ICHIKAWA DANZď IV

Stage names:

Ichikawa Danz˘ IV In Japanese
Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III In Japanese
Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I In Japanese
Nakamura Toraz˘ In Japanese
Kameya Toraz˘ In Japanese

Guild: Mikawaya

Nicknames:

Meguro no Danz˘ ("Danz˘ from Meguro")
Tomoz˘ Danz˘

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry name: Shik˘

Existence: 1745 ~ 9th day of the 10th lunar month of 1808

Connection:

Master: Ichikawa Danz˘ III

Adopted mother: Ichikawa Danz˘ III's widow

Sons: Ichikawa Dannosuke III, Ichikawa Dannosuke IV

Adopted son: Ichikawa Danz˘ V

Disciples: Ichikawa Ichiz˘ I, Ichikawa Aragor˘ I, Ichikawa Tomoz˘ II, Ichikawa Monzabur˘ I, Ichikawa Monzabur˘ II

Career:

1745~1763: born in Ky˘to. He starts his career at an early age, performing under the name of Kameya Toraz˘ in a troupe of children actors located at the Izumi Shikibeza. He spends some years in the minor theaters of ďsaka (hama shibai).

1763: he becomes disciple of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ I and receives the name of Nakamura Toraz˘.

1768: Toraz˘ settles in Edo.

11th lunar month of 1768: he becomes disciple of the actor Ichikawa Danz˘ III and receives the name of Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I, playing at the Ichimuraza in the drama "Otokoyama Yunzei Kurabe".

1769: Tomoz˘ goes back to Ky˘to.

11th lunar month of 1771: Tomoz˘ plays in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Shinozuka Gor˘ in the kaomise drama "Miyako Yoshino Mikado no Takadono", which is produced by Mimasu Tokujir˘ I, welcomes in Ky˘to the Edo actor Sakata Hangor˘ II and celebrates the shűmei of Sawamura S˘jűr˘ III, Anegawa Minato II and Yamatoyama Rinzaemon II.

6th lunar month of 1772: his master Ichikawa Danz˘ III dies. Tomoz˘ goes back to Edo in the family of Ichikawa Danz˘ III's widow, who decides to adopt him.

11th lunar month of 1772: Ichikawa Tomoz˘ I takes the name of Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III at the Ichimuraza, playing in the kaomise drama "Edo Katagi Hikeya Tsunazaka".

11th lunar month of 1773: Ichikawa Danzabur˘ III takes the name of Ichikawa Danz˘ IV at the Ichimuraza, playing in the drama "Kaeri Kiso Kigoto no Hatsumono".

3rd lunar month of 1776: first Kabuki adaptation of Matsu Kanshi I's puppet theater drama "Koi Musume Mukashi Hachij˘", which is staged at the Nakamuraza; Danz˘ plays the role of Shirokiya Sh˘bei [casting].

5th lunar month of 1776: the play "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘" is performed for the first time in Edo, at the Nakamuraza; Danz˘ plays the role of Jihiz˘ [casting].

1st lunar month of 1778: the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin" is staged for the first time in Edo, at the Moritaza [casting]; Danz˘ plays the roles of Daihanji no Kiyosumi and Soga no Iruka.

4th lunar month of 1780: first Kabuki adaptation of Utei Emba, Kij˘ Tar˘ and Y˘ Y˘dai puppet theater drama "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi", which was written in the 1st lunar month of 1780. The play is produced in Edo at the Moritaza; Danz˘ plays the roles of the sh˘ya Shichirobei and Daifukuya S˘roku (in reality Shimada Sabur˘bei) [casting].

9th lunar month of 1780: Danz˘ plays for the first time the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which is staged at the Moritaza.

3rd lunar month of 1781: Danz˘ plays for the first time 7 roles (nanayaku) in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged at the Moritaza. Roles: En'ya Hangan, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Honz˘'s wife Tonase, Amakawaya Gihei, Yoichibŕ, Ono no Sadakur˘ and ďwashi Bungo. This is the first time in Kabuki history that an actor plays seven roles in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

5th lunar month of 1783: Danz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Ishid˘ Umanoj˘, Kakogawa Honz˘ and Teraoka Heiemon in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

9th lunar month of 1783: celebrates his coming departure from Edo, playing the role of Konishi Suketar˘ in the drama "Buke no Hana Musume no Adauchi", which is staged at the Nakamuraza.

