SEGAWA JOKď II

Pen names:

Segawa Jok˘ II In Japanese
Kawatake Bunji In Japanese | In Japanese

Others names:

Misono Bunji In Japanese
Tsuguri Minoo In Japanese

Poetry name: Bunsha

Existence: 1757 ~ 4th day of the 11th lunar month of 1833 [1]

Connection:

Master: Kawatake Shinshichi I

Career:

1781: he started his career in Edo as a disciple of Kawatake Shinshichi I. His first pen name was Kawatake Bunji.

Fall 1786: Bunji went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1786: Bunji worked at the ďnishi no Shibai, along with Namiki Jusuke and Chikamatsu Tokus˘, on the drama "Osanago no Katakiuchi".

12th lunar month of 1787: Bunji worked at the Kado no Shibai, along with Namiki Gohei I, on the kaomise drama "Sanga no Tsumidori Soga".

Fall 1790: Bunji went back to Edo.

23rd day of the 1st lunar month of 1794 [2]: Segawa Jok˘ I died in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1801: he became tatesakusha, took the name of Segawa Jok˘ II and worked with Katsu Hy˘z˘ I at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Date D˘gutsui no ďtori", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Hikozaemon I.

1st lunar month of 1802: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Hatsubutai Wakayagi Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Onoe Matsusuke II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ III and Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III.

Fall 1802: Jok˘ went to ďsaka with Segawa Rok˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1802: Jok˘ worked for Nagawa Shimesuke I on the kaomise drama "Azuma Giku Naniwa no Kisewata", which was produced by Anegawa Kumajir˘ at the Naka no Shibai. The troupe moved in the 12th lunar month from the Naka no Shibai to the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai to perform a similar program.

11th lunar month of 1803: Jok˘ worked at the Kado no Shibai, along with Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, Nagawa Tokusuke I and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II, on the kaomise drama "Hatsu Yagura Kogane no Manmaku", which was produced by Nakamura Noshio III. The troupe moved to the Kita no Shinchi Shibai in the 12th lunar month to perform the same program for 10 days.

Fall 1806: Jok˘ went back to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1806: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Nagawa Shimesuke I (tatesakusha), Fukumori Kyűsuke I, Tajima Konosuke I, Hon'ya S˘shichi and Matsushima Hanji I, on the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hana Yuki no Michinoku". The 13th of this month, a fire broke out from the shop of the hair-dresser Tomokur˘ in the district of Nihonbashi Fukiya-ch˘. It burnt both the Ichimuraza and the Nakamuraza, killing many spectators.

11th lunar month of 1807: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Kaikei Yuki no Konoshita", which celebrated the shűmei of Segawa Senjo and Segawa Rok˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the dance-drama "Yoshinoyama", written by Jok˘ and Tobaya Rich˘, within the production of "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; it starred Nakamura Utaemon III and Segawa Rok˘ IV in the roles of the fox Genkur˘ disguised as Sat˘ Tadanobu and Shizuka Gozen; it used a Tomimoto musical accompaniment.

7th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Jok˘'s drama "Z˘ho Izari no Adauchi" [casting].

11th lunar month of 1808: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Tajima Konosuke I and Hon'ya S˘shichi, on the kaomise drama "Gohiiki Onga no Shimadai".

4th lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 7-role Nagauta-based dance-drama "Kantan Sono no Kikuch˘", which was staged to commemorate the 36th anniversary (37th memorial service) of the passing away of Segawa Kikunoj˘ II; one of the roles, "Onna Date" was still part of the Kabuki repertoire [more details]. The lyrics were written by Jok˘.

11th lunar month of 1809: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Matsui K˘z˘ I, Shinoda Kinji I and Tajima Konosuke I, on the kaomise drama "ďshű Dachiyuki no Kurogoma", whose plot and characters belonged to the "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara" world.

1st lunar month of 1810: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Edo no Haru Gohiiki Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Band˘ Hikosabur˘ III, Ichikawa Omez˘ I and Sawamura Gennosuke I.

11th lunar month of 1810: Jok˘ worked at the Moritaza, on the kaomise drama "Monomi Guruma Yuki no Takadono", which welcomed back in Edo the actor Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I, Onoe Shinshichi II and Nakayama Kamesabur˘.

