NAKAMURA TOMIJ█Rď IV

Stage names:

Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV
Band˘ Tsurunosuke III
Band˘ Ikkaku II
Band˘ Kamenoko

Real name: Watanabe Kamez˘

Guild: Tenn˘jiya

Line number: YODAIME (IV)

Poetry names: Rakushui, Kikaku

Crest: Yattsu Yaguruma

Existence: 11 June 1908 ~ 17 October 1960

Connection:

Grandfather: Band˘ Hikojűr˘ I

Father: Band˘ Hikojűr˘ II

Brothers : Onoe Kikujir˘ IV, Band˘ Takesabur˘ III

Fathers-in-law: Ichimura Uzaemon XV, Nakamura Ganjir˘ I

Sons: Nakamura Tomijűr˘ V, Nakamura Kikaku I

Grandsons: Nakamura Kikaku II, Nakamura Takanosuke

Career:

1911: first appearance on stage.

1912: he receives the name of Band˘ Kamenoko.

June 1919: Band˘ Kamenoko takes the name of Band˘ Ikkaku II.

April 1930: Band˘ Ikkaku II takes the name of Band˘ Tsurunosuke III at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘.

1932 ~ 1937: Tsurunosuke is a regular member of a troupe of young actors, called "Seinen Kabuki", which performs at the Shinjuku Daiichi Gekij˘. He settles in ďsaka after the disbandment of the troupe. He quickly becomes a mainstay for Kamigata Kabuki.

December 1939: Tsurunosuke plays for the first time the role of the courtesan Yűgiri in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘", which is staged at the Nakaza; the role of Fujiya Izaemon is played by Nakamura Senjaku I.

October 1941: Tsurunosuke plays at the Kadoza the role of Princess Toki in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Takatsuna and Miuranosuke are played by Jitsukawa Enjaku II and Nakamura Kanjaku IV.

January 1943: Band˘ Tsurunosuke III takes the prestigious name of Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV at the ďsaka Kabukiza, playing the role of the shiraby˘shi in the dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji".

April 1943: Tomijűr˘ plays at the Minamiza (Ky˘to, from the 1st of April) and at the Sh˘chiku Gekij˘ (K˘be, from the 17th of April) the role of the shiraby˘shi in the dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji".

September 1943: Tomijűr˘ plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Princess Yuki in the drama "Gion Sairei Shink˘ki"; the roles of Daizen and T˘kichi are played by Kataoka Gat˘ IV and Nakamura Kanjaku IV.

November 1944: Tomijűr˘ plays at the Minamiza the role of Princess Yaegaki in the "Jusshuk˘" scene of the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; the roles of Katsuyori and nureginu are played by Nakamura Kaisha and Arashi Hinasuke X.

March 1948: the actor Nakamura Baigyoku III dies; Tomijűr˘ becomes the tateonnagata of Kamigata Kabuki.

July 1948: Tomijűr˘ plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Princess Tamaori in the "Kumiuchi" scene of the classic "Ichi-no-Tani Futaba Gunki"; the roles of the warrior Kumagai Jir˘ Naozane and Kojir˘/Atsumori are played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ VII.

April 1954: revival (the 1st since the end of WW2) at the Nakaza of Katsu Genz˘ III's drama "Ogasawara S˘d˘"; Tomijűr˘ plays the role of Ohaya [casting]. He also plays in the same theater the role of Princess Yaegaki in the "Jusshuk˘" and "Kitsunebi" scenes of the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; the roles of Katsuyori and nureginu are played by Kataoka Nizaemon XIII and Arashi Hinasuke X.

June 1954: Tomijűr˘ plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Princess Toki in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Takatsuna and Miuranosuke are played by Ichikawa Jukai III and Nakamura Ganjir˘ II.

October 1954: Tomijűr˘ plays at the Nakaza the role of Kuzu-no-Ha in the drama "Ashiya D˘man ďuchi Kagami". He also plays the role of the shiraby˘shi in the dance "Ky˘ganoko Musume D˘j˘ji".

June 1955: Tomijűr˘ plays at the Misonoza the role of Akoya in the drama "Dan no Ura Kabuto Gunki"; the roles of Shigetada and Iwanaga Saemon are played by Kataoka Nizaemon XIII and Arashi Kichisabur˘ VII.

July 1955: creation of the Yagurumaza, a Kabuki study group led by Tomijűr˘. The first program is staged in ďsaka at the Sankei Kaikan and includes Tanizaki Jun'ichir˘'s drama "H˘j˘ji Monogatari". His main stage partner is Band˘ Minosuke VI.

March 1956: Tomijűr˘ plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Masaoka in the "Goten" scene of the drama "Meiboku Sendai Hagi"; the role of the evil Yashio is played by Band˘ Minosuke VI.

January 1957: Tomijűr˘ plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Sodehagi in the drama "ďshű Adachi-ga-Hara".

February 1957: Tomijűr˘ plays for the last time the role of the courtesan Yűgiri in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘", which is staged in Nagoya at the Misonoza; the role of Fujiya Izaemon is played by Kataoka Nizaemon XIII.

Comments:

Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV was the third son of a low-ranking supporting actor but succeeded, thanks to his talent and hard work, in becoming one of the best onnagata actors of the twentieth century. His success led him to take one of the most prestigious names in Kabuki history. He was one of the few stars of post-war Kansai Kabuki, when it went through hard times (deaths of Nakamura Baigyoku III and Band˘ Jusabur˘ III, Nakamura Ganjir˘ II leaving Kabuki for the movies, ...). His forte were keisei and spouses roles, in just as well jidaimono as sewamono.

Nakamura Tomijűr˘ IV in a print made by Natori Shunsen (1952)

The Band˘ Tsurunosuke line of actors

The Nakamura Tomijűr˘ line of actors

 
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