|MATSUSHIMA CHďFU I|
Other name :
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry names: Sak˘, Ch˘fu
Existence: 1768 ~ 14th day of the 4th lunar month of 1829 
1768: born in Edo. His first name was T˘jir˘. His father T˘suke managed a float of garbage boats.
1796: Hanji worked at the Kawarazakiza.
11th lunar month of 1799: Hanji worked at the Ichimuraza, to assist Katsu Hy˘z˘ I, Chikamatsu Monky˘ and Matsui K˘z˘ I, on the kaomise drama "Utsukushiki Yuki no Sekai", which celebrated the shűmei of Ogino Izabur˘ II.
11th lunar month of 1804: Hanji worked at the Nakamuraza to assist his master Sakurada Jisuke I, along with the sakusha Nagawa Shimesuke I and Fukumori Kyűsuke I, on the kaomise drama "Kiku Zum˘ Mikurai Sadame", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ V, Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV and Nakayama Bunshichi III, and welcomed in Edo the actors Segawa Rok˘ III and his adopted son Segawa Kamesabur˘.
11th lunar month of 1805: Hanji worked at the Nakamuraza to assist Nagawa Shimesuke I and Tsuruya Nanboku IV on the kaomise drama "Seiwa Genji Nidai no Yumitori", which welcomed in Edo the actor ďtani Tomoemon II.
1807: he took the name of Tagawa Sh˘saku.
11th lunar month of 1808: he took the name of Sakurada Jisuke II and became tatesakusha at the Moritaza, working with Fukumori Kyűsuke I on the kaomise drama "Hana to Mitsu Yuki no Kusunoki". Premiere at the Moritaza of the 7-role hengemono "Yamato Gana Iro no Nana Moji"; all the lyrics were written by the new Jisuke and all the roles were performed by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III. The seven dances were "Kanjo" (the court lady), "Saru Mawashi" (le dresseur of singes), "Inaka Musume" (a country girl), "Sotoba Komachi", "Genta" , "Momotar˘" and "Sanbas˘".
9th lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Ichimuraza of a 3-role hengemono, which was entitled "Mata Atarashiku Mitsu no Sakazuki" ; the roles were all played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III and all the lyrics were written by Jisuke.
3rd lunar month of 1811: premiere at the Ichimuraza of Jisuke's 7-role Tokiwazu-based hengemono "Shichimai Tsuzuki Hana no Sugatae" , a dance program made up of seven dances with all the roles played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III: "Nyo San no Miya", "Kajiwara Genta", "Shiokumi"  (the salt-making girl), "Sarumawashi" (a monkey showman), "Gannin B˘zu"  (a bonze), "R˘jo" (an old woman) and "Kan U" (a Chinese warlord).
9th lunar month of 1812: the actor Nakamura Utaemon III, who was about to travel back to his native Kamigata after more than 4 years spent in Edo, performed his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which included the premiere of a sanbas˘, which was written by Jisuke and entitled "Mata Kuru Haru Suzuna no Tanemaki". The roles of Sanbas˘, Senzai and Okina were played by Nakamura Utaemon III, Nakamura Akashi IV and Nakamura Shichisabur˘ IV.
11th lunar month of 1818: Jisuke worked, along with Namiki Gohei II (who celebrated his shűmei), Tsuchii Hy˘shichi I, Tajima Konosuke I and Matsushima Hanji II (who celebrated his shűmei), on the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Hiiki no Kamikaze".
9th lunar month of 1819: the actor Nakamura Shikan I, who was about to travel back to his native Kamigata, performed his onagori ky˘gen at the Nakamuraza, which included a spectacular 9-role hengemono which was written by Jisuke and entitled "Onagori Oshie no Mazebari" .
9th lunar month of 1820: premiere at the Nakamuraza of a 7-role hengemono, which was entitled "Setsugekka Nagori no Bundai" ; the roles were all played by Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III and all the lyrics were written by Jisuke. This was Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III's onagori ky˘gen, as he was about to depart from Edo to perform in ďsaka.
