IWAI TOJAKU

Stage names:

Iwai Tojaku In Japanese
Iwai Hanshir˘ V In Japanese
Iwai Kumesabur˘ I In Japanese

Other name:

Sh˘kaan Eikyű In Japanese

Nicknames: Me Senry˘ [4], ďdayű [5], Tojaku Hanshir˘

Guild: Yamatoya

Poetry name: Baiga, Tojaku

Existence: 1776 ~ 6th day of the 4th lunar month of 1847 [1]

Connections:

Father: Iwai Hanshir˘ IV

Father-in-law: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III

Sons: Iwai Hanshir˘ VI, Iwai Hanshir˘ VII

Grandson: Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII

Disciples: Iwai Kiyotar˘ IV, Iwai Kumetar˘, Iwai Umez˘ (?)

Nephew: Sawamura Kinpei II

Career:

11th lunar month of 1787: he made his first appearance on stage, in Edo at the Kiriza, where he received the name of Iwai Kumesabur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1790: the play "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘" was staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; it celebrated the onagori ky˘gen of the Kamigata star Asao Tamejűr˘ I; Kumesabur˘ played the role of Gotobŕ's daughter Tokujo [more details].

9th lunar month of 1796: the play "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" was staged for the first time in Edo, simultaneously at the Kiriza and the Miyakoza; Kumesabur˘ played the role of Takumi's sister Otaka in the latter theater [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1799: Kumesabur˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "ďmiura Date no Nebiki" [print].

28th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1800 [6]: his father Iwai Hanshir˘ IV died.

7th lunar month of 1801: Kumesabur˘ played at the Kawarasakiza the roles of Hinadori and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

6th lunar month of 1802: first performance at the Kawarasakiza of the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; Kumesabur˘ played the role of Otatsu [casting].

11th lunar month of 1804: Iwai Kumesabur˘ I took the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ V at the Nakamuraza, playing 3 roles in Sakurada Jisuke I's kaomise drama "Kiku Zum˘ Mikurai Sadame".

11th lunar month of 1805: Hanshir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Seiwa Genji Nidai no Yumitori", which celebrated the shűmei of Arashi Ryűz˘ III and welcomed back in Edo ďtani Tomoemon II.

1st lunar month of 1806: Hanshir˘ performed in the same theater in the new year drama "Nenriki Sendachi no Sugi".

11th lunar month of 1806: Hanshir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hana Yuki no Michinoku".

3rd lunar month of 1807: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the prestigious role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Saruwaka Sakae Soga"; his stage partners in the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű were Ichikawa Omez˘ I and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (they inverted their roles for the first day of the performance).

7th lunar month of 1807: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Osono in the drama "Reigen Kanaegadake", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" world; his stage partner in the role of Rokusuke was Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1808: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Okaru and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

3rd lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Fukumori Kyűsuke I's drama "Sono Mukashi Koi no Edo-zome"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Yaoya Oshichi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I and Sakurada Jisuke II kaomise drama "Misao no Hana Toba no Koizuka", which celebrated the shűmei of Onoe Sh˘roku I and Onoe Matsusuke II; Hanshir˘ played the roles of the shiraby˘shi Kesa Gozen, the send˘ Yamatoya Omatsu, the Mitsu˘giya keisei Tokiwagi (in reality Tametomo's daughter ďshima) and Yuya Gozen [more details].

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Kokoro no Nazo Toketa Iroito"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Ofusa and Oito [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure" (commonly called "Shirafuji Genta"); Hanshir˘ played the role of the courtesan Oshun [casting]. The play ended with a Tomimoto-based dance called "Kaze Sasou Kane mo Yotsudake", starring Hanshir˘, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V.

5th lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Katsu Hy˘z˘ I and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Sagoemon's daughter Oyone and Sajűr˘'s wife Satsuki [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1811: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the prestigious role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; his stage partners in the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű were Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V.

7th lunar month of 1811: premiere at the Ichimuraza of "Tamamo-no-Mae Obana no Nishiki", the Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Tamamo-no-Mae Asahi no Tamoto"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Tamamo-no-Mae [more details]. It was followed by the premiere at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Nazo no Obi Chotto Tokubŕ"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Okaji and Otatsu [more details].

11th lunar month of 1811: Hanshir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Azuma no Hana Iwai no Dairi".

