NAKAMURA KANZABURď XVII

Stage names:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII In Japanese
Nakamura Moshio IV In Japanese
Nakamura Yonekichi III In Japanese

Real name: Namino Seiji

Guild: Nakamuraya

Line number: J█SHICHIDAIME (XVII)

Existence: 29 July 1909 ~ 16 April 1988

Connections:

Grandfather: Nakamura Karoku I

Father: Nakamura Karoku III

Father-in-law: Onoe Kikugor˘ VI

Brothers: Nakamura Kichiemon I, Nakamura Tokiz˘ III

Son: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVIII

Grandsons: Nakamura Kankur˘ VI, Nakamura Shichinosuke II

Great-grandsons: Nakamura Kantar˘ III, Nakamura Ch˘zabur˘ II

Career:

November 1916: first stage appearance, at the Ichimuraza, where he receives the name of Nakamura Yonekichi III, playing in the drama "Hanakawado Uwasa no Manaita".

April 1926: Yonekichi plays at the Hong˘za the role of ďboshi Rikiya in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

October 1927: revival at the Hong˘za of Tsuruya Nanboku IV's masterpiece "Sakura Hime Azuma Bunsh˘", produced under the title "Kiyomizudera Azuma Bunsh˘", which has not been staged since 3rd lunar month of 1817; Yonekichi plays the role of Yoshida Matsuwaka [casting].

October 1929: Nakamura Yonekichi III takes the name of Nakamura Moshio IV at the Meijiza.

February 1934: premiere at the Kabukiza of "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi", the tenth and last play of Mayama Seika's cycle "Genroku Chűshingura"; Moshio plays the role of Hosokawa Naiki [casting].

December 1946: Moshio is a member of the Kabuki troupe which celebrates the reopening of the rebuilt Mitsukoshi Gekij˘ [more details].

January 1950: Nakamura Moshio IV takes the name of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘. This prestigious Edo zamoto name has not been holden since 1875. The new Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Nakamura Kanzabur˘ I, Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari and the Nakamuraza's zamoto in "J˘ran Saruwaka-mai", "Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari" and "Kaozoroi Yagura no Nigiwai". Kanzabur˘'s stage partners are Nakamura Kichiemon I, Nakamura Tokiz˘ III, Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII, Ichikawa Ebiz˘ IX, Morita Kan'ya XIV, Nakamura Shikan VI, Onoe Sh˘roku II, Onoe Baik˘ VII, ďtani Tomoemon VII, Band˘ Mitsugor˘ VII, Ichikawa Danz˘ VIII, Ichikawa Omez˘ IV, Sawamura Tossh˘ IV, Nakamura Matagor˘ II, Nakamura Fukusuke VII, Band˘ Hikosabur˘ VII, Ichimura Uzaemon XVI, Kawarazaki Gonjűr˘ II and Ichikawa Sansh˘ V.

May 1950: Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII celebrates his shűmei in Nagoya at the Misonoza with the troupe led by his brother Nakamura Kichiemon I; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Kasugaya Tokijir˘ in the drama "Akegarasu Yume no Awayuki" (the role of Urazato is played by Nakamura Shikan VI).

December 1950: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII and Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII celebrates their shűmei in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Toyotomi Hideyori, Hayano Kanpei, Omiwa and the tamaya Yonekichi in "Nij˘j˘ no Kiyomasa", "Ochiudo" (the role of Okaru is played by Nakamura Shikan VI), "Mikasayama Goten" and "Tamaya".

October 1951: Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII, Nakamura Utaemon VI and Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII celebrates their shűmei in ďsaka at the ďsaka Kabukiza; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Yogor˘/ch˘kichi, Shinraku Tar˘, Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari, Togashi Saemon and Hayano Kanpei in "Sum˘ba", "Moritsuna Jin'ya", "Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari", "Kanjinch˘" (the roles of Benkei and Yoshitsune are played by Matsumoto K˘shir˘ VIII and Nakamura Tokiz˘ III) and "Ochiudo" (the role of Okaru is played by Nakamura Utaemon VI).

November 1952: premiere at the Kabukiza of Kema Nanboku's revision of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Daiky˘ji Mukashi Goyomi"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of the bant˘ Sukeemon [casting].

