SAWAMURA KUNITARď I

Stage names:

Sawamura Kunitar˘ I
Sawamura Ch˘kichi

Other name: Shinrokan Ebimaro

Guilds: Tenmaya, Mikasaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Kit˘

Existence: 1739 ~ 2nd day of the 7th lunar month of 1818

Connections:

Father: Sawamura Ch˘shir˘ I

Disciples: Sawamura Takegor˘, Sawamura Kuniz˘, Sawamura T˘kichi, Sawamura Chidori, Sawamura Hinadori, Sawamura Kichimatsu, Sawamura Takichi (??)

Career:

1739 ~ 1748: born in Kamigata. His father Sawamura Ch˘shir˘ I is a disciple of the star Sawamura S˘jűr˘ I. He starts his career playing under the name of Sawamura Ch˘kichi. Later on, he takes the name of Sawamura Kunitar˘ I at an unknown date. Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I teaches him his dancing techniques.

11th lunar month of 1748: Kunitar˘ plays in Ky˘to in the drama "Mitsu Uroko Asahi no Ume", which is produced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I. He also achieves a great success by performing a sanbas˘ dance.

11th lunar month of 1750: Kunitar˘ becomes wakashugata and plays in the drama "Kaikei Wag˘ Hanayakata", which is produced in Ky˘to by Hayagumo Handayű. He achieves one more time a great success by performing a sanbas˘ dance.

11th lunar month of 1751: Kunitar˘ achieves a great success at the Minamigawa no Shibai by playing the role of the fox spirit of the Inari Shrine and dancing in the style of Sadoshima Ch˘gor˘ I in the drama "Ky˘ganoko Asahi no Nishiki", which is produced by Sakakiyama Shirotar˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1753: Kunitar˘ becomes zamoto in Ky˘to, working with the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘. He produces the kaomise drama "Futaba no Nishiki Midori no Onikage"; his stage partners are the actors Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I, Sakata T˘jűr˘ III, Fujioka Daikichi, Imamura Shichisabur˘ II, Arashi Tominosuke I, Onoe Montar˘, Tatsuoka Hisagiku and Band˘ Sukesabur˘ I; Kunitar˘ plays the role of the courtesan Shiragiku.

2nd lunar month of 1755: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Ono no T˘fű Aoyagi Suzuri", which is produced by Sawamura Kunitar˘ I and staged at the Minamigawa no Shibai as a kaomise drama; Kunitar˘ plays the role of Daroku's sister Onui [casting].

12th lunar month of 1755: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Honz˘'s daughter Konami in the drama "Homare Otoko Mandai Gura", which is produced in Ky˘to by Naniwa Matsunosuke.

11th lunar month of 1756: Kunitar˘ becomes zamoto in Ky˘to, working for the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű; he produces the kaomise drama "Daimy˘ Bimandai Kuniiri Kamakura Kagami". He also produces from the 15th the drama "Kai Genji Sakura Gunbai".

11th lunar month of 1757: Kunitar˘ and Somematsu Matsujir˘ produce together the kaomise drama "ďyashiro Musubu no Sanban Tsuzuki", staged at the Minamigawa no Shibai for the nadai Hayagumo Ch˘dayű. They also produce the drama "Kitano no Goengi Senbon Ume".

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which is simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]; Kunitar˘ plays in the former theater the role of Kich˘-no-Mae.

11th lunar month of 1758: Kunitar˘ and Somematsu Shichisabur˘ I coproduce at the Minamigawa no Shibai the kaomise drama "Homare Musha Senri no Kachidoki".

11th lunar month of 1759: Kunitar˘ produces at the Minamigawa no Shibai the kaomise program "H˘nen no Miyako Mutsuki no Kotobuki", which celebrates the shűmei of Nakamura Kichiemon I, Nakamura Jűz˘ II and Matsuya Shinjűr˘.

5th lunar month of 1760: Kunitar˘ produces Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű" at the Minamigawa no Shibai, working with the nadai Hoteiya Umenoj˘. The roles of Hiranoya Tokubŕ and the courtesan Ohatsu are played by Arashi Sangor˘ II and Nakamura Kiyosabur˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1760: Kunitar˘ produces at the Minamigawa no Shibai the kaomise drama "ďshimadai Kitsune no Mukoiri".

11th lunar month of 1761: Kunitar˘ produces at Kameya Kumenoj˘'s theater Amano Kyűshichi's kaomise drama "Mineiri Futaba Genji".

11th lunar month of 1762: Kunitar˘ coproduces with Onoe Montar˘ at the Minamigawa no Shibai the kaomise drama "Tenka Taihei Kogane no Kurairi".