6th lunar month of 1826: premiere at the Ichimuraza of a 3-role Kiyomoto-based hengemono, which was entitled "Mata Koko-ni Kabuki no Hanadashi"  and starred Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III; all the lyrics were written by Jisuke. The 3 roles were Take-no-Uchi no Sukeneya (a legendary character famous for his extraordinary long life), a fisherman fighting a giant octopus and a tekomai festival dancer .
11th lunar month of 1826: Jisuke worked at the Ichimuraza to assist the tatesakusha Nakamura Jűsuke IV, along with Nagawa Motosuke and Mimasuya Nis˘ji, on the kaomise drama "Ise Heiji Sh˘ no Kaomise".
End of 1826 or beginning of 1827: he took the name of Matsushima Ch˘fu I.
11th lunar month of 1827: the kaomise drama "Kawaranu Hana Genji no Kaomise", which was written by Ch˘fu, Mimasuya Nis˘ji and Kanai Sangy˘, was staged at the Ichimuraza; it starred Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, Ichimura Uzaemon XII, Band˘ Minosuke II, Ichikawa Ichiz˘ II, Iwai Kumesabur˘ II, Iwai Shijaku I, Osagawa Tsuneyo IV, Nakayama Bungor˘ II, Sawamura Shabaku, Ogino Izabur˘ III, Naritaya S˘bŕ and Band˘ Tamasabur˘ I.
21st day of the 3rd lunar month of 1829: a fire broke out from the shop of Owariya Tokuemon, in the district of Kanda Sakuma-ch˘. It spread and destroyed the Edo theaters district; Ch˘fu was deeply wounded. He tried to recover at his disciple Matsushima Y˘suke III's home in the district of Ichigaya Motomura-ch˘ where he died the 14th day of the 4th lunar month of 1829 .
Matsushima Ch˘fu I was an important Edo sakusha, who worked on more than 150 original dramas (including at least 30 dance-dramas). He wrote a lot for the Edo star (and outstanding dancer) Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III. Some of his dances are still in the current Kabuki repertoire: "Amiuchi", "Asazuma Bune", "Genta", "Kairaishi", "Makasho", "Omatsuri", "ďmi no Okane", "Shiokumi", "Shitadashi Sanbas˘", "Tama Usagi", "Tobae" and "Ukare B˘zu". He had two important masters, Sakurada Jisuke I and Tsuruya Nanboku IV. His shosagoto were influenced by the former and his dramas by the latter. At the beginning of his career, he was nicknamed Gomihan, han for Hanji and gomi which means garbage as he was the son of a businessman specialized in garbage collection.
 The 14th day of the 4th lunar month of the 12th year of the Bunsei era was the 16th of May 1829 in the western calendar.
 One of these roles, the street performer, is still part of the current Kabuki repertoire ("Kairaishi").
 One of them, the one for the view "wild goose swooping down upon Katata in Autumn" ("Katata no Rakugan" in Japanese), has survived and became an independent popular dance item in the Kabuki repertoire, known under the titles of "ďmi no Okane", "Danjűr˘ Musume" (the Danjűr˘ Girl) or "Sarashima" (the Cloth-bleaching Girl).
 One of these roles was still in the current Kabuki repertoire ("Tobae").
 The fisherman and the dancer are nowadays independent dances, which are staged under the respective titles of "Amiuchi" and "Omatsuri". Band˘ Mitsugor˘ X revived the 3-role dance "Mata Koko-ni Kabuki no Hanadashi" in October 2003 at the Minamiza.
The name of Matsushima Ch˘fu I in a 1828 Edo hy˘banki (the zone within the red shape on the right side of the picture); all the names were the sakusha at the Ichimuraza (right) and Kawarazakiza (left)
The Matsushima Y˘suke line of playwrights
The Matsushima Hanji line of playwrights
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