JITSUKAWA ENJAKU II

Stage names:

Jitsukawa Enjaku II In Japanese
Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I In Japanese

Real name: Amaboshi Sh˘emon

Guild: Kawachiya

Line number: NIDAIME (II)

Poetry name: Sh˘gan

Existence: 11 December 1877 ~ 22 February 1951

Connections:

Father: Jitsukawa Enjaku I

Sons: Jitsukawa Enjaku III, Jitsukawa Ennosuke III

Disciples: Jitsukawa Enju, Jitsukawa Yaoz˘ III

Family map: the Jitsukawa Clan

Career:

11 December 1877: born in ďsaka in the district of Nanba Shinchi.

September 1885: his father Jitsukawa Enjaku I dies.

March 1886: he makes his first appearance on stage in ďsaka; he receives the name of Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I.

1894: Enjir˘ becomes zagashira of a troupe of children-actors.

December 1896: Enjir˘ plays at the Sakaiza (ďsaka) the role of Fujiya Izaemon in the drama "Kuruwa Bunsh˘"; the role of the courtesan Yűgiri is played by Arashi Umenosuke.

1899: Enjir˘ goes to T˘ky˘ and plays at the T˘ky˘za.

August 1904: Enjir˘ plays at the Kadoza the role of the smuggler Kezori in the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi"; his stage partners are Arashi Tokusabur˘ V (S˘shichi) and Nakamura Shibajaku IV (the courtesan Kojor˘).

1909: Enjir˘ plays the role of Igami no Gonta in the "Sushiya" scene of the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura", in March at the Meijiza (Ky˘to), in June at the Misonoza (Nagoya) and in September at the Asahiza (ďsaka).

November 1909: revival of Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku", in ďsaka at the Asahiza, which is based on a new script written by Watanabe Katei; Enjir˘ plays the role of Kawachiya Yohŕ [casting].

January 1910: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku" is staged for the first time in Ky˘to, at the Minamiza; Enjir˘ plays the role of Kawachiya Yohŕ [casting].

May 1910: Chikamatsu Monzaemon's drama "Onna Goroshi Abura no Jigoku" is staged for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the Shintomiza; Enjir˘ plays the role of Kawachiya Yohŕ [casting].

July 1911: Enjir˘ plays at the Asahiza (ďsaka) the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami". His stage partners are Nakamura Naritar˘ I (Issun Tokubŕ, Otatsu) and Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Tsuribune Sabu).

November 1911: Enjir˘ plays at the Nakaza the roles of Yokoz˘ and Katsuyori in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘". His stage partners are Nakamura Naritar˘ I (Nureginu, Jihiz˘) and Arashi Tokusabur˘ V (Princess Yaegaki).

October 1914: Enjir˘ plays at the Matsushima Yachiyoza (ďsaka) the role of Tamate Gozen in the drama "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji". His stage partners are Arashi Kitsusabur˘ IV (Gapp˘) and Arashi Hirosabur˘ (Shuntokumaru).

August 1915: the drama "Kaidan Chibusa no Enoki" revised by Enjir˘ is staged for the first time in T˘ky˘, at the Kabukiza; Enjir˘ plays the roles of Hishikawa Shigenobu, the ghost of Shigenobu, the servant Sh˘suke and Uwabami no Sanji [casting].

October 1915: Jitsukawa Enjir˘ I takes the name of Jitsukawa Enjaku II at the Naniwaza (ďsaka).

August 1917: the play "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" is produced at the Kabukiza for the first time; Enjaku plays the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ [casting].

December 1917: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the roles of Osono and Ky˘goku no Takumi are played by Kataoka Gad˘ IV and Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI.

April 1919: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of Ishikawa Goemon is played by Ichikawa Gangyoku.

December 1919: Enjaku plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei, Sadakur˘, Yoichibŕ, Teraoka Heiemon and Tonase in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

April 1920: Enjaku plays at the Minatoza (Nagoya) the role of Gapp˘ in the drama "Sesshű Gapp˘-ga-Tsuji"; the role of Tamate Gozen is played by Nakamura Jakuemon III.

September 1920: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the roles of Osono and Ky˘goku no Takumi are played by Sawamura S˘nosuke I and Arashi Kichisabur˘ VI.

March 1923: Enjaku plays at the Minamiza the role of Kezori in the drama "Koi Minato Hakata no Hitofushi". His stage partners are Nakamura Fukusuke IV (S˘shichi) and Arashi Hirosabur˘ (the courtesan Kojor˘).