11th lunar month of 1763: Kunitar˘ produces in Ky˘to the kaomise drama "Sh˘chikubai ďshimadai".

1764: Kunitar˘ and the playwright Sakurada Jisuke go together to Edo.

11th lunar month of 1764: Kunitar˘ achieves a great success at the Moritaza by playing in the kaomise drama "Gyosei Kanatami no Megumi"; his stage partners are Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II, ďtani Hiroemon III, Morita Kan'ya VI and Osagawa Tsuneyo I.

Fall 1765: Kunitar˘ goes back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1765: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Okuni in the kaomise drama "Hana Yagura Kikigaki Taiheiki", which is produced by Anegawa Kikuhachi at the Wakadayű no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1767: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Shizuka Gozen in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is staged for the first time at the Kado no Shibai [casting].

5th lunar month of 1770: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's Gidayű Ky˘gen "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata". The play is staged in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kunitar˘ plays the role of Kagaribi [casting].

11th lunar month of 1770: Kunitar˘ settles in Ky˘to and plays the role of Chigusa in the kaomise drama "Sakae Genji Gojin no Kachidoki", which is produced at the Kitagawa no Shibai by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I.

3rd ~ 5th lunar months of 1771: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Hinadori and Okiji [casting].

11th lunar month of 1773: Kunitar˘ goes back to ďsaka and plays the role of Ky˘ no Tsukasa in the kaomise drama "Medetai Uchimash˘", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1774: Kunitar˘ plays 3 roles in the kaomise drama "Isagiyoshi Kusunoki Banashi", which is produced at the Kado no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1775: Kunitar˘ is kanjiku for the wakaonnagata actors in the ďsaka hy˘banki.

8th lunar month of 1775: the play "Sekitori Senry˘ Nobori" is staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; Kunitar˘ plays the role of Iwagawa's wife Otowa [more details].

Fall 1776: Kunitar˘ falls sick.

12th lunar month of 1776: Kunitar˘ plays the role of the courtesan Ohatsu in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I at the Kado no Shibai for the nadai ďsaka Tazaemon. The role of Hiranoya Tokubŕ is played by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1777: Kunitar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Tatsuoka Mansaku, which is staged at the Kado no Shibai; Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Matsugae, Sh˘getsuin, Izayoi and Tonami [casting].

9th lunar month of 1778: Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Tonami, Kakuju and Yae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is produced by Ichiyama Tajir˘ at the Naka no Shibai; his stage partners are Nakamura Utaemon I (Matsu˘maru), Arashi Kichisabur˘ I (Shiratayű, Genz˘, Terukuni), Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV (Tatsuta, Haru), Nakamura Jiroza II (Hy˘ei, Mareyo), Arashi Shichisabur˘ II (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Iwagor˘ (Shihei, Shund˘ Genba), Mimasu Tokujir˘ I (Kan Sh˘j˘, Chiyo) and Arashi Sangor˘ II (Sakuramaru).

11th lunar month of 1778: Kunitar˘ goes to Ky˘to and plays the role of Okuni in the kaomise drama "Etari Kashikoshi Hangan Biiki", which is produced by Mimasu Jirokichi at the Minamigawa no Shiba.

1st lunar month of 1779: Kunitar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

11th lunar month of 1779: Kunitar˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Miyako Han'ei Nanshi no Hiraki Hajime", which is produced in Ky˘to by Nakayama Ihachi I at the theater of Kameya Kumenoj˘ and Hayagumo Ch˘dayű.

1st lunar month of 1780: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Oyoshi and the courtesan Meigetsu in the drama "Keisei ďuchi Hinagata".

5th lunar month of 1780: Kunitar˘ goes to Edo to play at the Ichimuraza but the theater is in trouble and the shows are cancelled.

6th lunar month of 1780: Kunitar˘ goes on tour in the Sahara region (the eastern part of the current prefecture of Chiba - not the African desert!).

Fall 1780: Kunitar˘ goes back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1780: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Yatsuhashi in the kaomise drama "Sono Uwasa Kiku no Hataage", which is produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1781: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Otane and Princess Otozuru in the new year drama "Miyako no Hama Ogi".

3rd lunar month of 1781: tour in Ise with Arashi Sangor˘ II.

6th lunar month of 1781: Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Osato, Shizuka Gozen and Suke-no-Tsubone in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai. His main stage partner is Arashi Sangor˘ II, who plays the roles of Yasuke, Tokaiya Ginpei, Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘.

