IWAI TOJAKU

Stage names:

Iwai Tojaku
Iwai Hanshir˘ V
Iwai Kumesabur˘ I

Other name: Sh˘kaan Eikyű

Nicknames:

Me Senry˘ (Eyes worth 1000 ry˘)
Tojaku Hanshir˘
ďdayű (the Grand Master)

Guild: Yamatoya

Poetry name: Baiga, Tojaku

Existence: 1776 ~ 6th day of the 4th lunar month of 1847

Connections:

Father: Iwai Hanshir˘ IV

Father-in-law: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III

Sons: Iwai Hanshir˘ VI, Iwai Hanshir˘ VII

Grandson: Iwai Hanshir˘ VIII

Disciples: Iwai Kiyotar˘ IV, Iwai Kumetar˘, Iwai Umez˘ (?)

Nephew: Sawamura Kinpei II

Career:

11th lunar month of 1787: he makes his first appearance on stage in Edo at the Kiriza, receiving the name of Iwai Kumesabur˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1790: the play "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Ichimuraza; it celebrates the onagori ky˘gen of the Kamigata star Asao Tamejűr˘ I; Kumesabur˘ plays the role of Gotobŕ's daughter Tokujo [more details].

9th lunar month of 1796: the play "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" is staged for the first time in Edo, simultaneously at the Kiriza and the Miyakoza; Kumesabur˘ plays the role of Takumi's sister Otaka in the latter theater [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1799: Kumesabur˘ plays the role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "ďmiura Date no Nebiki", which was performed at the Nakamuraza [print].

7th lunar month of 1801: Kumesabur˘ plays the roles of Hinadori and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is staged at the Kawarazakiza.

6th lunar month of 1802: first performance at the Kawarazakiza of the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", in which Kumesabur˘ plays the role of Otatsu [casting].

11th lunar month of 1804: Iwai Kumesabur˘ I takes the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ V at the Nakamuraza, playing 3 roles in Sakurada Jisuke I's drama "Kiku Zum˘ Mikurai Sadame".

11th lunar month of 1805: Hanshir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Seiwa Genji Nidai no Yumitori".

1st lunar month of 1806: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater in the new year drama "Nenriki Sendachi no Sugi".

11th lunar month of 1806: Hanshir˘ plays at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hana Yuki no Michinoku".

3rd lunar month of 1807: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the prestigious role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Saruwaka Sakae Soga". His stage partners in the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű are Ichikawa Omez˘ I and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III (they inverted their roles for the first day of the performance).

7th lunar month of 1807: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Osono in the drama "Reigen Kanaegadake", whose plot and characters belong to the "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" world. His stage partner in the role of Rokusuke is Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

5th lunar month of 1808: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Okaru and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged in the same theater.

3rd lunar month of 1809: premiere at the Moritaza of Fukumori Kyűsuke I's drama "Sono Mukashi Koi no Edo-zome"; Hanshir˘ plays the role of Yaoya Oshichi [casting].

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Kokoro no Nazo Toketa Iroito"; Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Ofusa and Oito [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure" (commonly called "Shirafuji Genta"); Hanshir˘ plays the role of the courtesan Oshun [casting]. The play ends with a Tomimoto-based dance called "Kaze Sasou Kane mo Yotsudake", starring Hanshir˘, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V.

5th lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Sagoemon's daughter Oyone and Sajűr˘'s wife Satsuki [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1811: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the prestigious role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura". His stage partners in the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű are Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V.

7th lunar month of 1811: premiere at the Ichimuraza of "Tamamo-no-Mae Obana no Nishiki", the Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Tamamo-no-Mae Asahi no Tamoto"; Hanshir˘ plays the role of Tamamo-no-Mae [more details]. It was followed by the premiere at the Ichimuraza of the drama "Nazo no Obi Chotto Tokubŕ"; Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Okaji and Otatsu [more details].

11th lunar month of 1811: Hanshir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza, starring in the kaomise program "Azuma no Hana Iwai no Dairi".

5th lunar month of 1812: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Okaji and Oky˘ in the drama "Kiyomizu Seigen Omokage Zakura".

9th lunar month of 1812: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ofude and Chidori in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

11th lunar month of 1812: Hanshir˘ moves to the Moritaza, starring in the kaomise program "Yukimo Yoshino Kigoto no Kaomise".

