakamura Gennosuke I and Arashi Ryűgor˘.

1st lunar month of 1833: Issen worked at the Naka no Shibai on the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘shi".

3rd day of the 2nd lunar month of 1842 [1]: Issen died.

Comments:

Nagawa Issen I was an important Kamigata sakusha, who was active from the second half of 1780s to 1833 and who worked on more than 80 original dramas. He frequently worked in Edo.

"Nagawa Tokusuke gave up the priesthood to become a playwright. He had been connected with a country temple, and went to ďsaka to learn how to write. There were so few sakusha at this time, that the third Nakamura Utaemon invited him up to Edo, and was so anxious to encourage him, hoping that he would prove to be a goose to lay golden eggs in the way of popular plays for the actors, that he bestowed upon Tokusuke the precious family pen-name of Issen, used by the first Utaemon when he signed his poetry. One of his plays was a failure, which disconcerted the actors to a considerable degree. He returned the literary nom de plume with which his patron Utaemon had honoured him, and departed whence he had come. Thereafter he wrote pieces for side-shows, set up along the banks of rivers, on temporary sites in the compounds of shrines, or at cross-roads. At last he shaved his head and retired as the keeper of a tea-house in Ky˘to, dying at 79."
(ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 3rd day of the 2nd lunar month of the 13th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 14th of March 1842 in the western calendar.

[2] No record of any work in ďsaka ˘shibai in the 1818, 1819 and 1820 hy˘banki. Our assumption is that he maybe worked in hama shibai.

The name of Nagawa Issen I in the 1834 Ky˘to hy˘banki (the zone within the red box)

The Nagawa Tokusuke line of playwrights

The Nagawa Kamesuke line of playwrights

 
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