ARASHI KOROKU III

Stage names:

Arashi Koroku III In Japanese
Kan˘ Hinasuke I In Japanese
Arashi Hinasuke I In Japanese
Arashi Iwajir˘ I In Japanese

Other name:

Arashi Minshi I In Japanese

Guild: Yoshidaya

Line number: SANDAIME (III)

Poetry names: Minshi (1), Koshichi

Existence: 1741 ~ 29th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1796 [1]

Connection:

Father: Arashi Koroku I

Sons: Arashi Hinasuke II, Arashi Koroku IV, Arashi Hinasuke III, Arashi Koroku V

Son-in-law: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III

Grandsons: Arashi Hinasuke IV, Sawamura Tanosuke II

Disciples: Arashi San'emon VI, Arashi San'emon VII, Arashi Sanjűr˘ IV, Arashi Jiz˘ I

Career:

1741: born in ďsaka. Son of the actor Arashi San'emon V, who gave him the name of Arashi Iwajir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1752: Arashi Iwajir˘ I took the name of Arashi Hinasuke I and appeared on stage for the first time, as a wakaonnagata, performing with success in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Nagoya Ori Hinatsuru no Nishiki" which was produced at the Kado no Shibai by the zamoto Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1753: Hinasuke played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Okuma in the drama "Kashű Narihira Ishi".

1756: Hinasuke and his father settled in Ky˘to.

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which was simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]; Hinasuke played in the former theater the role of Zesai's daughter Otsuyu.

12th lunar month of 1759: Hinasuke became zamoto and produced the drama "Bandai Fueki H˘rai Yakata".

2nd lunar month of 1760: Hinasuke produced the drama "Keisei Sajiki-ga-Dake", in which he played the role of the courtesan Kakehashi. His virtuosity at playing shamisen was appreciated by the connoisseurs.

11th lunar month of 1760: Hinasuke played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Miura's daughter Tamakoto in the kaomise drama "Miura no ďsuke Toshitoku M˘de", which was produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ II; the role of Miura was played by Fujikawa Heikur˘.

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which was staged at the Naka no Shibai; Hinasuke played the role of Shinobu [casting].

7th lunar month of 1763: Hinasuke played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Haru in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by Nakayama Bunshichi I; his stage partners were Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Kakuju, Shihei), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Asao Tamejűr˘ I (Hy˘ei, Shund˘ Genba), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Genz˘, Sukune Tar˘), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

11th lunar month of 1763: the drama "Suma no Miyako Genpei Tsutsuji", which was originally written by Hasegawa Senshi and Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ for the puppet theater in 1730, was adapted for Kabuki 33 years later by the playwright Namiki Eisuke I. It was entitled "Sakigake Genpei Tsutsuji" (the second drama of an unusual 3-part kaomise program) and staged at the Naka no Shibai, starring Nakamura Kichiemon I and Hinasuke in the roles of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane and Taira no Atsumori.

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up was open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai was more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Hinasuke played at the Naka no Shibai the role of Oroku [casting].

5th lunar month of 1766: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘", in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Hinasuke played the role of Princess Yaegaki [casting].

12th lunar month of 1766: Hinasuke produced at the Kado no Shibai the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki" in which he played the role of Umegae; his stage partners were Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Gonshir˘), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Oyoshi, Tomoe Gozen), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Nakayama Raisuke I (Shigetada), Arashi Koroku I (Enju) and Arashi Shichigor˘ II (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka).

7th lunar month of 1767: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of Otatsu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which was staged to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Fujikawa Heikur˘ [casting].

Spring 1768: tour in Nagoya; Hinasuke played the roles of T˘yama and Matahei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘".

12th lunar month of 1768: Hinasuke played the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Oteru in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki", which was produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I in ďsaka. The performance was extremely successful and extended to please Hinasuke's fans.

Summer 1769: Hinasuke and the playwright Namiki Sh˘z˘ I went on tour together in the Awa province on Shikoku island.

11th lunar month of 1769: Hinasuke was back to Ky˘to. He played the role of the courtesan Naniwazu in the kaomise drama "Asahimaru Genji Kagami", which was produced by Onoe Kumesuke, welcomed in the Imperial City the actor Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II and his son Sawamura Tanosuke I and celebrated the shűmei of Nakamura Shingor˘ II. Hinasuke successfully ended the performance with an amazing lion dance ("Shakky˘").

1770: tour on Miyajima Island in the company of Arashi Sangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1770: Hinasuke was back to Ky˘to. He played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the courtesan Shizuhara in the kaomise drama "Sakae Genji Gojin no Kachidoki", which was produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I.

3rd ~ 5th lunar months of 1771: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Hinasuke played the roles of Sadaka and Omiwa [casting].

4th lunar month of 1771: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1771: Hinasuke played at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of the dancer Okumi in the kaomise drama "Bandai Isaoshi Genji", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hinasuke played in the same theater the roles of the keisei Sakurado and Sh˘suke's sister Osuga in the ni-no-kawari "Keisei Sakura Goten".