5th lunar month of 1812: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Okaji and Oky˘ in the drama "Kiyomizu Seigen Omokage Zakura".

9th lunar month of 1812: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ofude and Chidori in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

11th lunar month of 1812: Hanshir˘ performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Yukimo Yoshino Kigoto no Kaomise".

3rd lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Moritaza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's play "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri" (commonly called "Osome no Nanayaku", in English 'The Seven Roles of Osome'); the seven roles were played by Hanshir˘ [casting].

4th lunar month of 1813: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Koman in Namiki Gohei I's drama "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime".

11th lunar month of 1813: Hanshir˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Modoribashi Senani Gohiiki".

3rd lunar month of 1814: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome", commonly called "Onna Seigen"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Ohatsu, the watashimori Onatsu, Princess Hanako, the Shinkiyomizu ama Seigen and Hanjo-no-Mae [more details].

7th lunar month of 1814: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's natsu ky˘gen "Imaori Hakata no Irifune"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Ise pilgrim Oichi (in reality H˘sh˘ Taishi's daughter Princess Gy˘ranjo) and the Kanzakiya musume Osono (later Kashiku) [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1815: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Osato in the "Sushiya" scene of "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

5th lunar month of 1815: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kakitsubata Iro mo Edozome" (commonly called "Oroku to Gantetsu" or "Dote no Oroku"); Hanshir˘ played the roles of Manjiya Yatsuhashi and Dote no Oroku [casting].

11th lunar month of 1815: Hanshir˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Yamato Meisho Senbon Zakura", which celebrated the shűmei of Segawa Kikunoj˘ V.

1st lunar month of 1816: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's new year sogamono drama "Nazoraete Fujigane Soga"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Oni˘ Shinzaemon's ny˘b˘ Tsukisayo and Kobayashi no Asahimaru [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1816: Hanshir˘ performed in the same theater in the drama "Tsubone Iwafuji Hiyoku no Uchikake", which commemorated the 16th anniversary of the death of his father Iwai Hanshir˘ IV; Hanshir˘ performed all the roles of a 7-roles dance program entitled "Edo Murasaki Tamuke no Shichiji":

Roles
Teranishi Kanshin
The sake-seller Hanakawa Ch˘bŕ
Yoi no Kuchi Senkichi
The spouse Oshina
The courtesan Yaeume
Shirai Gonpachi
The courtesan Miuraya Komurasaki

8th lunar month of 1816: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Ohaya and Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; his stage partner in the role of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ was Nakamura Daikichi I.

11th lunar month of 1816: Hanshir˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Kiyomori Eiga no Utena", which celebrated the shűmei of ďtani Bajű II, S˘ry˘ Jinroku II, Sakata Hanjűr˘, Band˘ Matajűr˘ III, Ichikawa Momotar˘ I, Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ III and Ichikawa Kodanji III.

3rd lunar month of 1817: premiere at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Princess Sakura, Fűrin Ohime, Awazu Toshikane's wife Yabase and the okugata of the Yoshida clan Hanjo Gozen [casting].

11th lunar month of 1817: Hanshir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Hana to Yuki Wag˘ Taiheiki", which celebrated the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsuemon I, Matsumoto Goroichi and Band˘ Hidesuke.

3rd lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the drama "Banzui Ch˘bŕ Sh˘jin Manaita"; his partners in the roles of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ and Komurasaki were Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V and Segawa Kikunoj˘ V.

4th lunar month of 1818: premiere at the Nakamuraza of Sakurada Jisuke II's Tokiwazu-based dance-drama "Sono Sugata Hana no Utsushie", commonly called "Mitsu Ningy˘" (literally "The Three Puppets") and ending a program entitled "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Danmaku" (nibanme); Hanshir˘ played the role of the keisei [casting].

5th lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Omiwa in "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

7th lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Osono in the drama "Katakiuchi Doremo Wazamono", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" world; his stage partner in the role of Rokusuke was Nakamura Shikan I.

8th lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Kasane in the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki".

11th lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ took part in the Nakamuraza kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Hiiki no Kaomise". He also played several roles at the Tamagawaza in the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Ubuyu no Tamagawa".

1st lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ played at the Tamagawaza in the new year sogamono drama "Eh˘ Soga Yorozu Yoshiwara".

3rd lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘, disguised as a sake-seller, in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura".

