MIMASU TOKUJIRď I

Stage name:

Mimasu Tokujir˘ I In Japanese

Nickname: Masutoku

Guild: Masuya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Gyok˘

Existence: 1750 ~ 26th day of the 8th lunar month of 1812 [1]

Connection:

Master: Mimasu Daigor˘ I

Brother: Mimasu Mitsugor˘

Son: Mimasu Tokujir˘ II

Disciple: Mimasu Tatsujir˘

Career:

1750: born in Ky˘to.

1758: disciple of Mimasu Daigor˘ I, he received the name of Mimasu Tokujir˘.

11th lunar month of 1760: Tokujir˘ became wakashugata, performing at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "ďshimadai Kitsune no Mukoiri".

11th lunar month of 1770: Tokujir˘ became zamoto and wakaonnagata, producing in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the kaomise drama "Sakae Genji Gojin no Kachidoki".

3rd ~ 5th lunar months of 1771: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", produced by Tokujir˘ at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Tokujir˘ played the role of Princess Tachibana [casting].

11th lunar month of 1771: Tokujir˘ produced in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the kaomise drama "Miyako Yoshino Mikado no Takadono", which welcomed in Ky˘to the Edo actor Sakata Hangor˘ II and celebrated the shűmei of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Anegawa Minato II and Yamatoyama Rinzaemon II.

Fall 1772: Tokujir˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1772: Tokujir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the keisei Miyakoji in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Onoe Kikugor˘ no Baranu Banashi".

1st lunar month of 1773: Tokujir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘ (superior - superior) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1773: Tokujir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Princess Oto (Otohime) in the kaomise drama "Itari Yaitari Mukadeyama", which was produced by Arashi Matsujir˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1774: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Haru and Tonami in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

1st lunar month of 1775: Tokujir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi (superior - superior - (white) excellent) [visual]. He shared the same rank with Onoe Kumesuke.

4th lunar month of 1775: premiere in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari"; Tokujir˘ played the roles of Ariwara no Narihira, Arakawa's wife, Isonokami Mameshir˘ and Murasame [more details].

11th lunar month of 1775: Tokujir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the keisei Miyamaji in the drama "Gohiiki Tenmokuzan", which was produced by Mimasu Matsunoj˘.

12th lunar month of 1775: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kaoyo Gozen and Oishi in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1776: Tokujir˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-(hanshiro)kichi (superior - superior - (half-white) excellent) [visual].

10th lunar month of 1776: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of Oyasu in the drama "Hime Komatsu Ne-no-Hi no Asobi".

11th lunar month of 1776: Tokujir˘ moved to the Kado no Shibai and performed in the kaomise drama "Eh˘gura Sankai Meisho", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

12th lunar month of 1776: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of Magaki in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Tatsuoka Mansaku, which was staged at the Kado no Shibai; Tokujir˘ played the roles of Sukune's wife Kozakura and Haseo's wife [casting]; the roles of Sukune Tar˘ and Ki-no-Haseo were played by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and Tokujir˘'s master Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

9th lunar month of 1777: Tokujir˘ played the role of Suke-no-Tsubone in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; the role of Taira no Tomomori was played by Arashi Hinasuke I.

11th lunar month of 1777: Tokujir˘ performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Daijizai Kaminari no Kodakara", which was produced by the zamoto Ichiyama Tajir˘, celebrated the shűmei of Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV and welcomed back in ďsaka Arashi Sangor˘ II after 3 and 7 seasons spent in Ky˘to and Edo.

12th lunar month of 1777: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of the nakai Otoku in the new year ni-no-kawari drama "Keisei Su˘ no Dairi".

9th lunar month of 1778: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Kan Sh˘j˘ and Chiyo in thye drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Ichiyama Tajir˘; his stage partners were Nakamura Utaemon I (Matsu˘maru), Arashi Kichisabur˘ I (Shiratayű, Genz˘, Terukuni), Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV (Tatsuta, Haru), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Tonami, Kakuju, Yae), Arashi Shichisabur˘ II (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Iwagor˘ (Shihei, Shund˘ Genba), Nakamura Jiroza II (Hy˘ei, Mareyo) and Arashi Sangor˘ II (Sakuramaru).

11th lunar month of 1778: Tokujir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the role of the koshimoto Wakagusa in the kaomise drama "Toki-ni T˘dai Sennin Kagami".

25th day of the 9th lunar month of 1780 [3]: his master Mimasu Daigor˘ I died.

9th lunar month of 1783: the play "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Tokujir˘ played the role of Otani [casting].

1st lunar month of 1784: Tokujir˘ went to Edo and played at the Moritaza the role of Izaemon's lover Yűgiri in the drama "Haru no Yo Sh˘ji no Ume"; the role of Fujiya Izaemon was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

3rd lunar month of 1784: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of Chűbŕ's lover Umegawa in the drama "Keisei Koi Bikyaku"; the role of Kameya Chűbŕ was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV. He also played the role of Mohŕ's lover Osan in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; the role of Mohŕ was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

9th lunar month of 1784: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of Ch˘emon's lover Ohan in the drama "Tagasode Futatsu Nishikie"; the role of Obiya Ch˘emon was played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IV.