Fall 1772: Hinasuke played in Ky˘to the role of Sadaka in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which was produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

9th lunar month of 1773: Hinasuke played at the Kado no Shibai the role of Otoku in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which was produced by the zamoto Ogawa Kichitar˘ I for the nadai ďsaka Tazaemon; his stage partners were Nakayama Raisuke I (Sh˘gen) and Mimasu Daigor˘ I (Matahei).

12th lunar month of 1773: Hinasuke played at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Kanpei and Osono in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was produced in ďsaka by the zamoto Arashi Matsujir˘ I.

Fall 1774: Hinasuke moved to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1774: Hinasuke took part in the kaomise program "Akanesasu Kogane no Maruyama", which was produced by Fujikawa Sango; his stage partners were Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Onoe Matsusuke I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1775: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of the sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ in the play "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; his stage partner in the role of the rival sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi was Onoe Matsusuke I.

9th lunar month of 1775: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

Fall 1775: Hinasuke moved to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1775: Hinasuke performed at the Naka no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Gohiiki Tenmokuzan", which was produced by Mimasu Matsunoj˘.

12th lunar month of 1775: Hinasuke played in the same theater the roles of Yuranosuke and Oshun in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1776: his rank in ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1776: his father Arashi Koshichi I appeared on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai. The 2 actors performed together in the drama "Komochi Yamanba Iohata Nishiki", which was produced by Mimasu Matsunoj˘. Hinasuke also played the great role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; his stage partners were Arashi Kichisabur˘ I (Tokubŕ) and Mimasu Daigor˘ I (Sabu).

7th lunar month of 1776: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

11th lunar month of 1776: Hinasuke played at the Kado no Shibai 2 roles in the kaomise drama "Eh˘gura Sankai Meisho", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I.

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Tatsuoka Mansaku, which was staged at the Kado no Shibai; Hinasuke played the roles of Fujiwara no Shihei and Kakuju [casting].

9th lunar month of 1777: Hinasuke played in the same theater the roles of Yazaemon, Ginpei, Tomomori, Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1777: Hinasuke played at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Sh˘ki (in reality Shinozuka Iga-no-Kami) and Inukai Rokurobŕ in the kaomise drama "ďiri Kabuki no Tsuitachi", which was produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and celebrated the shűmei of Shibazaki Rinzaemon II.

4th lunar month of 1778: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Hinasuke played the roles of Ishikawa Goemon and Akechi Samagor˘ [casting].

9th lunar month of 1778: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of Hangaku in the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru".

7th lunar month of 1779: Hinasuke played in the same theater the roles of Ishikawa Akuemon and Ashiya Sh˘gen in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1779: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of Asaina in the drama "Azuma Kagami Mikari no Maki".

Fall 1779: Hinasuke moved to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1779: Hinasuke performed in the drama "Kaikei Kikkegawara", which was produced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1780: Hinasuke's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri" was produced for the first time in Ky˘to; Hinasuke played the role of Ishikawa Goemon [casting].

9th lunar month of 1780: Hinasuke played in the same theater the roles of Tokiyo, Kakuju and Matsu˘maru in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

Fall 1780: first and last stay in Edo for Hinasuke.

11th lunar month of 1780: Hinasuke performed at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Tokimekiya Oedo no Hatsuyuki" but his performance was not well received by the critics and the audience. He was humiliated and decided to go back to Kamigata instead of losing his time and pride in this city.

1st lunar month of 1781: Hinasuke was back in Ky˘to, triumphing in the drama "Miyako no Hamaogi", which was produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

6th lunar month of 1781: tour in the Kishű province.

9th lunar month of 1781: Hinasuke played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon and Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which was produced par Yamashita Yaoz˘ I; his stage partners were Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Enju, Shigetada), Arashi Sangor˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Chidori), Shibazaki Rinzaemon II (Takatsuna, Gonshir˘), Arashi San'emon VI (Ofude) and Anegawa Minato II (Oyoshi). Hinasuke suddenly fell ill and had to be replaced by Nakamura T˘z˘ I.

1st lunar month of 1782: his rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, was goku-dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - grand - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1782: Hinasuke played the roles of Yuranosuke, Tonase, Moron˘ and Sadakur˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was produced in Ky˘to at the Higashigawa no Shibai by the zamoto Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ was Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

Summer 1782: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of Fukashichi in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

1st lunar month of 1783: Hinasuke played the role of the fox Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which was produced in Ky˘to at the Shij˘ Nishi no Shibai; his stage partner in the role of Shizuka Gozen was Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1783: tour in Nagoya; Hinasuke performed at the ďsu no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1783: the play "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie" was performed for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai. Hinasuke played the role of the vile court lady Iwafuji; his stage partners were Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Onoe) and Yamashita Kinsaku II (Ohatsu).

1st lunar month of 1785: Hinasuke played the roles of Sagisaka Sanai, Shigenoi and Takemura Sadanoshin in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna", which was performed in ďsaka at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai.