9th lunar month of 1781: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Chidori in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki"; his stage partners are Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Enju, Shigetada), Arashi Hinasuke I (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Arashi Sangor˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Shibazaki Rinzaemon II (Takatsuna, Gonshir˘), Arashi San'emon VI (Ofude) and Anegawa Minato II (Oyoshi).

11th lunar month of 1781: Kunitar˘ plays 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", which is produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1782: Kunitar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent). He plays in the same theater the role of the courtesan Okaji in the drama "Keisei Chikugo-ga-Fuchi". He also plays at the end of the program the role of the courtesan Yűgiri, in duo with Arashi Sangor˘ II, who plays the role of Yűgiri's lover Izaemon.

3rd lunar month of 1782: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Okaru and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

Summer 1782: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Omiwa in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1782: Kunitar˘ goes to ďsaka and takes part in the kaomise drama "Yamato Moji Sansai Zue", which is produced at the Kado no Shibai by Fujikawa Sango.

1st lunar month of 1783: Kunitar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

7th lunar month of 1783: the play "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie" is staged for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai; Kunitar˘ plays the role of Onoe [casting].

12th lunar month of 1783: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Chidori in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which is produced by Arashi Tanin at the Naka no Shibai. The death of the star Onoe Kikugor˘ I casts a pall over the performance.

1st lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Keisei Yamato Z˘shi"; Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Princess Yayoi, Komaki and Osai [casting].

4th lunar month of 1784: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Miyako in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

5th lunar month of 1784: Kunitar˘ and Arashi Sangor˘ II go together to Ky˘to.

Fall 1784: Kunitar˘ and Arashi Sangor˘ II perform together in the dance "Ch˘ no Michiyuki", which is produced in Ky˘to by Nakayama Raisuke II.

11th lunar month of 1784: Kunitar˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Nishi no Shibai the role of the dancing girl Tamagiku in Tatsuoka Mansaku's kaomise drama "Kuni no Hana ďshimadai", which is produced by Nakayama Ihachi II.

1st lunar month of 1785: Kunitar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1785: tour in the Bicchű province (western part of the current prefecture of Okayama).

11th lunar month of 1785: Kunitar˘ plays in the drama "H˘j˘ Jiraiki", which is produced in Ky˘to by Arashi Hidenosuke I. He suddenly falls sick and can't perform in "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1786: short stay in ďsaka; Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Kureba and Hanazono in the new year drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi", which is produced by Arashi Umanosuke at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai.

2nd lunar month of 1786: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Misao Gozen in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi". He also plays the role of the courtesan Yűgiri in the drama "Yűgiri no Tsuki", in duo with Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV, who plays the role of Yűgiri's lover Izaemon.

8th lunar month of 1787: Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", which was premiered in the 3rd lunar month of 1787 at the Naka no Shibai [casting], is staged for the first time in Ky˘to; Kunitar˘ plays the role of Ichimisai's elder daughter Osono [casting].

2nd lunar month of 1788: premiere at the ďnishi no Shibai of the drama "Gishinden Yomikiri K˘shaku"; Kunitar˘ plays the roles of the koshimoto Otaka and Oran-no-Kata [more details]. It was supposed to be staged first in Ky˘to at the beginning of the month at the Nishi no Shibai but the theater was destroyed by fire the 29th day of the 1st lunar month. The troupe goes to ďsaka to perform at the ďnishi no Shibai and to celebrate the shűmei of Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

1st lunar month of 1789: Kunitar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1789: Kunitar˘ plays 3 roles in the drama "Konoshita Kage Hazama Gassen", which is produced by Kameya Kikunoj˘ in Ky˘to at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

Summer 1789: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sodehagi in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara".

Fall 1789: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Princess Tatsuta and Yae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1790: Kunitar˘'s rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

1st lunar month of 1791: Kunitar˘ goes to Edo and plays at the Ichimuraza the role of Maizuru in the drama "Shunshoku Edoe Soga".

3rd lunar month of 1791: Kunitar˘ goes back to ďsaka and plays 3 roles in the drama "Katakiuchi Hinin no Jitsuroku", which is produced by Asao Sennosuke at the Naka no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1791: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Chidori in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which is staged at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka).

8th lunar month of 1791: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Tonami and Yae in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1791: Kunitar˘ plays in the kaomise drama "Furisode Shuten D˘ji", which is produced by Hanagiri Tomimatsu II at the Naka no Shibai and celebrates the arrival in ďsaka of the Edo star Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III. He also plays the roles of Tonase and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1792: Kunitar˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1792: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater in the drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű".