July 1953: premiere at the Meijiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Ukifune"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Niou-no-Miya [casting]. Revival at the Meijiza of Kawatake Shinshichi III's 1878 drama "Tsűzoku Saiyűki"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Songokű [casting].

July 1954: revival at the Kabukiza of the dance-drama "Oshidori" as part of a regular Kabuki program; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Kawazu Sabur˘ Sukeyasu and the spirit of the male mandarin duck [more details].

November 1954: premiere at the Kabukiza of Mishima Yukio's comical play "Iwashi Uri Koi no Hikiami"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Sarugenji [casting].

July 1955: premiere at the T˘h˘ Takarazuka Gekij˘ of Uno Nobuo's drama "M˘moku Monogatari"; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of T˘kichir˘/Hideyoshi and Yaichi.

February 1960: premiere at the Kabukiza of Uno Nobuo's drama "Shiranui Kengy˘"; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of the fishmonger Shichibei and the masseur Tominoichi, later Shiranui Kengy˘ II [casting].

June ~ July 1960: Kanzabur˘ takes part in the first Kabuki tour in the USA; He plays the roles of Togashi, Sawaichi, En'ya Hangan, Yamakage Uky˘, Tar˘kaja and Jirozaemon in the dramas "Kanjinch˘", "Tsubosaka Reigenki", "Kanadehon Chűshingura" "Migawari Zazen", "Takatsuki" and "Kagotsurube Sato no Eizame" [casting].

November 1961: premiere in Kabuki at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza of H˘j˘ Hideji's drama "Korikori Banashi"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of the priest Jűzen [casting].

June 1963: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "ďeyama Shuten D˘ji"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Shuten D˘ji [casting]. Namiki Sh˘z˘ I's drama "Yadonashi Danshichi Shigure no Karakasa" is produced for the first time at the Kabukiza; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of the playwright Namiki Sh˘z˘ [casting].

May 1964: premiere at the Kabukiza of Hagiwara Yukio's Nagauta-based dance-drama "Bukaku Setsugekka"; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of the spirit of the cherry blossoms, the insect and the snowman [casting].

October 1965: first Kabuki tour in Western Europe, in West Berlin at the Der Freien VolksbŘhne (2~8 october), in Paris at the ThÚÔtre de l'OdÚon (15~24 october) and in Lisbonne at the Teatro SŃo Luis (29~31 october); Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Shunkan, K˘ no Moron˘ and Yayoi in Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Heike Nyogo no Shima", the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" and the dance "Kagami Jishi" [more details].

November 1966: opening ceremony of the National Theatre in T˘ky˘ with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of Kan Sh˘j˘ [casting].

May 1968: revival at the National Theatre of "Ura Omote Sendai Hagi"; Kanzabur˘ plays the roles of Yorikane, Kosuke, Yashio and Nikki Danj˘ [casting].

April 1971: revival at the National Theatre of Nagawa Shimesuke I's drama "Sumidagawa Gonichi no Omokage"; Kanzabur˘ plays the role of H˘kaib˘ [casting].

January 1988: Kanzabur˘ appears on stage for the last time, at the Kabukiza, where he plays the role of Shunkan in the drama "Shunkan"; he falls ill and has to be replaced from the 9th of January by his son Nakamura Kankur˘.

16th April 1988: Kanzabur˘ dies in T˘ky˘.

Comments:

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII was an amazing kaneru yakusha of the Sh˘wa era. He was the actor of more than 800 roles.

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII's best roles: Shunkan ("Heike Nyogo no Shima"), Ichij˘ ďkura Naganari ("Ichij˘ ďkura Monogatari"), the hairdresser Shinza ("Kamiyui Shinza"), Sodehagi ("Sodehagi Saimon"), Sawaichi ("Tsubosaka Reigenki").

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII was the first of this line to be an actor without being a zamoto.

Nakamura Kanzabur˘ XVII playing the role of Tabakoya Genshichi in the drama "Komochi Yamanba"

The Nakamura Yonekichi line of actors

The Nakamura Moshio line of actors

The Nakamura Kanzabur˘ line of actors and theater managers

 
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