26th day of the 8th lunar month of 1785 [2]: his disciple Arashi San'emon VI died in ďsaka.

9th lunar month of 1785: Hinasuke played in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘, Teraoka Heiemon, Amakawaya Gihei and Kakokawa Honz˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which was staged to commemorate the 2nd anniversary (3rd memorial service) of the passing away of the star Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

Fall 1785: tour in Ise, Kuwana and Misaki with Shibazaki Rinzaemon II; Hinasuke played the roles of Tadanobu, Igami no Gonta and the fox Genkur˘ in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1785: Hinasuke played in Ky˘to the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which was produced by his son Arashi Hidenosuke I.

1st lunar month of 1786: Hinasuke was back in ďsaka and performed in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi", which was produced by Arashi Umanosuke at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai.

2nd lunar month of 1786: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of the legendary thief Nippon Daemon in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi".

3rd lunar month of 1786: Hinasuke moved to the Naka no Shibai and played the role of Hangaku in the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru", which was produced by Nakamura Noshio II. He also played the roles of Ishikawa Goemon and Wat˘nai in the plays "Kama-ga-Fuchi Futatsu Domoe" and "Kokusen'ya Gassen".

5th lunar month of 1786: Arashi Hinasuke I took the name of Kan˘ Hinasuke I.

26th day of the 7th lunar month of 1786 [3]: his father Arashi Koroku I died.

3rd lunar month of 1787: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", a play similar to "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; Hinasuke played the roles of Rokusuke, Ok˘ and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

8th lunar month of 1787: Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", which was premiered in the 3rd lunar month at the Naka no Shibai, was staged for the first time in Ky˘to; Hinasuke played the roles of Rokusuke, Ok˘, Mashiba Hisayoshi and Yoshioka Ichimisai [casting].

1790: Hinasuke published "Minshisen", a book of commentaries he wrote on the greatest roles of his career.

12th lunar month of 1790: Hinasuke played for the last time the role of Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri", in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi was played by Arashi Sangor˘ II.

7th lunar month of 1791: Hinasuke played for the last time the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsu Naniwa Kagami", in ďsaka at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1792: Hinasuke played at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Gotobŕ in the play "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘".

3rd lunar month of 1793: Hinasuke played the roles of Mizuo Jűzaemon and T˘ken Jűbŕ in the drama "Hirai Gonpachi Yoshiwara Gayoi", which was produced in ďsaka by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1793: Hinasuke played in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

11th lunar month of 1793: Kan˘ Hinasuke I took the name of Arashi Koroku III in ďsaka at the Horie Shinshibai, performing in the drama "Chűshin K˘shaku".

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which was famous for its "Umagiri" scene and was produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Koroku played the roles of Shibata Shurinosuke Katsushige, Kawata Kachizaemon, Iruma Yosodayű, Teruha and Oda Sanshichir˘ Nobutaka (when he replaces Ichikawa Danz˘ IV in this role) [more details].

5th lunar month of 1794: Arashi Koroku III celebrated his shűmei in Ky˘to, at the Shij˘ Nishi no Shibai, playing the prestigious role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the jidaimono "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

5th lunar month of 1794: premiere at the Nishi no Shibai (Ky˘to) of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime"; Koroku played the role of Sasano Sangobŕ [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1795: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba", which was originally written for the puppet theater, was adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Koroku played the role of Oginoya Yaegiri [casting].

11th lunar month of 1795: Koroku played in Chikamatsu Tokuz˘'s kaomise drama "Ichiban Yari T˘kai Suzuri", which was produced by Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1796: Koroku played in the same theater 5 roles in the new year drama "Keisei Hana no ďminato", commonly called "T˘jin Goroshi".

3rd lunar month of 1796: Koroku was about to perform in "Hade Kurabe Ishikawazome" but he seriously fell ill.

29th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1796 [1]: Koroku died in ďsaka [4].

Comments:

Arashi Koroku III was one of the finest and greatest Kamigata actors who achieved an amazing success during the second half of the eighteenth century. He was also the first actor to play the role of Ishikawa Goemon in "Gosan no Kiri". He was outstanding in katakiyaku roles and in hengemono.

[1] The 29th day of the 3rd lunar month of the 8th year of the Kansei era was the 6th of May 1796 in the western calendar.

[2] The 26th day of the 8th lunar month of the 5th year of the Tenmei era was the 29th of September 1785 in the western calendar.

[3] The 26th day of the 7th lunar month of the 6th year of the Tenmei era was the 19th of August 1786 in the western calendar.

[4] His tombstone was located in the precinct of H˘my˘ji Temple in ďsaka.

Arashi Koroku III portraying Asaina Sabur˘
in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III in 1861

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1780

Illustrated playbill 1794

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1852

The Arashi Minshi line of actors

The Kan˘ Hinasuke line of actors

The Arashi Hinasuke line of actors

The Arashi Koroku line of actors

 
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