ARASHI SAN'EMON XI

Stage names:

Arashi San'emon XI In Japanese
Nakamura Komanosuke VII In Japanese
Nakamura Fukumasu In Japanese

Real name: ďkawa Minoru

Pen name: Sanch˘

Guild: Tsunokuniya

Line number: J█ICHIDAIME (XI)

Existence: 23 October 1906 ~ 17 July 1980

Connection:

Master: Nakamura Baigyoku III

Career:

Born the 23rd of October 1906 in ďsaka in the district of Nishiyagura-ch˘. His father is the owner of a well-known restaurant.

1912: he starts his career as a disciple of the actor Nakamura Fukusuke IV, who gives him the name of Nakamura Fukumasu.

February 1929: he takes the name of Nakamura Komanosuke VII at the Nakaza, playing the role of Hinazuru in the dance-drama "Ninin Bakama".

1935: Komanosuke joins the T˘h˘ Company but quickly goes back to the Sh˘chiku Company.

January 1947: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Ikutama Shinjű" is revived at the ďsaka Kabukiza, using a new script written by Kema Nanboku and entitled "Osaga Kaheiji"; it is staged in a special program commemorating the 12th anniversary (13th memorial service) of the passing away of Nakamura Ganjir˘ I and celebrating the shűmei of Nakamura Ganjir˘ II; Komanosuke plays the role of Inden'ya Ch˘saku in "Osaga Kaheiji".

January 1948: he is allowed to revive a prestigious line, taking the name of Arashi San'emon XI at the Nakaza (which celebrates its rebuilding; it was completely destroyed in 1945), playing the roles of T˘nai Jir˘ Moriharu and Kamura Utaemon in the dance-drama "Yuki Onna Gomai Hagoita" and the drama "Katakiuchi Tsuzure no Nishiki". In "Yuki Onna Gomai Hagoita", the new San'emon performs the traditional ropp˘, which was created by Arashi San'emon I.

18 March 1948: his master Nakamura Baigyoku III dies.

September 1949: San'emon plays at the Nakaza the role of Tsuribune Sabu in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"; the roles of Danshichi Kurobŕ and Issun Tokubŕ are played by Kataoka Gat˘ IV and Onoe Kikujir˘ IV.

March 1951: San'emon plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Sat˘ Toranosuke Masakiyo, Chichibu Jűz˘ and Bun'ya Sankichi in "Ehon Taik˘ki", "Gosho no Goroz˘" and "Eda mo Sakaeru Midori no Matsushima". These dramas are part of a program which celebrates the shűmei of Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.

February 1952: San'emon plays at the Nakaza the role of Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki"; the role of Hanaregoma Ch˘kichi is played by Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.

October 1952: San'emon plays at the Nakaza the role of Takebe Genz˘ in the drama "Terakoya"; the roles of Matsu˘maru, Chiyo, Tonami and Shund˘ Genba are played by Kataoka Nizaemon XIII, Arashi Hinasuke X, Matsumoto Kingo II and Asao Okuyama VIII.

January 1953: San'emon plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Fujiwara no Shihei in the drama "Kurumabiki"; the roles of Matsu˘maru, Ume˘maru and Sakuramaru are played by Kataoka Nizaemon XIII, Band˘ Minosuke VI and Hayashi Mataichir˘ II.

1954 ~ 1965: when Kabuki starts to decline [1] in Kamigata, he enters the movie world and is casted in many jidaigeki movies, which are produced by the Daiei Studios in Ky˘to [2].

September 1968: San'emon plays at the National Theatre the role of Mihara Ariemon in the drama "Futatsu Ch˘ch˘ Kuruwa Nikki".

September 1970: San'emon plays at the National Theatre the role of Usami Goemon in the drama "Igagoe D˘chű Sugoroku".

December 1976: San'emon plays at the Minamiza the role of Gokan'ya Zenroku in the drama "Shigure no Kotatsu".

May 1977: San'emon plays at the Minamiza the role of Soejima Sanzaemon in the drama "Ogasawara Shorei no Oku no Te", which is staged with the troupe led by Ichikawa Ennosuke III.

July 1977: San'emon plays at the Kabukiza the role of Soejima Sanzaemon in the drama "Ogasawara Shorei no Oku no Te", which is staged with the troupe led by Ichikawa Ennosuke III.

October 1977: San'emon plays at the Kabukiza the role of Taira Satsuma-no-Kami Tadanori in the drama "Kenreimon'in".

December 1977: he appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, where he performs in "ďishi Saigo no Ichinichi" and "Nigatsud˘".

17th of July 1980: San'emon dies in his home in Ky˘to while listening to the music of the Gion Festival.

Comments:

Arashi San'emon XI was an important supporting tachiyaku actor, who had the opportunity to play some major roles during his career like Takebe Genz˘ in "Terakoya" or Nuregami Ch˘gor˘ in "Hikimado". He considered himself as the 10th in this line, not the 11th.

The Nakamura Komanosuke line of actors

The Arashi San'emon line of actors

The list of Arashi San'emon's movies (in Japanese)

[1] he did not perform on a Kabuki stage between the end of 1953 and the beginning of 1960. He performed only once in 1960 and 1961 for the new year Grand Kabuki at the ďsaka Shinkabukiza. He also performed occasionally during this period in modern dramas at the T˘ky˘ Takarazuka Theater.

[2] he played in 29 movies between 1954 and 1965 (28 of these movies were produced by the Daiei Studios).

 
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