February 1924: Enjaku plays at the Minamiza the role of Sasaki Takatsuna in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and Miuranosuke are played by Nakamura Jakuemon III and Sawamura S˘jűr˘ VII.

February 1925: Katsu Hy˘z˘ I's drama "Kachi Zum˘ Ukina no Hanabure", commonly called "Shirafuji Genta", is revived at the Hong˘za, under the supervision of the writer Nagai Kafű; Enjaku plays the role of the sum˘ wrestler Shirafuji Genta [casting].

April 1927: Enjaku plays at the Naniwaza (ďsaka) the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the roles of Osono and Ky˘goku no Takumi are played by Kataoka Gad˘ IV and Arashi Gansh˘.

May 1927: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Katsuyori in the "Jusshuk˘" scene of the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; the roles of Princess Yaegaki and Nureginu are played by Nakamura Fukusuke IV and Nakamura Jakuemon III.

November 1928: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Motoemon in the drama "Tengajaya-mura". His stage partners are Nakamura Fukusuke IV (Iori), Nakamura Ganjir˘ I (T˘ma Sabur˘emon) and Nakamura Senjaku I (Somenoi).

December 1929: Enjaku plays at the Misonoza (Nagoya) the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke, Hayano Kanpei, Sadakur˘, Yoichibŕ and Teraoka Heiemon in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

November 1935: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Osono is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

January 1936: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the roles of K˘ no Moron˘, ďboshi Yuranosuke and Tanuki no Kakuhei in the classic "Kanadehon Chűshingura".

19 December 1937: his younger son Jitsukawa Ennosuke dies at the age of 16.

May 1938: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Osono is played by Nakamura Kaisha.

November 1942: Enjaku plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the roles of Tokaiya Ginpei, Taira no Tomomori and Igami no Gonta in the drama "Yoshitsune Senbon Zakura".

January 1944: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Rokusuke in the drama "Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"; the role of Osono is played by Nakamura Baigyoku III.

March 1944: Enjaku plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the role of Sasaki Takatsuna in the drama "Kamakura Sandaiki"; the roles of Princess Toki and Miuranosuke are played by Nakamura Baigyoku III and Ichimura Uzaemon XV.

January 1945: Enjaku plays at the Nakaza the role of Yokoz˘ in the drama "Honch˘ Nijűshik˘"; the role of Jihiz˘ is played by Kataoka Gat˘ IV.

October 1949: Enjaku plays at the ďsaka Kabukiza the prestigious role of the king of thieves Ishikawa Goemon in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"; the role of Mashiba Hisayoshi is played by Band˘ Jusabur˘ III.

1950: the duo Enjaku/Jusabur˘ performs the roles of Goemon and Hisayoshi in the drama "Sanmon Gosan no Kiri" in February at the ďsaka Kabukiza, in May at the T˘ky˘ Gekij˘ and in November at the ďsaka Kabukiza.

Comments:

Jitsukawa Enjaku II was one of two best tachiyaku actors in Kamigata during the first half of the twentieth century, often sharing the top of the bill with the other one, Nakamura Ganjir˘ I. From 1935 to 1950, he was the undisputed leader of Kabuki in Kamigata. His fame was not limited to ďsaka or Ky˘to and he did many successful stays in T˘ky˘. His field of excellence was wagoto, as the worthy heir of his father Jitsukawa Enjaku I. He was also outstanding in jitsugotoshi or bud˘goto roles in maruhonmono dramas. His extravagant offstage life as a womanizer was very well-known.

Jitsukawa Enjaku II's best roles: Ishikawa Goemon ("Sanmon Gosan no Kiri"), Sanigoroshichi ("Kari no Tayori"), Danshichi Kurobŕ ("Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami"), Kan˘ Shirojir˘ ("Chichi Morai"), Rokusuke ("Hikosan Gongen Chikai no Sukedachi"), Heisaku ("Numazu"), Shund˘ Jir˘emon ("Daianji Zutsumi"), Nikki Danj˘ ("Meiboku Sendai Hagi") and Yokoz˘ ("Honch˘ Nijűshik˘").

Jitsukawa Enjaku II playing the role of Danshichi Kurobŕ in the drama "Natsu Matsuri Naniwa Kagami" (print made by Natori Shunsen in 1926)

The Jitsukawa Enjir˘ line of actors

The Jitsukawa Enjaku line of actors

 
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