KAGAYA KASHICHI I

Stage names:

Kagaya Kashichi I In Japanese
Nakamura Utaemon I In Japanese
Nakamura Utanosuke I In Japanese

Others names:

Nakamura Kashichi I In Japanese
Nakamura Kashichi I In Japanese

Guild: Kagaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry name: Issen

Existence: 1714 ~ 29th day of the 10th lunar month of 1791

Connections:

Master: Nakamura Genjűr˘

Son: Nakamura Utaemon III

Adopted son: Nakamura Utanosuke II

Grandson: Kagaya Hashinosuke I

Great-grandson: Nakamura Shikan III

Great-great-grandsons: Nakamura Tamashichi I, Nakamura Tsurusuke V

Disciples: Nakamura Rik˘ I, Nakamura Utaemon II

Career:

1714: born in Kanazawa in the Kaga Province. His father is a renowned physician.

1730: he becomes disciple of Nakamura Genjűr˘ - the adopted son of the Kamigata actor Nakamura Genzaemon I, who was a disciple of Nakamura Shichisabur˘ I's disciple Nakamura Sen'ya I and later on became a playwright named Takagi Richű - who gives him the name of Nakamura Utanosuke I.

1741: he takes the name of Nakamura Utaemon I in Ise.

1742: Utaemon achieves a great success in Ise at the Furuichi Shibai by playing in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari".

11th lunar month of 1742: Utaemon goes to Ky˘to and plays in the kaomise drama "ďmi Genji Taihei no Kachidoki", which is produced by Hanakawa Ichinoj˘ at Hayagumo Ch˘dayű's theater.

8th lunar month of 1748: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura"; Utaemon plays the roles of Igami no Gonta and Benkei [casting].

11th lunar month of 1748: Utaemon plays in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Fuyugomori Tsumagoi Ikusa", which is produced by Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I at the Naka no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1749: Utaemon plays at the ďnishi no Shibai in Izumiya Sh˘z˘'s kaomise drama "Kotobuki Kogane no Kachi Ikusa", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I, welcomes back in ďsaka Iwai Hanshir˘ III and celebrates the shűmei of Murayama Heijűr˘ IV.

12th lunar month of 1750: Utaemon plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Fuwa Banzaemon in the drama "Keisei T˘yama Zakura" (similar to Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"), which is produced by the zamoto Nakamura Jűz˘ I for the nadai Shioya Kuroemon [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1757: Utaemon goes to Edo and plays at the Ichimuraza the roles of Shunkan and Nagata no Tar˘ in the drama "Keisei Kikaigashimabara".

Fall 1761: Utaemon goes back to Kamigata.

11th lunar month of 1761: Utaemon plays at the Naka no Shibai 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Miyo no Hana Yunzei Kagami", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai; Utaemon plays the role of Benkei [casting].

9th lunar month of 1762: Utaemon plays in the same theater the roles of Igami no Gonta and Yokawa no Zenji Kakuhan in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which is produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I and celebrates the 16th anniversary (17th memorial service) of the passing away of the star Anegawa Shinshir˘ I. A similar play is staged one day later under a different title, "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Naka no Shibai [casting]. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai is more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Utaemon plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Kamura Utaemon [casting].

5th lunar month of 1766: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘", which is performed in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Utaemon plays the role of Sekibŕ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1766: Utaemon produces at the Naka no Shibai in Namiki Jűsuke's kaomise drama "Yamato Uta Hikime no Yaguruma".

1st lunar month of 1771: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ Irifune Monogatari"; Utaemon plays the role of Kuwanaya Tokuz˘ [casting].

8th lunar month of 1771: Utaemon plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Soga no Iruka in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" [casting].

7th lunar month of 1772: Utaemon plays the roles of Shunkan and Kajiwara in the drama "Kachidoki Heike Monogatari" (similar to Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"), which is produced by Ichiyama Sukegor˘ I at the Naka no Shibai; his stage partners are Ichiyama Tomisabur˘ (Chidori), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Tanzaemon) and Nakamura Shirogor˘ IV (Senoo Tar˘).

