NAKAYAMA HYAKKA

Stage names:

Nakayama Hyakka
Nakayama Bunshichi III
Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ I
Nakayama Tokusabur˘

Guilds: Bintsukeya, Beniya

Poetry name: Hyakka

Existence: 1764 ~ 15th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1853

Connection:

Master: Nakayama Bunshichi I

Adopted son: Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ II

Disciple: Nakayama Bunshichi IV, Nakayama Bungor˘ II

Career:

1764: born in Ky˘to. He starts his career at an early age by becoming a disciple of Nakayama Bunshichi I.

11th lunar month of 1772: he receives the name of Nakayama Tokusabur˘ and makes his debut on Ky˘to stages as an iroko.

9th lunar month of 1782: his master Nakayama Bunshichi I retires from the Kabuki world.

1st lunar month of 1786: Tokusabur˘ becomes tachiyaku and plays in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Wada Shizuma in the drama "Keisei Tonoi Zakura".

Fall 1786: Tokusabur˘ goes to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1786: Nakayama Tokusabur˘ takes the name of Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ I at the Naka no Shibai, playing the role of Kanemichi in the kaomise drama "Neko Shakky˘ Fűki no Hanabusa".

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Hy˘tar˘ plays the roles of the wakadono Uesugi Mishimanosuke [more details].

19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1798: Nakayama Bunshichi II dies.

Fall 1804: Hy˘tar˘ goes to Edo, with Segawa Rok˘ III and his adopted son Segawa Kamesabur˘.

11th lunar month of 1804: Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ I takes the name of Nakayama Bunshichi III at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Dewa no Gunji Yoshizane in the kaomise drama "Kiku Zum˘ Mikurai Sadame", which celebrates the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ V and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV.

5th ~ 6th lunar months of 1806: tour in Nagoya with Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Arashi Sangor˘ III, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Sawamura Tanosuke II and Nakayama Raisuke IV; they perform at the Tachibana no Shibai.

11th ~ 12th lunar months of 1806: Bunshichi plays in Ky˘to at the Kitano no Shibai the role of En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Yuranosuke and K˘ no Moron˘ are played by Nakayama Shinkur˘ III and Asao Tomoz˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai of the drama "Kuni Namari Futaba no Oizuru"; Bunshichi plays the role of Kisuke [casting].

11th lunar month of 1808: Bunshichi plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Yosaku and Osan in the kaomise drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna". He also plays the role of Shigetada in "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; his stage partners are Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I (Akoya) and Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Iwanaga Saemon)

5th lunar month of 1809: Nakayama Bunshichi III takes the name of Nakayama Hyakka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Jijű Tar˘ Morikuni and Shibuya Tosa-no-B˘ Sh˘shun in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi".

11th lunar month of 1809: Hyakka plays at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Keishoku Yuki-miru Yama", which is produced by Mimasu Kumesabur˘ and stars Yoshizawa Ayame V, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Asao Kuzaemon I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakamura Daikichi I, Kan˘ Minshi I and Asao Okuyama III.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Namiki Miyosuke ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Sato no Funauta"; Hyakka plays the role of Takamaru Kamejir˘ [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1810: tour in Ise with Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakayama Yoshio I; Hyakka plays among others the roles of Jihiz˘ and Minosaku in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

22nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1813: his master Nakayama Bunshichi I dies.

11th lunar month of 1814: Nakayama Hyakka takes the name of Nakayama Bunshichi III at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka), playing the roles of Yasuke, Tadanobu and Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

1st lunar month of 1827: Bunshichi's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

1st lunar month of 1829: Bunshichi's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent).

1st lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Hana no Ani Tsubomi no Yatsufusa" Bunshichi plays the role of Satomi Jibudayű Suemoto [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1839: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji" is staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; Bunshichi plays the role of Gapp˘'s wife Otoku [casting].

1850: Nakayama Bunshichi III takes back the name of Nakayama Hyakka.

11th lunar month of 1851: Hyakka appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, playing in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", "Akogi-ga-Ura" and "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi". He retires from the Kabuki world and dies in ďsaka the 15th of the 2nd lunar month of 1853. His tombstone is located in the precinct of the Manpukuji Temple in the district of Shima-no-Uchi.

Comments:

Nakayama Hyakka was a talented Kamigata tachiyaku actor. He was excellent in wagoto and wajitsu. He specialized in oyajigata roles in his latter years. He perfectly delivered his lines with great vocal projection and had a great stage presence. He was also a good musician and was famous for his amazing longevity.

The actor Nakayama Hyakka playing the role of Naniwa Rokur˘ in the drama "Hirugaesu Nishiki no Tamoto", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1812 at the Naka no Shibai

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1804

Print made by Shunshosai Hokuch˘ in 1829

The Nakayama Bunshichi line of actors

 
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