|NAKAMURA GANJIRď II|
Real name: Hayashi Yukio
Line number: NIDAIME (II)
Existence: 17 February 1902 ~ 13 April 1983
Grandfather: Nakamura Kanjaku III
Father: Nakamura Ganjir˘ I
Brother: Hayashi Mataichir˘ II
Great-grandsons: Nakamura Kazutar˘, Nakamura Toranosuke
December 1906: he makes his first stage appearance, in Ky˘to at the Minamiza, playing under his real name.
November 1910: Hayashi Yukio takes the name of Nakamura Senjaku I in ďsaka at the Naka no Shibai, playing the roles of Kingoza and Shigez˘ in the dramas "Narihira Azuma Kudari" and "Rampei Monogurui".
1 February 1935: his father Nakamura Ganjir˘ I dies.
October 1941: Nakamura Senjaku I takes the name of Nakamura Kanjaku IV in ďsaka at the Kadoza; his son, who makes his first stage appearance, takes the name of Nakamura Senjaku II. The new Kanjaku plays the role of Miuranosuke in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and Sasaki Takatsuna are played by Band˘ Tsurunosuke III and Jitsukawa Enjaku II.
March 1945: Kanjaku's family house in the district of Tamaya-ch˘ is destroyed during the terrible air raid conducted by the US army on the city of ďsaka.
June 1945: his mother Hayashi Sen dies.
January 1947: Nakamura Kanjaku IV takes the name of Nakamura Ganjir˘ II at the ďsaka Kabukiza, playing the role of Kamiya Jihei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon I's drama "Shinjű Ten no Amijima". His stage partners are Arashi hinasuke X (Koharu), Nakamura Baigyoku III (Magoemon), Nakamura Senjaku II (Sangor˘) and Nakamura Kasen II (Osh˘).
1955: ganjir˘ leaves the kabuki world to work as a movie actor.
1959: Ganjir˘ plays in the movie "Ukigusa", directed by Ozu Yasujir˘ and produced by the Daiei.
1961: Ganjir˘ plays in the movie "Kobayagawake no Aki", directed by Ozu Yasujir˘ and produced by the T˘h˘.
1965: Ganjir˘ is back in the Kabuki world.
November 1966: opening ceremony of the National Theatre in T˘ky˘ with the full length performance of the classic "Sugawara Denju Tenarai Kagami"; Ganjir˘ plays the roles of Fujiwara no Shihei and Kakuju [casting].
April 1967: Ganjir˘ receives the prestigious title of Living National Treasure (ningen kokuh˘ in Japanese).
june 1972: tour in Europe; Ganjir˘ plays in London (Sadler's Wells) and Munich (Gńrtnerplatz) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘ and the ferryman in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura" and the dance "Sumidagawa".
December 1980: Ganjir˘ plays for the last time the role of Hiranoya Tokubei in Chikamatsu Monzaemon I's drama "Sonezaki Shinjű", which is staged in Ky˘to at the Minamiza; the role of the courtesan Ohatsu is played as usual by Nakamura Senjaku II. Ganjir˘ falls ill the 10th day and has to be replaced by his grandson Nakamura Tomotar˘.
December 1982: Ganjir˘ appears on stage for the last time, in Ky˘to for the great kaomise at the Minamiza, playing the role of Kameya Chűbei in the "Ninokuchi-Mura" scene of Chikamatsu Monzaemon I's drama "Koi Bikyaku Yamato ďrai"; the role of Umegawa is played by Nakamura Senjaku II.
"Nakamura Ganjir˘ II like his father, Nakamura Ganjir˘ I, matured early in his life. Already in the early 1900's he had become a leader of children's Kabuki and later of youth Kabuki. At that time he had already adopted several of his father's roles as his own and was considered a full-fledged actor. However, he was not satisfied with simply duplicating his father's portrayal of roles, so he would modernize them and achieve an entirely innovative style of his own. [...] The roles of youth were his specialty but his full range was much wider, varying from the roles of old women to villains. [...] If we look at "Kanadehon Chűshingura", Nakamura Ganjir˘ I would perform Yuranosuke, Wakasanosuke, Kampei and Tadayoshi but Nakamura Ganjir˘ II would also tackle the roles of Tonase, Honz˘ and Moron˘, which were masterpieces of acting. He was also good in performing the roles of new plays and as well as including the rich touch of the old, familiar Kabuki he managed to portray a role in an entirely new light." (Ishibashi Ken'ichir˘ in "Senjaku Kamigatagei to Chikamatsu")
The Nakamura Senjaku line of actors
The Nakamura Kanjaku line of actors
The Nakamura Ganjir˘ line of actors
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