4th lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the seven roles of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri".

7th lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ohaya, Yamatoya Tojaku, Oseki and the courtesan Azuma in the drama "Ch˘-mo Hiyoku Yamazaki Odori", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" world.

11th lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ performed at the Kawarasakiza in the kaomise drama "Yakko Yakko Edo no Hanayari".

3rd lunar month of 1820: revival at the Kawarasakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome", in which Hanshir˘ played roles of Ohatsu, Onami, Princess Hanako and the Shinkiyomizu ama Seigen.

9th lunar month of 1820: Hanshir˘ toured in Kamigata in the company of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V. He played seven roles in the drama "Aburaya Osome Ukina no Yomiuri", which was staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai.

3rd lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Hanako and Ohatsu in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome".

6th lunar month of 1821: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", was revived for the first time, 11 years and 3 months after its premiere in Edo, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Hanshir˘ played the role of the courtesan Oshun [casting].

7th lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Takao in the drama "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki".

9th lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the drama "Azuma Kotoba Hanakawado"; his partners in the roles of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ and Komurasaki were Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V and Arashi Koroku IV.

11th lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ played in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin". He also played the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie".

12th lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ triumphed in the same theater by playing the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Kagamiyama" and 7 roles in "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri".

Spring 1822: tour in Nagoya; Hanshir˘ performed at the Tachibana no Shibai in the dramas "Yamato Meisho" and "Osome no Nanayaku".

4th lunar month of 1822: tour in Ise; Hanshir˘ performed in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie".

8th lunar month of 1822: tour in Nagoya with a troupe of Kamigata actors led by Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakayama Icch˘ IV and Band˘ Jűtar˘; they performed at the Tachibana no Shibai in "Ranjatai Nitta Keizu" and "Edo Murasaki Naniwa no Iroage".

9th lunar month of 1822: Hanshir˘ was back in Edo and performed at the Kawarasakiza in the drama "Gozonji Azuma no Kyara", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

11th lunar month of 1822: Hanshir˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's kaomise drama "Gohiiki Tsuwamono no Majiwari"; the main male roles were played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII and Onoe Kikugor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1822 ~ 10th lunar month of 1823: the best year of the Iwai Clan; The tateonnagata for the 3 Edo theaters (Edo Sanza) were Hanshir˘ (Ichimuraza), Iwai Kumesabur˘ II (Nakamuraza) and Iwai Shijaku I (Moritaza).

1st lunar month of 1823: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's new year sogamono drama "Yaegasumi Soga no Kumiito"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Kamegiku (in reality Inaba K˘z˘), the itoya musume Oito, Oni˘ Shinzaemon's ny˘b˘ Tsukisayo, Akashi (in reality Kagekiyo's musume Hitomaru) and Asahina's sister Maizuru [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1823: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Ukiyogara Hiyoku no Inazuma"; Hanshir˘ played the roles of Shirai Gonpachi, Murasaki Sench˘ and Ch˘bŕ's wife Ochika [casting].

7th lunar month of 1823: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's natsu ky˘gen "Torimazete Sekison Miyage"; Hanshir˘ played the role of Hakone Miyagino no Shinobu (later the geisha Onobu) [casting].

11th lunar month of 1823: Hanshir˘ performed at the Ichimuraza in the kaomise drama "Yama Mata Yama Hana no Yamagatsu", which celebrated the shűmei of Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Yamashina Jinkichi IV and Nakayama Tomisabur˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Botan ni Ch˘ Hatsu ga Fumibako", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Kagamiyama" world; his stage partners in the roles of Onoe and the vile Iwafuji were Iwai Shijaku I and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII.

5th lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Oyone and Satsuki in Katsu Hy˘z˘ I and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji".

8th lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sadaka and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin"; his son Iwai Shijaku I played the role of Hinadori.

9th lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Oseki in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; his stage partner in the role of Oseki's brother Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi was Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII.

11th lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ performed in the same theater in the kaomise drama "Yamatogana Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1825: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Suketsune's wife Nagi-no-Ha in the new year sogamono drama "Satsuki no Fuji Soga Hatsuyume"; his stage partner in the roles of Kud˘ Suketsune was Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1825: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the role of Kohina in the play "Shiikake no Sode Ukina no Kaemon", in duo with Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III in the role of Kohina's lover Hanbŕ.