Fall 1783: Danz˘ goes to Kamigata after 16 years spent in Edo.

1st lunar month of 1784: Danz˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke and Kakogawa Honz˘ in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is produced by Fujikawa Kikumatsu.

5th lunar month of 1784: premiere at the Kado no Shibai of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; Danz˘ plays the role of H˘kaib˘ [casting].

11th lunar month of 1784: Danz˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Takebe Genz˘ and Terukuni in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami", which is produced by Onoe Ushinosuke I.

7th lunar month of 1785: Danz˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of the yakko Dennai, Kumedera Danj˘ and the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Otsuginasai Iwafute Shikisan".

Summer 1785: tour in Akashi in the company of the great onnagata Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

1st lunar month of 1786: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

10th lunar month of 1786: tour in the Island of Shikoku.

4th lunar month of 1787: Danz˘ plays the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, Ishid˘ Umanoj˘ and Amakawaya Gihei in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is produced in ďsaka by Nakamura Kumetar˘ II

1788: tour in Ise; Danz˘ plays in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" at the Furuichi Shibai.

5th lunar month of 1788: first Kabuki adaptation of the puppet theater drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi", which is staged in Ise at the Furuichi no Shibai; Danz˘ plays the roles of Kinugawa Yasaemon and Todoroki Dengoemon [casting]. He replaces Mimasu Daigor˘ II for the role of Rokusuke in the 6th lunar month.

Spring 1789: tour in Ise; Danz˘ plays in the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami".

12th lunar month of 1789: Danz˘ plays 6 roles in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai. Roles: En'ya Hangan, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Kakogawa Honz˘, Amakawaya Gihei, Yoichibŕ and Ono no Sadakur˘.

1st lunar month of 1790: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

Spring 1791: Danz˘ plays the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which is staged in Ky˘to at the Shij˘ Nishi no Shibai.

4th lunar month of 1791: Danz˘ plays in Ky˘to the roles of Kumedera Danj˘ and the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura". The role of Princess Taema is played by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

3rd lunar month of 1793: Danz˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is dai-j˘-j˘-kichi (grand - superior - superior - excellent).

12th lunar month of 1793: Danz˘ plays the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which is staged in ďsaka at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai. He also plays the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima".

1st lunar month ~ 3rd lunar month of 1794: premiere of Tatsuoka Mansaku's drama "Keisei Haru no Tori", which is famous for its "Umagiri" scene and is produced by the zamoto Asao Okujir˘ I in ďsaka at the Kado no Shibai; Danz˘ plays the roles of Oda Sanshichir˘ Nobutaka and Mashiba Hisayoshi [more details].

Summer 1794: tour in Ise.

8th lunar month of 1794: Danz˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima". The role of Chidori is played by Nakamura Noshio II.

9th lunar month of 1794: first Kabuki adaptation of Chikamatsu Hanji's puppet theater drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; Danz˘ plays the role of Sasaki Takatsuna [casting].

10th lunar month of 1795: Danz˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of the wicked priest Narukami and the deity Fud˘ My˘˘ in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura". The role of Princess Taema is played by Yoshizawa Iroha I.

1st lunar month of 1796: Danz˘'s rank in the ďsaka hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1796: tour in Miyajima with Iwai Hanshir˘ IV.

10th lunar month of 1796: Danz˘ plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai the roles of Kumedera Danj˘ and the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura". The role of Princess Taema is played by Yamashita Yaoz˘ I.

Summer 1798: Danz˘ goes back to Edo.

7th lunar month of 1798: Danz˘ plays at the Moritaza the roles of Daid˘ji Denbatanosuke and Araki Saemon in the drama "Katsura Otoko Yaiba no ďdachi".

8th lunar month of 1798: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

9th lunar month of 1798: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of Daihanji no Kiyosumi in the drama "Imoseyama Onna Teikin".

11th lunar month of 1798: Danz˘ plays at the Moritaza several roles, including Shinozuka Iganokami (in a "Shibaraku" scene) and Nagasaki Kageyu Saemon, in the kaomise drama "Taiheiki Mitsugi no Funauta".

1st lunar month of 1799: Danz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1800: Danz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Shunkan Futatsu Omokage".