11th lunar month of 1812: Jok˘ worked for the tatesakusha Fukumori Kyűsuke I at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Edo Zakura Megumi no Takanori" (last stage appearance of Segawa Rok˘ IV).

3rd lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 12-role hengemono "Shiki no Nagame Yosete Mitsudaiji", made up of twelve dances, one for each month of the lunar calendar. All the roles were played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, including the Bonito seller, which was still part of the current Kabuki repertoire under the title "Katsuo Uri". The lyrics were written by Jok˘.

11th lunar month of 1813: Jok˘ worked for the tatesakusha Nagawa Issen (who came from Kamigata), along with Fukumori Kyűsuke I, at the Nakamuraza on the kaomise drama "Okud˘sha Band˘ Junrei", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actor Nakamura Matsue III and in which Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III was zagashira for the first time.

1st lunar month of 1814: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Gohiiki Ennen Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Ichiz˘ I, Onoe Matsusuke II and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1814: Jok˘ worked at the Moritaza on the kaomise drama "Fuyu Botan Yuki no Jinmaku". The theater went baknrupt and the performances stopped.

11th lunar month of 1815: Jok˘ worked at the Kawarazakiza, along with Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II, on the kaomise drama "Yamato Meisho Senbon Zakura", which celebrated the shűmei of Segawa Kikunoj˘ V.

1st lunar month of 1816: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Nazoraete Fuji-ga-Ne Soga"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Suketakaya Takasuke II, Iwai Kumesabur˘ II and Asao Yűjir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1816: Jok˘ worked with Tsuruya Nanboku IV, Sakurada Jisuke II and Katsu Hy˘suke at the Kawarazakiza on the kaomise drama "Kiyomori Eiga no Utena", which celebrated the shűmei of S˘ry˘ Jinroku II, ďtani Bajű II, Sakata Hanjűr˘, Band˘ Matajűr˘ III, Ichikawa Momotar˘ I, Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ III and Ichikawa Kodanji III.

1st lunar month of 1817: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Kobiki-ch˘ Soga no Tamamono"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, Iwai Matsunosuke I and Segawa Kikunoj˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1817: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘"; Sakurada Jisuke II and Jok˘ worked on this drama [casting].

11th lunar month of 1817: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Sakurada Jisuke II (tatesakusha) and Fukumori Kiusuke, on the kaomise drama "Hana to Yuki Wag˘ Taiheiki", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsuemon I, Matsumoto Goroichi and Band˘ Hidesuke.

1st lunar month of 1818: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Nennen Soga Kuruwa Nikki"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1818: the Miyakoza went bankrupt and transferred the Ichimuraza license to the Tamagawaza, where Jok˘ worked for the tatesakusha Tsuruya Nanboku IV on the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Ubuyu no Tamagawa" which starred Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, Iwai Hanshir˘ V, Segawa Kikunoj˘ V, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, S˘ry˘ Jinroku II, Ichikawa S˘zabur˘ IV, ďtani Bajű II, Yamashina Jinkichi III and Matsumoto Yonesabur˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1819: Jok˘ worked as a tatesakusha at the Kawarazakiza, along with Mimasuya Nis˘ji, Hon'ya S˘shichi and Katsu Hy˘suke, on the kaomise drama "Yakko Yakko Edo no Hanayari". Premiere at the Kawarazakiza of the Nagauta-based dance "Shikakubashira Saru no Kusemai", which was written by Jok˘. The role of Konoshita T˘kichi was played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII.

1st lunar month of 1820: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Tama no Haru Soga no Kadomatsu", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I and Ichikawa Ichiz˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1820: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Nagawa Issen I (tatesakusha) and Sakurada Jisuke II, on the drama "Saruwaka Hisago no Gunbai", which welcomed in Edo the Kamigata actors Arashi Tokusabur˘ II, Nakamura Gennosuke I and Arashi Ryűgor˘.

11th lunar month of 1821: Jok˘ worked at the reopening Ichimuraza on the kaomise drama "Nani o Tanete Ukiki no Kaobure", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichimura Uzaemon XII, Sawamura Shirogor˘ II and Ichikawa Raiz˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1822: Jok˘ worked at the Ichimuraza, along with Tsuruya Nanboku IV, on the drama "Gohiiki Tsuwamono no Majiwari", which welcomed back Iwai Hanshir˘ V in Edo and celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Kikujir˘ I and Nakayama Kinsha.

