ARASHI KOROKU III

Stage names:

Arashi Koroku III In Japanese
Kan˘ Hinasuke I In Japanese
Arashi Hinasuke I In Japanese
Arashi Iwajir˘ I In Japanese

Other name: Arashi Minshi I

Guild: Yoshidaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Minshi (1), Koshichi

Existence: 1741 ~ 29th day of the 3rd lunar month of 1796

Connection:

Father: Arashi Koroku I

Sons: Arashi Hinasuke II, Arashi Koroku IV, Arashi Hinasuke III, Arashi Koroku V

Son-in-law: Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III

Grandsons: Arashi Hinasuke IV, Sawamura Tanosuke II

Disciples: Arashi San'emon VI, Arashi San'emon VII, Arashi Sanjűr˘ IV, Arashi Jiz˘ I

Career:

1741: born in ďsaka. Son of the actor Arashi San'emon V, who gives him the name of Arashi Iwajir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1752: Arashi Iwajir˘ I takes the name of Arashi Hinasuke I and appears on stage for the first time, as a wakaonnagata, playing with success in Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Nagoya Ori Hinatsuru no Nishiki", produced at the Kado no Shibai by the zamoto Mimasu Daigor˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1753: Hinasuke plays the role of Okuma in the drama "Kashű Narihira Ishi", which is performed at the Naka no Shibai in ďsaka.

1756: Hinasuke and his father settle in Ky˘to.

1st lunar month of 1758: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki", which is simultaneously produced at the Minamigawa no Shibai [casting] and the Kitagawa no Shibai [casting]; Hinasuke plays in the former theater the role of Zesai's daughter Otsuyu.

12th lunar month of 1759: Hinasuke becomes zamoto and produces the play "Bandai Fueki H˘rai Yakata".

2nd lunar month of 1760: Hinasuke produces the play "Keisei Sajiki-ga-Dake", in which he plays the role of the courtesan Kakehashi. His virtuosity at playing shamisen is appreciated by the connoisseurs.

11th lunar month of 1760: Hinasuke plays in the drama "Miura no ďsuke Toshi Tokuma Ude", which is produced by Anegawa Shinshir˘ II at the Naka no Shibai. He plays the role of Tamakoto, the daughter of Miura, a role played by Fujikawa Heikur˘.

1st lunar month of 1761: his rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

4th lunar month of 1762: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5-act puppet theater drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai; Hinasuke plays the role of Shinobu [casting].

7th lunar month of 1763: Hinasuke plays the role of Haru in the play "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is produced at the Kado no Shibai by Nakayama Bunshichi I. His stage partners are Nakayama Bunshichi I (Matsu˘maru, Terukuni), Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Kakuju, Shihei), Band˘ Toyosabur˘ I (Shiratayű), Anegawa Daikichi I (Tonami, Yae), Asao Tamejűr˘ I (Hy˘ei, Shund˘ Genba), Nakayama Raisuke I (Ume˘maru), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Genz˘, Sukune Tar˘), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Sakuramaru), Yoshizawa Sakinosuke II (Chiyo, Tatsuta) and Nakamura Kichiemon I (Kan Sh˘j˘).

11th lunar month of 1763: the play "Suma no Miyako Genpei Tsutsuji", which was originally written by Hasegawa Senshi and Matsuda Bunk˘d˘ for the puppet theater in 1730, is adapted for Kabuki 33 years later by the playwright Namiki Eisuke I. It is entitled "Sakigake Genpei Tsutsuji" (the second drama of an unusual 3-part kaomise program) and staged at the Naka no Shibai, starring Nakamura Kichiemon I and Hinasuke in the roles of Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane and Taira no Atsumori.

9th lunar month of 1764: premiŔre in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai of "Hare Kosode Tsuzure no Nishiki", based on the puppet drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki", which is produced by Mimasu Daigor˘ I. A similar play was staged one day before under a different title, "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki", at the Kado no Shibai. The competition for the best performance and the best line-up is open between the 2 theaters. The performance at the Kado no Shibai is more successful than the one at the Naka no Shibai; Hinasuke plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Oroku [casting].

5th lunar month of 1766: first Kabuki adaptation of the 5 acts puppet theater drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘", in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai; Hinasuke plays the role of Princess Yaegaki [casting].