3rd lunar month of 1813: premiere at the Moritaza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's play "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri" (commonly called "Osome no Nanayaku", in English "The seven roles of Osome"). The seven roles are played by Hanshir˘ [casting].

4th lunar month of 1813: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Koman in Namiki Gohei's drama "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime".

11th lunar month of 1813: Hanshir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza, starring in the kaomise program "Modoribashi Senani Gohiiki".

3rd lunar month of 1814: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome", commonly called "Onna Seigen"; Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Ohatsu, the watashimori Onatsu, Princess Hanako, the Shinkiyomizu ama Seigen and Hanjo-no-Mae [more details].

3rd lunar month of 1815: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Osato in the "Sushiya" scene of "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

5th lunar month of 1815: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kakitsubata Iro mo Edozome" (commonly called "Oroku to Gantetsu" or "Dote no Oroku"); Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Manjiya Yatsuhashi and Dote no Oroku [casting].

11th lunar month of 1815: Hanshir˘ plays at the Kawarazakiza in the kaomise drama "Yamato Meisho Senbon Zakura", which celebrates the shűmei of Segawa Kikunoj˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1816: Hanshir˘ is the leading actor of the program "Tsubone Iwafuji Hiyoku no Uchikake", which is staged in the same theater and commemorates the 16th anniversary of the death of his father Iwai Hanshir˘ IV. Hanshir˘ performs all the roles of a 7-roles dance program called "Edo Murasaki Tamuke no Shichiji":

Roles
Teranishi Kanshin
The sake-seller Hanakawa Ch˘bŕ
Yoi no Kuchi Senkichi
The spouse Oshina
The courtesan Yaeume
Shirai Gonpachi
The courtesan Miuraya Komurasaki

8th lunar month of 1816: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ohaya and Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki". His stage partner in the role of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ is Nakamura Daikichi I.

11th lunar month of 1816: Hanshir˘ plays at the Kawarazakiza in the kaomise drama "Kiyomori Eiga no Utena", which celebrates the shűmei of ďtani Bajű II, S˘ry˘ Jinroku II, Sakata Hanjűr˘, Band˘ Matajűr˘ III, Ichikawa Momotar˘ I, Tsuuchi Monzabur˘ III and Ichikawa Kodanji III.

3rd lunar month of 1817: premiere at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘"; Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Princess Sakura, Fűrin Ohime, Awazu Toshikane's wife Yabase and the okugata of the Yoshida clan Hanjo Gozen [casting].

11th lunar month of 1817: Hanshir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza, starring in the kaomise program "Hana to Yuki Wag˘ Taiheiki", which celebrates the shűmei of Band˘ Mitsuemon I, Matsumoto Goroichi and Band˘ Hidesuke.

3rd lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the drama "Banzui Ch˘bŕ Sh˘jin Manaita". His partners in the roles of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ and Komurasaki are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V and Segawa Kikunoj˘ V.

4th lunar month of 1818: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the dance "Sono Sugata ha Hana no Utsushie", ending a program called "Higashiyama Dono Kabuki no Danmaku" (nibanme). Hanshir˘, Nakamura Shikan I and Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III play together. This dance, commonly called "Mitsu Ningy˘" (literally "The three puppets"), is still in the current Kabuki repertoire.

5th lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Omiwa in "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

7th lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Osono in the drama "Katakiuchi Doremo Wazamono", whose plot and characters belong to the "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" world. His stage partner in the role of Rokusuke is Nakamura Shikan I.

8th lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kasane in the play "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki".

11th lunar month of 1818: Hanshir˘ takes part in the Nakamuraza kaomise program "Ise Heiji Hiiki no Kamikaze". He also plays several roles at the Tamagawaza in the kaomise drama "Shitenn˘ Ubuyu no Tamagawa".

1st lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ plays at the Tamagawaza in the new year program "Eh˘ Soga Yorozu Yoshiwara".

3rd lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Soga Jűr˘, disguised as a sake-seller, in the play "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura".

4th lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the seven roles of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri".

7th lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Ohaya, Yamatoya Tojaku, Oseki and the courtesan Azuma in the play "Ch˘mo Hiyoku Yamazaki Odori", whose plot and characters belong to the "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" world.