11th lunar month of 1784: Tokujir˘ played at the Nakamuraza the role of Oky˘ in the kaomise drama "ďakinai Hiru-ga-Kojima", which celebrated the shűmei of Sanogawa Ichimatsu III and the return in Edo of ďtani Hiroemon III.

1st lunar month of 1785: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of the courtesan ďiso no Tora in the new year sogamono drama "Hatsuhana Mimasu Soga". He also played the role of Tora in the Tomimoto-based dance-drama "Shinobu Koi Yanagi ni Katsurao".

8th lunar month of 1785: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Chiyo and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1785: Tokujir˘ performed at the Nakamuraza in the kaomise drama "Yuki Motsu Take Furisode Genji".

5th lunar month of 1786: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of Hayano Kanpei [illustration] in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

6th lunar month of 1786: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of Otatsu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami".

Fall 1786: Tokujir˘ went back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1786: Tokujir˘ played in Ky˘to the role of the fox Otatsu in the kaomise drama "Shinchoku Niai no Enmusubi", which celebrated the shűmei of Yamamura Tomoemon I.

12th lunar month of 1786: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Sonobe Saemon and Saemon's mother (hayagawari) in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

Fall 1788: Tokujir˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1788: Tokujir˘ performed at the Kado no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Inari Yakusha Kaomise".

7th lunar month of 1789: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohei I and Chikamatsu Tokus˘ drama "Kanjin Kanmon Tekuda no Hajimari"; Tokujir˘ played the role of Kojor˘ [more details].

11th lunar month of 1789: Tokujir˘ became tachiyaku and played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Momokawa Kamijir˘ in the kaomise drama "Kaomise Chigusa Musubi".

12th lunar month of 1789: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

4th lunar month of 1790: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of the villain Soga no Iruka in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

7th lunar month of 1790: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of Komagata Ikkaku Haruhide in the drama "Karukaya D˘shin Tsukushi no Iezuto".

11th lunar month of 1790: Tokujir˘ played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of En'ya Hangan and Gihei in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

Fall 1791: Tokujir˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1791: Tokujir˘ played the role of Ema Koshir˘ Yoshitoki in the drama "Hakubai Genji Shugi no Hajime", which was produced by Anegawa Kumajir˘ at the Nishigawa no Shibai.

Summer 1793: Tokujir˘ played in Ky˘to at the Higashigawa no Shibai the roles of Mameshir˘ and Yoshitsune in the dramas "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari" and "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

2nd lunar month of 1794: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Shima Meguri Uso no Kikigaki"; the last scenes were a sewamono drama, which will be staged independently in the 5th lunar month of 1794 under the title "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime"; Tokujir˘ played the role of Tomitaya Oichi [more details].

Fall 1794: Tokujir˘ went to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1794: Tokujir˘ became onnagata and performed at the Naka no Shibai in Nagawa Shimesuke I's kaomise drama "Kana Utsushi Azuchi Mond˘" [2], which was produced by Nakayama Yosabur˘ II at the Naka no Shibai.

8th lunar month of 1795: Tokujir˘ played in the same theater the role of Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1799: Tokujir˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent) [visual].

11th lunar month of 1800: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Yanagi's puppet theater drama "Ehon Taik˘ki", which was written in the 7th lunar month of 1799. The play was produced by Nakayama Tokujir˘ in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai and Tokujir˘ played the role of Satsuki [casting].

1st lunar month of 1808: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Tokusuke I's ni-no-kawari new year drama "Keisei Shina Sadame"; Tokujir˘ played the role of Kamon's mother [casting].

Fall 1811: Tokujir˘ went to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1811: Tokujir˘ appeared on stage for the last time, playing at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of Mimy˘ in the kaomise drama "ďmi Genji Senjin Yakata", which celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Kumetar˘ III.

26th day of the 8th lunar month of 1812 [1]: Tokujir˘ died in ďsaka [4].

Comments:

Mimasu Tokujir˘ I was a Kamigata actor, who made most of his career in Ky˘to and ďsaka, with the exception of 3 successful seasons in Edo (1784~1786). He was talented and popular but it took him quite a long time (24 years!) to move from the j˘-j˘-(shiro)kichi rank to the j˘-j˘-kichi rank, a quite unusual fact in Kabuki history. He was first an onnagata but shifted to tachiyaku for 5 years before switching back to onnagata roles. He was said to be able to perform a wide range of roles, equally at home in sewamono and jidaimono dramas. Sewa ny˘b˘ and onna bud˘ were his two fields of excellence.

[1] The 26th day of the 8th lunar month of the 9th year of the Bunka era was the 1st of October 1812 in the western calendar.

[2] This kaomise drama was divided into two dramas, an afternoon drama entitled like the program and an evening program which was entitled "Atarimasu Yuki-mo Hikikata".

[3] The 25th day of the 9th lunar month of the 9th year of the An'ei era was the 22nd of October 1780 in the western calendar.

[4] Mimasu Tokujir˘ I's tombstone was located in the cemetery of the Honch˘ji temple in ďsaka.

Mimasu Tokujir˘ I

Prints & Illustrations

The Mimasu Tokujir˘ line of actors

 
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