11th lunar month of 1772: Utaemon becomes zamoto and produces at the Naka no Shibai Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's kaomise drama "Onoe Kikugor˘ no Baranu Banashi".

4th lunar month of 1775: premiere in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Hade Kurabe Ise Monogatari"; Utaemon plays the roles of Ki no Aritsune and Natora's ghost [more details].

12th lunar month of 1776: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Igagoe Norikake Gappa"; Utaemon plays the roles of Sawai Shirogor˘ and Daihachi [casting].

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; Utaemon plays the role of Kajiwara Kagetoki [casting].

9th lunar month of 1778: Utaemon plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Matsu˘maru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is produced by the zamoto Ichiyama Tajir˘; his stage partners are Arashi Kichisabur˘ I (Shiratayű, Genz˘, Terukuni), Yamashita Kamenoj˘ IV (Tatsuta, Haru), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Tonami, Kakuju, Yae), Arashi Shichisabur˘ II (Ume˘maru), Band˘ Iwagor˘ (Shihei, Shund˘ Genba), Mimasu Tokujir˘ I (Kan Sh˘j˘, Chiyo), Arashi Sangor˘ II (Sakuramaru) and Nakamura Jiroza II (Hy˘e, Mareyo).

12th lunar month of 1781: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Kamesuke I's drama "Tengajaya-mura" [casting]. A similar play is staged a few days later under a different title, "Renga Chaya Homare no Bundai", at the Naka no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters; Utaemon plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kakogawa Kyűbŕ and Kataoka Miki-no-Kami [casting].

11th lunar month of 1782: Nakamura Utaemon I and his disciple Nakamura T˘z˘ I respectively take the names of Kagaya Kashichi I and Nakamura Utaemon II; the former Utaemon celebrates his shűmei in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai and the latter in Ky˘to. Kashichi plays the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Zu ni Notta Bankoku Tokai".

9th lunar month of 1783: the play "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku" is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Kashichi plays the roles of Sawai Shirogor˘, Heisaku and the doctor Takenaka Zeitaku [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1787: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", a play similar to "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; Kashichi plays the role of Mokusokan [casting].

12th lunar month of 1788: Kashichi makes his isse ichidai performance in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Akizuki Daizen and Masamune in the drama "Shin Usuyuki Monogatari", which is produced by Ichiyama Tajir˘; his stage partners are Kan˘ Hinasuke I (Dankur˘), Seki Sanjűr˘ I (Tsumahei), Yamashita Kinsaku II (Magaki), Ichiyama Tajir˘ (Princess Usuyuki), Nakamura Kumenosuke (Saemon), Band˘ Iwagor˘ (Shibukawa T˘ma), Kataoka Nizaemon VII (Kunikur˘), Yamashita Yaoz˘ I (Oren) and Yamamura Giemon II (Rai Kuniyuki).

Fall 1789: Kashichi appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at Miyako Mandayű's theater, playing the role of Tatara Shind˘zaemon in the drama "Mannengusa Imose no Furisode".

Comments:

"This first Utaemon was the son of a physician, who had led a life of dissipation and finally took to the stage. He kept steadfastly to one specialty, that of katakiyaku, or villain r˘les. When he played in Edo he was well received, but on a visit to ďsaka, he said something on the stage which offended his audience, and they returned the compliment by giving him the cold shoulder for some time. The famous bad characters of the doll-dramas he made his own, particularly the heavy villain Iruka, the formidable tyrant in "Imoseyama", and the evil-doing but loyal Gonta of "Senbon Zakura", two characters that modern audiences are never tired of seeing portrayed." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Kagaya Kashichi I playing the role of Kajiwara Heiz˘ Kagetoki in the drama "Zu ni Notta Bankoku Tokai", which was staged in the 11th lunar month of 1782 at the Naka no Shibai

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Ippitsusai Bunch˘ (1758~1760)

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1769

Caricature 1780

The Nakamura Kashichi line of actors

The Nakamura Utanosuke line of actors

The Nakamura Utaemon line of actors

 
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