NAKAYAMA HYAKKA

Stage names:

Nakayama Hyakka In Japanese
Nakayama Bunshichi III In Japanese
Nakayama Monshichi [4] In Japanese
Nakayama Bunshichi III In Japanese
Nakayama Hyakka In Japanese
Nakayama Bunshichi III In Japanese
Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ I In Japanese
Nakayama Tokusabur˘ In Japanese

Other name:

Hyakumura Hyakka I In Japanese

Guilds: Bintsukeya [6], Beniya

Poetry name: Hyakka

Existence: 1764 ~ 15th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1853 [1]

Connection:

Master: Nakayama Bunshichi I

Adopted son: Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ II

Disciple: Nakayama Bunshichi IV, Nakayama Bungor˘ II

Career:

1764: born in Ky˘to. He started his career at an early age by becoming a disciple of Nakayama Bunshichi I.

11th lunar month of 1772: he received the name of Nakayama Tokusabur˘ and made his debut on Ky˘to stages, performing as an iroko.

9th lunar month of 1782: his master Nakayama Bunshichi I retired from the Kabuki world.

1st lunar month of 1786: Tokusabur˘ became tachiyaku and played in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Wada Shizuma in the drama "Keisei Tonoi Zakura".

Fall 1786: Tokusabur˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1786: Nakayama Tokusabur˘ took the name of Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ I at the Naka no Shibai, playing the role of Kanemichi in the kaomise drama "Neko Shakky˘ Fűki no Hanabusa".

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Hy˘tar˘ played the roles of the wakadono Uesugi Mishimanosuke [more details].

19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1798 [5]: Nakayama Bunshichi II died.

Fall 1804: Hy˘tar˘ went to Edo, with Segawa Rok˘ III and his adopted son Segawa Kamesabur˘.

11th lunar month of 1804: Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ I took the name of Nakayama Bunshichi III at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Dewa no Gunji Yoshizane in the kaomise drama "Kiku Zum˘ Mikurai Sadame", which celebrated the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ V and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV.

5th ~ 6th lunar months of 1806: tour in Nagoya with Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Arashi Sangor˘ III, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Sawamura Tanosuke II and Nakayama Raisuke IV; they performed at the Tachibana no Shibai.

11th ~ 12th lunar months of 1806: Bunshichi played in Ky˘to at the Kitano no Shibai the role of En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Yuranosuke and K˘ no Moron˘ were played by Nakayama Shinkur˘ III and Asao Tomoz˘ I.

7th lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai of the drama "Kuni Namari Futaba no Oizuru"; Bunshichi played the role of Kisuke [casting].

11th lunar month of 1808: Bunshichi played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Yosaku and Osan in the kaomise drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna". He also played the role of Shigetada in "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; his stage partners were Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I (Akoya) and Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Iwanaga Saemon)

5th lunar month of 1809: Nakayama Bunshichi III took the name of Nakayama Hyakka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Jijű Tar˘ Morikuni and Shibuya Tosa-no-B˘ Sh˘shun in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi".

11th lunar month of 1809: Hyakka played at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Keishoku Yuki-miru Yama", which was produced by Mimasu Kumesabur˘ and stars Yoshizawa Ayame V, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Asao Kuzaemon I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakamura Daikichi I, Kan˘ Minshi I and Asao Okuyama III.

1st lunar month of 1810: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Namiki Miyosuke ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Sato no Funauta"; Hyakka played the role of Takamaru Kamejir˘ [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1810: tour in Ise with Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakayama Yoshio I; Hyakka plays among others the roles of Jihiz˘ and Minosaku in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

22nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1813 [2]: his master Nakayama Bunshichi I died.

11th lunar month of 1814: Nakayama Hyakka took back the name of Nakayama Bunshichi III at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka), playing the roles of Yasuke, Tadanobu and Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

8th lunar month of 1818: Nakayama Bunshichi III took the name of Nakayama Monshichi.

11th lunar month of 1818: Nakayama Monshichi took back the name of Nakayama Bunshichi III in Ky˘to at the Minamigawa no Shibai, playing the roles of T˘ma Hashiz˘ and K˘emon's mother in the drama "Tengajaya".

11th lunar month of 1826: Bunshichi played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Katsura Kingo in the drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari".

1st lunar month of 1827: Bunshichi's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

1st lunar month of 1828: Bunshichi played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of the chűnagon Suefusa, Kasami Kurando and Kasami's mother Sayori in the drama "Tenmangű Aiju no Meiboku".

7th lunar month of 1828: Bunshichi played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Miura's mother in "Kamakura Sandaiki".

11th lunar month of 1828: Bunshichi played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Mashiba Hisayoshi and Kajita Kin'emon in the drama "Keisei Yusan Zakura".

1st lunar month of 1829: Bunshichi's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was k˘-j˘-j˘-kichi (meritorious - superior - superior - excellent).

1st lunar month of 1836: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nishizawa Ipp˘'s drama "Hana no Ani Tsubomi no Yatsufusa"; Bunshichi played the role of Satomi Jibudayű Suemoto [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1839: the play "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji" was staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; Bunshichi played the role of Gapp˘'s wife Otoku [casting].

8th lunar month of 1850: Nakayama Bunshichi III takes back the name of Nakayama Hyakka at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1851: Hyakka appeared on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, performing in the dramaq "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", "Akogi-ga-Ura" and "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi". He retired from the Kabuki world.

15th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1853 [1]: Hyakka died in ďsaka [3].

Comments:

Nakayama Hyakka was a talented Kamigata tachiyaku actor. He was excellent in wagoto and wajitsu. He specialized in oyajigata roles in his latter years. He perfectly delivered his lines with great vocal projection and had a great stage presence. He was also a good musician and was famous for his amazing longevity.

[1] The 15th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 6th year of the Kaei era was the 24th of March 1853 in the western calendar.

[2] The 22nd day of the 7th lunar month of the 10th year of the Bunka era was the 17th of August 1813 in the western calendar.

[3] His tombstone was located in the cemetery of the Manpukuji Temple in the district of Shima-no-Uchi.

[4] Not recorded in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten", only in the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran".

[5] The 19th day of the 2nd lunar month of the 10th year of the Kansei era was the 4th of April 1798 in the western calendar.

[6] Not recorded in the latest edition (2012) of "Kabuki Haiyű Meiseki Benran", only in Nojima Jusabur˘'s book "Kabuki Jinmei Jiten".

The actor Nakayama Hyakka playing the role of Naniwa Rokur˘ in the drama "Hirugaesu Nishiki no Tamoto", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1812 at the Naka no Shibai

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1804

Print made by Shunshosai Hokuch˘ in 1829

The Nakayama Bunshichi line of actors

 
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