4th lunar month of 1794: Kunitar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Chiyo and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1794: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Hanazono in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

11th lunar month of 1794: Kunitar˘ plays 2 roles in the drama "Kana Utsushi Azuchi Mond˘", which is produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

2nd lunar month of 1795: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Tokiwa in the drama "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki".

3rd lunar month of 1795: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Kumagai's wife Sagami in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane is played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

4th lunar month of 1795: Kunitar˘ and Ichikawa Danz˘ IV move together to Ky˘to; Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Okaru, Osono and Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is produced at Hoteiya Umenoj˘'s theater.

7th lunar month of 1795: Kunitar˘ goes back to ďsaka and plays at the Kado no Shibai 2 roles in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki".

8th lunar month of 1795: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Kaoyo, Orei and Otaka in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

9th lunar month of 1795: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Tokubŕ's wife in the drama "Tenjiku Tokubŕ Kikigaki ďrai"; the role of Tenjiku Tokubŕ is played by Arashi Koroku III.

10th lunar month of 1795: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Chidori in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki".

11th lunar month of 1795: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Akashi no Ohama in Chikamatsu Tokuz˘'s kaomise drama "Ichiban Yari T˘kai Suzuri", which is produced by Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1796: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater in the new year drama "Keisei Hana no ďminato", commonly called "T˘jin Goroshi".

4th lunar month of 1796: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of the drama "Hade Kurabe Ishikawazome", written by Chikamatsu Tokuz˘, Tatsuoka Mansaku and Namiki Sh˘z˘ II; Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Yodomachi Gozen and Goemon's ny˘b˘ Oritsu [more details].

Summer 1796: Kunitar˘ plays in Ky˘to the role of Kosan in the drama "Sugata Kurabe Deiri no Minato". He also plays the roles of Kiku-no-Mae and Fuji-no-Kata in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki". He also plays the difficult role of Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki".

11th lunar month of 1796: common kaomise program for the Kitagawa no Shibai (Ky˘to) and the Kado no Shibai (ďsaka); Kunitar˘ plays the roles of the fox Okiku and Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Yama Katsura Asahi no Menbako", which is staged in Ky˘to from the 5th and in ďsaka from the 18th and celebrates the shűmei of Onoe Koisabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Miyako in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

2nd lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Chidori no Mae and the courtesan Yűgiri in the drama "Momo Chidori Naruto no Shiranami"; The role of Yűgiri's lover Fujiya Izaemon is played by Arashi Sangor˘ II.

3rd lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater 2 roles in the drama "Hanawasakura Ako no Shiogama", whose plot and characters belong to the "Kanadehon Chűshingura" world. After this production, the troupe moves to Ky˘to.

4th lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays at Miyako Mandayű's theater the role of Miyako in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

5th lunar month of 1797: the troupe is back to ďsaka and Kunitar˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Asakusa Reigenki".

6th lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Onoe in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie".

7th lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Onoe in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie". He also plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Koman in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

8th lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Okatsu in the drama "Chikagoro Kawara no Tatehiki".

9th lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the drama "Asakusa Reigenki".

10th lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater in the drama "Tsuma Gasane Kansukejima".

11th lunar month of 1797: Kunitar˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Nanboku Yuki no Miyako".

1st lunar month of 1798: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater in the new year drama "Keisei Hana no Daimonbi".

2nd lunar month of 1798: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater 3 roles in the drama "Z˘ho H˘j˘ Jiraiki".

3rd lunar month of 1798: Kunitar˘ plays the roles of Umegae and Otaka in the dramas "Hirakana Seisuiki" and "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku", which are staged in the precinct of the Tenjin shrine in the district of Tenma (ďsaka). He also plays the role of the courtesan Yűgiri, in duo with Arashi Sangor˘ III, who plays the role of Yűgiri's lover Izaemon.

8th lunar month of 1798: Kunitar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kinsh˘jo and Komutsu in the drama "Kokusen'ya Gassen". He also plays the role of the courtesan Oginoya Yaegiri in the drama "Komochi Yamanba".

9th lunar month of 1798: Kunitar˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Oen in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai".

10th lunar month of 1798: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Onami in the drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari". He also plays the role of the courtesan Oginoya Yaegiri in the drama "Komochi Yamanba".

11th ~ 12th lunar months of 1798: Kunitar˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Tokiwa Gozen in the kaomise drama "Tsuki Yuki Hana no Kaomise". He also plays the role of Yojir˘'s mother in the drama "Chikagoro Kawara no Tatehiki". The troupe moves to ďsaka to perform the same kaomise program at the Kado no Shibai. Kunitar˘ also plays the roles of Kanpei's mother and Osono in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1799: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai 3 roles in the new year drama "Keisei Yuki Miru Yama".