12th lunar month of 1766: Hinasuke produces at the Kado no Shibai the play "Hirakana Seisuiki" in which he plays the role of Umegae. His stage partners are Nakayama Shinkur˘ I (Gonshir˘), Fujikawa Hachiz˘ I (Matsuemon, Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu), Yoshizawa Ayame III (Oyoshi, Tomoe), Ichinokawa Hikoshir˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Nakayama Raisuke I (Shigetada), Arashi Koroku I (Enju) and Arashi Shichigor˘ II (Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka).

7th lunar month of 1767: Hinasuke plays the role of Otatsu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami", which is staged at the Kado no Shibai to commemorate the 6th anniversary (7th memorial service) of the passing away of Fujikawa Heikur˘ [casting].

Spring 1768: tour in Nagoya. Hinasuke plays the roles of T˘yama and Matahei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Keisei Hangonk˘".

12th lunar month of 1768: Hinasuke plays the roles of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ and Oteru in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki", which is produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I in ďsaka. The performance is extremely successful and extended to please Hinasuke's fans.

Summer 1769: Hinasuke and the playwright Namiki Sh˘z˘ I tour together in the Awa province on Shikoku island.

11th lunar month of 1769: Hinasuke is back to Ky˘to. He plays the role of the courtesan Naniwazu in the play "Asahimaru Genji Kagami", which is produced by Onoe Kumesuke, welcomes in the Imperial City the actor Sawamura S˘jűr˘ II and his son Sawamura Tanosuke I and celebrates the shűmei of Nakamura Shingor˘ II. Hinasuke successfully ends the performance with an amazing lion dance ("Shakky˘").

1770: tour on Miyajima Island in the company of Arashi Sangor˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1770: Hinasuke is back to Ky˘to. He plays the role of the courtesan Shizuhara in the play "Sakae Genji Gojin no Kachidoki", which is produced at the Kitagawa no Shibai by Mimasu Tokujir˘.

3rd ~ 5th lunar months of 1771: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Hinasuke plays the roles of Sadaka and Omiwa [casting].

4th lunar month of 1771: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1771: Hinasuke plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the role of the dancer Okumi in the kaomise drama "Bandai Isaoshi Genji", which is produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1772: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the roles of the keisei Sakurado and Sh˘suke's sister Osuga in the ni-no-kawari "Keisei Sakura Goten".

Fall 1772: Hinasuke plays the role of Sadaka in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin", which is produced by Arashi Sanjűr˘ II in Ky˘to.

9th lunar month of 1773: Hinasuke plays the role of Otoku in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘", which is produced by the zamoto Ogawa Kichitar˘ I for the nadai ďsaka Tazaemon at the Kado no Shibai. His stage partners are Nakayama Raisuke I (Sh˘gen) and Mimasu Daigor˘ I (Matahei).

12th lunar month of 1773: Hinasuke plays the roles of Kanpei and Osono in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is produced in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai by the zamoto Arashi Matsujir˘ I.

11th lunar month of 1774: Hinasuke moves to Ky˘to and takes part in the kaomise program "Akanesasu Kogane no Maruyama", which is produced by Fujikawa Sango. His stage partners are Onoe Kikugor˘ I, Onoe Matsusuke I and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III.

3rd lunar month of 1775: Hinasuke plays the role of the sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ in the play "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki", which is staged in the same theater. His stage partner in the role of the rival sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi is Onoe Matsusuke I.

9th lunar month of 1775: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

11th lunar month of 1775: Hinasuke settles in ďsaka and plays in the drama "Gohiiki Tenmokuzan", which is produced by Mimasu Matsunoj˘ at the Naka no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1775: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the roles of Yuranosuke and Oshun in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

1st lunar month of 1776: his rank in ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1776: his father Arashi Koshichi I appears on stage for the last time, in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai. The 2 actors play together in the drama "Komochi Yamanba Iohata Nishiki", which is produced by Mimasu Matsunoj˘. Hinasuke plays also the great role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami". His stage partners are Arashi Kichisabur˘ I (Tokubŕ) and Mimasu Daigor˘ I (Sabu).

7th lunar month of 1776: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

11th lunar month of 1776: Hinasuke plays 2 roles in the play "Eh˘gura Sankai Meisho", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

4th lunar month of 1777: premiere of Namiki Gohachi's drama "Tenmangű Natane no Gokű", co-written with Nakamura Akei and Tatsuoka Mansaku, which is staged at the Kado no Shibai; Hinasuke plays the roles of Fujiwara no Shihei and Kakuju [casting].

