Guilds: Bintsukeya, Beniya
Poetry name: Hyakka
Existence: 1764 ~ 15th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1853
Master: Nakayama Bunshichi I
Adopted son: Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ II
1764: born in Ky˘to. He starts his career at an early age by becoming a disciple of Nakayama Bunshichi I.
11th lunar month of 1772: he receives the name of Nakayama Tokusabur˘ and makes his debut on Ky˘to stages as an iroko.
9th lunar month of 1782: his master Nakayama Bunshichi I retires from the Kabuki world.
Fall 1786: Tokusabur˘ goes to ďsaka.
1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Tatsuoka Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘; Hy˘tar˘ plays the roles of the wakadono Uesugi Mishimanosuke [more details].
19th day of the 2nd lunar month of 1798: Nakayama Bunshichi II dies.
11th lunar month of 1804: Nakayama Hy˘tar˘ I takes the name of Nakayama Bunshichi III at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Dewa no Gunji Yoshizane in the kaomise drama "Kiku Zum˘ Mikurai Sadame", which celebrates the shűmei of Iwai Hanshir˘ V and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV.
5th ~ 6th lunar months of 1806: tour in Nagoya with Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Arashi Sangor˘ III, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Sawamura Tanosuke II and Nakayama Raisuke IV; they perform at the Tachibana no Shibai.
11th ~ 12th lunar months of 1806: Bunshichi plays in Ky˘to at the Kitano no Shibai the role of En'ya Hangan in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura"; the roles of Yuranosuke and K˘ no Moron˘ are played by Nakayama Shinkur˘ III and Asao Tomoz˘ I.
11th lunar month of 1808: Bunshichi plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Yosaku and Osan in the kaomise drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna". He also plays the role of Shigetada in "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; his stage partners are Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I (Akoya) and Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Iwanaga Saemon)
5th lunar month of 1809: Nakayama Bunshichi III takes the name of Nakayama Hyakka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Jijű Tar˘ Morikuni and Shibuya Tosa-no-B˘ Sh˘shun in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi".
11th lunar month of 1809: Hyakka plays at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Keishoku Yuki-miru Yama", which is produced by Mimasu Kumesabur˘ and stars Yoshizawa Ayame V, Arashi Kichisabur˘ II, Asao Kuzaemon I, Nakayama Shinkur˘ III, Nakamura Daikichi I, Kan˘ Minshi I and Asao Okuyama III.
22nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1813: his master Nakayama Bunshichi I dies.
11th lunar month of 1814: Nakayama Hyakka takes the name of Nakayama Bunshichi III at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka), playing the roles of Yasuke, Tadanobu and Yoshitsune in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".
1850: Nakayama Bunshichi III takes back the name of Nakayama Hyakka.
11th lunar month of 1851: Hyakka appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, playing in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara", "Akogi-ga-Ura" and "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi". He retires from the Kabuki world and dies in ďsaka the 15th of the 2nd lunar month of 1853. His tombstone is located in the precinct of the Manpukuji Temple in the district of Shima-no-Uchi.
Nakayama Hyakka was a talented Kamigata tachiyaku actor. He was excellent in wagoto and wajitsu. He specialized in oyajigata roles in his latter years. He perfectly delivered his lines with great vocal projection and had a great stage presence. He was also a good musician and was famous for his amazing longevity.
The Nakayama Bunshichi line of actors
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