|NAKAMURA KAROKU I|
Other name: Yamamura Baishi
Nickname: Keisei Karoku
Line number: SHODAI (I)
Poetry names: Baishi, Shikin, Shűka, Baid˘
Existence: 1779 ~ 1st day of the 7th lunar month of 1859
Master: Nakamura Utaemon III
Great-great-grandsons: Matsumoto Haku˘ II (K˘shir˘ IX), Nakamura Kichiemon II, Nakamura Tokiz˘ V, Nakamura Matagor˘ III, Nakamura Karoku V, Nakamura Shid˘ II, Nakamura Kinnosuke II, Nakamura Kankur˘ VI, Nakamura Shichinosuke II, Kataoka Gad˘ V, Ichimura Yoshigor˘ II, Kataoka Roen VI
Great-great-great-grandsons: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ X, Nakamura Baishi IV, Nakamura Mantar˘, Nakamura Kash˘ IV, Nakamura Tanenosuke, Nakamura Yonekichi V, Nakamura Ryűnosuke, Nakamura Hayato, Ichimura Kakitsu IX, Kataoka Shinnosuke, Kataoka Takatar˘, Nakamura Kantar˘ III, Nakamura Ch˘zabur˘ II
1779 ~ 1804: born in ďsaka. he starts his career as a disciple of Nakamura Utaemon III, who gives him the name of Nakamura Moshio I.
3rd lunar month of 1804: Nakamura Moshio I takes the name of Nakamura Karoku I.
1st ~ 9th lunar months of 1806: Karoku becomes zamoto at the Kado no Shibai; he produces the dramas "Iroha Uta Homare no Meiboku" (1st lunar month), "Kokusen'ya Gassen" (3th lunar month) and "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki" (8th lunar month).
11th lunar month of 1823: Karoku plays at the Kitagawa no Shibai the role of Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki". His stage partners are Nakamura Utaemon III (Iwanaga Saemon) and Ichikawa Ebijűr˘ I (Shigetada).
11th lunar month of 1827: Karoku plays at the Kawarasakiza in the drama "Muro no Ume H˘gan Biiki".
6th lunar month of 1828: Karoku plays in the same theater the roles of Otane and Nureginu in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘".
10th lunar month of 1828: the Kabuki world is targeted by the authorities, which implements some sumptuary laws. Karoku and others actors are punished because of their ostentatious luxurious way of life. Karoku is placed for a little while under house arrest in a shop located in the district of Kobiki-ch˘.
11th lunar month of 1828: Karoku plays at the Kawarasakiza in Mimasuya Nis˘ji's kaomise drama "Sakigake Genji no Kibamusha", which welcomes in Edo the actors Sawamura Gennosuke II, Arashi Danpachi and Yoshizawa Enjir˘; his yearly salary is 600 ry˘.
8th lunar month of 1832: Karoku is back in ďsaka and plays at the Kado no Shibai.
1st lunar month of 1833: Karoku's rank in the Kamigata hy˘banki, wakaonnagata section, is hakushi-j˘-j˘-kichi (almost unique - superior - superior - excellent). He plays at the Naka no Shibai the roles of the courtesan Enoshima, Asaka and Kimi-no-Kata in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".
6th lunar month of 1833: Karoku plays the role of Masaoka in the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi", which is staged in the precincts of the Inaba Yakushi Temple in Ky˘to. He also plays the role of Sankatsu in the drama "Mai ďgi"; the role of Hanshichi is played by Ogawa Kichitar˘ III.
5th lunar month of 1849: Karoku plays at the Chikugo no Shibai the roles of Osai, Oseki and Oichi in the dramas "Akiba Gongen Kaisen Banashi", "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki" and "Godairiki Koi no Fűjime". His stage partners are Ichikawa Ebiz˘ V, Mimasu Daigor˘ IV, Kataoka Gad˘ II and Sawamura Kit˘ II.
Summer 1849: tour in Nagoya; Karoku plays the role of Osono in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi", which is staged in the precincts of the Seijuin Temple; the role of Rokusuke is played by Arashi Rikan III.
1st lunar month of 1851: Karoku plays at the Kado no Shibai the roles of Asaka and Okoma in the drama "Hime Kurabe Futaba Ez˘ji".
3rd lunar month of 1859: Karoku plays at the Naka no Shibai the role of Matsu˘maru's wife Chiyo in the drama "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; the role of Matsu˘maru is played by Arashi Kichisabur˘ III. The same drama is staged with the same casting in the 5th lunar month in Ky˘to at the Higashigawa no Shibai.
6th lunar month of 1859: Karoku appears on stage for the last time, at the Wakayama no Shibai in the Kishű province, playing the roles of Masaoka and Omine in the dramas "Meiboku Sendai Hagi" and "Ise Ondo Koi no Netaba". He suddenly falls ill and dies the 1st day of the 7th lunar month of 1859.
"Nakamura Karoku, another onnagata of distinction, was the son of a clerk connected with the Mitsui Company in ďsaka. He was a large, handsome man, and had blood relations with many actor families. His first wife died; he married a second half his age, and had altogether twelve children. One daughter married the third Arashi Rikan, another became the wife of Ichikawa Kodanji, while a third was the wife of Kataoka Nizaemon, the eighth. He had a habit of coughing when crossing a bridge near his home to let his household know of his approach, and was considered very extravagant because there were always two candles burning at the entrance to his house that a bright welcome should be waiting him when he returned from the theatre." (ZoŰ Kincaid in "Kabuki, the Popular Stage of Japan")
Nakamura Karoku I in the drama "Keisei ďmon Guchi", which was staged in the 1st lunar month of 1823 at the Kado no Shibai (print made by Shunk˘sai Hokushű)
The Nakamura Moshio line of actors
The Nakamura Karoku line of actors
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