4th lunar month of 1799: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki". The troupe moves to the Horie no Shibai to perform the same play.

5th lunar month of 1799: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai the role of the courtesan Oginoya Yaegiri in the drama "Komochi Yamanba". From the 21st, he plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Kakuju and Tonami in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

6th lunar month of 1799: the troupe moves to Ky˘to and performs at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki".

9th lunar month of 1799: Kunitar˘ is back at the Kado no Shibai and plays 3 roles in the drama "Karanishiki Akiba Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1799: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Otaka in the kaomise drama "Tatet˘su Gishi no Ishizue", whose plot and characters belong to the "Kanadehon Chűshingura" world. He also plays the role of Oishi in the drama "Medetai Uchimash˘".

3rd lunar month of 1800: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Umegae in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which is staged in the precinct of the Inaba Yakushiji temple in Ky˘to.

4th lunar month of 1800: Kunitar˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Oishi, Owai and Okita in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

8th lunar month of 1800: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Hanazono in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi".

10th lunar month of 1800: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater in the drama "Konoshita Kage Hazama Gassen".

11th lunar month of 1800: Kunitar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Onoe in the drama "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie"; the roles of Iwafuji and Ohatsu are performed by Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Matsumoto Yonesabur˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1801: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Onoe in the drama "Tsugiawase Koshiji no Meiboku", whose plot and characters belong to the "Kagamiyama" world.

4th lunar month of 1801: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai in the drama "Ehon Chűshingura".

10th lunar month of 1801: Kunitar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai in the drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa". The troupe moves to the Minamigawa no Shibai without Kunitar˘ (who needs to rest) to perform the same play.

3rd lunar month of 1802: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1802: Kunitar˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai 2 roles in the drama "Ehon Taik˘ki". He also plays the role of Oran in the drama "Gishinden Yomikiri K˘shaku".

12th lunar month of 1802: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) the role of Tokiwa in the drama "Kiichi H˘gen Sanryaku no Maki".

3rd lunar month of 1803: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of K˘bŕ's wife in the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku"; the role of K˘bŕ is played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

5th lunar month of 1803: Kunitar˘ plays in the same theater the role of Shunkan's wife Azumaya in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; the role of Shunkan is played by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV.

7th lunar month of 1803: Kunitar˘ plays at the ďnishi no Shibai in the drama "Ehon Chűshingura".

11th lunar month of 1803: Kunitar˘ plays the role of Onami in the kaomise drama "Hatsu Yagura Kogane no Manmaku", which is produced by Nakamura Noshio III at the Kado no Shibai. The troupe moves to the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai (ďsaka) in the 12th lunar month to perform the same program for 10 days.

1st lunar month of 1804: Kunitar˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai in the drama "Keisei Hako Denju".

10th lunar month of 1804: Kunitar˘ plays the role of the courtesan Oginoya Yaegiri in the drama "Komochi Yamanba", which is produced by Anegawa Kamesabur˘ at the Naka no Shibai; the role of Tabakoya Genshichi (in reality Sakata Tokiyuki) is played by Arashi Sangor˘ III.

4th lunar month of 1805: Kunitar˘ appears on stage for the last time, celebrating his isse ichidai performance by playing the role of Ono no Komachi in the drama "Kotobuki Sekidera Komachi", which is produced by Arashi Torasabur˘ at the Kado no Shibai.

5th lunar month of 1805: Kunitar˘ shaves his head and retires from the world. As a monk, he takes the name of Shinrokan Ebimaro.

7th lunar month of 1818: Shinrokan Ebimaro dies in ďsaka; his tombstone is located in the precinct of the En'yűji temple.

Comments:

Sawamura Kunitar˘ I was an outstanding onnagata actor, who spent most of his career (second half of the eighteenth century) in Kamigata, reaching the j˘-j˘-kichi and goku-j˘-j˘-kichi ranks in 1777 and 1790.

Sawamura Kunitar˘ I's best roles: Oginoya Yaegiri ("Komochi Yamanba"), Osono ("Kanadehon Chűshingura"), Kakuju ("Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"), Onoe ("Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie), Otaka ("Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku"), the courtesan Yűgiri, Hanazono ("ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi"), Chidori/Umegae ("Hirakana Seisuiki").

Sawamura Kunitar˘ I as depicted in an illustration from the book "Santo Yakusha Omokage Zukushi" (1784)

Print made by Shunko in 1794

Illustrated playbill 1796

Illustrated playbill 1798

The Sawamura Kunitar˘ line of actors

 
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