11th lunar month of 1819: Hanshir˘ moves to the Kawarazakiza, starring in the kaomise program "Yakko Yakko Edo no Hanayari".

3rd lunar month of 1820: revival at the Kawarazakiza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome", in which Hanshir˘ plays the leading roles.

9th lunar month of 1820: Hanshir˘ tours in Kamigata in the company of Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V. He plays seven roles in the drama "Aburaya Osome Ukina no Yomiuri", which is performed in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai.

3rd lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Hanako and Ohatsu in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome".

6th lunar month of 1821: Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", is revived for the first time, 11 years and 3 months after its premiere in Edo, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Hanshir˘ plays the role of the courtesan Oshun [casting].

7th lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Takao in the drama "Date Kurabe Okuni Kabuki".

9th lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the drama "Azuma Kotoba Hanakawado". His partners in the roles of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ and Komurasaki are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V and Arashi Koroku IV.

11th lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ moves to Ky˘to and plays the role of Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is staged in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai. He also plays the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie".

12th lunar month of 1821: Hanshir˘ triumphes in the same theater by playing the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Kagamiyama" and 7 roles in "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri".

Spring 1822: tour in Nagoya. Hanshir˘ performs at the Tachibana no Shibai in the plays "Yamato Meisho" and "Osome no Nanayaku".

4th lunar month of 1822: tour in Ise. Hanshir˘ performs in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie".

8th lunar month of 1822: tour in Nagoya for a troupe led by the Edo star Hanshir˘ and the Kamigata actors Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakayama Icch˘ IV and Band˘ Jűtar˘; they perform at the Tachibana no Shibai in "Ranjatai Nitta Keizu" and "Edo Murasaki Naniwa no Iroage".

9th lunar month of 1822: Hanshir˘ is back in Edo and performs in the drama "Gozonji Azuma no Kyara", which is staged at the Kawarazakiza and whose plot and characters belong to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

11th lunar month of 1822: Hanshir˘ moves to the Ichimuraza for the premiere of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's play "Gohiiki Tsuwamono no Majiwari". The main male roles are played by Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII and Onoe Kikugor˘ III.

11th lunar month of 1822 ~ 10th lunar month of 1823: the best year of the Iwai Clan; The tateonnagata for the 3 Edo theaters (Edo Sanza) are Hanshir˘ (Ichimuraza), Iwai Kumesabur˘ II (Nakamuraza) and Iwai Shijaku I (Moritaza).

3rd lunar month of 1823: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Ukiyogara Hiyoku no Inazuma"; Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Shirai Gonpachi, Murasaki Sench˘ and Ch˘bŕ's wife Ochika [casting].

11th lunar month of 1823: Hanshir˘ is the leading star of the Ichimuraza kaomise program "Yama Mata Yama Hana no Yamagatsu".

3rd lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Botan ni Ch˘ Hatsu ga Fumibako", whose plot and characters belong to the "Kagamiyama" world. His stage partners in the roles of Onoe and the vile Iwafuji are Iwai Shijaku I and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII.

5th lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Oyone and Satsuki in Tsuruya Nanboku IV and Sakurada Jisuke II drama "Ehon Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji".

8th lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ plays the roles of Sadaka and Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is staged in the same theater. His son Iwai Shijaku I plays the role of Hinadori.

9th lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Oseki in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki". His stage partner in the role of Oseki's brother Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi is Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII.

11th lunar month of 1824: Hanshir˘ performs in the same theater in the kaomise program "Yamatogana Heike Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1825: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kud˘ Suketsune's wife Nagi no Ha in the new year sogamono "Satsuki no Fuji Soga Hatsuyume". His stage partner in the roles of Kud˘ Suketsune is Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1825: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kohina in the play "Shiikake no Sode Ukina no Kaemon", in duo with Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III in the role of Kohina's lover Hanbei.

5th lunar month of 1825: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Osato in the "Sushiya" scene of the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1825: Hanshir˘ performs in the same theater in the kaomise program "Azuma Dairi Kabuki no Sh˘gatsu".