9th lunar month of 1777: Hinasuke plays the roles of Yazaemon, Gimpei, Tomomori, Tadanobu and the fox Genkur˘ in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is performed at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1777: Hinasuke plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Sh˘ki (in reality Shinozuka Iga-no-Kami) and Inukai Rokurobŕ in the kaomise drama "ďiri Kabuki no Tsuitachi", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ I and celebrates the shűmei of Shibazaki Rinzaemon II.

4th lunar month of 1778: premiere in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's play "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri"; Hinasuke plays the roles of Ishikawa Goemon and Akechi Samagor˘ [casting].

9th lunar month of 1778: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the role of Hangaku in the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru".

7th lunar month of 1779: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the roles of Ishikawa Akuemon and Ashiya Sh˘gen in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami".

9th lunar month of 1779: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the role of Asaina in the drama "Azuma Kagami Mikari no Maki".

11th lunar month of 1779: Hinasuke moves to Ky˘to and plays in the drama "Kaikei Kikkeigawara", which is produced by Somematsu Shichisabur˘ II.

1st lunar month of 1780: Hinasuke's rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent). Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri" is produced for the first time in Ky˘to; Hinasuke plays the role of Ishikawa Goemon [casting].

9th lunar month of 1780: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the roles of Tokiyo, Kakuju and Matsu˘maru in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

11th lunar month of 1780: first and last stay in Edo. Hinasuke plays at the Moritaza in the kaomise drama "Tokimekiya Oedo no Hatsuyuki" but his performance is not well received by the critics and the audience. He is humiliated and decides to go back to Kamigata as fast as possible.

1st lunar month of 1781: Hinasuke is back in Ky˘to, triumphing in the play "Miyako no Hamaogi", which is produced by Yamashita Yaoz˘. His terrible stay in Edo is forgotten.

6th lunar month of 1781: tour in the Kishű province.

9th lunar month of 1781: Hinasuke plays the roles of Kajiwara Heiji Kagetaka, Matsuemon and Higuchi no Jir˘ Kanemitsu in the drama "Hirakana Seisuiki", which is produced par Yamashita Yaoz˘ I at the Kitagawa no Shibai. His stage partners are Onoe Kikugor˘ I (Enju, Shigetada), Arashi Sangor˘ II (Kajiwara Genta Kagesue), Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Chidori), Shibazaki Rinzaemon II (Takatsuna, Gonshir˘), Arashi San'emon VI (Ofude) and Anegawa Minato II (Oyoshi). Hinasuke falls suddenly ill and is replaced by Nakamura T˘z˘.

1st lunar month of 1782: his rank in the Ky˘to hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is goku-dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - grand - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1782: Hinasuke plays the roles of Yuranosuke, Tonase, Moron˘ and Sadakur˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is produced in Ky˘to at the Higashigawa no Shibai by the zamoto Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1782: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the roles of the sum˘ wrestler Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi and Ok˘ in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki". His stage partner in the role of the rival sum˘ wrestler Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ is Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

Summer 1782: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the role of Fukashichi in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

1st lunar month of 1783: Hinasuke plays the role of the fox Tadanobu in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", which is produced in Ky˘to at the Shij˘ Nishi no Shibai. His stage partner in the role of Shizuka Gozen is Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1783: tour in Nagoya. Hinasuke performs at the ďsu no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1783: the play "Kagamiyama Koky˘ no Nishikie" is performed for the first time in ďsaka, at the Kado no Shibai. Hinasuke plays the role of the vile court lady Iwafuji. His stage partners are Sawamura Kunitar˘ I (Onoe) and Yamashita Kinsaku II (Ohatsu).

1st lunar month of 1785: Hinasuke plays the roles of Sagisaka Sanai, Shigenoi and Takemura Sadanoshin in the drama "Koi Ny˘b˘ Somewake Tazuna", which is performed in ďsaka at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai.

9th lunar month of 1785: Hinasuke plays the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘, Teraoka Heiemon, Amakawaya Gihei and Kakokawa Honz˘ in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is produced in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai, commemorating the second anniversary of the death of Onoe Kikugor˘ I.

Fall 1785: tour in Ise, Kuwana and Misaki with Shibazaki Rinzaemon II; Hinasuke plays the roles of Tadanobu, Igami no Gonta and the fox Genkur˘ in the classic "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

11th lunar month of 1785: Hinasuke is back in Ky˘to and plays the roles of Matsu˘maru and Kakuju in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is produced by his son Arashi Hidenosuke I.