5th lunar month of 1825: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Osato in the "Sushiya" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1825: Hanshir˘ performed in the same theater in the kaomise drama "Azuma Dairi Kabuki no Sh˘gatsu".

11th lunar month of 1826: Hanshir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the roles of Osen, Princess Shiranui and Minamoto no Tametomo's wife Hachij˘ in the drama "Kaeribana Genji no Kachidoki".

1st lunar month of 1827: the Nakamuraza was destroyed in a fire at the beginning of the month and Hanshir˘ had to move to the Kawarasakiza, playing the roles of Akoya, Okuni and Muragumo in the drama "ďichiza Soga no Shimadai", sharing the stage with Onoe Kikugor˘ III (Nagoya Sanza, Soga Jűr˘), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII (Kagekiyo, Fuwa Banzaemon, Soga Gor˘), Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V (Jigokudani no Oni˘, Sh˘suke, Seibŕ) and Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Gosho Gor˘maru, Kud˘ Saemon). He also played the role of Omiwa in "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which ended the program.

4th lunar month of 1827: the Nakamuraza reopened and Hanshir˘ moved back there to play the seven roles of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's play "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri". He also played 3 roles in the drama "Date Kabuki Kongen no Ishizue".

3rd lunar month of 1829: Hanshir˘ played at the Ichimuraza the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Sugata no Hana Yayoi no Nishikie", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Kagamiyama" world; his stage partners in the roles of Onoe and the vile Iwafuji were Iwai Kumesabur˘ II and Onoe Kikugor˘ III. Hanshir˘ suddenly fell ill and had to be replaced by his son Kumesabur˘.

3rd lunar month of 1832: Hanshir˘ played in the same theater the prestigious role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura"; his stage partners in the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V. Tojaku also performed in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome". The performance was extended to the 4th lunar month but it had to be stopped the 13th day when Hanshir˘ suddenly fell ill.

11th lunar month of 1832: great shűmei for the Iwai clan at the Nakamuraza; Iwai Hanshir˘ V, Iwai Kumesabur˘ II and Iwai Hisajir˘ II respectively took the names of Iwai Tojaku, Iwai Hanshir˘ VI and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III. They performed together in Segawa Jok˘ II's kaomise drama "Goban Tadanobu Yuki no Kuroshiro" and their stage partners were Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, Nakamura Shikan II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV and Sawamura Tossh˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1833: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Koman in the new year sogamono drama "Hatsushibai Mutsumaji Soga".

5th lunar month of 1833: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the drama "Mitsu Ich˘ Gozonji no Edozome"; his stage partner in the role of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ was Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V. Tojaku also played the role of Chidori in the classic "Hirakana Seisuiki".

7th lunar month of 1833: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of the courtesan Sakuraya no Koman in the drama "Gonin Kiri Koi Ichinichi Gawari", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime" world; his stage partners in the roles of Sasano Sangobŕ and Satsuma Gengobŕ were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Nakamura Shikan II.

1st lunar month of 1834: Tojaku played at the Ichimuraza the role of Oyasu in the drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi"; his stage partner in the role of Shunkan was Ichikawa Danz˘ V.

1st lunar month of 1835: Tojaku played at the Moritaza the role of Maizuru in the new year sogamono drama "Musubidai Soga to Karigane".

8th day of the 4th lunar month of 1836 [2]: his elder son Iwai Hanshir˘ VI died.

5th lunar month of 1836: tour in Nagoya. Tojaku played among others the role of Omiya in the "Sugi Sakaya" and "Mikasayama Goten" scenes of the classic "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which was staged at the Tachibana no Shibai.

9th lunar month of 1836: Tojaku played at the Ichimuraza the role of Omiwa in the classic "Imoseyama Onna Teikin"; his stage partners in the roles of Fukashichi (Omiwa's killer), Motome (Omiwa's lover) and Princess Tachibana (Omiwa's rival in love) were Seki Sanjűr˘ II, Ichimura Uzaemon XII and Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1837: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Ura Omote Sakura no Iromaku", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Kagamiyama" world; his stage partners in the roles of Onoe and the vile Iwafuji were Ichikawa Danz˘ V and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

9th lunar month of 1837: Tojaku played at the Ichimuraza the roles of Osono, Orin and Okaru in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1838: Tojaku played in the same theater the roles of Kasane and Masaoka in the drama "Date Kurabe Zensei Soga", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

8th lunar month of 1838: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the drama "Gohiiki Tamuke no Hanakawado"; his stage partner in the role of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ was Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

11th lunar month of 1838: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Sagami in the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; his stage partner in the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane was Nakamura Utaemon IV.

