TATSUOKA MANSAKU

Pen name:

Tatsuoka Mansaku In Japanese

Stage names:

Tatsuoka Mansaku In Japanese
Tatsuoka Mantar˘ In Japanese

Poetry name: Shiraku

Existence: 1742 ~ 3rd day of the 9th lunar month of 1809 [1]

Connection:

Father: Tatsuoka Hisagiku (Tenmaya Kyűshichi)

Disciples: Tatsuoka Manji, Tatsuoka Kasuke, Ichioka Sadanori

Career:

1740s ~ 1750s: he performs in Ky˘to as a koyaku; his first stage name is Tatsuoka Mantar˘.

1757: he becomes wakashugata and takes the name of Tatsuoka Mansaku.

End of the 1760s: he becomes sakusha and works with his father Tenmaya Kyűshichi.

11th lunar month of 1769: Mansaku works under the supervision of his father in Ky˘to on the kaomise drama "Tatsu no Itten Renri no Kachidoki".

11th lunar month of 1776: Mansaku works at the Kado no Shibai on the kaomise drama "Eh˘gura Sankai Meisho", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Mansaku, which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I at the Kado no Shibai [casting].

11th lunar month of 1777: Mansaku works at the Kado no Shibai, along with Nakamura Akei and Namiki Gohei, on the kaomise drama "ďiri Kabuki no Tsuitachi", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and celebrates the shűmei of Shibazaki Rinzaemon II.

11th lunar month of 1784: Mansaku works in Ky˘to at the Nishi no Shibai on the kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana ďshimadai", which is produced by Nakayama Ihachi II.

11th lunar month of 1787: Mansaku works as a tatesakusha, along with Namiki Sh˘z˘ II, in Ky˘to at the Nishi no Shibai on the kaomise drama "Koko ni Kiwamaru Gojin no Sonae".

2nd lunar month of 1788: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of the drama "Gishinden Yomikiri K˘shaku". A drama written by Nagawa Shimesuke I, Namiki Sh˘z˘ II, Mansaku and Shimada Tsuruz˘. It was supposed to be staged first in Ky˘to at the beginning of the month at the Nishi no Shibai but the theater was destroyed by fire the 29th day of the 1st lunar month. The troupe goes to ďsaka to perform at the ďnishi no Shibai and to celebrate the shűmei of Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

1st lunar month of 1793: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Yanagi Zakura", the first yanagisawa-s˘d˘mono in Kabuki history, written by Mansaku and Chikamatsu Tokus˘ [more details]. The play is a huge success and is staged in ďsaka from the 1st day of the 4th lunar month up to the 17th day of the 5th lunar month. Then, the troupe moves to Ky˘to to perform it at the Kitagawa no Shibai from the 19th day of the 5th lunar month to the last third of the 7th lunar month!

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori" [2], which is famous for its "Umagiri" scene and is produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai [more details].

11th lunar month of 1795: Mansaku works with Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II on the kaomise drama "Ichiban Yari T˘kai Suzuri", which is produced by Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III (who celebrates his shűmei) at the Kado no Shibai; others main actors are Nakayama Bunshichi II, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I, Arashi Hinasuke II, Arashi Koroku III, Nakayama Bungor˘ I, Yoshizawa Iroha I, Mimasu Matsugor˘ I, Yamamura Giemon II, Yamamura Tomoemon I and Asao Sennosuke.

4th lunar month of 1796: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of the drama "Hade Kurabe Ishikawazome", written by Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, Namiki Sh˘z˘ II and Mansaku [more details].

7th lunar month of 1796: premiere of Chikamatsu Tokuz˘'s play "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba", co-written with Namiki Sh˘z˘ II and Mansaku, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai [casting].

10th lunar month of 1796: Mansaku works at the Minamigawa no Shibai, along with Namiki Sh˘z˘ II, on the kaomise drama "Ebisu Daikoku Megumi no Kurairi", which stars Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, Yamashita Kinsaku II, Asao Tamejűr˘ I, Nakayama Bunshichi II, Anegawa Shinshir˘ III, Yamashita Yaoz˘ I and Ichikawa Danzabur˘ IV. The troupe moves to the Naka no Shibai in ďsaka in the 11th lunar month to perform the same program for 10 days.

11th lunar month of 1804: Mansaku works in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, along with Nagawa Tokusuke I, on the kaomise drama "Minoriyoshi Kane no Naruki".

1st lunar month of 1807: Mansaku plays in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai on the ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Takasago no Matsu", which is produced by Yoshizawa Minosuke.

3rd day of the 9th lunar month of 1809 [1]: Masanku dies in ďsaka.

Comments:

Tatsuoka Mansaku was an important Kamigata playwright who was active from the end of the 1760s to the second half of the 1800s. He worked on more than 50 original dramas. When Namiki Gohei I left ďsaka to settle in Edo in Fall 1794, the two leading playwrights in Kamigata were Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Tatsuoka Mansaku. The former one excelled in writing sewamono while the latter one was the jidaimono expert.

"Mansaku was the son of an onnagata, and lived in Ky˘to until he was 51 years of age, when he went to ďsaka. He died at 68, in 1809. His talent was best expressed in historical plays, but as the authorities prohibited the use of real facts upon the stage, he contented himself with making over historical events, which he did in a way very satisfactory to the playgoer." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

[1] The 3rd day of the 9th lunar month of the 6th year of the Bunka era was the 11th of October 1809 in the western calendar.

[2] Mansaku is assisted by Chikamatsu Tokus˘ and Nagawa Shimesuke I.

The name of Tatsuoka Mansaku in a 1796 ďsaka hy˘banki (the zone within the red shape on the left side of the picture); all the names were the sakusha at the Kado no Shibai (the most important ones being Chikamatsu Tokuz˘ and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II)

 
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