1st lunar month of 1786: Hinasuke is back in ďsaka and performs in the drama "ďt˘-no-Miya Asahi no Yoroi", which is produced by Arashi Umanosuke at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai.

2nd lunar month of 1786: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the role of the legendary thief Nippon Daemon in the drama "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi".

3rd lunar month of 1786: Hinasuke moves to the Naka no Shibai and plays the role of Hangaku in the drama "Wada Gassen Onna Maizuru", which is produced by Nakamura Noshio II. He also plays the roles of Ishikawa Goemon and Wat˘nai in the plays "Kama-ga-Fuchi Futatsu Domoe" and "Kokusen'ya Gassen".

5th lunar month of 1786: Arashi Hinasuke I takes the name of Kan˘ Hinasuke I.

3rd lunar month of 1787: premiere at the Naka no Shibai of Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", a play similar to "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; Hinasuke plays the roles of Rokusuke, Ok˘ and Mashiba Hisayoshi [casting].

8th lunar month of 1787: Namiki Gohŕ's drama "Taik˘ Shinkenki", which was premiered in the 3rd lunar month at the Naka no Shibai, is staged for the first time in Ky˘to; Hinasuke plays the roles of Rokusuke, Ok˘, Mashiba Hisayoshi and Yoshioka Ichimisai [casting].

1790: Hinasuke writes and publishes "Minshisen", a book of commentaries on the greatest roles of his career.

12th lunar month of 1790: Hinasuke plays for the last time the role of Ishikawa Goemon in the play "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri", which is performed at the Naka no Shibai. The role of Mashiba Hisayoshi is played by Arashi Sangor˘ II.

7th lunar month of 1791: Hinasuke plays for the last time the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsu Naniwa Kagami", which is staged at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai.

7th lunar month of 1792: Hinasuke plays the role of Gotobŕ in the play "Yoshitsune Koshigoej˘", which is performed at the Kitagawa no Shibai in Ky˘to.

3rd lunar month of 1793: Hinasuke plays the roles of Mizuo Jűzaemon and T˘ken Jűbŕ in the drama "Hirai Gonpachi Yoshiwara Gayoi", which is produced in ďsaka by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I.

5th lunar month of 1793: Hinasuke plays in the same theater the role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the drama "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

11th lunar month of 1793: Kan˘ Hinasuke I takes in the same theater the name of Arashi Koroku III in ďsaka, playing the main role of the play "Chűshin K˘shaku".

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which is famous for its "Umagiri" scene and is produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Koroku plays the roles of Shibata Shurinosuke Katsushige, Kawata Kachizaemon, Iruma Yosodayű, Teruha and Oda Sanshichir˘ Nobutaka (when he replaces Ichikawa Danz˘ IV in this role) [more details].

5th lunar month of 1794: Arashi Koroku III celebrates his shűmei in Ky˘to, at the Shij˘ Nishi no Shibai, playing the prestigious role of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane in the jidaimono "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki".

5th lunar month of 1794: premiere at the Nishi no Shibai (Ky˘to) of Namiki Gohei I's drama "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime"; Koroku plays the role of Sasano Sangobei [casting].

3rd lunar month of 1795: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Komochi Yamanba", which was originally written for the puppet theater, is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Koroku plays the role of Oginoya Yaegiri [casting].

11th lunar month of 1795: Koroku plays in Chikamatsu Tokuz˘'s kaomise drama "Ichiban Yari T˘kai Suzuri", which is produced by Fujikawa Hachiz˘ III in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai.

1st lunar month of 1796: Koroku plays in the same theater 5 roles in the new year drama "Keisei Hana no ďminato", commonly called "T˘jin Goroshi".

3rd lunar month of 1796: Koroku is about to play in "Hade Kurabe Ishikawazome" but falls seriously ill and dies at the end of the month. His tombstone is located in the precinct of H˘my˘ji Temple in ďsaka.

Comments:

Arashi Koroku III was one of the finest and greatest Kamigata actors who achieved an amazing success during the second half of the eighteenth century. He was also the first actor to play the role of Ishikawa Goemon and had a partiality for the katakiyaku and the hengemono roles.

Arashi Koroku III portraying Asaina Sabur˘
in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni III in 1861

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Katsukawa Shunsh˘ in 1780

Illustrated playbill 1794

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1852

The Kan˘ Hinasuke line of actors

The Arashi Hinasuke line of actors

The Arashi Koroku line of actors

 
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