3rd lunar month of 1839: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Osato in the "Sushiya" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1839: Tojaku played at the Kawarasakiza the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Sono Mukashi Koi no Edo-zome".

8th lunar month of 1840: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi", a revised version of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Hakata Kojor˘ Nami Makura"; Tojaku played the role of the courtesan Kojor˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1840: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Miyuki in the drama "Kaeribana Yuki no Takeda", whose plot and characters belonged to the "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" world; his stage partners in the roles of Yokoz˘ and Jihiz˘ (Miyuki's sons and rivals) were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Sawamura Tossh˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1841: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Sagami in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; his stage partner in the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane was Sawamura Tossh˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1841: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Ofune in the drama "Shinrei Yaguchi no Watashi"; his stage partners in the role of Tonbŕ (Oyone's evil father) and Nitta Yoshimine were Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII.

9th lunar month of 1841: Tojaku played the role of Oseki in "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; his stage partner in the role of the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi (Oseki's brother) was Onoe Tamiz˘ II.

10th lunar month of 1842: Tojaku took part in the opening ceremony of the newly-built Nakamuraza in the district of Asakusa Saruwaka-ch˘, performing in the drama "Kinryűzan Chikai no Ishizue", which was produced by Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII; his stage partners were Sawamura Tossh˘ II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Onoe Eizabur˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Arashi Izabur˘ II and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1844: his son Iwai Shijaku I took the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ VII at the Nakamuraza.

7th lunar month of 1844: Tojaku and his son Iwai Hanshir˘ VII performed together at the Nakamuraza in the ghost play "Mukashi Mukashi Oiwa no Kaidan".

1st lunar month of 1845: Tojaku played in the same theater the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in the new year sogamono drama "Soga Fűryű Karei no Harugoma", which included a section whose plot and characters belonged to the "Sonezaki Shinjű" world; his stage partner in the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ was Ichimura Uzaemon XII.

1st day of the 4th lunar month of 1845 [3]: his younger son Iwai Hanshir˘ VII died.

1st lunar month of 1846: Iwai Tojaku appeared on stage for the last time, in Edo at the Kawarasakiza, where he played 2 roles in the drama "Kuruwa Moy˘ Hiyoku no Inazuma". He became a shaven-headed priest named Sh˘kaan Eikyű and retired in the district of Fujishita in Asakusa in order to pray for the souls of his 2 sons.

6th day of the 4th lunar month of 1847 [1]: Sh˘kaan Eikyű died in Edo.

Comments:

Iwai Tojaku was one of the best onnagata in the Kabuki history, endowed with amazing looks, extraordinary beauty and beautiful voice, who reached the highest levels of fame during the Bunka, Bunsei and Tenp˘ eras.

"His good looks were rich in charm and sex appeal. Like his father, he specialized in townswomen in sewamono, and he firmly established the akuba type which his father had introduced, playing many of the famous akuba in the plays of Tsuruya Nanboku IV." (Samuel Leiter, "New Kabuki Encyclopedia")

[1] The 6th day of the 4th lunar month of the 4th year of the K˘ka era was the 20th of May 1847 in the western calendar.

[2] The 8th day of the 4th lunar month of the 7th year of the Tenp˘ era was the 22nd of May 1836 in the western calendar.

[3] The 1st day of the 4th lunar month of the 2nd year of the K˘ka era was the 6th of May 1845 in the western calendar.

[4] Literally eyes worth 1000 ry˘.

[5] Literally the Grand Master. It was also the nickname of Segawa Senjo.

[6] The 28th day of the 3rd lunar month of the 12th year of the Kansei era was the 21st of April 1800 in the western calendar.

Iwai Tojaku playing the role of Omiwa in the dance "Michiyuki Koi no Odamaki" in a print made by Utagawa Kunisada I

Prints & Illustrations

4 faces

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1800

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1801

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1803

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1808

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1810

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada (1811~1813)

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1818

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1825

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1828

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1830

The Iwai Kumesabur˘ line of actors

The Iwai Hanshir˘ line of actors

 
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