9th lunar month of 1801: Danz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Sanemori and Yoshikata in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

10th lunar month of 1801: Danz˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the role of Matahei in the drama "Keisei Hangonk˘"; the role of Otoku is played by Osagawa Tsuneyo II.

11th lunar month of 1801: Danz˘ plans to go to ďsaka, yet he takes part in the kaomise drama "Meika no Toku Mimasu no Tamagaki", which is staged at the Kawarazakiza.

1st lunar month of 1802: Danz˘ goes back to Kamigata; he plays the roles of Karasuka Koroku and Tokichi in the drama "Keisei Midori no Hayashi", produced by Anegawa Kamesabur˘ at the Kado no Shibai.

2nd lunar month of 1802: Danz˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

3rd lunar month of 1802: Danz˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; the role of Chidori is played by Fujikawa Tomokichi I.

3rd ~ 5th lunar months of 1802: Danz˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai 7 roles in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura". Roles: K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Kakogawa Honz˘, Amakawaya Gihei, Okaru's mother, Yoichibŕ and Ono no Sadakur˘. The roles of En'ya Hangan, Honz˘'s wife Tonase and Okaru are played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Sawamura Kunitar˘ I and Nakayama Ittoku I.

5th lunar month of 1802: Danz˘ plays at the Kita-Shinchi no Shibai the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima"; the role of Chidori is played by Fujikawa Tomokichi I.

Summer 1802: the play "Ehon Taik˘ki" is staged for the first time in Ky˘to, produced by Arashi Sankichi at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Danz˘ plays the role of Takechi Mitsuhide [casting].

1st lunar month of 1803: Danz˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku section, is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1803: Danz˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of the exiled priest Shunkan in the drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima". The role of Chidori is played by Yoshizawa Iroha I.

7th lunar month of 1803: Danz˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura". The role of Princess Taema is played by Kan˘ Minshi I.

3rd lunar month of 1804: Danz˘ plays the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Kinmon Gosan no Kiri", which is produced by Hayagumo Ch˘dayű and Kameya Kumenoj˘ at the Kitagawa no Shibai (Ky˘to); the role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon is played by Kataoka Nizaemon VII.

9th lunar month of 1805: Danz˘ plays the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which is staged in a little theater of the district of Kitano in Ky˘to.

1st lunar month of 1806: Danz˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, s˘kanjiku section ("all kanjiku"), is goku-j˘-j˘-kichi (extreme - superior - superior - excellent).

5th lunar month of 1806: tour in Nagoya; Danz˘ plays the role of Sait˘ Bett˘ Sanemori in the drama "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki", which is staged in the precinct of the Seijuin Temple.

6th lunar month of 1806: Danz˘ plays in the same theater the role of the wicked priest Narukami in the drama "Narukami Fud˘ Kitayama Zakura". The role of Princess Taema is played by Fujikawa Tomokichi I.

12th lunar month of 1806: Danz˘ takes part in the kaomise of the Kado no Shibai, with Kataoka Nizaemon VII and Nakamura Utaemon III. The three stars perform together in the play "ďsakazuki Asahi no H˘rai", which is produced by Yoshizawa Minosuke.

3rd lunar month of 1808: "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘" is adapted for Kabuki for the first time, in Ky˘to at the Kitagawa no Shibai; Danz˘ plays the role of Kat˘ Asakiyo [casting].

10th lunar month of 1808: Danz˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Naka no Shibai, playing in the drama "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘", which is produced by Ogawa Kichitar˘ III. He suddenly falls ill and has to be replaced by Ichikawa Ichiz˘ I. He dies a few days later.

Comments:

Ichikawa Danz˘ IV was an outstanding tachiyaku, who covered himself in glory in both Edo and Kamigata. He succeeded in making up for his short height by developping new techniques. He was a pioneer of chűnori and excelled in tachimawari or hayagawari. He was the first Kabuki actor to perform 7 roles in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

His nickname, Meguro Danz˘ (Meguro's Danz˘) is related to his mansion in Edo, which was located on the outskirts of the city, close to the famous Meguro Fud˘son Temple.

Ichikawa Danz˘ IV in a print made by Utagawa Toyokuni I (1798~1800)

Prints & Illustrations

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni

Illustrated playbill 1792

Illustrated playbill 1796

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1798

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1801

Caricature 1780

The Ichikawa Tomoz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danzabur˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Danz˘ line of actors

 
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