ICHIKAWA EBIJ█Rď I

Stage names:

Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I
Ichinokawa Ichiz˘
Ichikawa Ichiz˘ I

Guild: Harimaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Shikaku, Shinsh˘

Existence: 1777 ~ 16th day of the 7th lunar month of 1827

Connection:

Masters: Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, Ichikawa Danz˘ IV

Son: Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ II

Grandson: Ichikawa Ichiz˘ III

Disciples: Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ III, Ichikawa Sukejűr˘ IV

Career:

1777 ~ 1808: born in ďsaka. He starts his career as a disciple of Ichikawa Danz˘ IV, who gives him the name of Ichikawa Ichiz˘ I. He performs in miyaji shibai or hama shibai.

Winter 1799: he joins the ˘shibai, playing at the for the first time at the Naka no Shibai.

6th lunar month of 1808: tour in Nagoya for a troupe led by Kataoka Nizaemon VII, Nakayama Tomisabur˘ I, Ogino Izabur˘ II, Ichiz˘, Nakayama Bungor˘ I and Ichikawa Yaoz˘ IV; they perform at the Tachibana no Shibai in dramas like "Keisei Takasago no Matsu", "Futa Meoto Sarashi no Hinagata" or "Azuma Kagami Mikari no Maki".

9th day of the 10th lunar month of 1808: his master falls sick and dies; Ichiz˘ has to replace him on the spot in the role of Sat˘ Masakiyo in the drama "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘", which is staged at the Naka no Shibai.

12th lunar month of 1809: Ichiz˘ performs his onagori ky˘gen at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka), playing the role of the yakko Rampei in the drama "Yamatogana Ariwara Keizu".

1st lunar month of 1810: Ichiz˘ goes to Edo and plays at the Moritaza the roles of Sat˘ Masakiyo and Sasaki Takatsuna in the drama "Hachijin Shugo no Honj˘".

5th lunar month of 1811: Ichiz˘ plays for the first time 7 roles (nanayaku) in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged at the Moritaza. Roles: K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Kakogawa Honz˘, Hayano Kanpei, Yoichibŕ, Ono no Sadakur˘ and Amakawaya Gihei. His master was the first actor in Kabuki history to perform 7 roles in "Kanadehon Chűshingura" (some differences in the roles between the master and the disciple). Ichiz˘ achieves a great success with his performance.

11th lunar month of 1812: Ichiz˘ becomes jitsuaku and plays at the Nakamuraza 5 roles in the drama "Edo Zakura Megumi no Takanori".

1st lunar month of 1813: Ichiz˘'s rank in the Edo hy˘banki, jitsuaku section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

1815: he temporarily performs under the name of Ichinokawa Ichiz˘.

7th lunar month of 1815: he is introduced by Nakamura Utaemon III to the Edo actor Ichikawa Danjűr˘ VII, who welcomes him as a high-ranking disciple, gives him the name of Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I and gives him many presents like swords, which belonged to Ichikawa Ebiz˘ II and Ichikawa Ebiz˘ III.

9th lunar month of 1815: Ichinokawa Ichiz˘ officially takes the name of Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I at the Nakamuraza, playing the role of Utaemon and Fukashichi in the dramas "Oriawase Tsuzure no Nishiki" and "Imoseyama Onna Teikin". His stage partners are Nakamura Utaemon III, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ III, Nakamura Matsue III and Onoe Baik˘ III.

Fall 1815: Ebijűr˘ and Nakamura Utaemon III go back to Kamigata together.

11th lunar month of 1815: Ebijűr˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Hayano Kanpei, Ono Kudayű and Takuhei in the drama "Taiheiki Chűshin K˘shaku".

1st lunar month of 1816: Ebijűr˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, tachiyaku/jitsuaku section (a special section for Ebijűr˘ only), is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

10th lunar month of 1817: Ebijűr˘ plays 7 roles (nanayaku) in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura", which is staged at the Kita-Horie Ichi-no-Gawa Shibai (ďsaka). Same roles as the 5th lunar month of 1811 performance.

1st lunar month of 1819: Ebijűr˘ plays at the Kado no Shibai the role of Shigetada in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". His stage partners in the roles of the courtesan Akoya and Iwanaga Saemon are Nakamura Matsue III and Asao Kuzaemon I.

1st lunar month of 1820: Ebijűr˘ and his son Ichikawa Ichiz˘ II go together to Edo; They play at the Kawarazakiza in the new year program "Tama no Haru Soga no Kadomatsu".

5th lunar month of 1821: Ebijűr˘ plays at the Nakamuraza the roles of Benkei and T˘yata in the drama "Gosho Zakura Horikawa no Youchi". He also plays the roles of ďboshi Yuranosuke and Kakogawa Honz˘ in "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

7th lunar month of 1821: Ebijűr˘ plays in the same theater the roles of Shiga Taishichi, the sh˘ya Shichirobei and Azumaya Kichibei in the drama "Go Taiheiki Shiraishi Banashi".

Fall 1821: Ebijűr˘ goes back to ďsaka.

11th lunar month of 1821: Ebijűr˘ plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of Saemon and Heita in the drama "Sanjukkoku Yobune no Hajimari".

12th lunar month of 1821: Ebijűr˘ plays in the same theater 2 roles in the drama "Sugata Kurabe Deiri no Minato".

6th lunar month of 1822: tour in Miyajima with Sawamura Kunitar˘ II.

11th lunar month of 1823: Ebijűr˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Shigetada in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". His stage partners are Nakamura Utaemon III (Iwanaga Saemon) and Nakamura Karoku I (Akoya).

1st lunar month of 1824: Ebijűr˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

2nd lunar month of 1826: Ebijűr˘ plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the roles of Rokusuke and Senoo Jűr˘ Kaneyasu in the dramas "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi" and "Genpei Nunobiki no Taki".

1st lunar month of 1827: Ebijűr˘'s rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, jitsuaku and katakiyaku section, is hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent). He appears on stage for the last time, at the Naka no Shibai, playing 4 roles in the new year drama "Keisei Asoyama Zakura".

16th day of the 7th lunar month of 1827: Ebijűr˘ dies in ďsaka.

Comments:

Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I was a talented tachiyaku actor, who was trained by Ichikawa Danz˘ IV and achieved fame for himself in both Edo and Kamigata. He excelled in large-scale tachimawari and hayagawari techniques.

Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I playing the role of Issun Tokubŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" in a fan-shaped print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű (1822~1826)

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1814

Print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű in 1816

Print made by Utagawa Kunihiro in 1817

Print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű in 1820

Print made by Utagawa Toyokuni in 1820

The Ichikawa Ichiz˘ line of actors

The Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ line of actors

 
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