11th lunar month of 1823: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Matsui K˘z˘ II and Katsui Genpachi, on the kaomise drama "Kaeri Giso Kiku no Hitomure".

1st lunar month of 1824: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Kadoreisha Soga no Toshidama"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, Mimasu Gennosuke I and Onoe Kikugor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1824: Jok˘ worked at the Ichimuraza, along with Sakurada Jisuke II and Tajima Konosuke I, on the kaomise drama "Yamatogana Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1825: Jok˘ worked in the same theater on the new year sogamono "Satsuki no Fuji Soga Hatsuyume"; the roles of Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune, Soga Gor˘ Tokimune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari were played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III [3].

11th lunar month of 1825: no record in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1826: no record in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1827: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Katsui Genpachi, Matsuchi Sh˘kichi and Katsu Hy˘suke, on the drama "Kinbusen Yosooi Genji", which celebrated the shűmei of Ichikawa Yaoz˘ V.

1st lunar month of 1828: revival at the Nakamuraza of the dance-drama "Oshidori" by Jok˘ [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1828: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 7-role hengemono "Nijirigaki Nanatsu Iroha", which was performed by Nakamura Shikan II. Two of the roles, "Keisei" and "Tomo Yakko", were still part of the current Kabuki repertoire. The lyrics were written by Jok˘.

11th lunar month of 1828: Jok˘ worked at the Nakamuraza, along with Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Tajima Konosuke I, on the kaomise drama "Motomishi Hana Otogi Heike"; Jok˘'s yearly salary was 45 ry˘ [4].

11th lunar month of 1829: Jok˘ worked at the Kawarazakiza, along with Mimasuya Nis˘ji (tatesakusha) and Shinoda Kinji II, on the kaomise drama "Yamatomoji Iroha Kagami".

27th day of the 11th lunar month of 1829 [5]: Tsuruya Nanboku IV died in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1830: Jok˘ worked at the Kawarazakiza on the kaomise drama "Ichiy˘ Raifuku Shibuya Tsuwamono".

11th lunar month of 1831: Jok˘ worked at the Kawarazakiza on the drama "Matsu o Chikara Tomoe no Fujinami", which celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura Tossh˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1832: Jok˘ moved to the Nakamuraza.

3rd lunar month of 1832: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the 3-part Kiyomoto-based dance "Yayoi no Hana Asakusa Matsuri", starring Band˘ Mitsugor˘ IV and Nakamura Shikan II in the leading roles. This dance was still sometimes performed in its entirety but the first part, "Sanja Matsuri" was frequently staged independently. The lyrics were written by Jok˘.

11th lunar month of 1832: great shűmei at the Nakamuraza for the Iwai clan; Iwai Hanshir˘ V, Iwai Kumesabur˘ II and Iwai Hisajir˘ II respectively took the names of Iwai Tojaku, Iwai Hanshir˘ VI and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III. They performed together in Jok˘'s drama "Goban Tadanobu Yuki no Kuroshiro".

4th day of the 11th lunar month of 1833 [1]: Jok˘ died in Edo.

Comments:

Segawa Jok˘ II was an Edo sakusha, who was active from 1781 to 1832. He worked on more than 120 original dramas and more than 25 dance-dramas. He was expert in creating hengemono. Some his dances were still in the Kabuki repertoire and were often staged: "Yoshinoyama", "Onna Date", "Sanja Matsuri" and "Tomo Yakko".

[1] The 4th day of the 11th lunar month of the 4th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 14th of December 1833 in the western calendar.

[2] The 23rd day of the 1st lunar month of the 6th year of the Kansei era was the 22nd of February 1794 in the western calendar.

[3] Not a mistake, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III indeed played the two roles, Kud˘ Saemon Suketsune and Soga Jűr˘ Sukenari. This was a rare event in a sogamono.

[4] Tsuruya Nanboku IV, the best Edo playwright, was paid 175 ry˘. Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, the zagashira at the Nakamuraza, was paid 600 ry˘.

[5] The 27th day of the 11th lunar month of the 12th year of the Bunsei era was the 22nd of December 1829 in the western calendar.

The name of Segawa Jok˘ II in a 1828 Edo hy˘banki (the zone within the red box); all the names were the sakusha at the Nakamuraza; the most important ones were Katsui Genpachi (first from right) and Katsu Hy˘suke (second from left)

 
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