11th lunar month of 1826: Hanshir˘ moves to the Nakamuraza and plays the roles of Osen, Princess Shiranui and Minamoto Tametomo's wife Hachij˘ in the drama "Kaeribana Genji no Kachidoki".

1st lunar month of 1827: the Nakamuraza is destroyed in a fire at the beginning of the month and Hanshir˘ moves to the Kawarazakiza, playing the roles of Akoya, Okuni and Muragumo in the drama "ďichiza Soga no Shimadai", sharing the stage with Onoe Kikugor˘ III (Nagoya Sanza, Soga Jűr˘), Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII (Kagekiyo, Fuwa Banzaemon, Soga Gor˘), Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V (Jigokudani no Oni˘, Sh˘suke, Seibŕ) and Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Gosho Gor˘maru, Kud˘ Saemon). He also plays the role of Omiwa in "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which ends the program.

4th lunar month of 1827: the Nakamuraza reopens and Hanshir˘ moves back there to play the seven roles of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's play "Osome Hisamatsu Ukina no Yomiuri". He also plays 3 roles in the drama "Date Kabuki Kongen no Ishizue".

3rd lunar month of 1829: Hanshir˘ plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Sugata no Hana Yayoi no Nishikie", whose plot and characters belong to the "Kagamiyama" world. His stage partners in the roles of Onoe and the vile Iwafuji are Iwai Kumesabur˘ II and Onoe Kikugor˘ III. Hanshir˘ falls suddenly ill and has to be replaced by his son Kumesabur˘.

3rd lunar month of 1832: Hanshir˘ plays in the same theater the prestigious role of the courtesan Agemaki in the drama "Sukeroku Yukari no Edo Zakura". His stage partners in the roles of Sukeroku and Ikyű are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V. Tojaku performs also in Tsuruya Nanboku IV's drama "Sumidagawa Hana no Goshozome". The performance is extended to April but has to be stopped the 13th when Hanshir˘ falls suddenly ill.

11th lunar month of 1832: great shűmei for the Iwai clan at the Nakamuraza; Iwai Hanshir˘ V, Iwai Kumesabur˘ II and Iwai Hisajir˘ II respectively take the names of Iwai Tojaku, Iwai Hanshir˘ VI and Iwai Kumesabur˘ III. They play together in Segawa Jok˘ II's drama "Goban Tadanobu Yuki no Kuroshiro" and their stage partners are Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V, Nakamura Shikan II, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV and Sawamura Tossh˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1833: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Koman in the new year program "Hatsushibai Mutsumaji Soga".

5th lunar month of 1833: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the drama "Mitsu Ich˘ Gozonji no Edozome". His stage partner in the role of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ is Matsumoto K˘shir˘ V. Tojaku also plays the role of Chidori in the classic "Hirakana Seisuiki".

7th lunar month of 1833: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Sakuraya no Koman in the drama "Gonin Kiri Koi Ichinichi Gawari", whose plot and characters belong to the "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime" world. His stage partners in the roles of Sasano Sangobei and Satsuma Gengobŕ are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Nakamura Shikan II.

1st lunar month of 1834: Tojaku plays the role of Oyasu in the drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi", which is staged at the Ichimuraza. His stage partner in the role of Shunkan is Ichikawa Danz˘ V.

1st lunar month of 1835: Tojaku plays the role of Maizuru in the new year drama "Musubidai Soga to Karigane", which is staged at Moritaza.

4th lunar month of 1836: his elder son Iwai Hanshir˘ VI dies.

5th lunar month of 1836: tour in Nagoya. Tojaku plays among others the role of Omiya in the "Sugi Sakaya" and "Goden" scenes of the play "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is staged at the Tachibana no Shibai.

9th lunar month of 1836: Tojaku plays the role of Omiwa in the classic "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is staged at the Ichimuraza. His stage partners in the roles of Fukashichi (Omiwa's killer), Motome (Omiwa's lover) and Princess Tachibana (Omiwa's rival in love) are Seki Sanjűr˘ II, Ichimura Uzaemon XII and Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1837: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Ohatsu in the drama "Ura Omote Sakura no Iromaku", whose plot and characters belong to the "Kagamiyama" world. His stage partners in the roles of Onoe and the vile Iwafuji are Ichikawa Danz˘ V and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

9th lunar month of 1837: Tojaku plays the roles of Osono, Orin and Okaru in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged at the Ichimuraza.

