NAKAMURA KAROKU I

Stage names:

Nakamura Karoku I In Japanese
Nakamura Moshio I In Japanese

Other name: Yamamura Baishi

Nickname: Keisei Karoku

Guild: Harimaya

Line number: SHODAI (I)

Poetry names: Baishi, Shikin, Shűka, Baid˘

Existence: 1779 ~ 1st day of the 7th lunar month of 1859

Connections:

Master: Nakamura Utaemon III

Sons: Nakamura Tsunejir˘, Band˘ Shűka II (Nakamura Karoku II), Nakamura Karoku III

Sons-in-law: Arashi Rikan III, Ichikawa Kodanji IV, Kataoka Nizaemon VIII, Yamashita Sankatsu

Grandsons: Nakamura Kichiemon I, Nakamura Tokiz˘ III, Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII, Kataoka T˘kichi, Kataoka Shigejir˘, Kataoka Nizaemon X, Kataoka Nizaemon XI

Great-grandsons: Nakamura Tokiz˘ IV, Yorozuya Kinnosuke, Nakamura Shid˘ I, Nakamura Kash˘ II, Nakamura Kazuo, Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVIII, Kataoka Nizaemon XII, Kataoka Nizaemon XIII

Great-great-grandsons: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ IX, Nakamura Kichiemon II, Nakamura Tokiz˘ V, Nakamura Matagor˘ III, Nakamura Karoku V, Nakamura Shid˘ II, Nakamura Kinnosuke II, Nakamura Kankur˘ VI, Nakamura Shichinosuke II, Kataoka Gad˘ V, Ichimura Yoshigor˘ II, Kataoka Roen VI, Kataoka Gat˘ V, Kataoka Hidetar˘ II, Kataoka Nizaemon XV

Great-great-great-grandsons: Ichikawa Somegor˘ VII, Nakamura Baishi IV, Nakamura Mantar˘, Nakamura Kash˘ IV, Nakamura Tanenosuke, Nakamura Yonekichi V, Nakamura Ryűnosuke, Nakamura Hayato, Ichimura Kakitsu IX, Kataoka Shinnosuke, Kataoka Takatar˘, Nakamura Kantar˘ III, Nakamura Ch˘zabur˘ II

Great-great-great-great-grandsons: Kataoka Sennosuke, Matsumoto Kintar˘ IV

Career:

1779 ~ 1804: born in ďsaka. he starts his career as a disciple of Nakamura Utaemon III, who gives him the name of Nakamura Moshio I.

3rd lunar month of 1804: Nakamura Moshio I takes the name of Nakamura Karoku I.

1st ~ 9th lunar months of 1806: Karoku becomes zamoto at the Kado no Shibai; he produces the dramas "Iroha Uta Homare no Meiboku" (1st lunar month), "Kokusen'ya Gassen" (3th lunar month) and "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" (8th lunar month).

11th lunar month of 1823: Karoku plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". His stage partners are Nakamura Utaemon III (Iwanaga Saemon) and Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I (Shigetada).

1st lunar month of 1827: Karoku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is j˘-j˘-kichi (superior - superior - excellent).

Fall 1827: Karoku goes to Edo with the actors Onoe Kikujir˘ I, Sakata Hangor˘ IV and Nakamura Kinji.

11th lunar month of 1827: Karoku plays at the Kawarazakiza in the drama "Muro no Ume H˘gan Biiki".

6th lunar month of 1828: Karoku plays in the same theater the roles of Otane and Nureginu in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".

10th lunar month of 1828: the Kabuki world is targeted by the authorities, which implements some sumptuary laws. Karoku and others actors are punished because of their ostentatious luxurious way of life. Karoku is placed for a little while under house arrest in a shop located in the district of Kobiki-ch˘.

11th lunar month of 1828: Karoku plays at the Kawarazakiza in Mimasuya Nis˘ji's kaomise drama "Sakigake Genji no Kibamusha", which welcomes in Edo the actors Sawamura Gennosuke II, Arashi Danpachi and Yoshizawa Enjir˘; his yearly salary is 600 ry˘.

4th lunar month of 1832: Karoku appears on stage in Edo for the last time, at the Nakamuraza in the dance "Oni Yarai". Then, he goes back to his native Kamigata.

8th lunar month of 1832: Karoku is back in ďsaka and plays at the Kado no Shibai.

11th lunar month of 1832: Karoku plays at the Minamigawa no Shibai in the kaomise drama "Keisei Shina Sadame".

1st lunar month of 1833: Karoku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is hakushi-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost unique - superior - superior - excellent). He plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of the courtesan Enoshima, Asaka and Kimi-no-Kata in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".

6th lunar month of 1833: Karoku plays the role of Masaoka in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi", which is staged in the precincts of the Inaba Yakushi Temple in Ky˘to. He also plays the role of Sankatsu in the drama "Mai ďgi"; the role of Hanshichi is played by Ogawa Kichitar˘ III.

1st lunar month of 1834: Karoku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is shi-j˘-j˘-kichi (unique - superior - superior - excellent).

6th ~ 7th lunar months of 1835: tour in Nagoya and Kuwana with Arashi Rikan II, Arashi Sangor˘ IV and Kataoka Gash˘.

1st lunar month of 1842: Karoku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is hakudai-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost grand - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1846: Karoku plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Kaoyo Gozen, Ichimonjiya Ohana and Tonase in the drama "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

5th lunar month of 1849: Karoku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Osai, Oseki and Oichi in the dramas "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi", "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" and "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime". His stage partners are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V, Mimasu Daigor˘ IV, Kataoka Gad˘ II and Sawamura Kit˘ II.

Summer 1849: tour in Nagoya; Karoku plays the role of Osono in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi", which is staged in the precincts of the Seijuin Temple; the role of Rokusuke is played by Arashi Rikan III.

1st lunar month of 1851: Karoku plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Asaka and Okoma in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".

1st lunar month of 1855: Karoku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is shin-j˘-j˘-kichi (truly - superior - superior - excellent).

3rd lunar month of 1859: Karoku plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the role of Matsu˘maru is played by Arashi Kichisabur˘ III. The same drama is staged with the same casting in the 5th lunar month in Ky˘to at the Higashigawa no Shibai.

6th lunar month of 1859: Karoku appears on stage for the last time, at the Wakayama no Shibai in the Kishű province, playing the roles of Masaoka and Omine in the dramas "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba". He suddenly falls ill and dies the 1st day of the 7th lunar month of 1859.

Comments:

Nakamura Karoku I was a great Kamigata onnagata actor, who excelled in keisei roles and was therefore nicknamed "Keisei Karoku".

"Nakamura Karoku, another onnagata of distinction, was the son of a clerk connected with the Mitsui Company in ďsaka. He was a large, handsome man, and had blood relations with many actor families. His first wife died; he married a second half his age, and had altogether twelve children. One daughter married the third Arashi Rikan, another became the wife of Ichikawa Kodanji, while a third was the wife of Kataoka Nizaemon, the eighth. He had a habit of coughing when crossing a bridge near his home to let his household know of his approach, and was considered very extravagant because there were always two candles burning at the entrance to his house that a bright welcome should be waiting him when he returned from the theatre." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")

Nakamura Karoku I in the drama "Keisei ďmon Guchi", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1823 at the Kado no Shibai (print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű)

Print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű in 1823

Print made by Shumbaisai Hokuei in 1832

The Nakamura Moshio line of actors

The Nakamura Karoku line of actors

 
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