1st lunar month of 1838: Tojaku plays in the same theater the roles of Kasane and Masaoka in the drama "Date Kurabe Zensei Soga", whose plot and characters belong to the "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" world.

8th lunar month of 1838: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Shirai Gonpachi in the drama "Gohiiki Tamuke no Hanakawado". His stage partner in the role of Banzuiin Ch˘bŕ is Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V.

11th lunar month of 1838: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Sagami in the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". His stage partner in the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane is Nakamura Utaemon IV.

3rd lunar month of 1839: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Osato in the "Sushiya" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1839: Tojaku plays the role of Yaoya Oshichi in the drama "Sono Mukashi Koi no Edo-zome", which is staged at the Kawarazakiza.

8th lunar month of 1840: premiere at the Nakamuraza of the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi", a revised version of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's masterpiece "Hakata Kojor˘ Nami Makura"; Tojaku plays the role of the courtesan Kojor˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1840: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Miyuki in the drama "Kaeribana Yuki no Takeda", whose plot and characters belong to the "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" world. His stage partners in the roles of Yokoz˘ and Jihiz˘ (Miyuki's sons and rivals) are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Sawamura Tossh˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1841: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Sagami in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". His stage partner in the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane is Sawamura Tossh˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1841: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Ofune in the drama "Shinrei Yaguchi no Watashi". His stage partners in the role of Tonbŕ (Oyone's evil father) and Nitta Yoshimine are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V and Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VIII.

9th lunar month of 1841: Tojaku plays the role of Oseki in "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki. His stage partner in the role of the sum˘ wrestler Hanaragoma Ch˘kichi (Oseki's brother) is Onoe Tamiz˘ II.

10th lunar month of 1842: Tojaku takes part in the opening ceremony of the newly-built Nakamuraza in the district of Asakusa Saruwaka-ch˘, playing in the drama "Kinryűzan Chikai no Ishizue", which is produced by Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XII; his stage partners are Sawamura Tossh˘ II, Arashi Kichisabur˘ III, Onoe Eizabur˘ III, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ IV, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Arashi Izabur˘ II and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ V.

3rd lunar month of 1844: his son Iwai Shijaku I takes the name of Iwai Hanshir˘ VII at the Nakamuraza.

7th lunar month of 1844: Tojaku and his son Iwai Hanshir˘ VII play together at the Nakamuraza in the ghost play "Mukashi Mukashi Oiwa no Kaidan".

1st lunar month of 1845: Tojaku plays in the same theater the role of Tenmaya Ohatsu in the new year program "Soga Fűryű Karei no Harugoma", which includes a section whose plot and characters belong to the "Sonezaki Shinjű" world. His stage partner in the role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ is Ichimura Uzaemon XII.

4th lunar month of 1845: his younger son Iwai Hanshir˘ VII dies.

1st lunar month of 1846: Iwai Tojaku appears on stage for the last time, at the Kawarazakiza, playing 2 roles in the drama "Kuruwa Moy˘ Hiyoku no Inazuma". He becomes a shaven-headed priest named Sh˘kaan Eikyű and retires in the district of Fujishita in Asakusa in order to pray for the souls of his 2 sons.

Comments:

Iwai Tojaku is one of the best onnagata in the Kabuki history, endowed with amazing looks, extraordinary beauty and beautiful voice, who reached the highest levels of fame during the Bunka, Bunsei and Tenp˘ eras.

"His good looks were rich in charm and sex appeal. Like his father, he specialized in townswomen in sewamono, and he firmly established the akuba type which his father had introduced, playing many of the famous akuba in the plays of Tsuruya Nanboku IV." (Samuel Leiter, "New Kabuki Encyclopedia")

Iwai Tojaku playing the role of Omiwa in the dance "Michiyuki Koi no Odamaki" in a print made by Utagawa Kunisada I

Prints & Illustrations

4 faces

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1799

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1800

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1801

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1803

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1808

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1810

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada (1811~1813)

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1818

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1825

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1828

Print made by Utagawa Kunisada in 1830

The Iwai Kumesabur˘ line of actors

The Iwai Hanshir˘ line of actors

 
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